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with particular marks of friendship on his return home

to Spain." [We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest, to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the

“RUN-RIG.”—Will any of your Scotch agrianswers may be addressed to them direct.]

cultural correspondents favour me with accurate HENRIETTA, DAUGHTER OF CHARLES I., AND

information on the above old-fashioned mode, I

| believe, of farming in some parts of Scotland, and BOILEAU DESPRÉAUX.—The following anecdote

still in existence it is said ? A. FALCONER. may perhaps be unknown to some readers of “ N. &. Q." I found it among many MS. notes

THE REGICIDES.—Is there any truth in the made by William, or Guillaume, Tomlin, in a copy

assertion that not one of those who signed the of Boileau's works. Tomlin must have lived at the

death-warrant of Charles I. has now a lineal male beginning of the eighteenth century, and I am

representative living?

F. B. anxious to obtain some information about him, and particularly to know if he was personally TESTAMENTARY BURIALS. — In Whitaker's acquainted with Boileau. The note runs :

Whalley, vol. ii. p. 475, new ed., allusion is made Ce vers,

to“ testamentary burials at Mitton." What are Soupire, étend les bras, ferme l'ail, et s'endort,' testamentary burials?

DEE. exprime bien l'état d'une personne accablée de tristesse et de lassitude, qui succombe au sommeil. Mme la Duchesse “MAUDLIN FLOOD” occurs in Cumberland bed'Orléans, Henriette Anne d'Angleterre, première femmel tween July 20 and August 2. I have heard that de Mons' Frère du Roi, avait été si touchée de la beauté de ce vers, qu'ayant un jour aperçu de loin Mi Despréaux

the same term was applied to August 2. What dans la Chapelle de Versailles, où elle étoit assise sur son

was the origin of it ?

W. T. Hyatt. carreau, en attendant que le Roi vînt à la messe, elle lui fit signe d'approcher, et lui dit à l'oreille: 'Soupire, Mews GATE.—There was a T. Payne, a bookétend les bras, ferme l'ail et s'endort.'"

seller, whose name appears on book titles as at The verse is from the Lutrin, in the striking “Mews Gate,” 1801. It was at the entrance to description of "La Mollesse."

the King's Mews, by St. Martin's Church, where

Ralph N. JAMES. Chaucer was once Clerk of the King's Works. T. Ashford, Kent.

Payne opened the shop in 1750, and I see from THE MORAVIANS.—Had Anstey any autho

Thornbury's Haunted London, p. 230, that it rity for imputing to the Moravians of his day, in

became a very celebrated old-book shop, the The New Bath Guide, the hideous doctrine of the

rendezvous of noblemen and scholars. Can one pretended saints at the period of the Rebellion,

get further information about it? whose profligacy is so well exemplified by Sir


Walter Scott in his character of Tomkins in
Woodstock ?

“ EASTER LEDGES.”—A friend, living in the “But Tabby from scruples of mind is releas'd

neighbourhood of Kendal, Westmorland, was exSince she met with a learned Moravian priest, tolling the virtues of sundry culinary vegetables, Who gays, There is neither transgression nor sin; and among them “Easter ledges "_“Easter" A doctrine that brings many customers in.”

because at that period they are in their prime. New Bath Guide, Letter vii. “ But the saint is above these ordinances and restraints.

He described them as growing wild, in large To him, as the chosen child of the house, is given the

| patches, and eagerly sought for, and sometimes pas3-key to open all locks which withhold him from the sold in the market. What plant is locally called enjoyment of his heart's desire.”Tomkins's Address to "ledges” ?

R. W. F. Phoebe Mayflower.

H. P. D. 1 MOURNING.-In an article in the Queen for

October 28, entitled “Mourning," this sentence A SPANISH MINISTER TO ENGLAND. — Who occurs. " A'widow's cap must be worn for a year was the Spanish Minister to England in the year and a day." Can any one tell me the origin of 1786, mentioned in the following account, copied

the custom ?

M. W. from a periodical published in 1822 ?— " In 1786, a poor disordered female assaulted him

Miss Bowes.—Was Miss Bowes, the Countess (George III.) with a knife while in the act of receiving a of Strathmore, a descendant of the “Sir Jerom petition from her; on that occasion the Spanish am. Bowes” mentioned by Pepys? The place called bassador, with great presence of mind, hastened to Bowes, near Barnard Castle, is said to have been Windsor, and contrived to engage the queen in an interesting conversation till the arrival of his Majesty in

the scene of the story in the old ballad of Edwin person prevented any alarm which might bave been

and Emma. excited by a premature disclosure of the circumstance. For this considerate act his excellency was ever after.



Sir THOMAS DISHINGTON.-Can any one give wards highly esteemed at the British Court, and treated me information concerning Sir Thomas Dishing

F. B.

ton, Knt., who is mentioned in the Commons' life. I have heard my late father say that he had Journals, ii. 569, and also in Matthew Carter's heard that Mr. Sirr was engaged to write a novel Relation of Expedition of Kent, Essex, and Cole which was to be the life of—“one must use chester, p. 44 ?

EDWARD PEACOCK. slang sometimes”—a swell. He had written about Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

half when his health broke down, and his work

was handed over to a young man to finish. This “ NOCTURNAL REMEMBRANCER.” — The sixth

young man, however, re-wrote it, and Pelham was Report of the Deputy Keeper of Public Records,

the result. Mr. Sirr always said that Pelham was Appendix ii. p. 135, contains mention of a specifi

far better than his work would have been. The cation of a patent by Christopher Pinchbeck, of

confession shows a good fellow. I should like to the parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Middlesex,

know something about him. He was, I believe, toyman and mechanician, concerning which I would

a clerk in the Bank of England. Strange to say, willingly hear further. It consisted of “ A singu

in that establishment there is no memory of him lar and useful set of tablets called the Nocturnal

or of Rhodes, the author of Bombastes Furioso, Remembrancer, whereby a person of genius, busi

next to Chrononhotonthologos the most successful ness, and reflection may secure all their night

burlesque in the language. A. H. CHRISTIE. thoughts worth preserving though totally in tlie dark,” The date is 8 George III.

“WESTMINSTER ABBEY.”—In January, 1869,

A. 0. V. P. I was commenced a sixpenny monthly magazine, AN ANCIENT CORPORAL.-I have lately seen entitled Westminster Abbey; or, Reminiscencés of a drawing of an ancient corporal. In the centre is | Past Literature. The second number contains a painting in two compartments, representing the forty stanzas of a poem entitled “ The Life and crowning with thorns on the left, and on the right Death of Mary Magdalene ; or, Her Life in Sin the resurrection. On either side is depicted and Death to Sin," of which the editor says, in a candlestick. Above the painting are the letters a footnote, “ This poem, which now for the first “H. E. E. C. M.," the initials, I suppose, of “Hoc time sees the light of day in print, was probably est enim corpus meum." Beneath, the letters written by Sir Philip Sidney." Will some reader “D. I. R. C. Can any of your readers say for of “N. & Q.” kindly inform me (1) how many what these stand ? Written at the lower part of numbers of Westminster Abbey were published; the drawing is

(2) the name of the projector and editor ; (3) on " The Corporal which was used by Maccafano, Bishop what authority the editor attributed the poem of Fano. It is of fine linen, painted in the middle, the mentioned above (unfinished in No. 2 of West2 Candlesticks & the Letters are gilt. It is in y® pos. minster Abbey) to Sir Philip Sidney ; and (4) session of Sign" Abbato Maccafano, Curato in Sabina whence the MS., or a transcript of it, was obtained about 30 miles from Rome. Josephus Grisoni delin."

for publication ? S. R. TownsHEND MAYER. On the back of the drawing, Kopropade avtlyo | Richmond, Surrey. der E61560 Makapavo; and a note, in pencil, “ Joseph Grisoni, b. 1700, d. 1769.” T. F. R. - MEAUX, Bart.-I shall be obliged for

information as to the pedigree of this family before ABBREVIATED WORDS IN OLD MUSIC. Will the William Meaux who, according to Burke, was any person well read in ancient music explain the descended from a Sir William Meaux in France, meaning of the words or letters NON ANNO and who married at the end of the sixteenth cenEANE and NOE AOIS, found in mediævaltury a daughter of Sir Henry Strangways, who musical service books? It was common with the was a lineal descendant of the sister of King Edmusic writers in the Middle Ages to abridge words ward IV. and daughter of Richard, Duke of York. of frequent occurrence by giving only the vowels The illustrious descent of the Meaux through the in them. Thus EVO V AE means seculorum above-named family seems to be established, since Amen, and A EVIA means Alleluia. Instances their pedigree was entered at the Visitation for of this frequently occur in the Pontificale Ro- Hants in 1622 ; but I want the French descent, manum; but NONANNO contains not only and do not know where to look for it. X. vowels but consonants. The meaning, no doubt, may be found in very old choir books. It will be THE SPALDING ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.-I very gratifying if some one will find an explana- | possess two beautifully engraved arms of the Spaltion.

H. T. ELLACOMBE, M.A. | ding Antiquarian Society, instituted in 1710, by Rectory, Clyst St. George.

Vertue. I should be glad of any information conTHOMAS CHARLES SIRR.-Can you, or any of

cerning this society.

DITCHFIELD, your readers, give me any information touching | INDIAN TITLES.-In the Times, Jan. 8, the one Thomas Charles Sirr? He wrote a novel Calcutta correspondent telegraphs that the followcalled Splendid Misery, and, I believe, several ing titles were conferred on native gentlemen :others, all of them what we call novels of high Raja Bahadur, Rao, Rai, Rao Sahib, Sirdar, Tha

kur Rawut, Nawab, Khan, Sawai, Sipahdar-ul

III. Mulk, Lokendar. Query their meaning and ety

Baby, baby, if he hears you mology?


As he gallops past the house,

Limb from limb at once he 'll tear you Oxford.

Just as pussy tears a mouse. “PEERESS.”—Is pair or pairesse the commonly

IV. accepted French equivalent of the English pecress?

And he 'll beat you, beat you, beat you,

And he 'll beat you all to pap;
Littré seems to justify the use of the latter word.

And he'll eat you, eat you, eat you,
H. W.

Gobble you, gobble you, snap! snap ! snap !” New Univ. Club.

“O) Ale, ab alendo, thou liquor of life ! GILBERT WAITE.-It has been stated, and is by That I had but a mouth as big as a whale, some upheld, that Gilbert White, author of The For mine is too little to touch the least tittle Natural History of Selborne, was not in holy

That belongs to the praise of a pot of good ale." orders, that is to say, he never was ordained, al

The above is the last verse of the ancient ditty called

The Ex-ale-tation of Ale.” Can any one tell me where though on the title-page of the various editions of

sol to find the whole of it?

H. A. KENNEDY. the work (including the very recent and handsome editions published by Messrs. Macmillan & Co.

Can any of your correspondents furnish the name of and Messrs. Bickers & Son) he is described as the

the author and the words of the following ?Rev. Gilbert White. As an old subscriber, I venture

“Long years have passed, old friend, since we

First met in life's young day, to ask, and should be glad to learn, through the And friends," &c.

R. G. medium of “ N. & Q." (in the pages of which I do not see that this question has ever been raised) how it really stands. FREDK. WEAKLIN.

Replies. [In Knight's Cyclopædia it is stated that " during the latter part of his life he acted in the capacity of curate

SPANISH LEGENDS: THE DEVIL TURNED at Selborne, and had previously performed the same

PREACHER. duties in the adjoining parish of Faringdon."]

(5th S. ii. 512.) CAMBRIDGE AUTHORS.

In looking over the volume of "N. & Q." for 1. In W. Jerdan's Autobiography a Mr. Beres

| 1874, I see that a correspondent from Melbourne ford, of Trinity College, Cambridge, is mentioned

asks for the origin of a Spanish legend alluded to as a contributor to the Literary Gazette, under the

| in one of the essays of John Foster. It describes signature of “ Ignoto Secundo.” There is in the

how, for his greater punishment, the Devil on a Gazette, 1820, at least one poem having that sig

certain occasion was compelled to assume the habit nature. Was this gentleman the present Arch

of a monk, and to perform in that character, in

spite of himself, such innumerable acts of benebishop of Armagh, who was B.A. of Trinity College, 1824?

volence, that his existence became absolutely in2. Henry Rich, of Trinity College (B.A., 1825 ?],

supportable to him. If this query has not been author of The Daughter of Herodias, a Tragedy,

answered long since, the following account of a 1832. Is this author still living, and has he

celebrated Spanish play, founded on this story, by written other works ?

which it is now only remembered, may possibly 3. James Stringer, author of A Cantab's Leisure,

interest not only your correspondent in Australia, in Prose and Verse, 1829. Has he written any

but some others of your readers.

The following is taken principally from the thing else ? 4. Edward Richard Poole, B.A. of Trinity Hall,

great work of George Ticknor, The History of 1828. Is this gentleman the same as E. R. Poole,

Spanish Literature, t. ii. p. 339, ed. 1861. After of the Inner Temple, author of Byzantium, a

alluding to the large number of Spanish dramas

which were announced as written by “A Wit of dramatic poem, 1823 ?'


this Court"_“Un Ingenio de esta Corte"-the AUTHORS AND QUOTATIONS WANTED.—

most famous of which is one attributed, but it is Who wrote the lines below? They are of the Crimean

thought erroneously, to Philip IV. himself, the War time :

story being the sad history of the Earl of Essex,

Mr. Ticknor continues :" Baby, baby, naughty baby,

"One of the most remarkable of these Comedias de un Hush ! you squalling thing, I say;

Ingenio is that called The Devil turned Preacher. Its Peace this instant ! peace ! or maybe

scene is laid in Lucca, and its original purpose seems to Menschikoff will pass this way.

have been to glorify St. Francis and to strengthen the II.

influence of his followers. At any rate, in the long inBaby, baby, he's a giant,

troductory speech of Lucifer, that potentate represents Black and tall as Rouen's steeple,

himself as most happy at having so far triumphed over Sups and dines and lives reliant

these bis greatest enemies, that a poor community of Every day on naughty people.

Franciscans, established in Lucca, is likely to be starved

out of the city by the universal ill-will he has excited apiece for their places, sat in the open air, under a against them. But his triumph is short. St. Michael bright, starry sky." descends, and requires Satan himself immediately to | It may be mentioned. for the information of some reconvert the same inhabitants whose hearts he had bardened; to build up the very convent of the holy

of your younger readers, that the Blanco White brotherhood which he had so nearly overthrown; and above referred to was the unhappy Hibernoto place the poor friars, who were now pelied by the Spaniard, born of Irish parents in Seville, oriboys in the streets, upon a foundation of respectability ginally a Catholic priest, who, coming to England, safer than that from which he bad driven them. The became the friend and associate of such men as humour of the piece consists in his conduct while executing the unwelcome task thus imposed upon him.

the late Archbishop Whately and the, happily,

he. To do it he takes at once the habit of the monks he

still-living John Henry Newman. His career, full detests; he goes round to beg for them; he superintends of vicissitude and terminating in sorrow, and the erection of an ampler edifice for their accommoda | almost in despair, has been told in an autotion; he preaches; he prays; he works miracles; and biography, edited by J. H. Thom. His mastery of all with the greatest earnestness and unction, in order the sooner to be rid of a business so thoroughly dis

the English language was wonderful for one who agreeable to him, and of which he is constantly com

was half, perhaps I should say wholly, a foreigner. plaining in equivocal phrases and bitter side-speeches, It is, at any rate, to this half Spaniard and half ihat give him the comfort of expressing a vexation he Irishman that we owe, according to Coleridge, the cannot entirely control, but dares not openly make finest sonnet that has ever been written in the known. At last he succeeds. The bateful work is done ; but the agent is not dismissed with honour. On the

language of Shakspeare. contrary, he is obliged, in the closing scene, to confess

To return to El Diablo Predicador. Those who who he is, and to avow that nothing, after all, awaits wish to see it in the original can easily do so by him but the flames of perdition, into which he visibly referring to the forty-fifth volume of Rivader sinks, like another Don Juan, before the edified

Biblioteca de Autores Españoles, Madrid, 1858. audience. “ The action occupies about five months. It has an

It is there assigned, though not with absolute intriguing underplot, which hardly disturbs the course certainty, to Belmonte, who is called by his full of the main story, and one of whose personages- the name, Luis Belmonte Bermudez. heroine herself-is very gentle and attractive. The

D. F. MacCARTHY. character of the Father Guardian of the Franciscan

43, Ampthill Square, N.W. monks, full of simplicity, humble, trustful, and submissive, is also finely drawn; and so is the opposite one -the gracioso of the piece-a liar, a coward, and a Queen Mary's JOURNEY TO FOTAERINGAY (5th glutton, ignorant and cunning, whom Lucifer amuses S. vi. 366. 410. 494.)- In addition to the answers himself with teasing, in every possible way, whenever he has a moment to spare from the disagreeable work he

which have appeared in “N. & Q.," I have received is eo anxious to finish.

several letters from persons interested in this sub“In some of the earlier copies, this drama, so cha. Vject, and also a copy of the Leicester Chronicle of the racteristic of the age to which it belongs, is attributed to 9th ult., containing a communication from Mr. J. Luis de Belmonte, and in some of them to Antonio de Thompson, the author of the work I quoted (5th S. Coello. Later it is declared, though on what authority we are not told. to bave been written by Francisco | Vi. 410). The matter now stands thus : As to the Damian de Cornejo, a Franciscan monk. All this, how first extract I gave from Bourgoing's journal, your ever, is uncertain, although Belmonte is more likely to correspondent M. V. and Mr. Thompson agree have been its author than either of the others. But we that the editor is wrong, and that Ashby Castle is know that, for a long time after it had appeared, it used the place meant. The latter adds. “A local tradito be acted as a devout work, favourable to the interests of the Franciscans, who then possessed great influence in

tion has been handed down to the present day, Spain. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, that in a room in the kitchen tower of Ashby however, this state of things was partly changed, and its Castle Mary Stuart was once a prisoner.” As to public performance, for some reason or other, was for the second, I believe I have proved, beyond & bidden. About 1800, it reappeared on the stage, and

doubt, that Renester is Leicester. As to the was again acted, with great profit, all over the country, the Franciscan monks lending the needful monastic thi

third, Mr. Thompson tells us that there was at dresses for an exhibition they thought so honourable to that time, living in East Leicestershire, “a gentletheir order. But in 1804 it was put anew under the ban man of old descent named Mr. Roger Smith, and of the Inquisition, and so remained until after the poli.

and so remained until after the poli. his house at Withcote, on the borders of Rutland, tical revolution of 1820, which gave absolute liberty to

was said by Leland to be one of the fairest in the the theatre."

county." This would seem to decide the locality Mr. Ticknor, in a note, gives his authorities for

of this halting place, and the identity of Mr. Roger the foregoing highly amusing and interesting de “Svith.” The word “hallage” is still a difficulty. scription, and continues :

Can it be written by the copyist in error for the “ To these should be added the pleasant description word partage? Time alters the meaning of given by Blanco White, in his admirable Doblado's Letlers (1822, pp. 163-169), of a representation he bimself

words, and in 1680 this is said to be “terme de saw of the Diablo Predicador in the courtyard of a poor pala

| palais, quand les juges sont de different avis.” We inn, where a cow-house served for the theatre, or rather hear also of the “partage de Montgommeri, tout the stage, and the spectators, who paid less than twopence d'un côté, et rien de l'autre.” As to the fourth

extract from the journal, there can be no question

"II. 2. John. 3. Hugh. George Bower, of London, that Colliweston is meant by "le chasteau Collun

Esq., Surveyor of the Dresser to K. Jac. anid our dread

soverayne K. Cbarles, Ao. 1634= Anne, dau. of waston.” I take it, then, that all the halting

| Haman, of London. 4. Vernon Bower, Yeoman of the places on this journey are identified. This adds Wardrobe. very materially to the authority of Bourgoing's “III. George Bower, eldest son [of George and Anne journal, but stili it is by no means conclusive, for Bower), aged about seven years, Ao. 1634.” the question arises, Have they ever been noticed Perhaps the following notice, from Walpole's before? Mr. Solly, in one of his letters to me on Anecdotes of Painting (p. 572), may refer to the this subject, quotes Guthrie's History of Scotland, last inenticned. Of the artist nothing is known and says that, owing to the fear of interruption, except the works referred to : Lord Burleigh took the pains to draw up, with his “George Bower, probably a volunteer artist, struck a own hand, à paper of instructions, marking out large silver medal of Charles II., profile in a peruke, the the different stages of the journey. Does this Queen's head on the reverse. G. Bower, f. paper of instructions exist amongst the State papers,

“Another on the Duke of York's shipwreck. Another

pes of James, as King, and one of his Queen, rather smaller. or has it been noticed, or the names of the halting “Medals of the Dukes of Albemarle, Ormond, and places given, in any history of the period ? There Lauderdale, and of the Eurl of Shaitesbury. This last are several books worth searching to which I have is one of Bower's best works." not access, e.g., Narratio Mortis Marice Stuartce, In the church at Greenwich is-or perhaps we München, 1587 ; La Mort de la Royne d'Ecosse, must say was, in this age of church restoration and Paris, 1588 ; and De Vita Marice Scotorum Re- monumental destruction-a stone in memory of gince, quce Scriptis tradidêre Auctores cvi., ex Rychard Bower, late Gentleman of the Chapel, editione Samuëlis Jebb, Londini, 1725, and no and Master of the Children, to K. Henry VIII., doubt others. If the paper of instructions exists Edward VI., Q. Mary, and Q. Elizabeth. He in any collection of State papers, or if any one of deceased July 26, 1561. the older histories of this sad event contains a de- ! Thomas Bowere was one of the witnesses of the tailed account of the journey, it is obvious that will of King Edward VI. settling the crown on our identification of these places does not conclu- | Lady Jane Grey (ville State Trials, vol. i. p. 759). sively sustain the authority of Bourgoing's journal. | Bower Families of Scotland. It is certainly an important work is authentic, for The first person that I have met with of this it gives, even at this late date, the best account name is Walter Bower, the Scottish historian, who we have of the last days of the unfortunate queen, I was born at Haddington, in 1385. He assumed a and o

the events which preceded a foul and de- religious habit at the age of eighteen, and afterliberate act of murder. And it proves that this wards studied in Paris. After his return to bis act was done under a palpably false pretence of native country he was, in 1418, elected Abbot of observing the ordinary forms of law.

St. Colm. Fordun, the author of the ScotiJohn H. CHAPMAN.

chronicon, had left that work unfinished at the Woodyreen, Witney, Oxfordshire.

time of his death, and Abbot Bower, at the request The following passage from Guthrie's flistory of Sir David Stewart of Rosyth, undertook to of Scotland, 1768, vol. viii. p. 169, bears upon this complete it. He continued the narrative from the question :

death of David I., in 1!52, to the murder of "The favourable disposition of the gentlemen of the James I., in 1437. The work is said to be exceedcounties through which she was to pass towards Mary ingly valuable. For this information I am inrendered her removal a matter of co much difficulty, debted to The Imperial Dictionary of Biography. that the Lord Treasurer, Burleigh, took the pains to Archibald Bower was born of a respectable draw up, with his own hand, a raper of instructions,

| family near Dundee in 1686. He became a memmarking out the different stages of her journey ; but none of them in the direct road to Fotberingay Castle ber of the Society of Jesus, and lived for some till she should be brought thither by a short sudden time at Rome. After a while he grew tired of the turn. Paulet, by the belp of those instructions, per company, or changed his religious views, and made formed his commission with great dexterity."

his escape to England in 1726. He married, but

marked | I do not know wbether he had issue. He left the out by Burleigh, with those mentioned by Bour- | Roman Church, but is said by some writers to going, would probably at once settle their identity. I have returned to it, and a second time left it. He

EDWARD SOLLY. died in 1766, and is buried in St. Mary-le-bone Bower Families (5th S. vi. 183, 313.)-I should churchyard. A great number of accusations were be glad of information relating to any persons made a

made against him, but none of them, it is stated, whose names are given below :

were ever proved. His principal work was a Bower of Greenwich (“ Visitation of London,"

History of The Popes, but he wrote much beside Harl. MSS.). No arms given.

this. For an account of his life, as interesting as "I. Ralph Bower, of Greenwich, in Kent, descended any romance, see Chalmers's Biographical Dicout of Derby= Ann, dau. of Hayward, of Norfolk. tionary.

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