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Shakspeare's Tenures.

King Henry.
So shaken as we are, so wan with care,
Find we a time for frighted peace to pant,
And breathe short-winded accents of new broils
To be commenced in stronds afar remote.

I. Henry IV. Act 1 Scene 1.
Spoke at a venture. Look, here comes more news.

Enter Morton.

Yea, this man's brow, like to a title-leaf,
Foretells the nature of a tragic volume:
So looks the strond, whereon the imperious flood
Hath left a witness'd usurpation.
Say, Morton, didst thou come from Shrewsbury?

2. Henry IV. Act 1 Scene 1. Strond, is a Saxon word signifying a shoar or bank of a sea or any great river (Cowell). In an ancient charter are these words Richardus rex, etc. Notum facimus vobis nos concessisse etc. Deo et sancto Albano Ecclesiae suae sancti Oswini de Tynemuth, cellae sancti Albani et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus omnes terras suas et omnes homines suos, cum sacha, soca, over strond et streme, on wode et felde, Toll, Tbem, and Grithburge, Hamsoene, Murdrum and Forestall Danegeld, Infangenethef and Utfangenethef, Fleminefrenieth, Blodwith, Urecke, etc. And the Gloss. in 10 Scriptores interpreting these words, on strond et streame, on wode et felde, saith, -- Voces Anglicae veteres et in antiquioris aevi chartis crebro repertae; Privilegium sapiunt seu potius Privilegii latidudinem sive amplitudinem et sic Latine legantur, in Littore, in Fluvio, in Sylva et Campo.

Master, you look'd so longly on the maid,
Perbaps you mark'd not what 's the pith of all.

O yes, I saw sweet beauty in her face,
Such as the daughter of Agenor had,
That made great Jove to humble him to her hand,
When with his knees he kiss'd the Cretan strand.

Taming of The Shrew Act 1 Scene ).

In Belmont is a lady richly left,
And she is fair, and, fairer than that word,
Of wond'rous virtues; sometimes from her eyes
I did receive fair speechless messages;
Her name is Portia; nothing undervalued
To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia.
Nor is the wide world ignorant of her worth;
For the four winds blow in from every coast
Renowned suitors: and her sunny locks
Hang on her temples like a golden fleece;
Which makes her seat of Belmont, Colchos' strand,
And many Jasons come in quest of her.

Merchant of Venice Act 1 Scene 1.

Strand, saxon, strande. Any shoar or bank of a sea or river. An immunity from custom and all imposition upon goods or vessels by land or by water, was usually expressed, by strand and stream. As king Henry II. to the Church of Rochester, Concedo et confirmo in perpetuum cum socne et soke, strand and stream. Mon. Anglic. Tom. 3. p. 4. So the same Prince granted to all tenants and traders within the Honour of Walingford, that by water and by land by wood and by strand, quieti sint de thelonio, passagio, etc. Paroch. antiquit. p. 114,

Man. The spoons will be the bigger, sir. There is a fellow somewhat near the door, he should be a brazier by his face, for, o' my conscience, twenty of the dogdays now reign in 's nose; all that stand about him are under the line, they need no other penance: That firedrake did I hit three times on the head, and three times was his nose discharged against me; he stands there, like a mortar-piece, to blow us. There was a baberdasher's wife of small wit near him, that railed upon me till her pink'd porringer fell off ber head, for kindling such a combustion in the state. I miss'd the meteor once, and hit that woman, who cried out, clubs! when I might see from far some forty truncheoneers draw to her succour, which were the hope of the Strand, where she was quartered.

Henry VIII. Act 5. Hence the street in the west suburbs of London, which lay next the shoar or bank of the Thames, is called the strand. And G. Duglase mentions the strandis of the sea (Cowell Interpr.).

Why, 'tis well known, that, whiles I was protector,
Pity was all the fault that was in me;
[For I should melt at an offender's tear's,
And lowly words were ransome for their fault.)
Unless it were a bloody murderer,
Or foul felonious thief, that fleeced poor passengers,
I never gave them condign punishment:
Murder, indeed, that bloody sin, I tortured
Above the felon, or what trespass else.

2. Henry VI. Act 3 Scene 1. For as much as the most necessary office and duty of the law is to preserve and save the life of man, and condignly to punish such persons that unlawfully and wilfully murder, slay or destroy men, and also that another office and duty of law is to punish robbers and thieves, which daily endeavour themselves to rob and steal,

Clown. Advise you what you say; the minister is here. Malvolio, Malvolio, thy wits the Heavens restore! endeavour thyself to sleep, and leave thy vain bibble babble.

Twelfth Night Act 4 Scene 4. or give assistance to the same, and yet by craft and cautele do escape from the same without punishment:


Perhaps, he loves you now;
And now no soil, nor cautel, doth besmirch
The virtue of his will: but, you must fear,
His greatness weigh’d, his will is not bis own;
For he himself is subject to his birth:

Hamlet Act 1 Scene 2.

And where it often happeneth and cometh in are in sundry counties of this realm, that a man is feloniously stricken in one county, and after dieth in another county, in which case it hath not been founden by the laws or customs of this realm, that any sufficient indictment thereof can be taken in any of the said counties, for that by the custom of this realm the jurors of the county where such party died of such stroke, can take no knowledge of the said stroke being in a foreign county, although the same two coun. ties and places adjoin very near together, ne the jurors of the county where the stroke was given cannot take knowledge of the death in another county, although such death most apparently come of the same stroke:

Sir John, I arrest you at the suit of mistress Quickly.

Away, varlets!

Draw, Bardolph; cut me off the villain's head; tbrow the queen in the channel.

Host. Throw me in the channel? I'll throw thee in the channel. Wilt thou ? wilt thou? thou bastardly rogue! Murder, murder! O thou honey-suckle villain! wilt thou kill God's officers, and the king's? O thou honey-seed rogue! thou art a boney-seed; a man-queller, and a woman-queller.

2. Henry IV. Act 2 Scene 1.
Lady Macbeth.

When in swinish sleep
Their drenched natures lie, as in a death,
What cannot you and I perform upon
The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon
His spongy officers, who shall bear the guilt
Of our great quell?

Act 1 Scene 7.
Enter Achilles.


Where is this Hector?
Come, come, thou boy-queller, shew thy face;
Know what it is to meet Achilles angry.
Hector! where 's Hector? I will none but Hector.

Troilus and Cressida Act 5 Scene 5. To that the king's majesty within his own realm cannot, by any laws yet made or known, punish such murderers or manquellers, for offences in this form committed and done; nor any appeal at some time may lie for the same, but do also fail, and the said murderers and manquellers escape thereof without punishment, as well in cases where the counties where such offences be committed and done may join, as otherwise where they may not join.


I 'll example you with thievery:
The sun's a thief, and with his great attraction
Robs the vast sea : the moon 's an arrant thief,
And her pale fire she snatches from the sun :
The sea 's a thief, whose liquid surge resolves
The moon into salt tears: the earth's a thief,
That feeds and breeds by a composture stolen
From general excrement: each thing 's a thiet;

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The laws, your curb and whip, in their rough power
Have uncheck'd theft.

Timon of Athens Act 4 Scene 3. And also it is a common practice amongst errant thieves and robbers in this realm, that after they have robbed or stoln in one county they will convey their spoil, or part thereof so robbed and stoln, unto some of their adherents into some other county where the principal offence was not committed ne done, who knowing of such felony, willingly, and by false covin receiveth the same: In which case, although the principal felon be after attainted in one county, the accessary escapeth by reason that he was accessary in another county, and that the jurors of the said other county, by any law yet made, can take no knowledge of the principal felony ne attainder in the first county, and so such accessaries escape thereof unpun. ished, and do often put in are the same, knowing that they may escape witbout punishment:

What shall I say? to safeguard thine own life,
The best way is

to 'venge my Gloster's death.

Richard II. Act 1 Scene 2. For redress and punishment of which offences, and safeguard of man's life, be it enacted etc. 3. and 4. Edward VI. cap. XXIV.

What grief hath set the jaundice on your cheeks?
The ample proposition, that hope makes
In all designs begun on earth below,
Fails in the promised largeness: checks and disasters
Grow in the veins of actions highest rear'd;
As knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,
Infect the sound pine, and divert bis grain
Tortive and errant from his course of growth.

Troilus and Cressida Act 1 Scene 3. Errant, Itinerant, may be derived from the old word erre, i. iter: It is attributed to justices that go the circuit, stam. pl. cor. fol. 15. and to Bailifts at large. (Cowell Interpr.).

That handkerchief
Did an Egyptian to my mother give:
She was a charmer, and could almost read
The thoughts of people: she told her, while she kept it,
'T would make her amiable, and subdue my father
Entirely to her love; but if she lost it,
Or made a gift of it, my father's eye
Should hold her loathly, and his spirits should hunt
After new fancies: She, dying, gave it me:
And bade me, when my fate would have me wive,
To give it her.

Act 3 Scene 4. For as much as before this time divers and many outlandish people calling themselves Egyptians using no craft nor feat of merchandise,

Where I chief lord of all the spacious world,
I'd give it to undo the deed. O lady,

Much less in blood than virtue, yet a princess
To equal any single crown 'o the earth,
I' the justice of compare! O villain Leonine,
Whom thou hast poison'd too!
If thou hadst drunk to him, it had been a kindness
Becoming well thy feat: what canst thou say,
When noble Pericles shall demand his child?

Pericles Act 4 Scene 3. have come into this realm, and gone from shire to shire, and place to place in great company, and used great, subtil, and crafty means to deceive the people, bearing them in hand,

Your daughter, whom she bore in hand to love
With such integrity, she did confess
Was as a scorpion to ber sight; whose life,
But that her flight prevented it, she had
Ta'en off by poison.

Cymbeline Act 5 Scene 5.

Falstaff. Let him be damned like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter! – A wboreson Achitophel! a rascally yea-forsooth knave! to bear a gentleman in hand, and then stand upon security! The whoreson smootbpates do now wear nothing but bigb shoes, and bunches of keys at their girdles; and if a man is thorough with them in honest taking up, then they must stand upon security.

2. Henry IV. Act 1 Scene 2.

Well then, now
Have you consider'd of my speches? Know,
That it was he, in the times past, which beld you
So under fortune; which, you thought, had been
Our innocent self: this I made good to you
In our last conference pass’d in probation with you,
How you were borne in band; how cross'd; the instruments ;
Wbo wrought with them; and all things else, that might,
To balf a soul, and to a notion crazed,
Say, Thus did Banquo.

Act 3 Scene 1.

Well, we shall sist him. Welcome, my good friends!
Say, Voltimand, what from our brother Norway?

Voltim and.
Most fair return of greetings and desires.
Upon our first, he sent out to suppress
His nephew's levies; which to him appear'd
To be a preparation 'gainst the Polack;
But, better look'd into, he truly found
It was against your highness: Whereat grieved,
That so his sickness, age, and impotence,
Was falsely borne in hand, sends out arrests
On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys;
Receives rebuke from Norway; and, in fine,
Makes vow before his uncle, never more
To give th' assay of arms against your majesty:

Hamlet Act Scene 2.

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