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Por. Ay, but, I fear, you speak upon the rack, To render them redoubted. Look on beanty, Where men enforced do speak any thing. And you shall see'tis purchas'd by the weight;

Bass. Promise me life, and I'll confess the Which therein works a miracle in nature, Por. Well tben, confess, and live, [truth. Making them lightest that wear most of it : Bass,

Confess, and love, So are those crisped § snaky golden locks, Had been the very sum of my confession: Which make such wanton gambols with the O happy torment, when my torturer

Upon supposed fairness, often known (wind, Doth teach me answers for deliverance! To be the dowry of a second head, But let me to my fortune and the caskets. The scull that bred them, in the sepulchre.

Por. Away then: Iam lock'd in one ofthem; Thus ornament is but the guiled || shore If you do love me, you will find me out.- To a most dangerons sea; the beauteous scarf Nerissa, and the rest,stand all aloof (choice; Veiling in Indian beauty ; in a word, [on Let music sound, while he doth make his. The seeming truth which cunning times put Then, if he lose, he makes a swan-like end, To entrap the wisest. Therefore, thou gaudy Fading in music: that the comparison

gold, May stand more proper, my eye shall be the Hard food for Midas, I will none of thee : stream,

Nor none of thee,thou pale and common drudge And wat'ry death-bed for him : He may win; |’Tween man and inan: but thou, thou meagre And what is music then ? then music is


(aught, Even as the flourish when true subjects bow Which rather threat'nest, than dost promise To a new.crowned monarch : such it is, Thy plainness moves me more than eloquence, As are those dulcet sounds in break of day, And here choose I; Joy be the consequence! That creep into the dreaming bridegroom's ear, Por. How all the other passions fleet to air, And summon him to marriage. Now he goes, As doubtful thoughts, and rash-embraced With no less presence, but with much more despair, Than young Alcides,when hedid redeem (love, And shudd'ring fear and green-eyed jealousy. The virgin tribute paid by bowling Troy O love, be moderate, allay thy ecstasy, To the sea-monster : I stand for sacrifice, In measure rein thy joy, scant this excess; The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives, I feel too much thy blessing, make it less, With bleared visages, come forth to view For fear I surfeit! The issue of the exploit. Go, Hercules !


What find I here? Live thou, I live : -With much much more

[Opening the leaden casket. dismay

(fray. Fair Portia's counterfeit t? What demi.god I view the fight, than thou that makest the Hath come so near creation? Move these eyes! Music, whilst BASSANIO comments on the Or whether, riding on the balls of mine, caskets to himself.

Seem they in motion ? Here are sever'd lips,

Parted with sugar breath; so sweet a bar

Should suudér such sweet friends: Here in 1. Tell me, where is fancyt bred, her hairs

Or in the heart, or in the head? The painter plays the spider; and hath woven

How begot, how nourished ? A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men, Reply. 2. It is engender'd in the eyes, Faster than gnats ia cobwebs : But her eyes,

With gazing fed ; and fancy dies How could he see to do them? having made one,
In the cradle where it lies: Methinks it should have power to steal both his,

Let us all ring funcy's knell ; And leave itself unfurnish'd: Yet look, how far

P'll begin it, -Ding, dong, beli. The substance of my praise doth wrong this All. Ding, dong, bell.

In underprizing it, so far this shadow (shadow Bass.-So may the outward shows be Doth limp behind the substance.-Here's the least themselves;

scroll, The world is still deceived with ornament. The continent and summary of my fortune. In law, what plea so tainted and corrupt,

You that choose not by the view, But, being season'd with a gracious | voice, Chance as fair, and choose as true ! Obscures the show of evil? In religion,

Since this fortune falls to you, What damned error, but some sober brow

Be content and seek no new.. Will bless it, and approve it with a text,

If you be well pleused with this, Hiding the grossness with fair ornaments And hold your fortune for your bliss, There is no vice so simple, but assumes

Turn you where your lady is, Some mark of virtue on his outward parts. And claim her with a loving kiss. How many cowards, wbose hearts are all as A gentle scroll ;--Fair lady, by your leave; false

(Kissing her. As stairs of sand, wear yet upon their chins I come by note, to give, and to receive. The beards of Hercules, and frowning Mars; Like one of two contending in a prize, (eyes, Who, inward search’d, have livers white as That thinks he hath done well in people's milk?

Hearing applause, and universal shoni, And these assume but valour's, excrement, Giddy in spirit, still gazing, in a doubt * Dignity of mien. + Love. Wiming favour. Ś Curled. | Treacherous.

Likences, portrait.

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Whether those peals of praise be his or no ; To have her love, provided that your fortune So, thrice fair lady, stand I, even so;

Achieved her mistress. As doubtful whether what I see be true,


Is this true, Nerissa! Until confirm'd, sign'd, ratified by you. (stand, Ner. Madam., it is, so you stand pleased Por. You see me, lord Bassanio, where


(faith? Such as I am : though, for myself alone, Bass. And do you, Gratiano, mean good I would not be ambitions in my wish,

Gra. Yes, 'faith, my lord. [your marriage. To wish myself much better; yet, for you, Bass. Our feast shall be much honourd in I would be trebled twenty times myself ; Gra. We'll play with them, the first boy A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times for a thousand ducats. More rich;

Ner. What, and stake down? That only to stand high on your account, Gra. No; we shall ne'er win at that sport, I might in virtues, beauties, livings, friends,

and stake down. Exceed account: but the full sam of me But who comes here? Lorenzo, and his infidel? Is sum of something ; which, tu term in gross, What, my old Venetian friend, Salerio ? Is an unlesson'd girl, unscho:old, unpractised: Enter LORENZO, JESSICA, and SALERIO. Happy in this, she is not yet so old

Bass. Lorenzo, and Salerio, welcome hither; But she may learn; and happier than this, If that the youth of my new interest here She is not bred so dull but she can learn; Have power to bid you welcome :-By your Happiest of all, is, that her gentle spirit I bid my very friends and countrymen, [leave, Commits itself to yours to be directed, Sweet Portia, welcome. As from her lord, her governor, ber king.


So do I, my lord ; Myself, and what is mine, to you, and yours They are entirely welcome. (my lord, Is now converted : but now I was the lord Lor. I thank your honour:-For my part, Of this fair mansion, master of my servants, My purpose was not to have seen you here; Queen o'er myself; and even now, but now, But meeting with Salerio by the way, This house, these servants,and this same myself, He did entreat me, past all saying nay, Are yours, my lord ; I give them with this ring; To come with him along. Which when you part from, lose, or give away, Sale.

I did, my lord, Let it presage the rain of your love,

And I have reason for it. Signior Antonio And be my vantage to exclaim on you. [words, Commends him to you. Bass. Madam, you have bereft me of all

[Gives BASSANIO a letter. Only my blood speaks to you in my veins : Bass.

Ere I ope his letter, And there is such confusion in my powers, I pray you, tell me how my good friend doth. As, after some oration fairly spoke

Sale. Not sick, my lord, unless it be in By a beloved prince, there doth appear

mind; Among the bazzing pleased multitude; Nor well, unless in mind i his letter there Where every something, being blent* together, Will show you his estate. Turns to a wild of nothing, save of joy, Gra. Nerissa, cheer yon' stranger ; bid bier Express'd, and not express'd: But when this welcome.

(Venice? ring

(hence;| Your hand, Salerio ; What's the news from Parts from this finger, then parts life from How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio ? 0, then he bold to say, Bassanio's dead. I know, he will be glad of our success;

Ner. My lord and lady, it is now our time, We are the Jasons, we have won the fleece. That have stood by, and seen our wishes Sale. 'Would you had won the fleece that prosper,

(lady! he hath lost! (yon' same paper, To cry, good joy; Good joy, my lord, and Por. There are some shrewd contents in

Gra. My lord Bassanio, and my gentle lady, That steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek: I wish you all the joy that you can wish; Some dear friend dead else nothing in the For, I am sore, you can wish none from me: Could turn so much the constitution (world And, when your honours mean to solemnize Of any constant man. What, worse and worse?-The bargain of your faith, I do beseech you, With leave, Bassanio ; I am half yourself, Even at that time I may be married too. And I must freely have the half of any thing Bass. With all my heart, so thou canst get That this same paper brings you. a wife. (me one. Bass.

O sweet Portia, Gra. I thank your lordship ; you have got Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words, My eyes, my lord, can look as swift as yours : That ever blotted paper ! "Gentle lady, You saw the mistress, I beheld the maid; When I did first impart my love to you, You loved, I loved ; for intermission t I freely told you, all the wealth I had No more pertains to me, my lord, than yon. Ran in my veins, I was a gentleman; Your fortune stood upon the caskets there; And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady, And so did mine too, as the matter falls: Rating myself at nothing, you shall sce For wooing here, until I sweat again ; How much I was a braggart: When I told you And swearing, till my very roof was dry My state was nothing, I shoold then have told With oaths of love : at last,-if promise last,

you Į got a promise of this fair one here, That I was worse than nothing ; for, indeed,

• Blended. + Pause, delay.

I have engaged myself to a dear friend, your pleasure : if your love do not per-
Engag'd my friend to his mere enemy, suade you to come, let not my letter.
To feed my means. Here is a letter, lady ; Por. O love, despatch all business, and be
The paper as the body of my friend,


(away, And every word in it a gaping wound,

Bass. Since I have your good leave to go Issuing life-blood. But is it true, Salerio? I will make hasté : but, till I come again, Have all his ventures fail'd? What, not one hit? No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay, From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England, No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?

[Exeunt. And not one vessel 'scape the dreadful touch

SCENE III. Venice. A Street. Of merchant-marring rocks? Sale. Not one, my lord. Enter SHYLOCK, SALANIO, ANTONIO, and

Gaoler. Besides, it should appear, that if he had The present money to discharge the Jew, Shy. Gaoler, look to him ; --Tell not me of He would not take it : Never did I know

mercy ; A creatore, that did bear the shape of man, This is the fool that lent out money gratis ; So keen and greedy to confound a man : Gaoler, look to him.. He plies the duke at morning, and at night ; Ant.

Hear me yet, good Shylock. And doth impeach the freedom of the state, Shy. I'll have my bond; speak not against If they deny him justice: twenty merchants,

my bond; The duke himself, and the magnificoes * I have sworn an oath, that I wilt have my Of greatest port, have all persuaded with him; bond:

. (cause: But none can drive him from the envious plea Thou call’dst me dog, before thou hadst a Of forfeiture, of justice, and his bond. But, since I am a dog, beware my fangs : Jes. When I was with him, I have heard The duke shall grant me justice.-1 do wonder, him swear,

Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fondi To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen, To come abroad with him at his request. That he would rather have Antonio's flesh, Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak. Than twenty times the value of the sum Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear That he did owe him : and I know, my lord, thee speak :

(more. If law, anthority, and power deny not, I'll have my bond; and therefore speak no It will go hard with poor Antonio.

I'll not be made a soft and dull-eyed fool, Por. Is it your dear friend, that is thus in To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield trouble?

[man, To christian intercessors. Follow not; Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest I'll have no speaking; I will have my bond. The best condition'd and unwearied spirit

: [Erit SHYLOCK. In doing courtesies ; and one in whom, Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur, The ancient Roman honour more appears, That ever kept with men. Than any that draws breath in Italy.


Let him alone ; Por, What sum owes he the Jew?

I'll follow him no more with bootless prayers Bass. For me, three thousand ducats. He seeks my life; bis reason well I know; Por.

What, no more? I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond; Many that have at times made myan to me; Double six thousand, and then treble that, Therefore he hates me. Before a friend of this description


I am sure, the duke Shall lose a hair through Bassanio's fault. Will never grant this forfeiture to hold. (law; First, go with me to church, and call me wife: Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of And then away to Venice to your friend; For the commodity that strangers have For never shall you lie by Portia's side With us in Venice, if it be denied, With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold Will much impeach the justice of the state ; To pay the petty debt twenty times over; Since that the trade and profit of the city When it is paid, bring your true friend along: Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go: My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time, These griefs and losses have so 'bated me, Will live as maids and widows. Come, away; That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh For you shall hence upon your wedding-day : To-morrow to my bloody creditor. Bid your friends welcome, show a merry Well, gaoler, on :-Pray God, Bassanio come cheert;

[dear. To see me pay his debt, and then I care not! Since you are dear bought, I will love you

(Ereunt. But let me hear the letter of your friend.

SCENE IV. Belmont. A Room in Portia's Bass. [Reads.] Sweet Bassanio, my ships

House. have all miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my estate is very low, my bond to Enter PORTIA,Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, the Jew is forfeit; and since, in paying it,

and BALTHAZAR. it is impossible I should live, all debts are Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your cleared between you and I, if I might but presence. see you at my death: notwithstanding, use. You have a noble and a true conceit • The chief men.

+ Face.'


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Of god-like amity; which appears most Por. They sball, Nerissa ; but in such a strongly

habit, In bearing thus the absence of your lord. That they shall think we are accomplished But, if you knew to whom you show this ho- With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, How true a gentleman you send relief, [nour, When we are both accoutred like young men, How dear a lover of my lord your husband, I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, I know, you would be prouder of the work, And wear my dagger with a braver grace; Than customary bounty can enforce you. And speak, between the change of man and boy,

Por. I never did repent for doing good, With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps Nor shall not now: for in companions Into a manly stride; and speak of frays, That do converse and waste the time together, Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies, Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, How honourable ladies sought my love, There must be needs a like proportion Which I denying, they fell sick and died; Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; I could not do with all:-then I'll repent, Which makes me think, that this Antonio, And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd Being the bosom loyer of my lord,

And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, (them : Must needs be like my lord: If it be so, That men shall swear, I have discontinued How little is the cost I have bestow'd,


(mind In purchasing the semblance of my soul Above a twelvemonth :-I have within my From out the state of hellish cruelty?

A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, This comes too near the praising of myself; Which I will practise. Therefore, no more of it: hear other things.- Ner.

Why, shall we turn to men? Lorenzo, I commit into your hands

Por. Fie! what a question's that, The husbandry and manage of my house, If thou wert near a lewd interpreter? Until my lord's return: for mine own part, But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow, When I ain in my coach, which stays for us To live in prayer and contemplation,

At the park gate; and therefore haste away, Only attended by Nerissa here,

For we must measure twenty miles to-day. Uptil her husband and my lord's return:

(Ereunt. There is a monastery two miles off,

SCENE V. The same. A Garden. And there we will abide. I do desire you, Not to deny this imposition ;

Enter LAUNCELOT and Jessica. The which my love, and some necessity, Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins Now lays upon you.

of the father are to be laid upon the children; Lor.

Madam, with all my heart; therefore, I promise you, I fear yon. I was I shall obey you in all fair commands. always plain with you, and so now I speak

Por. My people do already know my mind, my agitation of the matter : Therefore, be of And will acknowledge you and Jessica good cheer; for, truly, I think, you are damn'd. In place of lord Bassanio and myself. There is but one hope in it that can do you So fare you well, till we shall meet again. any good; and that is but a kind of bastard Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend hope neither. on you.

Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee? Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. Laun. Marry, you may partly bope that Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well your father got you not, that you are not the pleased

Jew's daughter. To wish it back on you : fare you well, Jes- Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, insica.

[Exeunt Jes. and Lur. deed; so the sins of my mother should be Now, Balthazar,

visited upon me. As I have ever found thee honest, true, Laun. Truly then I fear you are damn'd So let me find thee still: Take this same letter, both by father and mother: thus when I shun And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Scylla, your father, I fall into Charybdis, your In speed to Padua; see thou render this mother: well, you are gone both ways. Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario;

Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he And, look, what notes and garments he doth hath made me a Christian. give thee,

Laun. Truly, the more to blame he : we Bring them, I pray thee, with imagined speed were Christians enough before ; e'en as many Unto the traject, to the common ferry as could well live, one by another : This makWhich trades to Venice :-waste no time in ing of Christians will raise the price of bogs; words,

if we grow all to be pork-eaters, we shall not But get thee gone: I shall be there before thee. shortly have a rasher on the coals for money. Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient

Enter LORENZO. speed.

[Exit. Jes. I'll tell my husband, "Launcelot, what Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in you say ; bere he comes.. band,

[bands, Ler. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, That you yet know not of: we'll see our hus- Launcelot, if you thus get my wife into corners. Before they thiok of us.

Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Ner.

Shall they see us? | Launcelot and I are outs he tells me flatly,

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there is no mercy for me in heaven, because your coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be I am a Jew's daughter : and he says, you are as humours and conceits shall govern. no good member of the commonwealth; for,

[Exit LAUN. in converting Jews to Christians, you raisé Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are the price of pork.

The fool hath planted in his memory [suited ! Lor. I shall answer that better to the com- An army of good words : And I do know monwealth, than you can the getting ap of the A many fools, that stand in better place, negro's belly: the Moor is with child by you, Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Launcelot,

Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica? Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, more than reason: but if she be less than an How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? bonest woman, she is, indeed, more than I Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, took her for

The lord Bassanio live au upright life ; Lor. How every fool can play upon the For, having such a blessing in his lady, word! I think, the best grace of wit will He finds the joys of heaven here on earth; shortly turn into silence; and discourse grow And, if on earth he do not mean it, it commendable in none oply but parrols. ---Go Is reason he should never come to heaven. in, sirrah;

bid them prepare for dinner. Why, if two gods should play some heavenly Laun. That is done, sir; they have all sto- · match, machs.

And on the wager lay two earthly women, Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are And Portia une, there must be something else you! then bid then prepare dinner.

Pawnd with the other ; for the poor rude Laun. That is done too, sir; only, cover Hath not her fellow.

(world is the word.


Even such a husband Lor. Will you cover then, sir?

Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion ! Lor. I will anon; first, let as go to dinner. Wilt thou show the whole wealth of thy wit Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a in an instant? I pray thee, understand a plain : stomach.

(talk; man in his plain meaning: go to thy fellows; Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for tablebid them cover the table, serve in the meat, Then, howsoe'er thou speak’sı, 'mong other and we will come in to dinner.

I shall digest it.

[things Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served Jes.

Well, I'll set you furth. in; for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for


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ACT IV. SCENE I. Venice. A Court of Justice. That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes; ANTONIO, Thou'll show thy mercy, and remorset, more

To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, BASSANIO, GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALA

strange NIO, and others.

Than is thy strange apparent i cruelty: Duke. What, is Antonio here?

And whereg thou now exact'st the penalty, Ant. Ready, so please your grace.

(Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture, to answer

But tonch'd with human gentleness and love, A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch Forgive a moiety of the principal ; Uncapable of pity, void and empty

Glancing an eye of pity on his losses, From any dram of mercy.

That have of late so huddled on his back; Ant. I have heard,

Enough to press a royal merchant lotn,
Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify And pluck commiseration of his su
His rigorous course; but since he stands obdu- From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of fint,
And that no lawful means can carry me (rate, From stubbornTurks and Tartars, never train'd
Out of his envy's * reach, I do oppose

To offices of tender courtesy.
My patience to his fury; and am arm'd We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,

Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I The very tyranny and rage of his.

purpose; Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,

(my lord. To have the due and forfeit of my bond: Salan. He's ready at the door : he comes, If you deny it, let the danger light Enter SHYLOCK.

Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. Duke. Make room, and let him stand before You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have our face.

A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, | Three thousand ducats : i'll not answer that

**... Hatred, malice. + Pity. ! Seeming.' Ś Whereas.


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