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all the people that dwelleth in this city, and concerning your brethren, that are not gone forth with you into captivity; thus saith Jehovah of Hosts; behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence; and I will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil. And I will persecute them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, to be a curse, and an astonishment, and an hissing, and a reproach among all the nations whither I have driven them: because they have not hearkened to my words, saith Jehovah, which I sent unto them by my servants, the prophets, rising up early and sending them : but ye would not hear, saith Jehovah.
Hear ye, therefore, the word of Jehovah, all ye of the captivity, whom I have sent from Jerusalem to Babylon : thus saith Jehovah of Ilosts, the God of Israel, concerning Ahab, the son of Kolaiah, and concerning Zedekiah, the son of Maaseiah, who prophesy a lie unto you in my name: behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes: and of them shall be taken up a curse, by all the captivity of Judah, which are in Babylon, saying, Jehovah make thee like Zedekiah, and like A hab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire;* because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and am a witness, saith Jehovah.
“ The Jews who were carried away captives with Jehoiachin, being discouraged froin settling and mahing improvements in the land of the captivity by their false propheis, Jeremiah wrote this prophecy to undeceive them. And Nebuchadnezzar himself, finding that these false prophets discouraged the people, ordered them to be roasted to death, according to this very prophecy." Br. Wilson.
Thus shalt thou also speak to Shemaiah, the Nehelamite, saying, Thus speaketh Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israei, saying, Because thou hast sent letters in thy name, unto all the people that are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah, the son of Maaseiah, the priest, and to all the priests, saying, Jehovah hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada, the priest, that ye should be officers in the house of Jehovah, for every man that is mad and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in prison, and in the stocks. Now, therefore, why hast thou not reproved Jeremiah of Anathoth, who maketh himself a prophet to you? For therefore he sent unto us in Babylon, saying, This captivity is long: build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them. And Zephaniah, the priest, read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah, the prophet.
Then came the word of Jehovah unto Jeremiah, saying, Send to all them of the captivity, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, concerning Shemaiah, the Nehelamite; because that Shemaiah hath prophesied unto you, and I sent bim not, and he caused you to trust in a lie: therefore, thus saith Jehovah; behold, I will punish Shemaiah, the Nehelamite, and his seed: he shall not have a man to dwell among his people; neither shall he behold the good that I will do for my people, saith Jehovah; because he hath taught rebellion against Jehovah.*
About the fourth year of the reign of this prince, but the exact period or occasion is not quite evident, he appears to have discovered some disposition to shake off the authority of the Babylonian, upon which Jeremiah admonished him, saying, Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live. Why
Jer. xxix. 432.
will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as Jehovah hath spoken against the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon ? Therefore, hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you. For I have not sent them, saith Jehovah, yet they prophesy a lie in my name: that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.
Also, I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith Jehovah; hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying, behold, the vessels of Jehovah's house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon : for they prophesy a lie unto you. Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste? But if they be prophets, and if the word of Jehovah be with them, let them now make intercession to Jehovah of Hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of Jehovah, and in the house of the king of Judah, and Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.
For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city, which Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, took not when he carried away captive Jeconiah, the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem: yea, thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of Jehovah, and in the house of the king of Judah, and of Jerusalem; they shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith Jehovah: then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.
. Jer, xxvii, 12-22.
Hananiah, a wicked prophet, having taunted Jeremiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel; Within two full years will I bring again into this place all the vessels of the house of Jehovah, that Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon; and I will bring again to this place Jeconiah, the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, with all the captives of Judah, that went into Babylon, saith Jehovah: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon ;* the man of God replied, with a hearty Amen, Jehovah do so: Jehovah, perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of Jehovah's house, and all that is carried away captive, from Babylon into this place! Nevertheless, hear thou now this word that I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all the people; the prophets that have been before me and before thee of old, prophesied both against many countries and against great kingdoms, of war, and of evil, and of pestilence. The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that Jehovah hath truly sent him.t
Then Hananiah, the prophet, took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it. And Hananiah spake in the presence of all the people, saying, Thus saith Jehovah; Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar, king of
* Jer. xxviii. 1-4. + “That is, You say that Nebuchadnezzar shall not overthrow this city; and that, in two years from this time, not only the sacred vessels already taken away shall be restored, but also that Jeconiah, and all the Jewish caplives, shall be restored, and the Babylonish yoke broken, see v. 2–4. Now I say, that Nebuchadnezzar will come this year, and destroy this city, and lead away the rest of the people into captivity, and the rest of the sacred vessels; and that there will be no restoration of any kind till seventy years from this time." A. CLARKE.
Babylon, from the neck of all nations, within the space of two full
years. And the prophet Jeremiah went his way. Then the word of Jehovah came unto Jeremiah, the prophet, after that Hananiah, the prophet, had broken the yoke from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying, Go and tell Hananiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah ; Thou hast broken the yokes of wood; but thou shalt make for them yokes of iron. For thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel; I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon; and they shall serve him : and I have given him the beasts of the field also.
Then said the prophet Jeremiah unto Hananiah, the prophet, Hear now, Hananiah; Jehovah hath not sent thee, but thou makest this people to trust in a lie. Therefore, thus saith Jehovah; Behold, I will cast thee from off the face of the earth : this year thou shalt die, because thou hast taught rebellion against Jehovah. So Hananiah, the prophet, died the same year, in the seventh month.* And the probability is, that this solemn judgment of God, upon the lying prophet, restrained the rebellious feeling of Zedekiah for that period.t
In the fifth year of the captivity of Jehoiakim, and consequently of the reign of Zedekiah, the vision of the four cherubims and the four wheels was revealed to the prophet Ezekiel at Babylon;# and the recapitulation of his forbearance with the houses of Israel and Judah ;? and the chambers of imagery:ll concluding, however, with an encouraging
Jer. xxviii. 5—17. That is, within two months; and the death of Hananiah thus predicted, was God's seal to the words of his prophet, and ought to have gained great credit to that prophet's prediction among the people." A. CLARKE. Bp. Wilson. + Prid. i. 101.
Ezek. i. ii. iii.