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through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, even unto Zebulun; but they laughed them to scorn and mocked them. Nevertheless, divers of Asher, and Manasseh, and of Zebulun, humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem. Also in Judah, the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king, and of the princes, by the word of Jehovah. And there assembled at Jerusalem, much people to keep the feast of unleavened bread, in the second month, a very great congregation. And they arose and took away the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for incense took they away, and cast them into the brook Kidron. Then they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the month ; and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of Jehovah; and they stood in their place, after their manner, according to the law of Moses, the man of God; the priests sprinkled the blood which they received of the hand of the Levites. For there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified; therefore the Levites had the charge of the killing of the passovers, for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto Jehovah. For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written: but Hezekiah prayed for them, saying; The good Jehovah pardon every one that prepareth his heart to seek God, Jehovah, the God of his fathers, though he be not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary; and Jehovah hearkened unto Hezekiah and healed the people. And the children of Israel, that were present at Jerusalem, kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days, with great gladness; and the Levites and the priests praised Jehovah day by day, singing with loud instruments, unto Jehovah. Aud Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that
taught the good knowledge of Jehovah; and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to Jehovah, the God of their fathers. And the whole assembly took counsel to keep other seven days; and they kept other seven days with gladness. For Hezekiah, king of Judah, did give to the congregation a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep; and a great number of priests sanctified themselves. And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced: so there was great joy in Jerusalem; for since the time of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel, there was not the like in Jerusalem. Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people ; and their voice was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even unto heaven. Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present, went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim also, and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into their own cities. *
This monarch also appointed the courses of the priests and Levites, and commanded a provision to be made for them, and which was brought in, in great abundance; and when he and the princes saw the heaps, they blessed Jehovah, and his people Israel; after which he settled the genealogy of the priests and Levites. And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and wrought that which was good, and right, and truth, before
Cbron. XXX. xxxi. 1.
Jehovah, his God. And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did it with all his heart and prospered. *
Hezekiah being afflicted with a sore diseaset which threatened death, the prophet Isaiah came to him, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live. Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto Jehovah, saying, I beseech thee, O Jehovah, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of Jehovah came to him, saying, Turn again, and tell Hezekiah, the captain of my people, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of David, thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears : behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of Jehovah. And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that Jehovah will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of Jehovah the third day? And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of Jehovah, that Jehovah will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: vay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. And Isaiah, the
2 Chron. xxxi. 2-2). † In placing the sickness of Hezekiah, and the embassy from Babylon, prior to the invasion of Sennacherib, I follow Prideaux, A. Clarke, Whiston, and, I believe, almost all tho chronologers.
prophet, cried unto Jehovah : and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.* And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.t
Upon this occasion Isaiah has recorded the following writing or reflections of Hezekiah upon his recovery: I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years. I said, I shall not see Jehovah, even Jehovah, in the land of the living. I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world. Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent. I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me. I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me. Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with looking upward: 0 Jehovah, I am oppressed : undertake for me. What shall I say? he hath both spoken unto me, and himself bath done it: I shall go softly all my years, in the bitterness of my soul. O Jehovah, by these things men live, and in all these things is the life of my spirit: so wilt thou recover me, and make me to live. Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast, in love to my soul, delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou
A. Clarke supposes this miracle was produced by the power of refraction ; and at the end of 2 Kings, xx. subjoins a luminous dissertation upon the subject, and gives the form of such a dial as he supposes would produce the effect related. But Dr. Wall on this passage, and on Isaiah, xxxviii. 8, contends that the word dial is not in the text, but should be rendered stairs. See also Burder, 0. C. 431. Whiston, ii. 50. + 2 Kings, xx. 1-11. 2 Chron. xxxii. 24. Isaiah, xxxviii. 148,
21, 22. Burder 0. C. 607.
Mit mit Anhind thy back. For the grave cannot A misia vunnot celebrate thee: they that go dowo
pat verot hope for thy truth. The living, the Bin Al wall praise thee, as I do this day: the father to the childhoo wasil make known thy truth. Jehovah was ready to me toget therefore we will sing my songs to the stringed forved astments all the days of our life, in the house of Jehovah.
*** Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit demite unto him; for his heart was listed up: therefore there *** wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem.t For Porodach-baladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, having heard of his sickness, and of the great miracle which
* Isaiah, xxxviij. 9–20. + 2 Chron. xxxii. 25. | Isaiah calls the Babylonish monarch Merodach-baladan, xxxix. 1. See Patrick's Note on 2 Kings, Xx. 11. This miracle had evidently been noticed in Chaldea, so famous for astronomical observations, and which was manifestly the cause of the embassy ; the object of which was “ to enquire of the wonder which was done in the land." 2 Chron. xxxii. 31. And it had also been observed in Egypl, another cradle of the sciences of the universe. “They said indeed that, in those days, the sun had four times altered his regular course, having been twice observed to rise where he now sels, and to go down twice where he now rises ; yet without producing any visible change, either by sea or land, by diseases or mortality." Herod. Euterpe. “ The king of Babylon, on finding Hezekiah so higlily honoured by the sun, thought it incumbent upon him to send ambassadors, with letters and a present, to such a favourite of the god of the Babylonians. Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and sought craftily to avail himself of this false notion of the king of Babylon; and by not affronting their god, he hoped to gain a safe protection against the king of Assyria. Isaiah was ordered to acquaint him, that as he preferred an arm of flesh to his Almighty Deliverer, he should experience the sad effect of nis folly in not honouring God, and all that he had so vainly shewed should be carried to Babylon. Hezekiah ought to have testified to the ambassadors, that Jehovah, the God of Israel, had