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SCENE I. Rome. Before the Capitol.
The Tomb of the ANDRONICI appearing; the Tribunes and Senators aloft. Enter, below, from one side, SATURNINUS and his Followers; and, from the other side, BASSIANUS and his Followers; with drums and colours.
Sat. Noble patricians, patrons of my right,
Bas. Romans,-friends, followers, favourers of my right,
If ever Bassianus, Cæsar's son,
Were gracious in the eyes of royal Rome,
Keep, then, this passage to the Capitol ;
(1) continence,] i.e., according to Mr. Staunton, "temperance."—Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector substitutes "conscience."
Enter MARCUS ANDRONICUS, aloft, with the crown.
Marc. Princes, that strive by factions and by friends
For many good and great deserts to Rome:
Lives not this day within the city walls:
From weary wars against the barbarous Goths;
And now at last, laden with honour's spoils,
Sat. How fair the tribune speaks to calm my thoughts!
In thy uprightness and integrity,
And so I love and honour thee and thine,
And her to whom my thoughts are humbled all,
Commit my cause in balance to be weigh'd.
[Exeunt the Followers of Bassianus. Sat. Friends, that have been thus forward in my right, I thank you all, and here dismiss you all; And to the love and favour of my country Commit myself, my person, and the cause.
[Exeunt the Followers of Saturninus.
Rome, be as just and gracious unto me
Bas. Tribunes, and me, a poor competitor.
[Flourish. Saturninus and Bassianus go up into the Capitol.
Enter a Captain.
Cap. Romans, make way: the good Andronicus,
Drums and trumpets sounded. Enter MARTIUS and MUTIUS; after them, two Men bearing a coffin covered with black; then LUCIUS and QUINTUS. After them, TITUS ANDRONICUS; and then TAMORA, with ALARBUS, DEMETRIUS, CHIRON, AARON, and other Goths, prisoners; Soldiers and People following. The Bearers set down the coffin, and TITUS speaks.
Tit. Hail, Rome, victorious in my (3) mourning weeds!
(2) Open the gates, and let me in.
Bas. Tribunes, and me, a poor competitor.
Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector substitutes "Open the brazen gates," &c.; Mr. Collier observing that "the epithet was, doubtless, accidentally omitted.” But, if any thing has dropped out, it was much more likely (on account of the next speech) to have been what Capell inserts,-"Õpen the gates, tribunes, and let me in."
(3) my] The old eds. have "thy."—" Mr. Warburton and I concurred to suspect that the poet wrote in my mourning weeds,' i.e. Titus would say, Thou, Rome, art victorious, though I am a mourner for those sons which I have lost in obtaining that victory."" THEOBALD.- -“Read 'm' with Warburton. This seems warranted by the whole tenor of the
Lo, as the bark that hath discharg'd her fraught
These that I bring unto their latest home,
With burial amongst their ancestors:
Here Goths have given me leave to sheathe my sword.
Titus, unkind, and careless of thine own,
[The tomb is opened.
There greet in silence, as the dead are wont,
How many sons of mine hast thou in store,
Luc. Give us the proudest prisoner of the Goths,
speech." W. N. LETTSOM,—with whom I quite agree, though Johnson says, we may suppose the Romans, in a grateful ceremony, meeting the dead sons of Andronicus with mournful habits;" and Steevens, that they were in mourning for their emperor, who was just dead" (which note Steevens has partly borrowed from Capell's strange defence of "thy," viz. that "Rome was in mourning weeds' at this time, FIGURATIVELY SPEAKING, for an emperor whom she had just bury'd"). (4) her] So the fourth folio.-The earlier eds. have "his."
That so the shadows be not unappeas'd.] "Not the shadows of the slain Andronici, but the shadows in a general sense, umbræ, Manes, TMà
Nor we disturb'd with prodigies on earth.
Tit. I give him you, the noblest that survives, The eldest son of this distressèd queen.
Tam. Stay, Roman brethren!-Gracious conqueror,
A mother's tears in passion for her son:
Tit. Patient yourself, madam, and pardon me.
To this your son is mark'd; and die he must,
Luc. Away with him! and make a fire straight;
[Exeunt Lucius, Quintus, Martius, and Mutius, with Alarbus.
Tam. O cruel, irreligious piety!
Chi. Was ever Scythia half so barbarous ?
Kárw, the powers beneath." Walker's Crit. Exam., &c., vol. iii. p. 215.— Here Walker writes rather hastily: "the shadows" of the dead Andronici are certainly meant; and most probably Mr. Collier's Ms. Corrector is right in reading "their shadows."-compare, in the third speech after this,
"T" appease their groaning shadows that are gone."