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before they were admitted to their Seats; as were also Inter-regnum. the Members of Parliament, as well those who then

1659. sat in the House, as those that were to sit hereafter.

January The Oath, or Engagement, was in these Words : I A. B. do hereby swear, That I do renounce the An Abjuration

pretended Title, or Titles, of Charles Stuart, and Oath, the whole Line of the late King James; and of every other Person, as a Single Person, pretending, or which hall pretend, to the Crown or Government of these Nations of England, Scotland, and Ireland, or any of them: And that I will, by the Grace and Ajitance of Almighty God, be true, faithful, and constant to the Parliament and Commonwealth, and will oppose the Bringing-in, or Setting-up of any Single Person or House of Lords, and every of them, in this Commonwealth.

The Parliament being thus reinstated in their former Sovereignty, and having taken Care, as they thought, to build a Wall of Brass quite round them, on which were many Watch-Towers, to guard all the Avenues, in order to prevent such perverse Accidents as had before happened to them : Thus, we say, were they seemingly barricaded against all finifter Events, when the unerring Hand of Providence brought Destruction upon them from afar, and gave them such a Fall as never to rise again.

It was on the ist Day of January, 16**, that Monke enters General Monke began his March out of Scotland, and England with his

Army, crossed the Tweed with the Infantry of his Army, his Horse following him on the next. Dr. Gumble, one of his Chaplains, and Author also of his Life, tells us, That the General had but four Regiments of Horse and fix of Foot, making in all about 5000 Men, with him; and that this was all the Force he ever designed for the Expedition. It was without any Call, Orders, or Summons from his Masters at Westminster, that he began this March ; and Lambert being now stolen away from Newcastle, and -his Army left without a Commander, Monke had nothing to fear from that Quarter to stop his Pro

gress.

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Inter-regnum. gress. The other Reverend Author we have before 1659. quoted, is very particular in his Account of this

March, which we shall follow as oft as there is OcJanuary,

casion; observing here, that on this Day, Jan. 2, it was the General received a kind Letter from the Speaker, mentioned before out of the Journals, fignifying, indeed, that they were returned to the Exercise of their Authority, but not one Word about his marching towards them: And this, adds the Doctor, did but increase his Jealousy of them. But we shall leave the General now to pursue his March Southward, and return to our Journals.

The same Day the House passed a Vote, That all Officers who were in Commission on the IIth of October, 1659, and all other Officers and Soldiers in the late Defection and Rebellion, who have already submitted, and such as shall hereafter submit themselves, and return to their Duty and Obedience to the Parliament, before the gth Day of this Instant January shall be, and are hereby pardoned and indemnified for Life and Estate ; and all such Officers to be disposed of by the Council of State, Commissioners of the Army, or General Monke.'

The Question being put, That John Lambert, Efq; shall be included within this Vote, the House divided, and it was carried for the Question, 28 against 18.-Ordered, “That this Vote be forthwith printed and published, and that the Council of State see it put in Execution.

Jan. 3. This Day it was resolved, on the Queition, That Writs should issue out for electing Members to fit and ferve in Parliament, in the Places of those Members of this House that were dead, under such Qualifications as should be agreed upon by the House; and a Committee was named to draw up and bring in such Qualifications for Members for the House to approve of.'

Sir Arthur Hafilrigge reported a Bill to the House, For enacting the Oath of Renunciation of the Title of Charles Stuart, and the whole Line of the late King James, to be taken by every Member that

now

now sitteth, or that shall sit, in Parliament.-

This Bill being put to the Question for the first

Reading, on a Division, it was carried by 24 to 15.

The Bill was read accordingly, and ordered a second
Reading on the 6th Instant.

Inter-regnum.

1659.

January.

Jan. 4, was the Faft-Day, on which little Bufi-
ness was done, besides returning Thanks to their
Preachers for their great Pains-taking, &c. After-
wards the House read some Letters from different
Parts; one from York, dated Jan. 2, to Sir Arthur
Hasilrigge. These might give some Account of
Monke's and Lord Fairfax's Motions; but none of
their Contents are entered in the Journals, nor have
we met with them elsewhere.

Jan. 5. Nothing remarkable happened on this

Day, fave that, at the End of it, are some Altera-

tions, the Note on which informs us, That here

three Entries are erazed in the Original, and on the

Margin is written, Nulled by Order of Feb. 21,

1659. The Reason for which we hall know

further when we come to that Day.

6

Inter-regnum. ' People in such glorious Instances of Mercy and 1659 • Deliverance. I bless the Lord, I never doubted

6 of his Presence and Success in this Undertaking, January

being fo righteous a Cause, and had long since put it to God's Determination ; but upon Advertisements from Friends in England, That if I could continue here without engaging till the first of January, the Work would be done without Blood. I cannot but admire upon what Intelligence you • should be persuaded of a second Treaty : Indeed

I was forced to make Use of such an Overture, to remove the Commissioners from London, whom

I cannot but blame for receding from their In"structions ; but I hope they will give you a satis

factory Account of their Proceedings ; yet I ac• knowledge that I could not but resent their Car

riage, having secured one of them for betraying

the private Instructions, of which I doubt not but you have been fully informed.

• My last Anfwer to the Lord Lambert, who sent • several Messengers to invite me to a fecond Trea"ty, was, That I could not treat without Autho

rity from the Commissioners for the Government of the Army; and to that End desired a Pass for the same Messengers to go to Portsmouth to receive their Commands and Instructions, who were returned back with this Answer from Lambert and the Council of Officers, That they could not con• sent thereunto; and since that I have not heard < from them.

I have your Army, I bless God, upon the River Tweed, within three Hours ready to be drawn together, and they are very chearful and unani

mous, willing to endure any Hardship for your & Service.

• The last Night Capt. Campbell came Express from Ireland, giving a full Account of their Af«fection to the Parliament, and of the late Transac

tions there : That they had seized Dublin Castle, 6 and secured Jones and others, with a Declaration to stand by and own your Authority'; for which,

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son this Instant, we kept a Day of Thanksgiving. Inter-segnum.

They writ also to the Irish Brigade in England, 1659. . which I dispatched to them. Sir Hardress Waller

January gives me an Account, that all the Forces and • Garrisons in Ireland had declared for you.

• This is such a Mercy, that I hope the Lord • will make us fenfible of, and careful to improve. . They required my Opinion as to managing of the • Affairs of the Army, which in such an urgent * Necessity I presumed to give. I have disposed of 6 most of the vacant Commands in Scotland to very

honest Men, who are ready to die for your Ser'vice, or to disband at your Command. And be

fore your Letter came to Hand, I had disposed of • Col. Saunders's and Major Barton's Commands, the Lord Lambert's Forçes pressing upon me.

I could not leave my vacant Places unsupplied; but • I know that (this Work prospering) you will have • Opportunity enough to gratify them. Capt. Izods's • Place is reserved for him according to your Pleas sure.

I humbly thank the Members of the Council ' for that great Honour they were pleased to confer

upon me, and hope you never shall find but such an absolute Obedience from me to your

Com-
* mands, that I shall be more ready to return that
• Commission than to receive it. I believe that you
• never doubted of my persevering in those good
• Principles I declared for ; and that I should com-
fortably (if the Lord had pleased to frown upon
us) have suffered in this most righteous Under-
taking. I have made ready to march, but am
unwilling to hazard your Justice and Authority
upon a Fight, when it may be done with more
. Security. I hall attend your further Commands,
and desire the Lord to bless your Forces and
Counsels, and to restore you in your just Autho-
rity; which is both the Prayer and Endeavour

Sir, your most humble
And faithful Servant,

GEORGE MONKE.

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