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- win, whom I daily call upon to De n. viuse wondrous acts are

5 metatis bend, -God, who ne ar ve spported his Son Jesus

us De 21 these great things, ze won the spirits of the a great jod, the Creator of

uha and Prend v R 1 mske mmocent amnsements of life

. E. 35 sine 2 i them:-* 3 act wien they are ... men že se to pursued: when the love of

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3. JESUS se pas sa sad energy to the mind of men 20. mae the interests of piety,

- 1 ay guru, co the contrary, una enfeenie i te puwes of the mind, the same So era slus 3 mescle size best interests of human

Pra se i istence a sie ist-trom the cradle of the Som de vien säe mutaer vates to enslumbering eye, to en iäe sal in 2 ta quas its atterest tears upon the 1er ins Stie. -2 25 nermeisz same, every day calls for

A al sy w ni Boncus en osiy be won by the re: 19 ince

Se ma beast #-Buat 1! Tes;-of whom ?-Of *** Zorng stres, 31 v 30 sefissal rould be vain; and

33 stress maga a sers * Nasty, by seeming to yield with e was they see they at at the porer to retain.

Essut the stairs ses of muz, he will then feel, that he is a nak man sie is vir die gas, at 2-3 a the murity machine of Eternal Wisdom: the worksi at ma'nos 125 1472 s *12412 v 1, 2 cereyang ires, and mores, and has its **** lasing sy.

a sufering se stenenes di the raia parts of the year, 2 may be mal uz vish:s rutasca is necessary ;-why

Feed 20€ be constante à rernal bloom and fragrance, purgani s n .. a an the line eing

& ser besaty mi e tan **********a * nemue point of the ade opposite, - **** hat inse from the mere, or che-thri sod sa bat Ieceat fissen the form thereof : an image was

Then 1 passed before ay bace the hair of my fiesh stood up: 3. Pentr* **tant snel of the length of the seal maa be cea asta Gd

bez te eger - There was sienos, and I heard a voice-Shall * * * *nh tha thras-moi fryme acta. 1 Ata ischia thartist from the end of the rod 58. The cash is sometises to be read as a note of inter" *x** De or per weht seta.

rgasi... ******%" he nyser ki is bina, 302, smrs, and on the *** *7.5*32 ch saruna tata la tie Zims, a 15. This pois remiada o our daysreiect that we shall hear their voices no

Is it not enoegh to see or frier s če, and part with them for the #," that the 7 fant

A4.ito parts the 2017, ini mwisc 02 Arun the bottna.

more, and that they w:] Devar lock ca as again to see that turning

Bat as the to corruption, which was bet just now akre, and eloquent, and beautikaar ba Anc '* this fore, it is 4.7.ted between them in the

tal with all the sensations of the soul? **** Brun that tanss from this perat Inside the the

He hears the breas ery; sed shall be not hear, and will be not 1**** gars, wheh hare the procrtins, and the above arenze, the wrongs that Es pobler animals suffer-wrongs that cry ont ***...**... ke bawl. It a letter to do this question by art amei cali agus man from youth to age in the city and in the field, by the way 1 - 1 Jan A te punt and matches A strains. The

and by the reside? *** med sin ties was the desk is om bets taken zato coz hoanding, and Larting down s ancient and honourable names

Can we view their tooly elicts against us-their hanging, heading, தீராத atas.

23 deserving better treatment than that which enemies give to

enemies? PEADIXO ASD ELOCUTIOX.LVL Are these the pompous tilings ye proclaim, lights of the world, and

demi-gods of fame? Is this your triampà-this your proud applause, PESCICATIOS (oni aud).

children of truth, and champions of her cause ? 1%, THZ DASH formlisuel).

Was there ever a bolder captain of a more valiant band? Was there

ever-but I seorn to boast. A. The dur unuires prorera somnthing unexpected; as

And what if thou shalt fall unnoticed by the living-and no friend WISD mwentence arbiyede humorously.

take note of thy departure ?

Seest thou yon lonely cottage in the grove-with little garden Examples.

neatly planned before-its roof deep-shaded by the elms above, mossGerlumules ail, with no artard, laraent for Madam Blaize : who grown, and decked with velvet verdure o'er ? Yourer wastad a teari word from the wiso spoke her praise.

What shall we call them ?--piles of crystal light-a glorious company Tin toddy sailean prasuvi ).-r dtry, and always found her kind; she lighting systems with their joyous beams.

of golden streams-lamps of celestial ether burning bright-suus fr«!y le to all the pexs who left a pledge behind.

les strue the mechanrhod to please, with manner wondrous 59. The dash is sometimes to be read like a note of wiarint; and never followed wicked ways-except when she was exclamation. sinalag. Al church, ia kilka sud satin new, with hoop of monstrous size;

Examples. Bu tiver slumlared in her pew-but when she shut her eyes.

What dreadful pleasure! there to stand sublime, like shipwrecked Ir be was unscht, I do aver, by twenty beaux, and more; the mariner on desert coast, and see the enormous waste of rapour, kinx blinnoll has followed her-when she hps walked before.

tossed in billows lengthening to the horizon round, now scooped in But now her wealth and finery fled, her hangers-on cut short all; gulfs, with mountains now embossed-and hear the voice of mirtha her drestors found, when she was dead-her last disorder mortal.

and song rebound, flocks, herds,

and waterfalls, along the hour Ist te lament, in sorrow sore ; for Kent Street well may say, that profound ! bsd she lived a twelvemonth more--she had not died to-day.

The chain of being is complete in me; in me is matter's last grada57. The dash is sometimes used with other pauses to lengthen lightning, and am dust!

tion lost, and the next step is spirit-Deity! I an command the Above me are the Alps, the palaces of Nature, whose vast walls have

pinnacled in clouds their snowy scalps, and throned Eternity in icy I would not wound thee, Douglas, well thou knowest; but thus to balls of cold sublimity, where forms and falls the avalanche--the hazard on a desperate cast thy golden fortunes thnnderbolt of snow !

Still must I wonder ; for so dark a cloud

Oh, deeper than How has expectation darkened into anxiety-anxiety into dread- thou think'st I've read thy heart. and dread into despair! Alas! not one memento shall ever return for Your grace will pardon me for obeying

Say no more, my love to cherish. All that shall ever be kutown is, that she sailed from child ; you are yet too raw to make proper distinctions. har port, and was never heard of more.

Let them

or suppose I address myself to some A measure of corn would hardly suffice me fine flour enough for a particular sufferer--there is something more confidential in that month's provisions, and this arises to above six score bushels : and manner of communicating one's ideas-as Moore says, Heart speaks many hogsheads of wine aud other liquids have passed through this to heart-I say, then, take especial care to write by candle-light. body of mine—this wretched strainer of meat and drink ! And That spares manual labour—this would relieve from mental drudgery, what have I done all this time for God and man? What a vast pro- and thousands yet unborn

But hold! I am not so fusion of good things upon a useless life and a worthless liver !

sure that the female sex in general may quite enter into my views on

the subject. X. THE HYPHEN.



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60. The hyphen is a mark resembling a dash, but not so

LESSONS IN GEOMETRY,-VI. lung. 61. The hyphen is used to separate the syllables of a word; PROBLEM VI.—To bisect a rectilineal angle, that is, to divide it

into two equal parts. or to make one word of two; as, semi-circle, sea-water.

62. When there is not room enough in the line for the whole Let A B C (Fig. 11), be the rectilineal of a word, some of its syllables are put into the line with a angle to be bisected. From B as centre, hyphen, and the remainder are put into the next line.

with any convenient radius B A, describe 63. When a hyphen is placed over the vowels, it shows that the arc a C, and from the points A, C, as they have their long sound.

centres, describe arcs intersecting each Examples.

other in D; then join B D, and it will

bisect the angle A B C, that is, it will Estrăneous, sea-water, semi-circle, demi-gods, plane-trees, bed-side, divide it into the two equal angles A B D, Over-canopied, toil-hardened, grey-haired, to-morrow, Sabbath-day,

C B D, as required. Sardanapalus, ill-requited, thunder-cloud, European, Epicurēan, pinecorered, clay-cold, snow-clad, parish-clerk, night-steed, moon-eyed,

By this method of construction an izure, all-wise, ēdict, fellow.creatures, icy, well-founded, omega, fellow angle may be divided into any number feeling, üniform, prophesy, earth-born, far-wandering, storm-clouds, of equal parts denoted by the series 2, Fig. 11. hymenéal, chamber, either, fairy, lever, äpiary, culinary.

4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, etc. XI. THE ELLIPSIS.

PROBLEM VII.--To draw an angle equal to a given rectilineal 64. Ellipsis means an omission of some word or words. Some-angle, at a point in a given straight line. times a sentence is unfinished, or some parts of it are purposely Let A B C (Fig. 12) be the given rectilineal angle, D F the omitted ; and the mark which indicates an ellipsis is put in the

given straight line, and D the point place of that which is left out.

in it. From the point B as a centre, 65. An ellipsis is sometimes indicated by a long straight line,

with any convenient radius B A, dethus, which resembles a lengthened dash.

scribe the arc A C; from the point n, in 66. Sometimes the ellipsis is denoted by asterisks, or stars,

the straight line D F, draw the indefi. thus, *

nite arc F E, with the same radius; 67. Sometimes the ellipsis is marked by small dots, or

and from the point F as a centre, with periods, thus,

radius equal to the distance A C, describe 68. Sometimes the ellipsis is indicated by hyphens,

an are intersecting the arc E F, in the thus,

point E; then, through the points D, E, 69. The ellipsis sometimes so closely resembles a dash in its

draw the straight line D E; the angle effects, that it is scarcely distinguishable from it.

Fig. 12.

E D F will be equal to the given angle 70. The voice is generally suspended at an ellipsis; but the falling inflection is frequently used when the ellipsis follows a If any of our students should not see the preceding construcquestion or exclamation. In some of the following examples tion clearly, we add the following one. Let LK I (Fig. 13), be the dash and ellipsis are both used.

the given angle, A B the given straight line, and a the point in

it. From the point k as a centre, with any radius K L, describe Examples.

the arc L I; from the point A as a centre, with the same radius, Hast thou

But how shall I ask a question which must describe the indefinite arc BD; draw the chord L I, and with bring tears into many eyes !

the point B as a centre, with radius equal to the chord LI, The air breathes invitation ; easy is the walk to the lake's margin, describe an arc intersecting the arc B D in the point c; then where a boat lies moored beneath her sheltering tree.

join A c, and the angle B A C is the angle required; that is, it is Forth we went, and down the valley, on the streamlet's bank, equal to the given angle L K I. parsued our way, a broken company, mute or conversing, single or in fairs.

What man is there so vile, that will not love, his country ? If any, let him speak; for him have I offended, I pause for a reply

None! then none bave I offended. It is in vain to explain :-the time it would take to reveal to you

Satisfy my curiosity in writing them. Indeed he is very ill, sir,

Can't help it.

We are very distressed,

Can't help it. children, too, Can't help that, neither.

Fig. 13, Now, if he had married a woman with money, you know, why,

The suppliant turned pale, and would have If the chord B C be drawn, then the two triangles L KI, CAB fainted.

are two equal isosceles triangles. Hence, if an isosceles triangle I have been, my dear S.

excursion through the counties which lie along the eastern side of the Blue triangle D A B equal to the given one.

LK I be given, this construction shows how to make an isosceles Ridge. You have my answer : - let my actions speak.

PROBLEM VIII.—To draw a triangle equal to a given triangle, No, no, Dionysius ; remember that it was I alone who displeased or in other words, to describe a triangle of which the three sides thee: Damon could not Il he were all —

Remember haughty Henry, the nephew are given. of his wife, whose word could speed a veteran army to his kinsman's Let A B C be the gitcn triangle. A triangle is to be drawn, aid.

having its three sides erial to the three straight lines A B, BC,






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C A, the sides of the given triangle A B C. Draw a straight line Another way.-From any two points D E, in the straight lino D E equal to A B, and from the points D, E, as centres, with A B, draw the straight lines DG, E L, perpendicular to A B; radii respectively equal to the straight lines A C, B C, describe then from the same points as centres, with a radius equal to arcs intersecting each other in the point F; then join F E, F D; the given distance c, draw the arcs F G H, K L M, cutting the and the triangle D E F is the triangle required ; that is, it has perpendiculars DG, EL in the points G and L. Join G l, and its three sides equal to the three sides A B, B C, C A of the given produce it as far as may be required at either end. The straight triangle A B C; or it is equal to the triangle A B C.

line G L is parallel to A B.

PROBLEM XI.—To trisect a right angle, or to divide a right angle into three equal parts.

Let BAC be the right angle that is tɔ be divided into three equal parts. Take any point p in A B, and from the centre A at the distance A D, describe the arc D Е, cutting A C in E. Then from the points D, E as

centres, with the radius D A or E A, Fig. 14.

draw arcs, cutting the arc D E in the The mode of construction is the same if it be required to draw points F G. Join A F, AG. The right a triangle having its sides equal to three given straight lines angle B A c is divided into three equal such as the straight lines A, B, C, in Fig. 14.

parts by the straight lines A F, A G. PROBLEM IX.-To draw a straight line through a given point,

If the angles B A F, FAG, G A E be that shall be parallel to a given straight line.

bisected by Problem VI., the right Let B C (Fig. 15), be the given straight line, and a the given angle B A C will be divided into six point, through which a straight line parallel to B C is to be equal parts, and by continued bisec.

Fig. 18. drawn. Take any point E in the tion it may be divided into any num. straight line B C, join E A; and ber of equal parts denoted by the series 6, 12, 24, 48, 96, from the point , as centre, with 192, etc. the radius E A, draw the arc A F, PROBLEM XII.-To divide a given straight line into any

cutting Bc in F. Then from the number of equal parts.
Fig. 15.

point A, as a centre with radius
A E, draw the indefinite arc E O; draw the straight line A c, forming with A B the angle C A B,

Lot A B be the given straight line. From its extremity a and from the point E as centre, with radius E D equal to the and from the extremity distance A F, describe an arc cutting the arc eo, in the point D;

B draw B D parallel to o then join A D, and it will be parallel to B C, as required.

A C, and forming with Another way.-Another mode of constructing this problem it the angle D A B, may be inserted here. Let A B (Fig. 16) be the given straight which is equal to the line, and c the given point through which a straight line angle C A B. Set off parallel to A B is to be drawn. Take any point o, at a con: along the straight line venient distance from the straight line A B, but nearer to it A cas many equal parts, than to the point c; join o c, and from o as centre, with radius less one, as the number oc, describe the circle C D E G, intersect.

of parts into which A B ing the straight line A B, in the points

is to be divided : that

Fig. 19. D, E; join C D, and then from E as a

is to say, if A B is to centre, with radius or distance equal to

be divided into six equal parts, set off five equal parts, DC, describe an arc cutting the circle C D E G in the point F; and through

A E, EF, FG, GH, H K along the straight line A c, and the the points C, F draw the straight line

same number of equal parts, B L, L M, MN, NO, OP, along

the straight line B D. Join the straight lines PE, OF, NG, C F. The straight line C F is parallel to

MH, LK, cutting the straight line A B in the points Q, R, the given straight line A B, and it is drawn through the given point c, as

S, T, U. The parts a 9, Q R, R S, 8 T, T U, U B, into which the Fig. 16.

straight line A B is thus divided, are equal to one another, and required. There are various other ways of drawing a straight line the straight line a B is divided into the number of equal parts

required. parallel to a given straight line, by means of the single ruler and compasses ; but those are about the easiest. But parallel PROBLEM XIII.—To find a mean proportional between two straight lines are most easily drawn by means of the parallel given straight lines. rulers described in a former lesson. Such instruments, however, Let A and B be the two given straight lines to which it is are not always at hand; hence the utility of knowing how to required to find a mean proportional—that is to say, if a be the work the preceding problem.

shorter of the two lines, a The only exercises or questions that could be given on the pre

line to which a bears the ceding problems, would be simply to desire the student to draw

same proportion as the line all the figures above described according to the rules of con

required bears to B. Draw struction laid down in the different problems, which we earnestly

the straight line c x, and advise our self-educating students to do accordingly, by means

on cx set off C D equal of the single ruler and compasses.

to A, and D E equal to B; PROBLEM X.-To draw a straight line parallel to a given

C À B bisect c E in G, and from straight line at a given distance from it.

Fig. 20.

the centre G at the disLet A B be the given straight

tance G C or G E describe [

line, and c the given distance the semicircle C F E. From D draw the straight line D F perpen.
at which it is required to draw dicular to c E, and cutting the semicircle CFE in F, the
a straight line parallel to A B. straight line D F is a mean proportional to A and B--that is, a
Take any two points, D and E, is to dr as d F is to B.
in the straight line A B, and If we know the length of A and B we can find the mean

from these points as centres, proportional to them by multiplying the numbers representing Fig. 17.

with a radius equal to the given the length of the lines together and extracting the square root

distance c, describe the arcs of the product. Thus, if a measure three feet, and B measure F G H, KLM. Draw G L touching these arcs, but not cutting twelve feet, the mean proportional to A and B measures six feet, them. The straight line a L is paral.el to the given straight for 3 x 12 = 36 ; and the sqnare root of 36, or the number line A B.

which when multiplied by itself gives 36, is 6.





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LESSONS IN GEOGRAPHY.–VII. so disastrously, he purposed to explore the Tonga Isles, the south

part of New Caledonia, the Louisiade Archipelago, New Guinea DISCOVERIES OF THE EIGHTEENTH AND NINETEENTH and other islands, the Gulf of Carpentaria, and the coast of AusCENTURIES.

tralia from this gulf to Van Diemen's Land. He left the shores FRANCE, desirous of taking her share in the progress of mari. of New Holland full of hope and enterprise ; but his task, so time discovery, fitted out, in 1786, a new expedition under the courageously self-imposed, was left unfinished; his career came command of La Perouse, an able and intrepid officer. The to a close. From that moment he was never more heard of ; principal theatre of the explorations of this little French squa- for two years, expectation was kept on the stretch, looking for dron was the north-west coast of America, and the shores of news of the squadron. La Perouse and his companions were Tartary and Japan. Their vessels, La Boussole and L’Astrolabe, lost to their country. The cruel uncertainty which remained in visited Easter Island, then the Sandwich Isles, and reached France regarding the fate of the expedition, caused the National latitude 59° N. on the north-west coast of America. The ex. Assembly to pass a decree in February, 1791, by which it enpedition explored with great care a large extent of this line of treated the king, Louis XVI., to solicit the assistance of the coast. During their hydrographical operations, a sad accident other sovereigns of Europe in the search for La Perouse. befell them, which cost twenty-one persons their lives, while This decree also directed the organisation of an expedition, making an attempt to land. These operations being finished, which had the double object of endeavouring to find some trace they traversed the Pacific, determined on their way the position of the unfortunate navigator, and of completing the discoveries of the Ladrone Islands, and arrived at Macao on the 2nd of which had been left unachieved. This expedition took place January, 1787. At the outset of his second expedition, La under the command of Admiral D’Entrecasteaux, but without

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Peronse went along the coast of Corea, and discovered Cape success. It was almost as unfortunate as that of La Perouse, Nota on the coast of Japan. The officers of the expedition although it was useful in making those coasts better known applied themselves particularly to the determination of the lati. which had been carefully explored in search of him. The place todes and longitudes of the places which they visited. In latitude of his shipwreck, in fact, was not discovered till 1827, by Captain 45°, they discovered a harbour which they called the Bay of Dillon, who ascertained that he and his unfortunate companions Ternay. They next discovered the strait which separates the were lost on the rocks of one of the Feejee Islands, and found island of Jesso from Tchoka or Saghalien, and which is called the remains of the vessel and part of the articles that belonged the Strait of La Perouse. The expedition then sailed for to him. The singular voyage of Captain Bligh, who, owing to Kamtschatka, where it was hospitably received. At this point the mutiny of his crew, was obliged to traverse an immense M. Lesseps, who had accompanied La Perouse as interpreter extent of ocean in an open boat, led to the discovery, in 1789, of the Russian languages, was sent overland to France. This of some of the southern islands of the Feejee Archipelago. intrepid young man, to whom had been entrusted the journals The surprising explorations, also, of Captain Flinders and and charts of the voyage, traversed the old continent through Surgeon Bass, who attempted to effect the circumnavigation of its whole extent from east to west, and happily arrived at Paris New Holland, in a sorry boat, ended in the discovery of the with the valuable observations which had been made during the strait which separates that continent from Tasmania, then called Ipedition. La Perouse returned to Oceania, to meet severe Van Diemen's Land, and which still retains the name of Bass ; trials. At Maouna, one of the Navigators' Íslands, his com- and, at the same time, in the delineation of an immense line of panion, De Langle, the captain of L'Astrolabe, and twenty of coast on the same continent. Flinders especially has a right his attendants, were cruelly murdered by the natives. Lamanon, to the remembrance of geographers, for the steadiness with the naturalist of the expedition, perished in this attack. After which he pursued, during many years, his difficult and dangerous & short stay at Botany Bay, on the east coast of New Holland, labours, almost always in an open boat or frail skiff which the DOW called Australia, La Perouse prepared for his third and smallest storm would have foundered in a moment. To him we last expedition. In this new voyage of discovery, which ended owe the discovery of Kangaroo Island, the hydrography of Van VOL. I.


Di men's Land, the explort of

Ve ile Bay, where, during the long months from the 4th eca-ts of New Holland, 23:1

3 cf Nurember till the 3rd of February following, they lived in peints in Torres Strait and 13

Sed darkness, and in an atmosphere whose temperature pedition to the same coas3

was bout the freezing point. In a second voyage executed in was productive of little tiites

: 9-1822, Captain Parry discovered Melville Peninsula, north after the labours of Flinders.

Sizbampton Island, in the northern part of Hudson Bay. The voyage of Vincomparar

Ered through the strait which he named after his two above mentioned, and uttei tot

To the Fay and Hecla, and which separates Melville Penincontinent. He discor

u from Cockburn Island, on the north. Captain Scoresby, western extremity of Novi

e same period, explored a part of the east coast of Green. of Cook at New Ze..30.15

Parzy made a third voyage, in 1823, to the same regions Broughton, comman is:

Serly visited; but the Fury was shipwrecked, and and the expedition pro

no failed. During the period from 1823 to 1826, the north-western cuest

* Bahy sought for the passage between the two with a Spanish expert. "

- Be ring Strait, and reached latitude 71° 23' N., and of Captain Quadira, di-corn

i 151° 3 W. The indefatigable Parry attempted a was called Vanconverandirla...

aivaa to the north in search of the same passage ; its discoverers, and when yo?

ens failed, because he disregarded the experience of Island, and is the most impriptif

irrors, as well as his own in preceding voyages. coast of North American Heini

Te that accompanies this lesson affords an excel. au far as the expedition coule? 4.

e: interpresentation of the entrance to Port Jackson, the Sandwich Islands, and 24W

-*ica abont nine miles to the north of Botany coatdetaineet Vancouver ti"

Rs Eers of New South Wales, where the ill-fated La turned to the name archips )

DTX F-**-r sbcat three weeks with the vessels under his krophicul expedition, explored

ezsize be sad on the expedition which terminated in Now World, including cook slus, I. ir 22: Szia the shore of which there was erected, in 1825, burd, lacken with yoographical

IT to the memory of this unfortunate French navigator. #livering 'Thoso resto Web

- RR Bai be remembered, was so called by Captain the Venyige of horabue whwilook pisin si Th. Lok Sabu zanber of plants and herbs that were found on I Viator discovered to the north of Bei

** rien be En risited it in 1770. In January, 1778, De won latitude and 68" Nardalotuude, - defire La Pazzese reached this spot, the first batch of conKirol buy or sound to which he has 2.2,

Tots est S= Esad to Australia had arrived there, under W.4* to tudi Je to the linkAl

ca 4-iz Paste first governor of the colony of New fils llor luy ('upe 4* inland, but

Wsis Bay Bay, however, was not found to be a

ki 3,4 mirc sazie aizke etteaethich was subsequently transtant balandda in Tho Puentis fue

proposed Pass Juša, sad is now known as Sydney, the metro

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All the other pausage between the Aisne time, it will to eludo all the all and wri. Implain Ipin 1773, had wch: S:37 X.

LESSONS N ENGLISH.–VII. Bilb. Aldrid, Captain (bok, as we hare sun. at mpted

DEBITAZON-PREFIXES. In lhe l'alto nic Makerngill and Young succeedei no hoy all throuh Buttin's Bay; and Lowenorn, Egede. THE Saxon may be called the maire English stock. The Latin

in 170 1,1, attempted, but without success, to portion of our language is ofere growth, it is an exotic. As in the bus tell whoro of Greenland, which is said to be being of forrigt growth its eveness are not easily understood,

ered Isabets, in conuence of the accumulation of ice rince and must therefore receive the greater attention. In entering din port of the fifteenth century. At the beginning of on the necessary course of instrathca. I am met by a distinction .. woning othern expeditions were revived; and already spoken of, namely, the Essetion of simple and com

pred with more or less ardour till the present pound worde. Compound words are made up of parts. Those II tu poctions were fitted out for the north. parts are either simple words of particles, that is, fragments of

older the command of Captain Rogs, who simple words. Country-house is a co-pound term consisting of blood Mwards the end of April of that year, two simple words, namely, county se house. Departure is a so le tenant Parry, who commanded under his compound word which comprises these three particles, namely,

Alanner, Between latitudes 76° and 770 de-part-ure-that is,
tus room which they called the Arctic High.

part 'pars)

and ure.
Maxpace of 120 miles in the north-


a termination.
On the 30th of August they reached of these three particles, part is the most important, inasmuch
... and, and as it was fifty miles broad
a vyf sex the soundings were 750 fathoms, comparing with derenture, a word exactly the same in the first

as it determines the specific meaning: as you may learn by boretti 4146tid the north-west passage; but 11; } ir mirtako by obrerving land in their

and third particle :TIR thurty miles from the entrance of the

part dyre u latitude 70' N., the expedition returned


bent . w far y Cape Walsingham, in Cum. In the second word the substitution of bent for part has someone w Bad Bove it walled for England. The other expe entirely changed the meaning. The reason is that part and bent ^.. who was undertaken by Captain Buchan and are the roots of the two words. Every word has a root. Some. plodov; but it was productive of no new discovery, times the word, especially in Saxon terms, is its own root, at

geled to return when they had reached Spitz- least in the actual state of the language, as heart, think, wise.

pe the alarming dangers of sailing in the The root is not always the middle portion as it is in departure S sebergs. Captain Parry continued the ex- and debenture. In contradict, the root (dictum) is at the end,

y Captain Bonn In a new expedition, he and in mental the root is at the beginning. It is, however, se esfied Prince Regent Inlet, south of Lan- clear that in compound words three things have to be conegon Inlet, farther north in the same sound, sidered—namely, 1, the root; 2, that which is put before the mwilis, Griffith, Bathurst, Byam Martin, root; 3, that which comes after the root. That which is put lesded under the name of the North before the root is in grammar called a prefix (from the Latin le discovered Banks Land, south of præ, before ; and figo, I fix), and that which is put after the root North Somerset, which forms the north- is called a suffix (from the Latin sub, under; and figo, I fu). Rozent Inlet, and wintered, in 1819-1820, Here, then, are three subjects to be considered-namely, roots,



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