« ZurückWeiter »
by to its last resting-place in St. Paul's placed. The sun was shining on my back Cathedral.
upon the troops; but I saw them disTo all appearances, his Grace had, on tinctly, and subsequent information proved this November morning, many years of that I was correct. I can now, when I am life and vigor before him. He was look at Walmer, in clear weather, always tell ing remarkably well, and it was remarked by the naked eye when they light up on that the slight traces of wrinkles that had the opposite coast.” been observed upon his forehead had dis The Duke gives two hours and three appeared. The sculptor thought the cir. quarters to this sitting. He examines the cumstance so remarkable, that he called picture (since engraved) and approves of the attention of Mrs-(who was again it, but points out that' in one particular present) to the fact that the Duke's fore it is not accurate. The artist has placed a head was then actually without a wrinkle. glove in his left hand, and “I never wear The Duke, in reply to a remark, says, gloves,” says the Duke; “but it is of no with emphasis, he has been very well, and consequence; I don't wish it altered; I that he has been reading without glasses. ought to have them.” Mrs.-observes: “You were probably The bust and picture in which the Great near - sighted when you were young. Duke took so much interest, were not un“By no means,” emphatically replied the worthy of the unusual opportunities enDuke; “I could see troops, when I was joyed by the artists — the Messrs. Weiin India, with the naked eye, twenty miles; gail
. The bust, verified by actual meadistinguish the cavalry from the infantry; surement, exhibits the massive propor
that were in motion from those tions of the lower portion of the face, that were stationary." With his usual which lent so much steadfastness, deterhonesty and candor, he bastens to add: mination, and force of character, to the “It is very true that I was favorably 'Duke's aspect.
WELLINGTON AND WATERLOO.
In connection with the portrait of this aware, is a drawing made with chalk great modern warrior, and partly as an upon large sheets of paper stretched on a illustration of it, we give a brief sketch of frame, and in precisely the same size as the cartoon drawing by Mr. Maclise which that of the picture which is to be painted is soon to be painted in fresco upon the from it. There is rarely or ever any color wall in the chamber of the House of Lords. in such a work; mostly it is a mere outIt is to commemorate a great event. The line which may, by the process of tracing, battle of Waterloo, as every one knows, be transferred, part by part, upon the was one of the great battles of this world's wall which is to bear the picture. The history, memorable in all coming time. necessity for such a drawing arises from We wandered over the field with feelings the very nature of the process of fresco of intense excitement, almost fancying the painting, which being executed piecethunders of battle were just dying away meal, so to speak, can only progress, so in the distance, and went and stood upon far as from part to part, so much being the spot where Wellington is said to have set out to suffice for each day's work as stood when he gave the final order to the the artist feels confident of being able to Imperial Guards which decided the terri- accomplish. The outline of each day's ble conflict. Soon after this the scene work, thus selected, is traced upon the represented in the cartoon occurred. Let fresh plaster that forms the ground and us, then, stand at once in front of the car- substance of the picture, that portion of toon which is placed on the wall of the the cartoon which is thus employed being chamber of the House of Lords. A ca removed immediately. toon, some of our reader may not be With this explanation, we may take the
reader before the drawing—for this it is, I between the wounded in the foreground
full enough of vigor of a kind equal to
cident with life-like and unaffected inter- | the lagt merely for shot and shell, lanceest, each man true in character to the head and saber ? Did be for this make class—handsome and well-bred, but shal. the cotton grow, and teach men to strive low-souled men, with, however, upon their even with his own elements, and lead the countenances a certain seriousness impart- sailors to risk the tempests in the sea ? ed by their position. One of them, a man was it for this, indeed, that he gave them of riper years, with a face of some strength teachers for the eye and the ear? were of character, evincing intelligence and the preacher, and the poet, and the paintforceful will, has just been shot down and er for this end given ? Did he for this lift has fallen to die with the herd.
up their heads to love one another, and This is probably an historical figure, teach them to bear the misfortunes of and the incident represented an actual oc- their lot, and the penalties of their faults currence; he looks like a husband and a in patience. Alas! alas! was He moving father, and one wonders how at the mo- them through all for this hard fate and ment his poor wife and children breathe, bloody end-only for this ? and one curses more bitterly for their sake It were too bitter to think thus, even if the bullet that struck him. Still more we did not know that amongst that mass active is one's pity for those amongst the of men, confused in heaps, with dying fallen who still feebly and painfully live. horses and broken instruments of death Two of these, whose distorted faces show and shattered symbols of glory, there lies the effort it costs them, are raising their many a one whose last grasp of the hand arms to welcome the new army, while or last warm kiss of love is the cherished another, a trumpeter, left without power blessing of long - deserved affection of to move his body, is turning his eyes in many dear hearts--waiting now-praying rain in the attempt to see the Prussian now, in hope that he may come again and general, his eyes doomed only to look on be the sole comforter of their life in the the sinking sun; he can sympathize with years when peace has been won. but little else any more.
Surely it is well to have such a scene as One group is formed by a dying Han- this as a silent monitor to the members of overian, attended by his priest, who is our government, when they have the desadministering extreme unction, and look- tinies of peace and war to decide. Whio ing with the keenest anxiety to see wheth- was the guilty author of the war which er there is any spark of life left. A vivan- this battle ended it is not our place to diere standing close by shares this anxiety say; but very often we feel that war has with the priest. On the opposite side is been hurried on without enough thought a surgeon, with about equal hope, feeling of the individual misery it would entail. the pulse of another man who lies in a Perhaps some such realization of the fact swoon, to detect whether it is not the as may be given by the art which places final death-swoon. One man has had the the battle before us now, would have in amputation-screw fixed on his arm to stay some silent, secret manner deterred the hemorrhage until the surgeon can get time rulers of the nation from indulging a thirst from more pressing cases to deal with his. for such dearly bought glory. When the There he is left, with outstretched arm deaf accustomed ear will not listen, the and fingers strained and rigid. We see glance of the unguarded and uncontrollaat once that there are, indeed, many more ble eye may fall upon this picture, and in pressing cases than his, for he is already the future appeal to a judgment higher going fast beyond the reach of human than reason, counsel the feelings to paministration, Another has fallen upon tience, and mercy, and moderation, and the body of a gun, which hard, cold sup- save the nation from the curse of madness port has been shattered, mayhap by the and hardness of heart. This is one of the same shot which slew the man. One must functions of art. The voice of the prophet needs ask, was it for this that God made of woe and the preacher may fall upon these men-for this that he gave them heedless ears; but at some moment of a mother's care—that he brought them doubt and hesitation the strange call to food and gave them shelter; that he led reflection through another and less hackothers to work for them, reap the corn and neyed sense may have, and doubtless many tend the herds, watch the clouds and the times has had, an effect mysterious, unsunshine, dig the coal and ore out of the trackable, but yet potent for good. Mayearth, and beat it into shape for use; was be, too, such pictures as this may have
some force in cleansing the hearts of the selves, until the curse can no longer be humbler citizens from vice which the eter- averted, and it falls, like this battle fell, nal justice of God visits in punishment, by in ruinous desolation. leaving nations, as individuals, to them
With the accurate and imposing por- | ordered abroad, and formed part of the • trait of this renowned commander of Bri- British contingent, which marched across
tish armies and hero of an hundred battles, from Ostend, under Lord Moira, to join and the conqueror of Napoleon on the the allied army in Flanders. He bore an memorable and sanguinary field of Wa- active part in the campaign which fol. terloo, it is fitting to send to our readers lowed, and distinguished himself so much a brief outline biographical sketch of his in several actions with the enemy, that eventful life. The portrait is life-like. though only a captain in rank, he came at We have seen the original face often, and length to execute the duties of major, love to gaze upon one whose eyes have and did good service in several well-fought looked out upon such tremendous scenes affairs of the rear guard in which he bore of battle and carnage.
a part. Though the issue of the campaign Arthur Wellesley, afterwards Duke of was unfortunate, and it terminated in the Wellington, was born at Dangan Castle disastrous retreat through Holland in in Ireland, on May 1, 1769. Darshal Ney, 1794, yet it was of essential service in Goethe, and several of the greatest men training Wellesley to the duties to which of the age, were born in the same year. he was hereafter to be called, for it was His father was Lord Mornington, an Irish with an army at one time mustering nobleman, but he was of Norman blood, ninety thousand combatants that he had being lineally descended from the stand served; and his first initiation into the ard-bearer to Henry II., in his conquest duties of his profession was with the great of Ireland in the year 1100. His elder bodies which he was afterwards destined brother, who succeeded to the family to command, and his first insight into honors, was a man of great genius and war was on a great scale, to which his capacity, who afterwards became gov: own achievements were one day destined ernor-general of India, and was created to form so bright a contrast. After the Marquis Wellesley. Thus the same fami- return of the troops from Holland, the ly had the extraordinary fortune of giving thirty-third regiment was not again called birth to the statesman whose counsel and into active service till 1799, when it was rule preserved and extended the British sent out to India, to reïnforce the troops empire in the Eastern, and the hero there on the eve of the important war, in whose invincible arm saved his country which Lord Wellesley, his elder brother, and conquered Napoleon in the Western who was now governor-general, was enworld. Young Arthur Wellesley, after gaged with the forces of Tippoo Saib. having received the elements of education Young Wellesley went with them, and at Eton, was sent to the military school on his way out his library consisted of of Angers in France to be instructed in two books, which he studied incessantlythe art of war, for which he already the Bible, and Cæsar's Commentaries. evinced a strong predilection. He re- War having broken out in 1803 between ceived his first commission in the army in the East-India Company and the Mahratthe thirty-third regiment, which to this tas, General Wellesley, to which rank he day is distinguished by the honor then had now been promoted, received the conferred upon it. The first occasion on command of one of the armies destined to which he was called into active service operate against them. After having was in 3, when his ent was stormed the strong fortress of Achmed
naghur, which lay on the road, he came | low up his victory by marching the same up with the Mahratta force, thirty thou- evening to Torres Vedras, where he sand strong, posted at the village of would be between Junot and Lisbon, and Assaye. Wellesley's forces, at the mo- would either drive him to a disastrous rement, did not exceed four thousand five treat or force him to surrender. But at hundred men, of whom only seventeen this critical moment, when the order had hundred were European; and the half of just been dispatched for this decisive his army, under Col. Stevenson, was at a movement, Sir H. Burrard arrived, and distance, advancing by a different road, took the command. He belonged to the separated from his own by a ridge of old school, with whom it was deemed intervening hills. But justly deeming the enough to fight one battle in one day, and boldest course in such critical circum- he gave orders to halt. Junot, in consestances the most prudent, he took the quence, hastened back to Torres Vedras, resolution of instantly attacking the enemy without losing an hour, and regained the with the small body of men under his capital. Sir H. Dalrymple soon afterwards immediate command. The result showed arrived, and concluded the famous conthe wisdom as well as heroism of the vention of Cintra, by which the French determination. After a desperate strug- evacuated the whole of Portugal. That gle, in which he himself charged a Mah- convention excited unbounded indignation ratta battery at the head of the seventy- in England at the time; but Sir A. Welfourth regiment, the vast army of the lesley justly supported it, for, when the enemy, which comprised eighteen thou- opportunity of cutting off Junot from Lissand splendid horse, was totally defeated, bon had been lost, it was the best thing all their guns, ninety-seven in number, that could be done. Next year, still taken, and their army entirely dispersed. more operations were undertaken. Sir General Wellesley was made a Knight of Arthur, who had now been appointed to the Bath for this victory, and he returned the sole command of the army in Portuto England Sir Arthur Wellesley. His gal, landed at Lisbon on April fourth, and next employment was at the expedition by his presence restored the confidence under Lord Cathcart to Copenhagen, in which had been much weakened by the 1807, on which occasion he commanded a disastrous issue of Sir John Moore's camdivision of the army. He was not en-paign in the close of the preceding year. gaged in the siege, but commanded a His first operation was to move against corps which was detached against a body Marshal Soult, who had advanced to of Danes twelve thousand strong, who Oporto, with twenty thousand men, and had collected, in the rear of the British taken that city. By a bold movement he force, in the island of Zealand. They effected the passage of the Tagus, under were dispersed without much difficulty the very guns of the enemy, and drove by a body of seven thousand men, under the French to so rapid a retreat, that he Sir Arthur Wellesley. After the fall of partook of the dinner which had been Copenhagen he returned to England, and prepared for Marshal Soult! The French wils nominated soon after to the command, general, by abandoning all bis guns and in the first instance, of an expeditionary baggage, effected his retreat into Galicia, force of ten thousand men, which was but not without sustaining losses as great fitted out at Cork, to coöperate with the as Sir John Moore had done in the prePortuguese in rescuing their country ceding year. He next turned towards from the tyrannic grasp of the French Spain, and having effected a junction with Emperor. The expedition set sail in June, the Spanish general, Cuesta, in Estrama1808, and landed on the coast of Portugal dura, their united forces, sixty thousand when they were soon assailed by General strong, but of whom only twenty thousand Junot, who had marched out of Lisbon, were English and Portuguese, advanced with nineteen thousand men, to drive him towards Madrid. They were met at into the sea. The British force consisted Talavera by King Joseph, at the head of of sixteen thousand, and, as this was the forty-five thousand of the best French first time the troops of the rival nations troops in Spain. A desperate action of had met in the peninsula, great interest two days duration ensued, which fell was attached to the conflict. The French almost entirely on the English and Portuwere defeated after a sharp action; and guese, as the Spaniards, who were thirtySir Arthur had made preparations to fol- eight thousand in number, fled at the first