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Jehovah, and beseech Jehovah, and Jehovah repented him of the evil which he had pronounced against them ? Thus might we procure great cvil against our souls.” But it was probably chiefly owing to the influence of Abikam, the son of Shaphan, under a divine providence, that the life of the prophet was sa ved. *

About three years after this, another message came to Jeremiah from Jehovah, and which was probably a summary, or recapitulation of all his former denunciations. “ From the thirteenth year of Josiah, the son of Amon, king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of Jehovah hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking ; but ye bave not bearkened. And Jehovah hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear. They said, turn ye again now every one froin his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that Jehovah liath given unto you and to your fathers, for ever and ever: and go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith Jehovah; ihat ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands, to your own hurt.

Therefore, thus saith Jehovah of hosts; because ye have not beard my words, behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith Jehovah, and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Labylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land,


Jer. xxvi. 16-2+, Prid. i. SS. + "''That is, move them as it were, by secret instinct, to come as readily and unanimously to his service, as if some messenger had been sent to invite them to it. Thus doth God shew himself to bo Jehovah or losts, and that lie bath all creatures, even wicked men and devils themselves, at his command; making use of them even

and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, * and the light of the candle. And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

And it shall come to pass when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith Jehovah, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations. And I will bring upon that land, all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations. For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves, of them also : and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.

For thus saith Jehovali, the God of Israel unto me; take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee to drink it. And they shall drink and be moved, and be mad, because of the

without their knowledge, and besides their purposes, (Isaiah, x.5—7. and xlv. 4, 5.) to his own glory; for the correction of some, and advancement of others. Wollaston's MS.

* That is, necessary provisions. S. CLANKE. "The sound of the millstones and the light of the candle joined together, because they generally ground the corn before day by the light of the candle. Sir J. Chardin remarks, that every where, in the morning, may be heard the noise of the mills ; for they generally grind erery day just as much as is necessary for the day's consumption. Where then the noise of the mill is not leard, nor the light of the candle seen, there must be desolation." A. (LAHKE.

sword, that I will send among them. Then took I the cup* at Jehovah's hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom Jehovah had sent me: to wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an bissing, and a curse; as it is this day ; Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people ; and all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod, Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon, and all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the Isles, which are beyond the sea, Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners, and all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert, and all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes, and all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth : and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them. Therefore thou shalt say unto them, thus saith Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel; drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you. And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, thus saith Jehovah of hosts; ye shall certainly drink, for lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith Jehovah of Hosts. Therefore, prophesy thou against

• That is, I declared publicly the tribulation that God was about to bring upon Jerusalem, the cities of Judah, and all the nations. A. CLARKE

them all these words, and say unto them, Jehovah shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth. A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for Jehovah hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith Jehovah. Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth. And the slain of Jehovah shall be at that day, from one end of the earth, even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.

Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter, and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel. And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flocks to escape. A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard : for the Lord hath spoiled their pasture. And the peaceable habitations are cut down, because of the fierce anger of Jehovah. He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate, because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.”

Failing to produce any useful impression upon his rebellious brethren, Jehovah ordered the prophet to have recourse to the memorable instance of the Rechabites' strict obedience, to a mere temporal recommendation of their great progenitor. “Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of Jehovah, into one of the cham


• Jer, xxv. 3–38.

bers, and give them wine to .drink. Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son of Habaziniah, and his brethren, and all his sons, and the whole house of the Rechabites; and I brought them into the house of Jehovah, into the chamber of the sons of H an, the son of Igdaliah, a man of God; who was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door: and I set before the sons of the house of the Rechabites, pots full of wine, and cups, and I said unto them, drink


But they said, we will drink no wine: for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father commanded us, saying, ye shall drink no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for ever: neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that

ye may

many days in the land where

ye be strangers.* Thus have we obeyed the voice of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, our father, in all that he hath charged us, to drink no wine all our days, we, our wives, our sons, nor our daughters: nor to build houses for us to dwell in: neither

*“ Ye shall drink no wine. Ye shall preserve your bodies in temperance; shall use nothing that would deprive you of your sober reason at any time ; lest in such an hour ye should do what might be prejudicial to yourselves, injurious to your neighbour, or dishonourable to God. Neither shull ye build house, &c. Ye shall not beconie residents in any place; ye shall not covet wealthy possessions ; ye shall live free from ambition and from envy, that ye may be free from contention and strife. But ye shall dwell in tents. Ye shall imitate your forefathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the rest of the patriarchs, who dwelt in lents, being strangers and pilgrims upon earth ; looking for a heavenly country, and being deterınined to have nothing here that would indispose their minds towards that place of endless rest, or to prevent them from passing through temporal things, so as not to lose those that are eternal. There must neces. sarily be more in these injunctions, than meets the eye in the letter of this account." A. CLARKE.

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