The Austrian Empire: Her Population and Resources ...

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R. and J.E. Taylor, 1842 - 287 Seiten

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Seite 214 - Hau OF THE UNIVERSITY OF HEIDELBERG PRESENTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN BY Шг. pililo parsons OF DETROIT grv'.
Seite 255 - ... ages the otherwise false and short-sighted policy that dictated the partition of Poland ? That the crown at home would lose nothing by such a step is clear ; since, as far as we have been able to gather the opinions of the enlightened Catholics in Austria and Germany, where this school of course has spread, one of then- chief wishes is that the Christian world shall declare a body of cardinals educated in Italy, ignorant of the languages, manners, habits and necessities of the northern nations,...
Seite 281 - A remarkable circumstance is the greater portion of male births over the females, the average of the province showing 100 girls to 107 boys, from which the different districts do not much vary. The abundance of food in the fertile parts induces early marriages, the result of which is both an unusually large proportion of marriages in the year and a small proportion of illegitimate births. The return of the latter is (for 1839) as 1 illegitimate to 88 legitimate; the marriages (for 1837) show the...
Seite 270 - The form of provincial government adopted in the other provinces he as strenuously rejected, as he saw in it a centralizing system which took the whole guidance of the state machine out of the hands of the proper representatives of the nation, to place it in those of paid dependents on the crown *. But * Our No. XXI. contains a faithful description of the government of Hungary, from a highly authentic source. while the nobles were thus fending off the covert attack upon the freedom of the nation,...
Seite 281 - ... state of physical prosperity. Accordingly we find the births as 1 in 22 of the population, being equal to the return for Galicia and the most favourable return of the empire. The Banat district shows 1 birth in 20 ; the valley of the Save in Slavonia, 1 in 21 ; in the Warasdin district, 1 in 1 8 ; the mountainous tracts, 1 birth in 24 of the population. The return for the valley of the Save is the most favourable in Europe. A remarkable circumstance is the greater proportion of male births over...
Seite 231 - TVe proceed to illustrate the population returns now published, and which agree with the Table No. II. annexed to this article ; but our table furnishes additional information on other essential points, especially on the state of agriculture in the provinces. M. Becher has given the returns as late as 1839, and we have therefore given his statement of the population in that year. It is not likely that the quantity of land under cultivation has much changed since 1837.
Seite 242 - The population of these provinces amounts to 20,617,243 souls, the number of unclassified individuals of both sexes and of all ages can therefore not be much less than 12,000,000. Of these the share falling to the capital is not precisely determined, but as the number of nobles, placemen, clergy and tradesmen is stated to be 18,260, if we allow these to represent families of five individuals, which is a large proportion, and add...
Seite 271 - These sad occurrences appear, however, not to have been without their salutary influence upon the nobles, as they opened their eyes to their true position, and showed them the necessity of reconciling their interests without loss of time with those of the classes below them. Direct and active measures were immediately proposed to this end both in the diet and in the county courts of session, and had to encounter the strong opposition of the government, M'hich feared the consolidation of the national...
Seite 247 - Vienna, which long made the consumption of timber as fuel in mining and smelting operations an indispensable condition of all licenses to work. This absurd regulation was abolished about two years ago, and will no doubt lead both to an extension of mining speculations and a cheapening of fuel generally ; no unimportant event for the inhabitants of a province in which the snow often lies in the valleys for five months of the year.
Seite 275 - ... thoughts either word or action, and the majority of the families of Magnates are Catholics, and consequently aspirants to this sphere of promotion. The primacy is vested in the archbishopric of Gran, the emoluments of which are estimated in money at 36,000/. per annum ; while the territorial rights and immunities, together with the patronage, cause the see to be valued by some at nearly 100,0001.

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