The Vermilion Iron-bearing District of Minnesota: With an Atlas, Volume 45

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1903 - Geology - 463 pages

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Page 59 - ... and inclosing houses built with wood and covered with shingles. They are calculated for every convenience of trade, as well as to accommodate the proprietors and clerks during their short residence there.
Page 61 - I frequently struck a canoe pole of twelve feet long, without meeting any other obstruction than if the whole were water. It has, however, ' a peculiar suction or attractive power, so : that it is difficult to paddle a canoe over it.
Page 59 - Spanish dollar for each package: and so inured are they to this kind of labour, that I have known some of them set off with two packages of ninety pounds each, and return with two others of the same weight, in the course of six hours, being a distance of eighteen miles over hills and mountains. This necessary part of the business being over, if the season be early they have some respite, but this depends upon the time the North men begin to arrive from their winter quarters, which they commonly do...
Page 407 - They are simple geological units, not a series of overlapping sheets. 2. They are flat with uniform thickness over areas more than one hundred square miles in extent, and where inclined, the dip is due essentially to faulting and tilting. 3. There are no pyroclastic rocks associated with them. 4. They are never glassy. 5. They are never amygdaloidal. 6. They exhibit no flow structure. 7. They have no ropy or wrinkled surface.
Page 63 - ... of the water, covered with a variety of berries. When the French were in possession of this country, they had several trading establishments on the islands and banks of this lake. Since that period, the few people remaining, who were of the Algonquin nation, could hardly find subsistence; game having become so scarce that they depended principally for food upon fish, and wild rice which grows spontaneously in these parts. I cannot omit an extract from chap. IX., pp. 137-140, of W. W. Warren's...
Page 61 - Cerise, by a mud-pond (where there is plenty of water lilies) of a quarter of a mile in length; and this is again separated by a similar pond, from the last Portage de Cerise, which is four hundred and ten paces. Here the same operation is to be performed for three hundred and eighty paces. They next enter on the Mountain Lake, running north-west by west six miles long, and about two miles in its greatest breadth.
Page 62 - Terre, which is in the shape of an horse-shoe. It is entered near the curve, and left at the extremity of the Western limb, through a very shallow channel, where the canoe passes half loaded for thirty paces with the current, which conducts these waters through the succeeding lakes and rivers, till they discharge themselves, by the river Nelson, into Hudson's-Bay.
Page 63 - Blanc .... is one hundred and eighty paces. Then follows the lake of that name, but I think improperly so called, as the natives name it the Lake Pascau Minac Sagaigan, or Dry Berries.
Page 59 - ... soil immediately bordering on the lake has not proved very propitious, as nothing but potatoes have been found to answer the trouble of cultivation. This circumstance is probably owing to the cold damp fogs of the lake, and the moisture of the ground from the springs that issue from beneath the hills. There are meadows in the vicinity that yield abundance of hay for the cattle ; but, as to agriculture, it has not hitherto been an object of serious consideration. I shall now leave these geographical...
Page 75 - ... connected with the gneisses, may be of some sort of metamorphic origin not understood. The iron-bearing schists of Vermilion Lake are, however, so like the Huronian that they are regarded as a folded continuation of the Animikie beds. That the Animikie Huronian is beneath the Keweenawan rocks is shown by the fact that the Keweenawan beds along the Minnesota coast are passed in descending order until the Animikie slates are reached at Grand Portage Bay, but there is not a direct downward continuation...

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