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Re-enter the Dukes of Norfolk and SUFFOLK, the Earl

of Surrey, and the Lord Chamberlain.


Nor. Hear the king's pleasure, cardinal: who com

mands you
To render up the great seal presently
Into our hands; and to confine yourself
To Asher-house', my lord of Winchester's“,
Till you hear further from his highness.

Where's your commission, lords ? words cannot carry
Authority so weighty.

Who dare cross them,
Bearing the king's will from his mouth expressly?

Wol. Till I find more than will, or words, to do it,
(I mean, your malice,) know, officious lords,
I dare, and must deny it. Now I feel
Of what coarse metal ye are moulded,—envy.
How eagerly ye follow my disgraces,
As if it fed ye! and how sleek and wanton
Ye appear in every thing may bring my ruin !
Follow your envious courses, men of malice;
You have christian warrant for them, and, no doubt,
In time will find their fit rewards. That seal,
You ask with such a violence, the king,
(Mine, and your master,) with his own hand gave me:
Bade me enjoy it, with the place and honours,
During my life; and, to confirm his goodness,
Tied it by letters patents: Now, who'll take it?

Sur. The king, that gave it.

It must be himself then.

3 To Asher-house,] Asher was the ancient name of Esher.

4 - my lord of Winchester's,] Shakspeare forgot that Wolsey was himself bishop of Winchester, unless he meant to say, you must confine yourself to that house which you possess as bishop of Winchester. Asher, near Hampton-Court, was one of the houses belonging to that bishoprick.

Sur. Thou art a proud traitor, priest.

Proud lord, thou liest ;
Within these forty hours Surrey durst better
Have burnt that tongue, than said so.

Thy ambition,
Thou scarlet sin, robb’d this bewailing land
Of noble Buckingham, my father-in-law :
The heads of all thy brother cardinals,
(With thee, and all thy best parts bound together,)
Weigh'd not a hair of his. Plague of your policy!
You sent me deputy for Ireland ;
Far from his succour, from the king, from all
That might have mercy on the fault thou gav'st him ;
Whilst your great goodness, out of holy pity,
Absolv'd him with an axe.

This, and all else
This talking lord can lay upon my credit,
I answer, is most false. The duke by law
Found his deserts : how innocent I was
From any private malice in his end,
His noble jury and foul cause can witness.
If I lov'd many words, lord, I should tell you,
You have as little honesty as honour;
+ That I, in the way of loyalty and truth
Toward the king, my ever royal master,
Dare mate a sounder man than Surrey can be,
And all that love his follies.

By my soul,
Your long coat, priest, protects you ; thou should’st feel
My sword i'the life-blood of thee else.—My lords,
Can ye endure to hear this arrogance ?
And from this fellow? If we live thus tamely,
To be thus jaded' by a piece of scarlet,

† “ That in the way,” &c.—Malone.

s To be thus jaded ] To be abused and ill treated, like a worthless horse ; or perhaps to be ridden by a priest ;--to have him mounted above us.

Farewell nobility ; let his grace go forward.
And dare us with his cap, like larks.

All goodness
Is poison to thy stomach.

Yes, that goodness Of gleaning all the land's wealth into one, Into your own hands, cardinal, by extortion ; The goodness of your intercepted packets You writ to the pope, against the king : your

goodness, Since you provoke me, shall be most notorious.— My lord of Norfolk, as you are truly noble, As you respect the common good, the state Of our despis'd nobility, our issues, Who, if he live, will scarce be gentlemen,Produce the grand sum of his sins, the articles Collected from his life :—I'll startle you Worse than the sacring bell’, when the brown wench Lay kissing in your arms, lord cardinal.

Wol. How much, methinks, I could despise this man, But that I am bound in charity against it!

Nor. Those articles, my lord, are in the king's hand : But, thus much, they are foul ones.

So much fairer, And spotless shall mine innocence arise, When the king knows my truth. Sur.

This cannot save you I thank my memory, I yet remember Some of these articles ; and out they shall.


6 And dare us with his cap, like larks.] It is well known that the hat of a cardinal is scarlet ; and that one of the methods of daring larks was by small mirrors fastened on scarlet cloth, which engaged the attention of these birds while the fowler drew his net over them.

7 Worse than the sacring bell,] The little bell which is rung to give notice of the Host approaching when it is carried in procession, as also in other offices of the Romish church, is called the sacring or consecration bell ; from the French word, sacrer.

Now, if you can blush, and cry guilty, cardinal,
You'll show a little honesty.

Speak on, sir;
I dare your worst objections : if I blush,
It is, to see a nobleman want manners.
Sur. I'd rather want those, than my head. Have at

First, that, without the king's assent, or knowledge,
You wrought to be a legate; by which power
You maim'd the jurisdiction of all bishops.

Nor. Then, that, in all you writ to Rome, or else
To foreign princes, Ego et Rex meus
Was still inscrib'd ; in which you brought the king
To be your servant.

Then, that, without the knowledge,
Either of king or council, when you went
Ambassador to the emperor, you made bold
To carry into Flanders the great seal.

Sur. Item, you sent a large commission
To Gregory de Cassalis, to conclude,
Without the king's will, or the state's allowance,
A league between his highness and Ferrara.

Suf. That, out of mere ambition, you have caus’d
Your holy hat to be stamp'd on the king's coin”.

Sur. Then, that you have sent innumerable substance, (By what means got, I leave to your own conscience,) To furnish Rome, and to prepare the ways You have for dignities; to the mere undoingo Of all the kingdom. Many more there are ; Which, since they are of you, and odious, I will not taint my mouth with. Cham.

O my lord,

8 Your holy hat to be stamp'd on the king's coin.] This was certainly one of the articles exhibited against Wolsey, but rather with a view to swell the catalogue, than from any serious cause of accusation ; inasmuch as the archbishops Cranmer, Bainbrigge, and Warham, were indulged with the same privilege.

9 — to the mere undoing -] Mere is absolute.

Press not a falling man too far ; 'tis virtue:
His faults lie open to the laws ; let them,
Not you, correct him. My heart weeps to see him
So little of his great self.

I forgive him.
Suf. Lord cardinal, the king's further pleasure is, –
Because all those things, you have done of late
By your power legatine within this kingdom,
Fall into the compass of a præmunire',-
That therefore such a writ be sued against you ;
To forfeit all your goods, lands, tenements,
Chattels, and whatsoever, and to be
Out of the king's protection :- This is my charge.

Nor. And so we'll leave you to your meditations How to live better. For your stubborn answer, About the giving back the great seal to us, The king shall know it, and, no doubt, shall thank you. So fare you well, my little good lord cardinal.

[Exeunt all but WOLSEY. Wol. So farewell to the little good you bear me. Farewell, a long farewell, to all my greatness ! This is the state of man ; To-day he puts forth The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blossoms, And bears his blushing honours thick upon him: The third day, comes a frost, a killing frost ; And,—when he thinks, good easy man, full surely His greatness is a ripening,-nips his root, And then he falls, as I do. I have ventur'd, Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, This many summers in a sea of glory; But far beyond my depth: my high-blown pride At length broke under me ; and now has left me, Weary, and old with service, to the mercy Of a rude stream, that must for ever hide me. Vain pomp, and glory of this world, I hate ye ;

1- of a præmunire,] It is almost unnecessary to observe that pramunire is a barbarous word used instead of præmonere.

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