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Alexander, Emperor of Russia, .
Diamonds, Trade in-Chambers's Journal, . 419
Balance of Nature, the-Eclectic Review,
Eugenie, tbe Empress, and her Maids of Honor, 121
Biographical Sketches and Notices of —
Garibaldi and the Italian Volunteers- Westmin-
Hallucinations and Visions-Fraser's Magazine, 83
Macaulay, Thomas Babington,
269 Inspiration of ScriptureLondon Review, 295
118 Islamism and its History-Eclectic Review, . 228
Raindrops, Phenomena of–British Quarterly, 38
Récamier, Life and Times of — Colburn's New
Recent Religious Revivals - London Review,
Man-Fraser's Magazine, .
Sea-Dreams. An Idyll. By ALFRED TENNYSON
- Macmillan's Magazine, .
Sea, the, Physical Wonders of — British Quarterly, 1
Song of the Evening Star - Dublin University
Things New and Old-Dublin University Maga-
Thunderstorm, the, (Stanzas,) — Bentley's Maga-
Two Worlds, the, (Stanzas,) - Dublin University
Ways of Wild-Fowl-Chambers's Journal, . 575
390 Idylls of the King. By Alfred Tennyson, 28.
Poems and Ballads of Goethe. Translated by W.
Edmondstoune Aytoun and Theodore Martin,
ing the One System of God By Horace Bush-
160 nell, 73; 168.
155-156 British Novelists and their Styles. By David Mag-
155, 158 Ceylon : an Account of the Island, Physical, His-
159-160 torical, and Typographical. By Sir J. Emerson
151-152 Tennent, 552.
154 The Senses and the Intellect. By Alexander Bain,
152–153 203; 321.
147 The Rise of the Dutch Republic: a History. By
153 John Lothrop Motley, 261.
160 The Secret History of the Austrian Government
161 By Alfred Michiels, 329.
PROBABLY many a Malthusian, on glanc- order to obtain food and keep the populang at a terrestrial globe and observing tion within manageable bounds; yet, he vast space which is allotted to the wanting all the accommodation we can cean, has testily exclaimed : “For what get, not less than three fourths of the urpose does all this fluid exist ? Here planet have been laid under water-some ewe, poor mortals, with insatiable of its finest plains are swamped, and its omachs—our numbers increasing with most fertile valleys converted into liquid ightful rapidity-our acres incapable of wastes !" pansion - our agriculturists unable to Not so fast, however, good Mr. Malake two blades of corn grow in the thusian! No one can explain why this om originally required for one - our particular proportion between the land ospects, in fact, becoming so melancholy, and the ocean has been prescribed. It is at sooner or later people must make up precisely, one of those points in the Divine eir minds to eat little boys and girls in arithmetic with which we are incompetent
to deal. But sufficient may be inferred The Physical Geography of the Sea. By M. from the exquisite working of the great MAURY, LL.D., U.S.N., Superintendent of the tional Observatory. London : Sampson Low. physical machinery of creation to satisfy w-York: Harpers. 1847.
us that he who weigheth the waters in the TOL. XLIX.-No. 1.
hollow of his hand, and who fixeth bounds whether its atmosphere could be moder. for the sea that it shall not pass, has ately refreshed and its meadows adeadjusted the fluid and solid surfaces of quately irrigated, if the surface of the our globe with as much care as he has great nursery of vapor were seriously mixed the chemical constituents of the curtailed ? atmosphere, or settled the relative num Such, then, being the primary object bers of the two sexes.
of the ocean, see how beautifully its comGrant that our mournful friend, who position qualifies it for this end. What looks with such a jealous eye upon those other fluid could be substituted with the liquid expanses, could brush them from smallest success ? Would any of our their beds, and convert the whole earth acids answer the purpose required ? into dry ground, what would be the Clouds dropping oil of vitriol, or showers result ? Why, the world would wither consisting of muriatic acid, would soon at once with drought. The fair face of burn up all vegetation and blister every nature, still as fresh and blooming as in landscape on the globe. With Atlantics her infant days, would contract in ghastly of turpentine or Pacifics of train oil, not wrinkles, and the comeliest landscapes an herb would grow for the nourishment grow cadaverous with premature age. of cattle, nor a tree for the use of the car.
As matters now stand, have we not penter. For many reasons, too, a change numerous deserts dispersed over the sur- in the character of the ocean fluid would face of the globe-spots of barrenness be highly detrimental to the interests of and death, where the pulse of the planet man. Considering the sea simply as a can not be felt, and where its life-blood highway for our ships, any alteration in apparently ceases to circulate ? These its specific gravity, or in the cohesive reseem to show that the earth is not over- lationship of its particles, would affect all done with water, and that, spite of the vast our maritime operations; for how could any acreage of the ocean, there are tracts of vessels float in a thin liquid like naphtha, ! Wala land which its vapor can not reach, and or cruise in a heavy one like quicksilver, certainly can not drench. When a wind, or plow their way through a viscid one charged with moisture, sets out on its like tar or treacle? Ransack the whole travels over a continent, it gradually de- list of existing fluids, and not another posits its freight as it proceeds; and should could be found to supply the place and it encounter a range of tall mountains, the perform the multifarious duties of water. cold at their chilly tops extracts the hu But the liquid which fills the vast ocean midity in the shape of snow, leaving the tanks is not pure. It contains, in general, breeze to pursue its course beggared of from three to three and a half the fatness which the soil demands. of saline ingredients. To these, latterly, There are countries where showers rarely philosophers have begun to assign very fall, because the intervening regions steal considerable importance in the economy all the vapor which the prevailing winds of the great deep. They are not chance obtain from the ocean exchequer. Peru items in its waters, but elements of prois notoriously in this predicament. Jup- found significance, seeing that they regn. iter Pluvius is unknown in that!, ality. late its issues of vapor and guide its The south-east trades, which first movements from the equator to the poles. sprinkle the shores of Brazil, a hen The saline materials consist of chloride of ico feed the large streams of South America, sodium, cloride of magnesium, sulphate afterwards rush up the slopes of the of lime, sulphate of magnesia, and other Andes in a state of comparative poverty, mineral compounds, the first of these presenten and finally tumble over into the land of ponderating to such a degree, that for the Incas in a condition of real hygromet- most purposes we are content to regard ric insolvency. Upon similar grounds the the ocean simply as a reservoir of common the existence of Sabaras in Africa, Asia, Aus- salt. Nor should we forget to remark, men tralia, and North-America may be ex en passant, for it is certainly worthy of plained. Looking, indeed, at these barren being ranked amongst the noticeable harpatches, and assuming that other physical monies of nature that the substance circumstances continued the same, we which is most largely diffused through the may well ask whether the world could be sea is precisely the condiment which kept in working order—whether its rivers man's instinct has taught him to employ to and lakes could be sufficiently supplied— most extensively on land. The quantity
varies according to circumstances and has gradually acquired its present charge,
Salt, therefore, will not prevent decomIf, however, the quantity of these in- position, if the waves are permitted to gredients varies, their quality and relative sleep. Further, provision appears to be proportions are singularly uniform. Bear- made in other ways for the removal of ing in mind that the soluble matters of the decaying matter which may be poured the land are constantly washed into the into the great marine cesspools. To say ocean, and that each river carries its own nothing of chemical operations, the sea is particular contingent to the deep, we peopled by crowds of microscopic animals, might expect that a more mongrel fluid which banquet in a great measure upon would result. But every where the water the refuse organisms of the land ; and seems to yield the same species of salts these become food in their turn for the when dissected by the chemist's art. bulkier denizens of the deep. Whole Their origin is still a question of much legions of infusoria go down into the mystery. Whether the existing ocean caverns of the whale at a single gulp. was produced in a brackish condition, or / Patches of white or colored water, stretch