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The Numismatic Society issues a quarterly Angus Earls (5th S. vi. 206, 334, 459.)-I publication, entitled the Numismatic Chronicle. think that R. C. W, is scarcely correct in citing One of the best works on British, or rather English, the title of Craven as one where the “of” is not coins I should consider to be Mr. Henfrey's work. used, as it is quite as much a territorial title as

G. PERRATT. that of the Earl of Derby. The gallant Sir WilAckerman’s Introduction to Coins. J. D.

liam Craven was created, by Charles I., Baron

Craven in 1626, and in 1662, by Charles II., VisCosies (5th S. vi. 467.)—The "cosy” is intended count Craven of Ufington, and Earl of Craven in to keep coffee hot, and was used in Germany cer- | Yorkshire. The higher titles becoming extinct at tainly in the last century. I am almost sure the first Earl's death, the title was revived in 1801 Lessing alludes to it, but I cannot find the place. in favour of William, the seventh Baron Craven, The cosy for tea is a barbarism and an abomina- as Viscount Uffington and Earl of Craven. The tion, and means black, bitter, bad tea.

Earl of Ashburnham is a similar example, though A. H. CHRISTIE. the name of the family and title are the same ;

but in this case there is a place in Sussex called I have seen a cosy precisely as mentioned by Ashburnham, which gives the title to the family. J. C. J., brought from China. 'O Bodiots.

G. D. T. “ Wicks” OF THE MOUTH (5th S. vi. 229, 271,

Huddersfield. 333, 417.)-In Lincolnshire shepherds and others, | speaking of the corners of a dog's mouth, always

ALL-FLOWER WATER (5th S. vi. 107, 313, 358.)

|-Some years ago I saw an instance of the use of call them the “wykens.” John CORDEAUX.

this “ production” (as mentioned by KingsTON) “ IMPLEMENT” (5th S. vi. 287, 412.)_Perhaps by a Brahman, in the streets of Poona. But I am the words may be read, “ Ac tot' ill' lib’tať vocat

| inclined to think the natural product was taken vel Nuncupat p Nomen de Implement,” and not so much medicinally, as, through

not so much medicinally as through reverence for translated, “ And all that liberty called or known the sacred source from which I observed the twiceby the name of Implement.” If there be a liberty born catch it in out

born catch it in outstretched palm. I remember of that name in the county, it would probably, like

mentioning the incident to my monshee, who other liberties, have a coroner of its own.

seemed to think my astonishment the only curious W. B. circumstance in the case.

A. FERGUSSON, Lieut.-Col. HANGING RAGS ON TREES AT WELLS (5th S. U.S. Club, Edinburgh. vi. 185, 424.)—Though now viewed in the light of votive offerings, may not the custom have had DIALECT (5th S. vi. 105, 218, 395.)—The followà different origin, as indicated in the following ling passage, from an article on “Yorkshire” in quotation from the Travels of Mungo Park ? the Cornhill Magazine (ix. 91), will prove interest

“We continued our journey without stopping any more | ing in connexion with this subject :-
until noon, when we came to a large tree called by the
natives Neena Taba. It had a singular appearance,

“One day two young lads were busy robbing an being decorated with innumerable rags or scraps of

orchard: one was aloft in a damson plum tree, pulling cloth, which persons travelling across the wilderness

the fruit at random and throwing them below to his had at different times tied to the branches; probably at

comrade : the other at the foot was engaged in bot haste, first to inform the traveller that water was to be found

stuffing them into his pockets, and from time to time Dear it; but the custom has been so sanctioned by time

hurriedly bolting one down his throat. Silence and exthat nobody now presumes to pass without hanging up

pedition being imperatively incumbent in the situation, something. I followed the example, and suspended å

| the first had not much time to select which to gather, handsome piece of cloth on one of the boughs, and, being

nor the other which to put into his mouth. Suddenly told that either a well or pool of water was at no great

the lad below inquired fearfully of the one above, Tom, distance, I ordered the negroes to unload the asses."

has plummocks legs ?' 'Nooa,' roared Tom. Then, C. E.

said Bill, with a manly despair, “then I ha' swallowed a

straddly.beck.' Now a straddly-beck is a frog, from There is a spring at Holy Well Dale, near Win straddle beck, a ditch or rivulet." terton, in North Lincolnshire, formerly celebrated

J. Booth. for healing properties, and the bushes around used

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF “ PUNCH AND JUDY” (3rd S. to be hung with rags in the same way as at Great Lü 387, 476 ; 5th S. vi. 296, 333, 354.)-If under Cotes.

J. T. F. Hatfield Hall, Durham.

this head other puppet shows are entitled to men

tion, note should be made of two fine octavos “ FODDERHAM(5th S. vi. 187, 313, 479.)—The published recently by N. Scheuring, of Lyons, passage in front of the cattle, down which a person France. Feu Séraphin is an account of the wellpasses in order to feed them, is variously called, in known Parisian Théâtre de Séraphin, with two Derbyshire, the “fodderum,” the “fodderin-bing,” | dozen or so of the plays of its repertory. Le and the “ foddering-bay.”

J. P. Théâtre des Pupazzi is a selection from the kaleiIdridgehay.

doscopic and Aristophanic productions of M. Le

mercier de Neuville, who has rejuvenated Pasquin, to cut the air or waves, to fly or sail quickly. and endowed him with more life and limb than We have the phrase " to cut and run," but this he ever had before. This latter volume was pub-has probably a different origin. lished last year, and the former the year before. A later example than any yet quoted of clip= They are illustrated with frontispiece, portraits, embrace will be found in Cowper's Expostulation, and vignette etchings to each play.

551 :J. BRANDER MATTHEWS.

“Yon fair sea that clips thy shores." Lotos Club, N.Y.

T. Lewis 0. DAVIES.

Pear Tree Vicarage, Southampton.
CONSTANCE, ELDEST SISTER AND CO-HEIR OF
LAST LORD MAULEY (5th S. vi. 28, 117, 197, 339.) |

“ To CATCH A CRAB” (5th S. vi. 203, 272, 524; --Although, as stated by A. S. A., the authorities / vii. 18.)-I am surprised that JABEZ is unable to differ regarding the children of the two marriages

see that it does not make the slightest difference to of Constance, there appears to be little doubt but me, as far as my argument is concerned, what the that her first husband, William Fairfax, died | precise meaning of “to catch a crab” is, so long as without issue, and in the lifetime of his father the occurrence is allowed to be unexpected, unplea(consult Fairfax pedigree, Herald and Genealogist, sant, and ridiculous. Is JABEZ prepared to deny vol. vi. 386, corrected by vol. vii. 147). The fact that these three terms are applicable to his mode that Richard Fairfax, the next brother of William,

of " catching a crab”?

F. CHANCE. succeeded his father in the estate of Walton, and l Sydenham Thil. further, that Constance, by her will, bequeathed « To catch a crab” is neither to catch the water Mulgrave to her children by her second husband, nor to miss it, when the contrary course is aimed Sir John Bigot, no mention being made of the at. But it occurs when the oarsman feathers his Fairfaxes, seem conclusively to prove that she had oar at the end of his stroke under water, and, not no issuie by her first marriage. It is therefore being able in consequence to get his oar out of the through the Bigots and their heirs general, the water, he is said to have cirught a crab ; and the Radcliffes of Mulgrave, and not the Fairfaxes of term arises from the idea that a crab has got hold Gilling, that we must trace the senior co-heirs to of the oar. The “way” of the boat knocks the the barony of Manley. The present Lord de blundering oarsman backward. T. W. R. Mauley is heir general only of the younger co-heir, and not heir male and heir general, as stated by ! ANTHEM IN THE MOZARABIC MISSAL (5" S. VI. A. S. A. The male line of George Salvaine and / 513.)—The Lenten “ Communio” is as follows :Elizabeth de Mauley failed about the middle of “Repletum est gaudio os nostrum : et lingua the last century. I shall be glad if some genealo- nostra in exultatione”; i... Ps. cxxvi. 2. “Then gical correspondent can inform me who now repre

was our mouth filled with laughter, and our sents the Radcliffes of Mulgrave.

tongue with joy.”

A. C. “EMBRACING THE CHURCH” (5th S. vi. 308, 436,

VERSES ON THE INADEQUATE POWERS OF POR520.)-- In the passage quoted by MAHARG from

TRAITURE (5th S. iv. 363, 416, 496 ; v. 238, 497 ;

vi. 276, 370.)-I have, in an edition of Clarke's Quarles, clip does not mean to embrace, but to fly, in which sense this poet uses the word more than

| Martyrologie, 1652, a portrait of the author, under

| which are the following lines :opce :“What if my soul should take the wings of day,

“All that thou seest and readest is Divine; And find some desert? If she springs away,

Learning thus vs'd is water turn'd to wine.

Well may wee then despaire to draw his minde, The wings of vengeance clip as fast as they."

iii. 12.

View heere the case; i'th' Booke the Jewell finde." Oh that the pinions of a clipping dove

WM. FREELOVE. Would cut my passage through the empty air !”.

Bury St. Edmunds.

iv. 2. “ Had my dull soul but wings as well as they,

Roger BRIERLEY (5th S. vi. 388,517.)- There is How I would spring from earth and clip away,

a long note on him by Canon Raine in his edition As wise Astræa did, and scorn this ball of clay!”. of the Journal of Nicholas Assheton (Chetham

Society, xiv. pp. 89-96), which contains as much So in Dryden's Annus Mirabilis, stanza lxxxvi. : information about him as can well be desired. “ Have you not seen, when, whistled from the fist, Brierley was born at Marland, near Rochdale, and

Some falcon stoops at what her eye design'd, died in 1637 at Burnley. C. W. SUTTON. And, with her eagerness the quarry miss'd,

Straight flies at check, and clips it down the wind?"| THE STEPHENS AND HARTLEY NOSTRUMS (5th S. A vessel designed for fast sailing is called a v. 511; vi. 29, 36, 117, 139, 177, 217, 540.) “clipper," or is said to be “clipper built.” I sup- | With regard to the grant of 1,0001. to“ Mr. pose that clip gets this sense in the following Elkington for his mode of draining land," I have way: to embrace, to squeeze, to pinch or nip, been informed by a practical farmer, now dead,

v. 13.

who had much experience in such matters, that Edipus Tyrannus, or Swellfoot the Tyrant”; “ Epipgy.

t

i lchidion”: with “ Miscellaneous Poems," including the Elkington did great service to his country by his

eous Poems," including the

| celebrated lines “ To a Skylark," and the perhaps finer experiments in land drainage.

ANON. I though less celebrated lines “ To a Cloud.” With these

there is much interesting and elucidatory matter from WORDSWORTH'S ORIGINALITY (5th S. vi. 326,

| the poet himself, and annotation on the part of the 439.)—The selection of the passages by your corre editor, which shows the earnestness with which Mr. Forspondent B. R. from Breen's Modern English | man is fulfilling his by no means easy part. The frontis. Literature, its Blemishes and Defects, seems incom- piece is a beautifully executed etching by Mr. W. B. plete without the three other quotations in pages

Scott of Guido's Beatrice Cenci-a face which is of itself

a tragedy to look at. The volume is quite worthy of its. 252, 253. After the happy and appropriate cita

| predecessor; and if the two which are to follow be equal tion of the part-Sapphic from Horace, “Alme Sol,” | to the first two, the publishers will earn as much con-&c. (p. 253), the author observes, “ Or, perhaps, gratulation on the part of Shelley's world of admirers, from Bishop Hall's romance bearing the quaint as the editor will earn of praise for the way in which he title of Mundus alter et idem, or, more probable

oohohle has executed his office. Mr. Forman tells us that he is

not aware if the original MS. of "The Cenci” is in exist.still, from this passage in Darwin's Botanic Gar

ence. A great portion of that of the “ Prometheus” is den :

in the possession of Sir Percy Shelley, the poet's son ; “ Till o'er the wreck, emerging from the storm, and other MSS. are, with relics even more precious, in the Immortal nature lifts her changeful form;

Shelley room at Boscombe Manor. The Skylark " and Mounts from her funeral pyre on wings of flame, the “Cloud” were written fresh from nature,- indeed, And soars and shines another and the same.

in companionship with nature. Thomson could describe The writer proceeds to remark (p. 253) that the (from memory) his budding Spring, blooming Summer,

rich Autumn, and majestically cold Winter, in a dulí feather from the angel's wing “has been traced to

room at the back of a house near the Tower, or in a the following in a sonnet by Dorothy Berry : lodging in Bond Street, and to read them is like looking Whose noble praise

at a picture by a great master; but with Shelley we hear Deserves a quill pluckt from an angel's wing.'” the Skylark and we view the Cloud, and with good reason, And in p. 252, on the sentiment

for “they were written as his mind prompted, listening

to the carolling of the bird aloft in the azure sky of Italy, " The child is father of the man,"

or marking the cloud as it sped across the heavens, while “Lloyd, in one of his epistles, has the same he floated in his boat.” “Mr. Forman describes the thought, when he says

“Edipus"-wbich was withdrawn under menace by the * For men, in reason's sober eyes,

Society for the Suppression of Vice-as “an extraAre children but of larger size."

ordinary piece of intellectual grotesque,” which partly WILLIAM PLATT.

sprang from the contest of George IV. (Swellfoot) with

Queen Caroline, and the memory of a chorus of pigs in Conservative Club.

the fair of St. Giuliano. The original MS. seems to have +CLEMANT + TOSEAR (5th S. vi. 410; vii. 15.)

disappeared, as has that of the “Epipsychidion,” which

Shelley wrote for the esoteric few, and not for the geneOne of the bells of this church bore formerly this

ral vulgar who were welcome to Swellfoot. The appendix inscription : " Clement Tosier cast me in the 12th to the “ Epipsychidion," with its details of the noble yere of Queen Anne's raine 1713.” I have a bell- convent-immured lady, Emilia Viviani, to whom the metal skillet, having a long flat handle, inscribed poem was addressed, is as full of interest as the poem is

of beauty. For the whole volume there is but one suit" Clement Tosear+ +."

able word-superb! Cranborne.

Tales of our Great Families. By Edward Walsord, M.A. "PARTY" (5th S. vi. 446, 496, 526.)-If Me. 1

Res 2 vola. (Hurst & Blackett.) DORE will refer to “ N. & Q.," 5th S. ii. 520, he This volume contains reprints of tales concerning nearly will find many earlier instances of this use of the forty “great families," which have been collected from word, and references to earlier numbers of various periodicals in which they first appeared. They N. & Q." where others are to be found.

are all amusing, and include “Lord Lyttelton's Ghost," W. F. R.

which Mr. Walford takes to be "among the many well

authenticated tales of supernatural events." We thought AUTHORS AND QUOTATIONS WANTED (5th S. vii.

that this blundering story had been blown to atoms long 19.)

ago. “Litera scripta manet.”

| Memorials of the Earl of Stirling and of the House of J. WINGFIELD, M.A., is in error when he attributes this Alexander. By Rev. C. Rogers, LL.D. 2 vols. to Horace. Mr. H. T. Riley (Dict. Lat. and Greek Quo- (Edinburgh, Paterson.) lations) says that the phrase is “probably a portion of a Dr. Rogers has, in search of members of the house of mediæval pentameter.”

Alexander, gone over the whole world except to Macedon.
The details will interest genealogists ; but the part of the

book for the general reader is the account of the cause Miscellaneous.

célèbre in which we have a full detail of the attempt

of one of this very numerous family to get himself recog. NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

nized as Earl of Stirling. This gentleman failed, as he The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Edited by

deserved to do. Harry Buxton Forman. Vol. II. (Reeves & Turner.) The second volume of this library edition of Shelley MR. ELLIOT Stock has accomplished a feat in his incontains “The Cenci”; “Prometheus Unbound”; teresting fac-similes beyond which it will be hardly

possible, even for him, to go. We allude to the fac-simile

Notices to Correspondents. reprint of the first edition (1667) of Paradise Lost. It is a perfect delight to read this finely printed volume,

On all communications should be written the name and and another may be enjoyed in reading Dr. Masson's In address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but troduction, which is an exhaustive bit of bibliography. | as a guarantee of good faith.

Messrs. BLACKWOOD & Sons (Edinburgh) send us the A READER.-The librarian attends at the Chapter third edition, revised and enlarged, with an appendix,

pendix. Library, in the Cloisters, on Tuesdays and Saturdays, from &c., of Stormonth's Etymological and Pronouncing Dic.

twelve till two, to exchange those books which have been tionary of the English Language, which, from the very

borrowed by any of the clergy of Westminster who have useful and general information it contains, should find a

obtained the permission of the dean to borrow them. place on every library table among other standard books

Mr. Sanders, the librarian, is always ready to afford any of reference.

person, having the dean's permission, access to the

library upon receiving a message, which may be left at We have received from Messrs. Griggs & Co., Chicago,

the porter's lodge. Churchyard Literature: a Choice Collection of American

PETROVICH.-The Beef Steak Club is a modern society, Epitaphs, with Remarks on Monumental Inscriptions and the Obsequies of various Nations, by John R. Kippax.

which holds its meetings over or near the Charing Cross This is a capital collection, containing many, serious and

Theatre. It is in no way connected with what used to sportive, which will be entirely new to most readers.

| be popularly and erroneously called the Beef Steak Club, Messrs. Triibner are the London publishers.-From Mr.

but the real name of which was The Sublime Society of Batty, Cathedral Yard, Manchester, we have part xi. of

Beef Steaks. It was a dining society, the twenty-four his useful Catalogue of the Copper Coinage of Great

| brothers of which abhorred the designation of “club." Britain, Ireland, British Isles, and Colonies, Local and

The Sublime Society was founded by Rich in 1735; it Private Tokens, Jettons, &c., compiled from various

died out in 1867. Its chronicle, grave and gay, has been authors and the most celebrated collections, together

written by Brother Walter Arnold, who was a member with the author's collection of about 15,000 varieties.- for nearly thirty years. The anonymous author of An Attempt to Catalogue and X. H.-William Steadman Aldis, pupil of the City of Classify a large or small Collection of Books, which he London School, next of Trinity College, Cambridge, was sends us, has done well in recording an attempt which Senior Wrangler in 1861. Thomas Steadman Aldis, also is likely to help other persons who have hitherto failed of the City of London School and of Trinity College, in similar trials.

Cambridge, was Second Wrangler in 1866.

MR. H. REYNOLDS thanks Mr. Don and MR. MATHEWS, SPECIAL COLLECTIONS, &c.-In reference to this matter but has been fortunate enough to obtain a very good we have received the following letter :

edition of the Miscellaneous Works of the Rev. John “ French Protestant Hospital, Norris.

“ Victoria Park Road, South Hackney, E. H. T. H.-Charles II.'s dog has appeared so often in “ In N. & (..' 5th S. vi. 544, reference is made to the print as to become a nuisance. The same may be said special library now being formed here of works (in of the Christchurch Priory legend. French and English) relating generally to French Pro

W. J. B. S. will find a full account of the spectral testant history, and especially to the Huguenots in

phenomena in Trinity Church, York, in Mr. S. BaringFrance and to the refugees and their settlements in this

Gould's Yorkshire Oddities, Incidents, and Strange country. “ The fanatical spirit of persecution which raged in

Events (vol. i. pp. 1-12), Hodges, 1874. France during the last two centuries aimed at the

at the MR. MACRAY writes (ante, p. 18) that he is informed destruction not only of men and women who dissented that five vols. of Dr. Bloxam's Register have appeared, from the king's religion, and of little children who were and that a sixth vol. is in the press. not born to it, but even of the dwellings, the cattle, and J. B. P.—The camel has passed so often through “the the worldly possessions of the Huguenots, so that haply postern of the needle's eye,” in “ N. & Q.," that we can no trace of the heretic might be left. No wonder then only thank you for your note. that the books of the Huguenots fared badly: many of] A. G. B. should go to the British Museum Library, their old works are believed to have perished utterly,

ed utterly, where he will find all he wants for his present purpose. others have become so exceedingly scarce that only a copy here and there is known to exist; but I think that

DISCENS NON DOCTUS and ONE TRAINED UNDER THE many might still be found among the libraries of the old

he libraries of the old Rod have not sent their names and addresses. refugee families and in other out-of-the-way places.

1 W. FREELOVE.—We shall be happy to forward a pre"Any such works or pamphlets as we are now collect paid letter. ing would be gladly received and carefully preserved in J. R. V. can get the only information on which he can this historic institution, and I should welcome any rely from the keeper of the Clock-tower. information relating to such books either from your W. T. Hyatt.-Letters addressed by one bishop to correspondents or from our useful friends, the old-book

another. sellers. Our small but already interesting library may

0. W.-Caused, probably, by seeds carried by the wind. be freely used by any who take a special interest in this branch of Protestant history.

W. 0. R. and J. MANUEL.—Letters forwarded. “ ARTHUR GIRAUD BROWNING,

J. R. Haig.-Yes. “Hon. Secretary.”

NOTICE. SURREY ARCHÆOLOGICAL SOCIETY.-- At a recent meet

Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The ing of this society, Mr. G. E. Street, R. A., was elected a

Editor of Notes and Queries'"- Advertisements and member, and the scheme for holding occasional evening

Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, meetings in the county was approved. The preliminary

Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. meeting will probably be held at Croydon.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.

LOYDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2), 1877.

men, I have no books of reference with me, and

cannot give the exact date. CONTENTS. – No 160.

During an autumn holiday amongst these YOTES:- Archaic Sculpturings on Stones and Rocks in India,

mou 41-A Libel upon Pepys, 42—“W" and "Y" and the Greek to come across a rock at a point near Chandeshwur, Digamina, 43-Shakspeariana, 44-The Folk-speech of Flowers (Dorset), 45-"Theud "-" Hospitium"-Watty

about twelve and a half miles north of the miliCor-Gray's “Elegy"-Lavater on Mr. Fox-"On Tick," 46. QUERIES :-Henrietta, Daughter of Charles I.-The Mora | proved to be profusely sculptured with several of vians-A Spanish Minister to England "Run-rig" The Regicides-Testamentary Burials -Mews Gate -" Easter Ledges-Sir T. Dishington, 47-" Nocturnal Remem

Thus I found upwards of two hundred of the brancer"-An Ancient Corporal-Abbreviated Words in Old Music-T. C. Sirr-" Westminster Abbey"-Meaux, Bart.

tations; also “ cup marks” enclosed within circles, -The Spalding Antiquarian Society-Indian Titles, 43" Peeress'-Gilbert Whito-Cambridge Author --Authors and Quotations Wanted, 49.

ings corresponding pearly exactly with figs. 1 and REPLIES:-Spanish Legends : The Devil turned Preacher, 49 -Queen Mary's Journey to Fotheringay, 50-Bower Families,

noticed. 51- Bodvyle Family-Macaulay and Croker, 52-Jewish Names-Caterpillars Poisonous--A Sign of Rain, 53-Vitri- ! The markings are undoubtedly old, and no local fled Coating of Walls-Rev. A. C. Schomberg-Robert Tay. for-Norsery Rhymes, 51-Shakspeare and Lord Bacon Mr. Serres. Jun.--"Such as should be saved"" Rame in Essex"_" Inmate or undersettlo," 55-The Title" Honourhe_The Christian Warna Che n e en hongaror of the Goalee dynasty (“the shepherd kings”), Silver "-The Gryphæs incurva, 50-" Herb John

- who are supposed to have held rule in many parts Maryland Point-Vapoleon's Heart--Polygamy among Jews of India before the advent of Aryan civilization. and Christians-"The Martyr of Erromanga"- Barataria,

In the yard of the Lingam temple of Chandesh57_The Linley Family -"W" and "V"-Fen-Chess amons the Malays: Varangian, 20-The "Niebelungenlied "-"lu wur, at the mouth of the gorge in which the rock Jesum cruci affixum"-" Clam"- Vessels propelled by | bearing these markings is situated, I came upon Horses on Board - Exempt-Signs of Satisfaction-Ancient Biers and Palls, 59.

some forty or fifty small shrines, surmounted by Notes on Books, &c.

representations of the Lingam and Yoni. On the better class of shrine, the solid stone yoni, with

cylindrical lingams of the well-known type, was to Notes.

be found; but the greater number were marked

by much rougher and poorer representations of the ARCHAIC SCULPTURINGS OY STONES AND same symbols. On slabs split off from the adjaROCKS IN INDIA.

cent rocks were carved two circles, with a “gutFor those who take an interest in the subjects ter” in the centre, the inner circle taking the treated of by the late Sir James Simpson, in his place of the cylindrical ling, the outer circle that Archaic Sculpturings,* I subjoin a brief note of of the yoni. The onter was intersected by the similar markings found by me on stones and rocks" gutter," which is common to the symbols, large in different parts of India.

and small, and seems to be for the purpose of I first came across the “cup markings," or Sir carrying off the libations of holy water, with which J. Simpson's “first type” (see plate i, of his work), pilgrims and worshippers sprinkle their shrines on the boulders of the stone circles or barrows in profusely. These rough symbols bear a striking the Nagpore country of the Central Provinces, or, resemblance to the markings on the rock close by, in fact, on exactly the same class of remains as and to many of the markings figured in Sir J. those on which similar markings are found in the Simpson's plates. north of England, Scotland, Ireland, and other It suggests itself, then, that the markings on parts of Europe. These barrows and their con- the monoliths and rocks in Europe may also be tents have often been described by writers on connected with lingam worship. I am aware that Indian antiquarian subjects, by the late Rev. Ste- Sir J. Simpson, at p. 93 of his work, dismisses phen Hislop, Colonel Meadows Taylor, and others; this idea as improbable. But the view taken hy but the existence of the “ cup marks” apparently that eminent authority seems to have been chiefly escaped their notice. These markings were briefly founded on the absence of anatomical resemblance. described by me at a meeting of the Asiatic So- I am sanguine that if Sir J. Simpson had lived to ciety of Bengal, held, I think, early in 1872. But see sketches of the Chandeshwur markings, and of I am now travelling among the Himalayas ; and, what I will call the conventional markings used as my baggage is necessarily confined to what can in the temple close by to represent the lingam and be carried on the backs of a limited number of yoni, he might, perhap3, have been inclined to

moulify that view. As a matter of fact, the stones * Archaic Sculpturings of Cups, Circles, doc., upon

?! which do duty for the lingam and yoni on an Stones and Rocks in Scotland, England, and other i Countries, by Sir J. Simpson, Bart., &c. Edinburgh, | Indian shrine seldom bear more than the faintest Edmonston & Douglas, 1867.

| anatomical resemblance to which they are intended

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