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acting action angle apsis arise attracted axis become body causes centre centre of gravity centripetal force circle common centre compounded conic section continually contrary corpuscle curve line decrease demonstrated descend described diameter difference diminished direction directly distance draw drawn duplicate ratio earth ellipsis equal fame figure focus follows given given ratio globe greater Hence increased infinitely length less let fall manner matter mean meeting motion move mutually nature orbit parallel particles pass perpendicular plane position principal PROBLEM produced prop proportional PROPOSITION quantity radius ratio reasoning reciprocally rectangle remain rest revolving right line sides similar sine solid space sphere square superficies suppose taken tangent tending THEOREM things third touch trajectory triangles ultimate velocity weight whole
Seite 6 - Absolute, true, and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature, flows equably without relation to anything external, and by another name is called duration: relative, apparent, and common time, is some sensible and external (whether accurate or unequable) measure of duration by the means of motion, which is commonly used instead of true time; such as an hour, a day, a month, a year.
Seite xxxvi - To make an estimate what might be the degree of this diminution, he considered with himself that, if the moon be retained in her orbit by the force of gravity, no doubt the primary planets are carried round the sun by the like power. And, by comparing the periods of the...
Seite xxviii - Therefore the retardation is proportional to the motion communicated, and the communicated motion, when the velocity of the moving body is given, is as the density of the fluid; and therefore the retardation or resistance will be as the same density of the fluid; nor can it be taken away, unless the fluid, coming about to the hinder parts of the body, restore the motion lost.
Seite 9 - A property near akin to the preceding is this, that if a place is moved, whatever is placed therein moves along with it; and therefore a body which is moved from a place in motion partakes also of the motion of its place.
Seite 26 - ... of a hammer) is (as far as I can perceive) certain and determined, and makes the bodies to return one from the other with a relative velocity, which is in a given ratio to that relative velocity with which they met.
Seite 9 - ... to another, as the fixed stars do in our regions, we could not indeed determine from the relative translation of the globes among those bodies, whether the motion did belong to the globes or to the bodies. But if we observed the cord, and found that its tension was that very tension which the motions of the globes required, we might conclude the motion to be in the globes, and the bodies to be at rest...
Seite 44 - From the same demonstration it likewise follows that the arc which a body, uniformly revolving in a circle by means of a given centripetal force, describes in any time is a mean proportional between the diameter of the circle and the space which the same body falling by the same given force would descend through in the same given time.
Seite 9 - And thus we might find both the quantity and the determination of this circular motion, even in an immense vacuum, where there was nothing external or sensible with which the globes could be compared.
Seite 27 - ... both. But the one extreme part HKI will with its whole weight bear upon and press the middle part towards the other extreme part EGF; and therefore the force with which EGI, the sum of the parts HKI and EGKH, tends towards the third part EGF, is equal to the weight of the part HKI, that is, to the weight of the third part EGF. And therefore the weights of the two parts EGI and EGF, one towards the other, are equal, as I was to prove. And indeed if those weights were not equal, the whole earth...