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But, say, it is my hamour* ; Is it answer'd ? There is no force in the decrees of Venice :
(ger. Of what it likes, or loaths: Now, for your Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the messenanswer:
Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? As there is no firm reason to be render'd,
[all, Why he cannot abide a gapingi pig;
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. Why he, a swollen bag-pipe; but of force Ant. I am a tainted wether the flock, Must yield to such inevitable shame,
Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit As to offend, himself being offended;
Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: So can I give no reason, nor I will not, You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio, More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing, Than to live still, and write mine epitaph. I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
Enter NERISSA, dressed like a lawyer's A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd?
clerk. Bass. This is no answer, thou upfeeling man, Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? To excuse the current of thy cruelty,
Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my your grace. [Presents a letter. answer.
[not love? Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so Bass. Do all, men kill the things they do earnestly?
(rupt there. Shy. Hates any man the thing he would Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that banknot kill?
Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.
(can, Shy. What, wouldst thou have a serpent Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal sting thee twice?
(the Jew: No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenAnt. I pray you, think you question with ness
(thee? You may as well go stand upon the beach, Of thy sharp envy ll. Can no prayers pierce And bid the main food bate his usual height; Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to You may as well use question with the wolf,
make. Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; Gra. 0, be thon damn'd, inexorable dog! You may as well forbid the mountain pines And for thy life let justice be accus'd. To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith, When they are fretted with the gasts of heaven; To hold opinion with Pythagoras, You may as well do any thing most hard, That souls of animals infuse themselves As seek to soften that (than which what's Into the trunks of men: thy currish spirit, harder?)
[you, Govern'd a wolf, who, hang’d for human His Jewish heart:-Therefore, I do beseech slaughter, Make no more offers, use no further means, Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, But, with all brief and plain conveniency, And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. Infused itself in thee; for thy desires Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here Are wolfish, bloody, starved, and ravenous. is six.
Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud : I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, ren- To cureless ruin.-I stand here for law. [mend dering none
wrong? Duke. This letter from Bellario doth comShy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no A young and learned doctor to our court:You have among you many a purchased slave, Where is he? Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and Ner.
He attendeth here hard by, You use in abject and in slavish parts, (mules, To know your answer, whether you'll admit Because you bought them :-Shall I say to you, him.
four of you, Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? Duke. With all my heart :-some three or Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds Go give him courteous conduct to this place.Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Mean time, the court shall bear Bellario's Be season'd with such viands? You willanswer, letter. The slaves are ours:-So do I answer yoa: [Clerk reads.) Your grace shall under. The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, stand, that, at the receipt of your letter, 18 dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it: | 1 am very sick, but in the instant that I! yon deny me, fie upon your ļaw!
your messenger came, in loving visitation • Particular fancy. + Prejudice. Crying. s Converse.
wus with me a youni acquainted him with Yea, twice the sum: if that will not saffice,
doctor of Rome, his Bass. Yes, here I tenderit for him in the court; name is Balthasar: the cause in controversy between the Jew I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, and Antonio the merchant : we turned On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart : o'er many books together : he is furnish'd if this will not suffice, it must appear (you, with my opinion ; which, better'd with his That malice bears down truth. And I beseech own learning, (the greatness whereof I can- Wrest once the law to your authority: not enough commend,) comes uith him, at To do a great right, do a little wrong; my importunity, to fill up your grace's re- And curb this cruel devil of his will. quest in my stead. I beseech you, let his Por. It must not be; there is no power in lack of years be no impediment to let him Can alter a decree established: (Venice lack å reverend estimation ; for I never Twill be recorded for a precedent; knew so young a body, with so old a head. And many an error, by the same example, I leave him to your gracious acceptunce, Will rush into the state : it cannot be. whose, trial shall better publish his com- Shy. A Daniel come to judgment ! yea, a mendation.
Daniel ! Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what wise young judge, how do I honour thee! he writes :
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. And here, I take it, is the doctor come.
Shy.Here'tis,most reverend doctor,bereit is. Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws. Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money Give me your hand : Came you fronı old Bel. offer'd thee.
[heaven: Por. I did, my lord.
(lario ? Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Shall I lay perjury upon my soul? Are you acquainted with the difference No, not for Venice. That holds this present question in the court ? Por. Why, this boud is forfeit;
Por. I am informed throughly of the cause. And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Which is the merchant here,and which the Jew? A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand Nearest the merchant's heart:- Be merciful; Por. Is your name Shylock? (forth. Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond. Shy.
Shylock is my name. Shy. When it is paid according to the tenoar.-Por.Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; It doth appear, you are a worthy judge; Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law You know the law, your exposition
[law, Cannot impugn * you, as you do proceed. Hath been most sound : I charge you by the You stand within bis dangert, do you not ? Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
[TO ANTONIO. Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear Ant. Ay, so he says.
There is no power in the tongue of man Por.
Do you confess the bond? To alter nie: I stay here on my bond. Ant. I do.
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court Por, Then must the Jew be merciful. To give the judgment. Shy.On what compulsion must I? tell me that.
Why then, thus it is. Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; You mnst prepare your, bosom for his knife: It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd; Por. For the intent and purpose of the law It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Hath full relation to the penalty, 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest ; it becomes Which here appeareth due upon the bond. The throned monarch better than his crown: Shy. 'Tis very true: 0 wise and upright judge! His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, How much more elder art thou than thy looks! The attribute to awe and majesty,
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings ; Shy.
Ay, his breast: But mercy is above this sceptred sway, So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge ! It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, Nearest his heart, those are the very words. It is an attribute to God himself;
Por. It is so. Are there balance bere, to And earthly power doth then show likest God's, The flesh.
(weigh When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Shy. I have tliem ready. (yonr charge, Though justice be thy plea, consider this, Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on That, in the course of justice, none of us To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy; Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that I The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thas much, 'Twere good you do so much for charity. To mitigate the justice of thy plea;
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant
Ant. But little; I am arm'd, and well preShy. My deeds upon my bead! Icrave the law, Give me your hand, Bassanio s
'fare you The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you; Por. Is he not able to discharge the money ?) For herein fortune shows herself more kind Oppose.
+ Reach or control.
Than is her custom: it is still her use, Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
forfeiture. Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. And he repents not that he pays your debt; Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. He shall have merely justice, and his bond.
Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife, Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel! Which is as dear to me as life itself;
I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? Are not with me esteem'd above thy life : Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the for I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. (feiture, Here to this devil, to deliver you. [for that, Shy. Why then the devil give him good of Por. Your wife would give you little thanks I'll stay no longer question.
sit! If she were by, to hear you make the offer. Por,
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; That by direct, or indirect attempts,
Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
(Aside. Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. In which predicament, 1 say, thou stand'st: Por. A ponnd of that same merchant's For it appears by manifest proceeding, flesh is thine;
That, indirectly, and directly too, The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life
Shy. Most rightful judge ! [his breast; Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
Por. And you must cut this flesh from off The danger formerly by me rehears’d. The law allows it, and the court awards it. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Shy. Most learned judge !--A sentence ; Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to • come, prepare.
hang thyself: Por. Tarry a little ;--there is something And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Thou hast not left the value of a cord; The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's Take then thy bond, take thon thy pound of charge.
Gra. O upright judge!-Mark, Jew ;-0 Which humbleness may drive unto a tine.
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Por. Thyself shalt see the act : Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon nvi For, as thon urgest justice, be assurd,
(prop Thou shalt have justice, more than thon de- You take my house, when you do take the sirest.
(learned judge! That doth sustain my house; you take my life, Gra. O learned judge!-Mark, Jew ;-a When you do take the means whereby I live.
Shy. I take this offer then ;--pay the bond Por. What mercy can you render him, AnAnd let the Christian go.
Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else; for God's
(the court, The Jew shall have all justice;-soft l.no Ant. So please my lord the doke, and all He shall have nothing but the penalty. To quit the fine for one half of his goods; Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned I am content, so he will let me have judge!
[Nesh. The other half in use,--to render it, Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the Upon his death, unto the gentleman Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor. That lately stole his daughter : favour, more,
Two things provided more,-That, for this But just a pound of flesh: if thou takest more, He presently become a Christian;
The other, that he do record a gift,
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, Here in the court, of all he dies possessid, And find it out by proclamation : Unto bis son Lorenzo, and his daughter. Only for this, I pray you, pardon me,
Duke. He shall do this ; or else I do recant Por. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers: The pardon, that I late pronounced here. You taught me first to bėg; and now, methiņks,
Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost You teach me how a beggar should be answerd. Shy. I am content.
(thou say? Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift.
my wife; Shy.
pray you, give me leave to go from And, when she put it on, she made me vow, lam not well; send the deed after me, (bence; That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. And I will sign it.
Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.
their gifts. Gra. In christening thou shalt have two An if your wife he not a mad woman, godfathers;
(more, And know how well I have deserved this ring, Had I been judge, thou shouldst have had ten She would not hold out enemy for ever, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! [Exit SHYLOCK.
[Exeunt Portia and NERISSA. Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have thering; dinner.
(pardon; Let his deservings, and my love withal, Por. I humbly do desire your grace of Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandement. I must away this night toward Padua, Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, And it is meet, I presently set forth.
Give him the ring, and bring him, if thou canst, Duke. I am sorry,
that your leisure serves Unto Antonio's house:---away, make haste. Antonio, gratify this gentleman; (you not.
(Exit GRATIANO. For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. Come, you and I will thither presently;
(Exeunt Duke, Magnificoes, und Train. And in the morning early will we both Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my Fly toward Belmont: Come,Antonio. [Exeunt. friend,
SCENE II. The same. A Street. Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,
Enter PORTIA and NERISSA. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew, Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give We freely cope your courteous pains withậl. him this deed,
Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, And let him sign it; we'll away to-night, In love and service to you evermore.
And be a day before our husbands home : Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied; This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo. And I, delivering you, am satisfied,
Enter GRATIANO. And therein do account myself well paid; Gra. Fair sir, you are well overtaken: My mind was never yet more mercenary. My lord Bassanio, upon more advice , I pray you, know me, when we meet again ; Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat I wish you well, and so I take my leave. Your company at dinner. Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you
That cannot be: further;
This ring. I do accept inost thankfully Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, And
80, pray you, tell him : Furthermore, Not as a fee: grant me two things, I pray you, I pray you, show my youth old Shylock's house. Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
Gra. That will I do. Por. You press me far, and therefore I will Ner. Sir, I would speak with you :Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, (you :
[To PORTIA. And, for your love, I'll take this ring from Which I did make him swear to keep for ever. Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more; Por. Thou mayst, I warrant: We shall have And you in love shall not deny me this.
old swearing, Bass. This ring, good sir,--alas, it is a trifle; That they did give the rings away to men; I will not shame myself to give you this. But we'll outface them, and outswear them too.
Por. I will have nothing else but only this; Away, make haste; thou know'st where I And now, methinks, I have a mind to it.
will tarry Bass. There's more depends on this, than Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to on the value.
ACT V. SCENE I. Belmont. Avenue to Portia's | When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, House.
And they did make no poise; in such a night, Enler LORENZO and JESSICA. Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls, Lor. The moon shines bright :-In such a And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tepts, night as this,
Where Cressid lay that night. • Reflection.
In such a night, Become the touches of sweet harmony. Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew; Sit, Jessica: Look, how the floor of heaven And saw the lion's shadow ere himself, Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold; And ran dismay'd away:
There's not the smallest orb, which thou beLor. In such a night,
hold'st, Stood Dido, with a willow in her hand But in his motion like an angel sings, Upon the wild sea-banks, and wav'd her love Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims : To come again to Carthage.
Such harmony is in immortal souls; Jes.
In such a night, But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. That did renew old Æson.
Enter Musicians. Lor.
In such a night, Come, ho, and wake Diana with a hymn Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew : With sweetest touches pierce your mistress And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, And draw her home with music. [ear, As far as Belmont.
Jes. I am never merry, when I hear sweet Jes. And in such a night,
(Music. Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attenStealing her soul with many vows of faith, And ne'er a true one.
For do but note a wild and wanton herd, Lor.
And in such a night, Or race of youthful and unhandled colts, Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighSlander her love, and he forgave it her.
ing loud, Jes. I would out.night you, did no body come: Which is the hot condition of their blood; But, hark, I hear the footing of a man. If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound, Enter STEPHANO,
Or any air of music touch their ears, Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the You shall perceive them make a mutual stand, Steph. A friend.
(night? Their savage eyes turn’d to a modest gaze, Lor. A friend? what friend ? your name, I By the sweet power of music; Therefore, pray you, friend ?
(word, Steph. Stephano is my name; and I bring Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, My mistress will before the break of day
(rage, Be here at Belmont; she doth stray about Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays But music for the time doth change his For happy wedlock hours.
nature : Lor.
Who comes with her? The inan that hath no music in himself, Steph. None, but a holy hermit, and her Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet maid.
sounds, i pray you, is my master yet return'd ?
Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils; Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard The motions of his spirit are dull as night, from him.
And his affections dark as Erebus: But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,
Let no such man be trusted.-Mark the music. And ceremoniously let us prepare
Enter PORTIA and NERISSA, at a distance. Some welcome for the mistress of the house. Por. That light we see, is burning in my Enter LAUNCELOT.
hall. Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola! How far that little candle throws his beams! Lor. Who calls ?
So shines a good deed in a naughty world. Laun. Sola! did you see master Lorenzo, Ner. When the moon shone, we did not and mistress orenzo! sola, sola!
see the candle.
(less : Lor. Leave hollaing, man; here.
Por. So doth the greater glory dim the Laun. Sola! where? where?
A substitute shines brightly as a king, Lor. Here.
Until a king be by; and then his state Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from Empties itself, as doth an inland brook my master, with his horn full of good news; Into the main of waters. Music ! hark ! my master will be here ere morning. (Exit. Ner. It is your music, madam, of the Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect house. their coming.
Por. Nothing is good, I see, without reAnd yet no matter ;-Why should we go in? spect;
[day. My friend Stephano, signity, I pray you, Methinks, it sounds much sweeter than by Within the house, your mistress is at hand; Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, maAnd bring your music forth into the air.
[lark, [Exit STEPHANO. Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the How sweet the moon-light sleeps upon this When neither is attended; and, I think, bank!
[sic The nightingale, if she should sing by day, Here will we sit, and let the sounds of mu. When every goose is cackling, would be. Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the thought night,
No better a musician than the wren. • A small flat dish, used in the administration of the Eucharist,