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that they by palmestry could tell men's and women's fortunes, and so many times by crafty and subtilty have deceived the people of their money, and also have committed many heinous felonies and robberies, to the great hurt and deceit of the people that they have come among. Be it enacted etc. 21. Henry VIII. cap. 10. This statute was enforced by 1. and 2. Pbilip and Mary cap. 4.

Where in a parliament bolden at Westminster in the XXII. year of the reign of our late sovereign lord king Henry the Eighth, (for avoiding and banishing out of this realm of certain outlandish people calling themselves Egyptians, using no craft nor feat of Merchandises for to live by, but going from place to place in great companies, using great, subtil and crafty means to deceive the king's subjects, bearing them in hand, that they by palmistry could tell mens and womens fortunes, and so many times by craft and subtilty deceive the people of their money, and committed divers great and heinous felonies and robberies, to the great hurt and deceit of the people); it was amongst other things then enacted, That from the time of the making of the said act no such persons should be suffered to come within this the kings realm, upon pain of forfeiture to the king of all their goods and chattels, and then to be commanded to avoid the realm within fifteen days next after the commandment, upon pain of imprisonment; and such persons calling themselves Egyptians, as were then within this realm, should depart within sixteen days next after proclamation of the said act, upon pain of imprisonment, and forfeiture of all their goods and chattels, with divers other clauses and articles contained in the said act, as by the said act more at large it appearetb: for as much as divers of the said company, and such other like persons, not fearing the penalty of the said staiute, have enterprised to come over again into this realm using their old. accustomed devilish and naughty practices and devices,

And too soon marrd are those so early made.
The earth hath swallow'd all my hopes but she,
She is the hopeful lady of my earth:
But woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart,
My will to ber consent is but a part;
An she agree, within her scope of choice
Lies my consent and fair according voice.
This night I hold an old accustom'd feast,
Whereto I have invited many a guest,
Such as I love; and you, among the store,
One more, most welcome, makes my number more.

Romeo and Juliet Act 1 Scene 2. with such abominable living as is not in any Christian realm to be permitted, named or known, and be not duly punished for the same, to the perillous and evil example of our sovereign ford and lady the king and Queen's majesties most loving subjects, and to the utter and extreme undoing of divers and many of them, as evidently doth appear. Be it ordained and enacted etc. enforced and explained by 5. Elizabeth cap. 20.

For, as much as it is notoriously known, that the king to his great costs and charges, bath sent bis ambassadors to Charles his adversary of France, to have had a convenient peace with him,

Aufidius, though I cannot make true wars,
I 'll frame convenient peace.

Act 5 Scene 3. and to have his right without effusion of Christian blood,

Act V.
Scene 1. London. A Room in the Palace.
Enter King Henry, Gloster, and Exeter.

King Henry.
Have you perused the letters from the pope,
The emperor, and the earl of Armagnac?

I have, my lord, and their intent is this,
They humbly sue unto your excellence,
To have a godly peace concluded of,
Between the realms of England' and of France.

King Henry.
How doth your grace affect their motion?

Well, my good lord; and as the only means
To stop effusion of our Christian blood,
And 'stablish quietness on every side.

1. Henry VI. which was refused; wherefore the king, by the grace of God, in whose hands and disposition resteth all victory, hath determined himself to pass over the sea into his realm of France, and to reduce possession thereof by the said grace to him, and to his heirs, kings of England, according to his rightful title, whereby he trusteth not only to bring this bis realm to the ancient fame and honour, but also to enrich, and set in perfect peace and tranquillity, bis subjects of the same, trusting that thereby the more part of all christian realms shall be in more perfect peace and tranquillity, and the better disposed to serve god, which cannot be done with all likelihood without battle, as well on the sea, as in other places beyond the sea, wherein almighty god must be judge, in whose defence, mercy and goodness, the king putteth his fall trust above all other things; how be it, many times, by the inordinate covetise of captains retained with princes afore this time, great part of the number of soldiers, for whom such captains have indented with princes,

King Henry.
Shall we buy treason and indent with fears?

1. Henry IV. Act 1 Scene 3. at time of need have lacked of their number of soldiers, whereby great jeopardies have ensued and irrecuperable damages thereby may ensue if remedy be not therefore foreseen and bad. Be it therefore ordained etc. 7. Henry VII. cap. 1.

My lord Aumerle, I know your daring tongue
Scorns to unsay what once it hath deliver'd.
In that dead time when Gloster's death was plotted,

Is not my arm of length,
Tbat reacheth from the restful English court
As far as Calais, to my uncle's head?

Richard II. Act 4 Scene 1. Item the king our sovereign lord considereth, That by the negligence, misdemeaning, favour, and other inordinate causes of justices of peace in every shire of this his realm, the laws and ordinances made for the poli

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tique weal, peace, and good rule of the same, and for the perfect surety, and restful living of his subjects of the same, be not duly executed according to the tenor and effect that they were made and ordained for;

King Henry
If, duke of Burgundy, you would the peace,
Whose want gives growth to the imperfections
Which you have cited, you must buy that peace
With full accord to all our just demands;
Whose tenours and particular effects
You have, enscheduled briefly, in your hands.

Henry V. Act 5 Scene 2. wherefore his subjects been grievously hurt, and out of surety of their bodies and goods, to his great displeasure; for to him is nothing more joyous than to know his subjects to live peaceably under his laws, and to increase in wealth and prosperity, and to avoid such enormities and injuries, so that his said subjects may live restfully under his peace and laws, to their increase: he will that it be ordained and enacted etc. 4. Henry VII.

cap. 12.

Shallow. By yea and nay, sir, I dare say, my cousin William is become a good scholar: be is at Oxford, still, is he not?

2. Henry IV. Act 3 Scene 2.

Your oath is pass’d to pass away from these.

Let me say no, my liege, an if you please,
I only swore, to study with your grace,
And stay here in your court for three years' space.

You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest.

By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in jest.
What is the end of study? let me know.

Love's Labour's Lost Act 1 Scene 1.

I am glad to see your worships well: I thank you


venison, master Shallow.

Master Page, I am glad to see you; much good do it your good heart!
I wished your venison better; it was ill killed. How doth good mistress
Page? and I love you always with my heart, la; with my heart.

Sir, I thank you.

Sir, I thank you; by yea and no, I do.

Merry Wives Act 1 Scene 1.

Hang her, witch!


By yea and no, I think, the 'oman is a witch indeed: I like not when a 'oman has a great peard; I spy a great peard under her muffler.

Merry Wives Act 1 Scene 1.

Ja et nay,

Come, enough.

Enough, with over-measure,


No, take more:
What may be sworn by, both divine and human,
Seal what I end withal! This double worship,
Where one part does disdain with cause, the other
Insult without all reason; where gentry, title, wisdom,
Cannot conclude, but by the yea and no
Of general ignorance, it must omit
Real necessities, and give way the while
To unstable slightness: purpose so barr’d, it follows,
Nothing is done to purpose.

Coriolanus Act 3 Scene 1. Quod homines sui (Ripponiensis) sint credendi per suum Ja et per suum Nay in omnibus Querelis et Curiis, licet tangen. Freedmortell' etc. Charta Athelstani Regis. Mon. Aug. Tom. I. pag. 173 a.

The greater cantle of the world is lost
With very ignorance; we have kiss'd away
Kingdoms and provinces.

Antony and Cleopatra Act 8 Scene 8.

Methinks, my moiety, north from Burton here,
In quantity, equals not one of yours :
See, how this river comes me cranking in,
And cuts me from the best

of all my land,
A huge balf-moon, a monstrous cantle out.
I 'll have the current in this place damm'd up;
And here the smug and silver Trent shall run
In a new channel, fair and evenly:
It shall not wind with such a deep indent,
To rob me of so rich a bottom here.

1. Henry IV. Act 3 Scene 1. Tolnetum ad molendinum secundum communem regni et secundum fortitudinem cursus aque capiatur vel ad vicesimum granum vel ad vicesimum quarterium grani. Et mensura per quam tolnetum debet capi sit concordans mensure Domini Regis et capiatur tolnetum per rasum et nichil cum cumulo seu cantello. Et si furnarii inveniant molendinariis necessaria sua nichil capiatur preter debitum tolnetum; Et si aliter fecerint graviter puniantur. (Temp. Henry III. Edw. que I. et II.)

The Toll of a mill shall be taken according to the custom of the land, and according to the strength of the water course, either to the twentieth or four and twentieth corn. And the measure toll must be taken sball be agreeable to the king's measure, and toll shall be taken by the rase, and not by the heap or cantel. And in case that the formers find the millers their necessaries, they shall take nothing besides their due toll; and if they do otherwise they shall be grievously punished.

2. Carrier. I have a gammon of bacon, and two razes of ginger, to be delivered as far as Charing-cross.

1. Henry IV. Act 2 Scene 1.

Clown. I cannot do 't without counters. Let me see; what am I to buy for our sheep-shearing feast? Three pound of sugar; five pound of currants; rice. -- What will this sister of mine do with rice? But my father hath made ber mistress of the feast, and she lays it on. She hath made me four-and-twenty nosegays for the shearers: three-man song-men all, and very good ones; but they are most of them means and bases: but one Puritan amongst them, and he sings psalms to hornpipes. I must have saffron, to colour the warden pies; mace, dates, none; that 's out of my note: nutmegs, seven; a race or two of ginger; but that I may beg; four pound of prunes, and as many of raisins o' the sun.

Winters Tale Act 4 Scene 2. Standardum busselli galonis et ulne et signa quibus mensure sunt signande sint sub custodia majoris et balliorum et sex legalium de villa juratorum coram quibus omnes mensure signentur. Nullum genus bladi vendatur per cumulum seu cantellum preter avenam braseum seu farinam. Cap. IX.

The standard, bushels and ells, shall be in the custody of the mayor and bailiffs, and of six lawful persons of the same town being sworn, before whom all measures shall be sealed. No manner of grain shall be sold by the heap or cantle, except it be oats, malt, and meal. Cantel seems to signify the same with that we now call lump, as to buy by measure, or by the lump. It signifies also a piece of any thing, as a cantel of bread, cheese and the like. (Cowell Interpr.).

Wel may men knowen, but it be a fool,
That every part deriveth from his hool.
For nature hath not taken his beginning
Of no partie ne cantel of a thing,
But of a thing that parfit is a stable,
Descending so, til it be corrumpable.

Chaucer. Knightes Tale. Cowell says cantel seems to signify the same with that we now call lump, as to buy by measure, or by the lump: It signifies also a piece of any thing, as a cantel of bread, cheese, and the like (Interpr.).

Rase, raseria, seems to have been a measure of corn now disused. Debentur ei annuatim decem et octo raseriae avenae, et seu raseriae hordei, etc. (Cowell Interpr. Spelman). Rasus alleorum, a rase of onions, thus computed in Fleta, lib. 2. cap. 12. s. 12. Rasus alleorum continet XX. fones, et quaelibet flonis XXV. capita.

69. Sitzung, den 13. Mai 1862. Herr Giovanoli macht interessante Mittheilungen über Zacharias Werner aus den Papieren der noch lebenden geschiedenen dritten Frau des Dichters und giebt aus der Erörterung seiner Lebensumstände und seiner Werke ein Charakterbild desselben.

Herr Plötz widerlegt in einem Vortrage über die französischen Conjugationen Herrn Sonnenburg. (Ueber die Darstellung der französischen Conjugationen in den Schulgrammatiken. Archiv Bd. XXXI.

p. 67.

Herr Pröhle widerlegt die in der Geschichte der Harzburg von Karl Schiller ausgesprochenen Ansichten über den Götzen Crodo.

Archiv f. n. Sprachen. XXXI.


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