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leap* on the threshold, who fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith Jehovah, that there shall be the noise of a cry from the fish-gate, and an howling from the second, and a great crashing from the hills. Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the , merchant people are cut down ; all they that bear silver are cut off. And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees, that say in their heart, Jehovah will not do good, neither will he do evil. Therefore their goods shall become a booty, and their houses a desolation : they shall also build houses, but not inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, but not drink the wine thereof. The great day of Jehovah is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of Jehovah; the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, a day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against Jehovah, and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung. Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of Jehovah's wrath ; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy; for he sball make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land. Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation not desired; before

Zeph. i. 9. Harmer supposes this alludes to the practice of the wild Arabs riding on horseback into the houses of the inhabitants, to prevent which, the doorways are made small and the thresholds high; and that it does not allude to the worship of Dagois, as the Chaldee Paraplırast suggests. Ilanner, vol. 1. 19. 32,

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the decree bring forth, before the day pass as the chaff, before the fierce anger of Jehovah come upon you, before the day of the anger of Jehovah come upon you. Seek ye Jehovah, all ye meek of the earth, who have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness; it may be that ye shall be hid in the day of the anger

of Jehovah.' The prophet Jeremiah, too, lived during nineteen years under the reign of Josiah ; and, therefore, the early part of his prophecy is referable to that period. +

Josiah was buried in his own sepulchre, and was succeeded by his son, Jehoahaz. # And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah ; and the prophet Jeremiah lamented for him, and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations, and made them an ordinance in Israel :and, behold, they are written in the Lamentations.ll

JEHO AHA Z.

His mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of A. C.

Jeremiah of Libnah, and he did that which was evil in 610.

the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his fathers had done.

* Zeph. i. 2-18. ii. 1-3.

† Jer. i. 2. And Scott in Jer. XXV. 3. * 2 Kings, xxiii. 30. Zech. xii. 11. 2 Chron. XXXV. 24. # 2 Chron. XXXV. 25. It is a point of dispute amongst the most able critics, whether the Lamentations here referred to, are or are not the same, as those we now have at the conclusion of Jeremiah's prophecy. Anselm Bayley, Patrick, Gray's Key, 384. 390, and A. ('larke. Dr. Wall thinks Josiah is referred to in Lam. iv. 20. Note 01 3 Chron. xxxv, 25.

After a short reign of three months, Pharaoh Necho put him in bands* at Riblah, in the land of Hamath; and coming thence to Jerusalem,t he exacted a tribute of an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold,g and having placed Eliakim, another son of Josiah, whose name he changed to Jehoiakim, upon the throne; he took Jehoahaz away with him into Egypt, where he died,|| as Jeremiah, who calls him Shallum, had foretold.

J E H 0 IA KIM.

The first act of this monarch's reign was to tax his A. C.

subjects, in order to raise and pay the stipulated 610.

tribute to Pharaoh. His mother's name was Zebudah, who was the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah; and he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his fathers had done.

The period now approaching when the forbearance of Jehovah towards his favourite people was to cease for a season, he sent them several prophets to forewarn them of the im. pending ruin.

“ It is conjectured that Jehoahaz raised an army, and met and fought Necho on his return from Carchemish, and was beaten and taken prisoner by that monarch." A. CLARKE.

† Herodotus mentions this circumstance, but gives Jerusalem the name of Cadytis, by which, or some similar appellation, the holy city was known as well among the heathen, as it is by most of the eastern nations at this day. Prid. i. 85. Jahn, i. 152. I £31,218, 15s.

§ £5,475. | 2 Kings, xxiii. 31–31. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 2. 4. Jer. xxii. 11, 12.

See Scott in loco.

Jer. xxii. 13-19.
** 2 Kings, xxiii. 33–37. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 5.

Thus Habakkuk, Behold ye among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvellously; for I will work a work in your days, which ye will not believe, though it be told you. For, lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and basty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land, to possess the dwelling places that are not theirs. They are terrible and dreadful; their judgment and their dignity shall proceed of themselves. Their horses also are swifter than the leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves :* and their horsemen shall spread themselves, and their horsemen shall come from far, they shall fly as the eagle that hasteth to eat. They shall come all for violence: their faces shall sup up as the east wind, and they shall gather the captivity as the sand. And they scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every strong hold; for they shall heap dust, and take it.f

Urijah, too, having prophesied against the holy city, and the land of Judea, Jehoiakim, and all his mighty men sought to put him to death, but Urijah tled into Egypt. The king, however, fetched him from thence, and slew him, and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.

But the prophet Jeremiah was the chief instrument employed by God to make known his purposes of judgment and mercy to this infatuated people. Thus saith Jehovah; stand in the court of the house of Jehovah, and speak unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the house of Jehovah, all the words that I command thee to speak unto them;

Oppian, speaking of the horses bred about the Euphrates, says, They are by nature war-horses, and so intrepid, that neither the sight nor the roaring of the lion appals them; and, besides, are astonishingly fleet." A. CLARKE. Most modern travellers notice the swiftness and courage of the breed of horses, still existing in the vicinity of this river. + Hlab, i, i10.

Jer, xxvi. 20--23.

diminish not a word: If so be they will hearken, and turn every man from his evil way, that I may repent me of the evil which I purpose to do unto them, because of the evil of their doings. And thou shalt say unto them, thus saith Jehovah; jf

ye

will not hearken to me, to walk in my law, which I have set before you, to hearken to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent unto you, both rising up early, and sending them, but ye have not hearkened; then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth. So the priests and the prophets, and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of Jehovah.*

Upon the delivery of this prophecy, the priests and the prophets apprehended Jeremiah, and brought him before the princes of the people, and formally accused him with a view to procure a sentence of death; but the prophet boldly defended himself and exclaimed, Jehovah sent me to prophesy against this house and against this city, all the words that ye have heard. Therefore now amend your ways and your doings, and obey the voice of Jehovah, your God; and Jehovah will repent him of the evil that he hath pronounced against you.

As for me, behold, I am in your hand: do with me as seemeth good and meet unto you. But know ye for certain, that if ye put me to death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof: for of a truth Jehovah hath sent me unto you, to speak all these words in your ears. Upon which the princes declared that he was not worthy to die, for he had spoken to them in the name of Jehovah, and some of the elders justified their judgment, by the example of Micah, in the reign of Hezekiah. “Did Hezekiah, king of Judah, and all Judah put him at all to death? Did he not fear

* Jer. xxvi 2—7.

+ Jer. xxvi, 12-15.

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