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PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA.—A recent publication of RESTORATION OF THE APARTMENTS OF Louis the Ministry of Algeria and the Colonies makes XIV.-The interesting apartments of Louis XIV., some curious statements relating to the pilgrimages in the Palace of Versailles, which had long beer to Mecca during the present year. The ceremo. closed for repairs, are now reöpened to the public. nies at Mecca terminated on the 11th of last month The Grande Monarque's bedroom, that celebrated in the presence of about 50,000 pilgrims, of whom chamber in which he received his court, and in 17,850 had come by sea, and 32,150 by land. In which he drew his last breath, has been thoroughly 1858 there were 160,000 pilgrims; in 1857, 140,- restored. The furniture is now as nearly as possible 000; and 1856, 120,000. This great decrease in what it was at the time of the King's death the number in 1859 is owing, the natives declare, Especial pains have been taken with the bed, the to the events of Djeddah last year, and also to the chef d'æuvre of Delobel, the King'g valet de chambre, dread of the cholera, which made extensive rav who took twelve years to construct it. The bed is ages in 1858. As soon as the pilgrim sets foot on still covered with a counterpane embroidered by the the soil of Mecca he must put on two pieces of young ladies of St. Cyr. The relic was sold during white cloth, one tied round the loins with ends the revolution, but Louis Philippe met with it some hanging down to the middle of the leg, while the where in Germany, and brought it back again for other is thrown over the shoulders so as to leave the State. Adjoining the bedroom is the King's the right arm free. He must go bare-headed and library, with his large map of the world. Next wear sandals. As long as he wears this garment comes the dining room; and beyond that is the he is bound to lead a pure and regular life. At ante-chamber, which Louis XV. called his dog. Mecca he begins the ceremonies under the direction room: he was fond of playing with bis favorite of a guide. They are as follow: 1, visiting the dogs there before and after hunting. Around the temple and going seven times around the Kaaba, chamber runs a frieze decorated with charming starting from the Black Stone, which he must kiss pajatings of sporting subjects. In another room is or touch in completing each circuit; 2, drinking the desk, ornamented with costly porcelain, upon the water of the well of Zem Zem, at which, says which Louis XIV. wrote. But the most curious tradition, Hagar and Ishmael quenched their chamber of all is the confessional. It is divided thirst;. 3, praying at the Station of Abraham, into two small rooms. In the middle of the party. marked by a stone, on which he is said to have wall is a pane of thick but transparent glass, so that stood when he went to sacrifice his son ; 4, stop- what was passing in one room might be seen from ping and praying at the place called El Madjen, the other, though what was said in a low voice the spot where Solomon stood to see mortar mixed could not be heard. The first of these rooms is for the building of the temple; 5, running seven quite empty. When Louis XIV. was at confession times between Mounts Safa and Merwa, within it was always occupied by the captain of the the limits of the city, in commemoration of Hagar's guards, who, with a drawn sword in his hand, stood anxious search for water for herself and her son; looking through the pane of glass. Thus, Louis 6, repairing on the ninth day of the month to XIV. was under surveillance even in the confus. Mount Ararat, about twelve miles from Mecca, sional. If the King, as an individual, trusted the after morning prayer, (Mohammedan tradition Jesuit confessor, the state did noi. The only furni. says that on this hill Adam built a temple and ture in the other room is an arm-chair, a Prie Dieri, Mohammed performed his devotions;) 7, on the fol- and a basin for holy water. In that arm-chair sat lowing day the visitors all go in a body to the Father Letellier, the Jesuit, and at his feet was Valley of Mouna, and there sacrifice propitiatory wont to kneel, but watched, as I have said, the most victims; they also cut their hair and nails, de mighty sovereign in the world. voutly burying the portions cut off. After remaining two days at Mouna, they agnin visit the

SIR JOHN BOWRING ON CHINA.—Sir John Bow. Temple of Meccă, and then prepare for their de- ring bas been lecturing in Edinburgh on China. parture.

With respect to the geographical extent of that vast

empire, he said that the eighteen provinces of China LORD BROUGHAM, though eighty-one years of age, miles, and in length nearly fourieen hundred ; and

proper extend in breadth nearly thirteen hundred has undergone an amount of work this week which if the dependent and tributary regions were taken would have severely taxed the energies of a man in into account, the distance from east to west exceeds middle life. His address at the meeting of the forty-eight hundred miles, and from north to south Social Science Association on the eleventh, was a marvel of length and ability ; on the night of the

twenty-three hundred. According to the last twelvth he took part in the anniversary proceedings 412,000,000, while it had been represented in our

census, he believed the population of China was of the Bradford Mechanics' Iostitute; on the thir, books for the last forty years as amounting to teenth he paid Sheffield a visit, and delivered

360,000,000. Whilst China was at the present speeches marked by his wonted fire and vigor ; and the same night he was one of the speakers at a believed it was in a condition to double and treble

moment exporting 120,000,000 pounds of tea, he working men's meeting at Bradford.

the supply if necessary. While remarking on the

opposition to change manifested by the Chinese, Sir Noah's ARK AND THE GREAT EASTERN.—The John expressed his gratification that the law of following is a comparison between the size of the Eogland is becoming a progressive thing, and that Great Eastern and Noah's Ark. Subjoined is the all parties are now happily agreed that there is in calculation : Noah's Ark, (according to Newton :) future to be “no monopoly of Liberalism"-hut Length between perpendicular, 612 feet; extreme we are all to be Liberals together. In that he breadth, 85 seet; hight, 51 feet; tonnage, 18,231. heartily rejoiced, and honored the man wbo proGreat Eastern : Length between perpendicular, claimed so inportant a truth, of which he hoped 680 feet; extreme breadth, 85 feet; bight, 60 feet; we should enjoy the fullest and completest deve tonnage, 23,092.

lopment.

SCHLAMYL IN ST. PETERSBURG. – A letter of the 22d THE TOTAL ECLIPSE OP TIE 18TH JULY, 1860.ult. from St. Petersburg thus alludes to Schamyl: A commission appointed by the French Academy of I will merely say that he lives on the fat of the Sciences to draw up a report on the results of the land, and drives about armed to the teeth--for he scientific expedition undertaken to observe the lato is allowed to retain his arms—daily up and down total eclipse in Brazil calls attention to the very imthe Nevoisky and along the quays, escorted by portant total eclipse which will occur in July next one or more Russian officers, who have him, as it year, and will be visible in Spain and Algeria. The were, in charge, and accompanied by his son-a celebrated Director of the Dorpat Observatory was most ugly specimen of Circassia—and two remark- the first to remark that at the inoment of obscurity able fur-capped individuals, called "friends,” but four of the principal planets—Venus, Mercury, who are nothing more or less than the late execu- Jupiter, and Saturn—will appear in the vicinity of tioners of his savage will, whether with blade or the eclipsed sun as a kind of rhomboidal figure; a bowstring. Of course the tales are endless-true phenomenon of such extraordinary rarity that many and false—in reference to his sayings and doings. centuries will elapse before its repetition. Darkness Time and space only admit of my giving you one

will commence and terminate on the land, the which is fact, and I shall then leave him in localities being California and the shores of the Red peace to retire to Kalonga, for which place he Sea. Between these extreme points the eclipse leaves us in a few days, there to enjoy life in will be visible in North-America, from whence the company with his wives and retainers, already moon's shadow will pass across the Atlantic, there, with a pension of 12,000 roubles per annum, and traverse Spain; total darkness including the house and comforts found. However, on arriving following important towns in that country: Oviedo, at St. Petersburg, which I am told surpasses, in St. Vincent, Santander, Bilboa, Vittoria, Burgos, his estimation, all his dreams of Paradise, he was | Pampeluna, Saragossa, and Valencia. The line of courteously received by the governor, who, after totality will then cross the Mediterranean and enter having bidden him welcome, said, turning to one Africa, passing across Algiers, Bezan, Tozer, of his aides, “I will now hand you over to the Sockna, Sebba, Goddona, and Mourzuk. Thus, care of my friend.” On which the warrior chief although this remarkable eclipse will not be total turned pale, as well he might, considering the in any part of the United Kingdom, it will be so thousands of Russians he had done to death, and in a large portion of Spain and accessible parts of asked for time for prayer and absolution. He Africa. - Athenæum. was, however, given to understand that the friends of the governor were not precisely in the same Musio BY STEAM-A musical instrument of a category as the “friends” of his chieftainship; and novel character has been exhibited at the Crystal he has since smoked his pipe, admired the Russian Palace, the performance upon which excited conladies, and quaffed his champagne in peace.

siderable interest among numerous members of tho

scientific and musical professions. It is a piano, A GIGANTIC TELEGRAPH.-St. Petersburg, Oct. 25. or organ, the sounds of which are produced by -A gigantic plan,suggested by Mr. Collins, the Uni- steam. The music produced by the instrument is ted States Consul at Nicholaieff, on the Amoor, is described by one writer as of an unusually un. destined to produce a complete change of relations earthly character. Another writer says: “After between Europe and the other parts of the world the concert, we heard some hideous sounds, appaif it be carried into execution. This project refers rently proceeding from the center transept; and to the establishment of an electric telegraph from from the supposed region ascended clouds of steam. Moscow through Behring's Straits and Sitka to We were informed that a steam organ was perSt. Louis, in the United States. In this manner a forming, and we were very glad when it ceased. direct communication would be obtained between We decidedly hope its boiler will burst before St. Petersburg and New-York. The author of the next Saturday, if there is any intention of reëxhibplan would further extend another wire from Ki- iting it.” achta to Pekin, and thence through Saghalien to Yeddo and Hakodadi, in Japan. The length of Good NEWS FOR AFRICAN HUNTERS.-Dr. Livingthe proposed telegraph is estimated at 14,000 stone, the celebrated African traveler, who is at English miles, the cost of construction at £500,000 present exploring the river Zambesi, reports the The expense of maintaining and repairing the valley of the Shire as abounding with wild elewires is calculated by Mr. Collins at 900,000 phants, having magnificent and most valuable roubles annually, and the revenue at 1,100,000 tusks. In one herd he saw over five hundred of roubles, or a dividend of eight per cent to the the giant game grazing on the plain. The Shire shareholders, if a company can be formed. Mr. ) is a good navigable river for over one hundred Collins is at present on his way to St. Petersburg, miles from its confluence. The mountains of where he hopes to find the capital to carry out Merembela stand 4000 feet over the plain, possesshis plan.

ed of a fine climate and profuse vegetation-lemon

trees, oranges, and pine-apples, growing wild in SCHAMIL AND HIS Son. A letter from Stanzopol, the woods, promising to be had in abundance and inserted in the Invalide Russe, describes the arrival cheap from the natives, who cultivate largely the of Schamyl in that town. He is a man of lofty upper third of the valley. stature, thin and broad - shouldered, with hollow eyes and a dyed beard. His walk is slow and It is supposed that there are in existence at this dignified. His face bears the trace of many wounds, hour 50,000,000 of sovereigns, and about 120,000,and its paleness and melancholy expression indicate 000 of shillings: enough, one would think, for the profound grief and compressed regret. His son, wants of her Majesty's lieges. But these quantiCasi-Mohammed, resembles him only in his hight. ties ar ing added to, and other coun ies His face is pock marked, and his gray eyes betray are always supplementing them with their own rather cunning than talent.

peculiar coins.

ever

THE SUCCESSOES OF EMINENT Mex.-It is remark THE veteran litterateur, Nicolo Tommaseo, a able, in many instances, how soon the line of de Venetian, who has resided in Turin for the last ten scent of men of great genius has been cut off. We years, has now taken up his abode in the more have no male descendants of William Shakspeare, genial Tuscan capital. We have here also FranMilton, Sir Walter Scott, or Lord Byron. Sir cesco Ferrara, an exile from Sicily, who was since Isaac Newton left no heir. The male branch of 1849 a professor of political economy at Turin, and Sir Christopher Wren's family is extinct, and the is now to fill the same cbair at Pisa, and to become female line nearly so. The races of Sir Joshua one of the greatest ornaments of that time-honored Reynolds, Dr. Johnson, Oliver Goldsmith, Telford, university. His colleague, Professor Mancini, a and Brindley, have ceased to exist; and a hundred Neapolitan, is also here, and will deliver public other famous names might be mentioned, to show lectures in one of the halls of the Ricardi Palace. to what a great extent this fact may be considered the late emancipation of Tuscany thus brings some as a natural law. We had recently another illus first-rate literary notabilities of the Peninsula into tration of this, when the grave closed upon the this town, which may well now, more than ever, only son of George Stephenson without leaving set up its claim to the proud appellation of the any direct successor.-Builder.

Athens. How To MEND “Big Ben.”—“S. W.8.,” writing

Pitt's DEATH-BED.-Pitt died at his house from Northampton to the Times, says that it is Putney Heath, near the spot where Canning and only necessary to saw along the edges of the frac- Castlereagh fought their duel, and in a very ture, so as to take away the jagged points, and neglected state, none of his family or friends being prevent them jarring during the vibration of the with him at the time. One who was sincerely bell. He has tried the plan with perfect success.

attached to him, hearing of his illness, rode from The key or pitch will not suffer, and the bell it- London to see him. Arriving at his house, be rang self rendered less liable to break or crack again, the bell at the entrance gate, but no one came. as the tension of its particles will be to this extent Dismounting, he made his way to the hall-door, and at least liberated. The timbre or quality of tone repeatedly rang the bell, which no one answered. will not be lessened ; and as the expense will be He then entered the house, wandered from room to a mere trifle, it will be worth trying, if only as an

room, till at last he discovered Pitt on a bed-dead, experiment, not likely again to offer on so large a entirely neglected. It is supposed that such was scale.

bis poverty he had not been able to pay the wages A GOLDEN WINDFALL.—The largest nugget of of his servants, and that thoy had absconded, taking amalgamated gold ever produced has recently been with them what they could. Once a week. discovered, and is a favorable augury for quartzcrushing. It was the result of a portion of sixty

“The residence of the Court at Compiègne," says tons of the first quartz crushed from the Corfu Reef; a Paris letter in the Independance of Brussels, "is it weighs ten hundred and forty ounces. All the likely to have a decided influence upon the fashions following night the lucky owners of the claim kept of the season. At the instance of the Empress, watch and ward over it, armed to the teeth. A crinoline is to be definitely abandoned, and woolen sixth share of the claim, a few months ago, could stuffs are to be adopted for walking dresses, not have been purchased for a score of pounds. Even worn as long in the skirt as of late, but so as to after gold was struck, £10,000 would have bought show the ankle. It is certain that 'ladies have of the claim—a splendid purchase, considering that late reached the utmost limits of amplitude in their the first sixty tons will yield fully half the amount. garments, and consequently, whatever change takes - Australian and New-Zealand Gazette.

place must be in the opposite sense.” The first volume of the Travels of Ladislaus Mag The German journals contain melancholy news yar in Southern Africa, has just left the press at concerning Professor Karl Simrock, of Bonn, the Vienna. M. Magyar, a native of Maria Theresiopol, eminent translator and interpreter of the masterwho was educated in the Imperial naval academy pieces of old German poetical literature. His at Fiume, has resided at Bihe, in Southern Africa, mind has been deranged by an excess of fear and since the year 1849, and has explored countries anxiety, it is asserted, in consequence of the late which are hardly known by name to the European political events, and his friends have removed him world. The adveuturous traveler married the accordingly to a private asylum near Stuttgart. daughter of the ruler of Bihe, and her slaves accompanied him in his first journeys into the interior. BRIEF as was the stay of M. and Madame GoldThe late Dr. Charles Ritter, the geographer, accepted schmidt in Cork, and ght as their acquaintance the dedication of Magyar's work a few months must necessarily be with the wants of the chari. before his death,

ties in that city, they employed a portion of their

sojourn in inquiries as to the best quarters in In the Punjacb, last year, five men, one woman which to bestow contributions, and have preand 293 children were killed, and two men, four sented donations to several of the most useful women, and 166 children injured, by wild animals

. charitable institutions in Cork. of these animals-tigers, leopards, bears, wolves, and hyenas—834 were destroyed last year.

Ar the last sitting of the Academy of Sciences

the discovery of a new planet by M. Robert LuMR. W. Parker Snow, in lecturing at Stepney ther, at Bilk, on the 22d ult., was announced. This on the fate of Sir John Franklin, said there had planet belongs to the telescopic class, being of the been 90 expeditions to the North Pole, at a total tenth magnitude. It has received the name of expense of £850,000.

Mnemosyne.

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