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LIFE

OF

OLIVER CROMWELL.,

By M. GUIZOT,

AUTHOR OF "MEMOIRS OF SIR ROBERT PEEL," " MEMOIRS TO ILLI'STRATE

THE HISTORY OF MY TIME," ETC.

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LONDON:
RICHARD BENTLEY, NEW BURLINGTON STREET ;
OLIVER AND BOYD, EDINBURGH; McGEE, DUBLIN ;
GEORGE ROBERTSON, MELBOURNE.

1868. /
yu

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY MAN 21 1902

Tue bistory of the English Revolution, its or <a and ..

quences, extends over a period of sixty-thre sea, -fra!. accession of Charles I., in 1625, to the fall of James II, in 1688; and is naturally divided, by the great esets with it includes

, into four periods. The first of these coupled to reign of Charles I., his conflict with the Long Para!! defeat and death; the second contains the history of the C

monwealth, under the Long Parliament and Cromwell ; t.es: is marked by the Restoration of the Monarchy, after this tric Protectorate of Richard Cromwell; and the fourth cota* t!. reigns of Charles II. and James II., and the final wil of them royal race of Stuart.

Each of these four periods will form the subject of a sve il work by M. Guizot. The first of these has already apprand; the second is now published; and the other two are in prunta es. Together

, the four works will constitute a complete part of the most important epoch in our history.

Tith regard to the present Volume, I nerd say not!.in%, except so far as my own share in it is concerned. I llave endeavoured to make as literal a translation as was compatible with our English idion; and, in all cases, I have carefully verified the references, and given the ipsissima rerla of the authorities quoted by M. Guizot.

ASDBŁV R. SCOBLE.

LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREET

AND CHAK.YG CROSS.

Lincoln's Inn,

FEBRUARY, 1854.

ADVERTISEMENT.

history of the English Revolution, its origin and conseces, extends over a period of sixty-three years,—from the sion of Charles I., in 1625, to the fall of James II., in ; and is naturally divided, by the great events which it les, into four periods. The first of these comprehends the

of Charles I., liis conflict with the Long Parliament, liis t and death; the second contains the history of the Comealth, under the Long Parliament and Cromwell; the third ırked by the Restoration of the Monarchy, after the brief ctorate of Richard Cromwell; and the fourth comprises the s of Charles II. and James II., and the final fall of the race of Stuart. ach of these four periods will form the subject of a special by M. Guizot. The first of these has already appeared ; cond is now published ; and the other two are in progress. her, the four works will constitute a complete picture of the important epoch in our history. With regard to the present Volume, I need say nothing, t so far as my own share in it is concerned. I have voured to make as literal a translation as was compatible our English idioin; and, in all cases, I have carefully ed the references, and given the ipsissima verba of the rities quoted by M. Gui"ot.

ANDREW R. SCOBLE.

COLN'S INN
FEBRUARY, 1854.

CONTENTS

BOOK I.
Organisation of the Republican Government-Formation of the time,

of State--Resistance of the Country-Trial and Calel'.
Fire Royalist Leaders : Loris Hamilton, Holland, Capel!, - !!
wich, and Sir John Owen-Execution of Hamil.n. H!
Capell-Publication of the “ Eikon Bauke"-Beyali al
publican Polemics: Milton and Salmastasalatbreak ani na
rection of the Levellers-John Lilburne--Defeat of the Lern-
Trial and Acquittal of Lilburne--Tyranny of the Patu.
Increasing Greatness of Cromwell,

BOOK IL

1

State of Parties in Scotland and Ireland-Charles II. vs Preased

King-Scottish Commissioners at the Hague-War in IrCromwell assumes the Command-His Cruelty and Succe tres Montrose's Expedition in Scotland-His Defeut, Arrest, Cuadethi. tion, and Execution-Charles II. Lands in Scolari: 1*cil returns from Ireland, and takes the Command of the War in hard -His dangerous Position--Battle of Dunbar-Charles II eaters England Cromwell follows him--- Battle of Worcester-Eht and Adventures of Charles II.--He returns to France-Cruiweil returns to Tondon~''riumphant success of the Commonwealth

BOOK IIL

Impression produced on the Continent by the Trial and Exution of

Charles I.-Assassination of Dorislaus at the Hague, and of Ascham at Madrid-Attitude of the Continental States towards the Commonwealth of England-Development and Successes of the Englih Navy -Foreign Policy of the Republican ParliamentRivalry between

CONTENTS.

BOOK I.

PAG

ganisation of the Republican Government-Formation of the Council of State - Resistance of the Country-Trial and Condemnation of Fire Royalist Leaders : Lords Hamilton, Holland, Capell, and Norwich, and Sir John Owen-Execution of Hamilton, Holland, and Capell— Publication of the “ Eikon Basilikė "-Royalist and Republican Polemics: Milton and Salmasius-Outbreak and Insurrection of the Levellers---John Lilburne-Defeat of the Levellers-Trial and Acquittal of Lilburne---Tyranny of the Parliament Increasing Greatness of Cromwell

BOOK II.

ate of Parties in Scotland and Ireland-Charles II. is Proclaimed King-Scottish Commissioners at the Hague-War in IrelandCromwell assumes the Command-His Cruelty and SuccessesMontrose's Expedition in Scotland--His Defeut, Arrest, Condemnation, and Execution-Charles II. Lands in Scotland --Cromwell returns from Ireland, and takes the Command of the War in Scotland -His dangerous Position-Battle of Dunbar-Charles II. enters England-Cromwell follows him— Battle of Worcester-Flight and Adventures of Charles II.--He returns to France-Cromwell returns to London-Triumphant success of the Commonwealth

.

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BOOK III.

mpression produced on the Continent by the Trial and Execution of

Charles I.--Assassination of Dorislaus at the Hague, and of Ascham at Madrid-Attitude of the Continental States towards the Common. wealth of England-Development and Successes of the English Navy - Foreign Policy of the Republican Parliament-Rivalry between

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