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self, he spied the sepulchres that were there in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burned them upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word of Jehovah, which the man of God* proclaimed, who proclaimed these words. Then he said, what title is that that I see! And the men of the city told him, It is the sepulchre of the man of God, who came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the altar of Bethel. And he said, let him alone; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet, that came out of Samaria.

And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria,t which the kings of Israel had made to provoke Jehovah to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel. And he slew all the priests of the high places, that were there, upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem. I

Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the

• Namely, the man of God, out of Judah, who was sent to Jeroboam, king of Israel, and who then foretold (340 years before the event) the actual destruction of the idolatrous altars and priests, which Josiah now literally accomplished. And during all that period, the sepulchre, as well of the man of God, as of the old prophet, had been preserved till the days of Josiah, who discerned it by the superscription, but paid honour and respect to his bones, by ordering them to remain undisturbed. Compare 1 Kings, xiii. with 2 Kings, xxiii, and A. Clarke's notes in locis. And see post, in the reign of Jeroboam, king of Israel. Josephus says the prophet's name was Jadon. Vol. ii. 5ð.

+ The kingdom of Israel being now extinct, Josiah, as of the blood royal of Judah, resumed his hereditary rights ; and, by the especial commission of God, uprooted idolatry throughout the cities of Samaria. A. CLARKE.

# 2 Kings, xxiii. 15—20.

wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah, and in Jerusalem, did Josiab put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book, that Hilkiah, the priest, found in the house of Jehovah. And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to Jehovah with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there

any like him.*

In the same year also, this monarch celebrated a grand passover at Jerusalem, and commanded all the people, saying; Keep the passover unto Jehovah, your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant;t and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hands, and the Levites slaved them, and they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto Jehovah, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen. And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance : but the other holy offerings sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people. And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests, the sons of Aaron, were busied in offering of burnt offerings, and the fat until night, therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests, the sons of Aaron. And the singers, the sons of Asaph, were in their places, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun, the king's seer; and the porters waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them. So all the service of Jehovah was prepared the same day, to

2 Kings, xxiii. 24, 25.

+ 2 Kings, xxiij. 21. Exod. xii. 21–27.

keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of Jehovah, according to the commandment of king Josiah. And the children of Israel that were present kept the passe over at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread, seven days.* And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel, the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.f

Notwithstanding, Jehovah turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him with withal. And Jehovah said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city, Jerusalem, which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there. I

And, therefore, after all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho,& king of Egypt, came up to fight against

* 2 Chron. xxxv. 1-17. + 2 Chron. XXXV. 18. 2 Kings, xxiii. 22. “There is not the word such in the Septuagint, but the passage runs thus: “For this passover was not kept from the days of the judges that judged Israel, and all the days of the kings of Israel and kings of Judah; but in the 18th year of king Josiah, there was kept a passover to the Lord in Jerusalem.” Dr. Wall, --who seems disposed to infer that the institution of the passover had been wholly neglected since the time of Joshua, except that kept by Hezekiah. See p. 185. But could this solemn institution have been neglected during the reigns of David and Solomon ; and yet no censure have been passed on them for such omission? It is remarkable, however, that no mention of its celebration appears throughout a period of 700 years.

I 2 Kings, xxiii. 26, 27. s " Supposed to be the son of Psammiticus, king of Egypt, who was then proceeding to attack Nabopolassar, king of Assyria." A. Clarke, quoting Herodotus. It is supposed that the tomb of

Carchemish, by Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him. But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah ? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste :* forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee not. Nevertheless, Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God,t and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo. And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded. His servants, therefore, took him out of that chariot, and put him into another chariot ; and brought him to Jerusalem, where he died.

this monarch, Pharaoh Necho, was discovered by the indefatigable Belzoni, who has given a most interesting account of it, and which may be seen also in Burder. Belzoni's Researches in Egypt, p. 246. Burder, O. L. No. 610. " It was this same monarch also, whose mariners (according to Herodotus) set out through the Red Sea, and encompassed the whole coast of Africa, and returned through the straits of Gibraltar to Egypt.” Bp. Wilson.

My idol commanded me to make -haste ; refrain, therefore, from me, and my idol which is with me, that he betray thee not." Targ. apud A. Clarke. This is far more likely to have been the meaning of the Egyptian monarch, than that he had received or spoke the mind of Jehovah. Scott in loco. And Prideaux, i. 82. who discusses the subject at large. “ From the time of the restoration of Manasseh, the kings of Judah were homagers to the kings of Babylon. It was on this account that Josiah went to oppose the king of Egypt, who was going against Babylon and Assyria ; viz.: in pursuance of his oath of fidelity to the king of Babylon. And as the destruction of Jerusalem was approaching, God in mercy took him away, that he might not see it.” Bp. Wilson. + That is, as Josiah believed, Pharaoh's own idol god, not

JEHOVAH. Bp. Wilson. Sed contra, A. Clarke and S. Clarke.
Or reserved chariot, as is usual with all military commanders or

monarchs going to battle. Burder, O. L. No. 638. 1 2 Kings, xxiii. 29, 30. 2 Chron. XXXV. 20—24. A. CLARKE,

In the reign of this monarch flourished the prophet Zephaniah, who, foreseeing the judgments that were coming on his country, thus forewarned his countrymen; “I will utterly consume all things from off the land saith Jehovah. I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumbling blocks with the wicked; and I will cut off man from off the land, saith Jehovah. I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon

all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chemarims,* with the priests, and them that worship the host of heaven upon the house tops; and them that worship and that swear by Jehovah, and that swear by Malcham;t and them that are turned back from Jehovah; and those that have not sought Jehovah, nor enquired for him. Hold thy peace at the presence of Jehovah, God: for the day of Jehovah is at hand; for Jehovah hath prepared a sacrifice, he halb bid his guests. I And it shall come to pass in the day of Jehovah's sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel. In the same day, also, will I punish all those that

" That is, blacks. For the priests of Jeroboam were clothed with black robes, in opposition to the priests at Jerusalem.” Be. Wilson. “ The black robed priests of different idols. Hence the Jews, in derision, call Christian ministers Chemarim, because of their black clothes and garments. Why we should imitate in our sacerdotal dress, those priests of Baal, is strange to think, and hard to tell." A. Clarke. Burder, 0. L. No. 1097.

+ The same as Moloch. Gray's Key. “ That is, those who mingle the worship of the true God and idols together. 1 Kings, xviii. 21. Neh. xiii. 24. Rev. iii. 16." S. Clarke. In other words, who carry religion in one hand, and the world in the other.

† “ That is, the Chaldeans, who were to slay this sacrifice, and feed upon and devour their wealth and subslance. Ezek. xxxix, 17. Rev. xix. 17." S. Clarke.

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