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chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David; and all Jadah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death; and he was succeeded by his son,*


This monarch is constantly referred to, equally as A. C.

an instance of enormous wickedness, and a signal 710.

monument of the grace and mercy of God. His mother's name was llephzibah, and he began his reign by doing that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, after the abominations of the heathen, whom Jehovah cast out before the children of Israel. For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah, his father, had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove,t as did Ahab, king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. And he built altars in the house of Jehovah.

And he built altars for all the host of heaven, in the two courts of Jehovah. And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of Jehovah, to provoke him to anger. And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God. S

So Manassch made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom Jehovah had destroyed before the children of Israel.||

2 Chron. xxxii. 33. 2 Kings, xx. 21. + It seems pretty generally admitted that the Hebrew word rendered grove, in this and similar places, means Astarle, or an idol of Venus.

1 2 Kings, xxi. 1-4. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 1–4.
§ 2 Chron. xxxiii. 6—7. 2 Kings, xxi. 5—7,

|| 2 Kings, xxi. 9. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 9.

And Jehovah spake by his servants, the prophets,* saying, Because Manasseh, king of Judah, hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols. Therefore, thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel; Behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle. And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of A hab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down. And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies; because they have done that which was evil in my sight, and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day. Moreover, Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of Jehovab.t

Wherefore Jehovah brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound bim with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.

And when he was in affliction, lie besought Jehovah his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers, and prayed unto him: and he was intrcated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that Jehovah

Namely, Hosea, Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Isaiah, which last is said to have been sawn asunder, with a wooden saw, by this monarch's order. A. Clarke. + 2 Kings, xxi. 10–16. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 10. 2 Kings, xxiv. 4. Josephus says, they caught him by treachery.-" Et vinctum catenis, atque compedibus duxerunt in Babylonem." Vulg.

he was God. Now after this he built a wall without the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entering in at the fish gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great height, and put captains of war in all the fenced cities of Judah. And he took away the strange gods, and the idol* out of the house of Jehovah, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of Jehovah, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city. And he repaired the altar of Jehovah, and sacrificed thereon peace-offerings and thank-offerings, and commanded Judah to serve Jehovah, the God of Israel, Nevertheless, the people did sacrifice still in the high places, yet unto Jehovah, their God only.t

Manasseh reigned fifty-five years, when he slept with his fathers,I and was buried in the garden of his own

* See p. 202. + 2 Chron. xxxiii. 11-17. Jehovah, Almighty God of our fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and of their righteous seed, who has made heaven and earth with all the ornament thereof; who has bound the sea by the word of thy commandment; who has shut up the deep, and sealed it by thy terrible and glorious name; whom all men fear, and tremble before thy power; for the majesty of thy glory cannot be borne, and thine angry threatening towards sinners is importable, but thy merciful promise is unmeasurable and unsearchable; for thou art the most high Jehovah, of great compassion, long suffering, very merciful, and repentest of the evils of men. Thou, o Jehovah, according to thy great goodness, hast promised repentance and forgiveness to them that have sinned against thee: and of thine infinite mercies hast appointed repentance unto sinners, that they may be saved. Thou therefore, o Jehovah, that art the God of the just, hast not appointed repentance to the just, as to Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, which have not sioned against thee; but thou hast appointed repentance unto me that am a sinner: for I have sinned above the number of the sands of the sea. My transgressions, O Jehovah, are multiplied: my transgressions are multiplied, and I am not worthy to, behold and see the height of heaven, for the multitude of mino

house, in the garden of Uzza, and was succeeded by his son, *


The mot'er of this prince was Meshullemeth, the A.C.

daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. He did evil in the sight 643.

of Jehovah, as did Manasseh, his father: for Amon sacrificed uito all the carved images which Manasseh, his father, had made, and served them, and he humbled not himself before Jehovah, as Manasseh, his father, had humbled himself; but Amo i trespassed more and more. And he forsook Jehovah, the God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of Jehovah.

Having reigned two years in Jerusalem, his servants con

iniquities. I am bound low with many iron bands, that I cannot lift up mine head, neither have any release ; fór I have provoked thy wrath, and done evil before thee. I did not thy will, neither kept I thy commandments: I have up abominations and have multiplied offences. Now, therefore, I bow the knee of mine heart, beseeching thee of grace. I have sinned, o Jehovah, I have sinned, and I acknowledge mine iniquities: wherefore I humbly beseech thee, forgive me, 0 Jehovah, forgive me, and de troy me not with mine iniquities. Be not angry with me for ever, by reserving evil for me; neither condemn me jato the lower parts of the earth. For thou art the God, even the God of them that repent, and in me thou wilt shew all thy goodness: for thou wilt save me, that am unworthy, according to thy great mercy. Therefore, I will praise thee for ever all the days of my life: for all the powers of heaven do praise thee, and thine is the glory for ever and ever.-Amen. Apocryphia.

We have inserted the above, as it appears both pious and scriptural, (Matt. ix. 13.); but it is not usually considered authentic. Gray's Key, 622. 624.

* 2 Kings, xxi. 1-18. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 1-20.
+ 2 Chron. xxxiii. 22. 23. 2 Kings xxi. 20, 21.

2 Kings xxi. 22.

spired against him, and slew him in his palace ;* but the mass of the population remaining faithful, they immediately fell upon the conspirators, and slew them, and proclaimed his son Josiah in his stead.t Amon was buried in his sepulchre, in the garden of Uzza. I


The mother of this prince was Jedidah, who was A.C.

herself the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. He did that 641.

which was right in the sight of Jehovah, and walked in the ways of David, bis father, and declined neither to the right hand, nor to the left. For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after the God of David, his father.||

In the twelfth year of his reign, he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem, from the high places, and the groves, and the carved images, and the molten images. And they brake

* 2 Kings, xxi. 19-23. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 21–24.
+ 2 Kings, xxi. 24. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 25.

2 Kings xxi. 26. $ “ He never swerved from God and truth; he never omitted what he knew to be his duty to God and his kingdom ; he carried on his reformation with a steady band; timidity did not prevent him from going far enough; and zeal did not lead him beyond due bounds. He walked in the golden mean, and his moderation was known unto all men. He went neither to the right, nor to the left; he looked inward, looked forward, and looked upward. Reader, let the conduct of this pious youth be thy exemplar through life! A. CLARKE. Such was our Edward VI. ; and such promised to be Prince Henry, eldest son of James I., and our late lamented Princess Charlotte of Wales.

1 2 Chron. xxxiv. 1-3. 2 Kings, xxii. 1, 2.

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