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effecting whereof, he hath power to call synods, to be presen at them, and to provide that whatsoever is transacted it them be according to the mind of God 5. * IV. It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates *, to honour their persons', to pay them tribute and other, dues *, to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority for conscience’ sake'. Infidelity, or difference in religion, doth not make void the magistrate's just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience

* which the Lord thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, &c. 2 Kings xviii. 4. He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn, incense to it, and he called it Nehushtan. [1 Chron. xiii. 1. to the 9th Verse. 2 Kings xxiii. 1. to the 26th Verse.] 2 Chron. xxxiv. 33. And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that pertained to the children of Israel, and made all that were present in Israel to serve, even to serve the Lord their God. And all his days they departed not from following the Lord, the God of their fathers. 2 Chron. xv. 12. And they entered into a covenant, to seek the Lord God of their fathers, with all their heart and with all their soul; Ver. 13. That whosoever would not seek the Lord God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. 2 Chron. xix. 8. Moreover, in Jerusalem did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of the priests, and of the chief of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of the Lord, and for controversies, when they returned to Jerusa}em. Ver.9. And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of the Lord, faithfully, and with a perfect heart. Ver, 10. And what cause soever shall come to you of your brethren that dwell in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes and judg

ments, ye shall even warn them that they trespass not against the Lord, and so wrath come upon you, and upon your brethren: this do, and ye shall not trespass. Ver. 11. And, behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in all matters of the Lord ; and Zebadiah, the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters: also the Levites shall be officers before you. Deal courageously, and the Lord shall be with the good. [2 Chron, Chapters xxix. and xxx..] Matth. ii. 4. And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. Ver, 5. And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judea ; for thus it is written by the prophet. IV. A 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men : Ver. 2. For kings, and for all that are in authority ; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life, in all godliness and honesty. ** i 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king. A Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause pay you tribute also: for they are God’s ministers, attending continual. ly upon this very thing. Wer, 7. Ren. der therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom honour. 1 Rom. xiii. 5. Wherefore ye must

* Ste the note on Chap. XXXI. Sect. 2.


to him * : * from which ecclesiastical persons are not exemp

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needs be subject, not only for wrath,
but also for conscience’ sake. Tit.
iii. 1. Put them in mind to be subject
to principalities and powers, to obey
magistrates, to be ready to every good
m 1 Pet. ii. 13. Submit yourselves
to every ordinance of man for the
Lord’s sake : whether it be to the
king, as supreme ; Ver 14. Or unto
governors, as unto them that are sent
by him for the punishment of evil
doers, and for the praise of them that
do well. Ver. 16. As free, and not
using your liberty for a cloak of ma-
liciousness, but as the servants of God.
n Rom. xiii. 1. Let every soul be
subject unto the higher powers. For
there is no power but of God; the
powers that be are ordained of God.
1 Kings ii. 35. And the king put Be-
naiah, the son of Jehoiada, in his

much less hath the Pope any power or jurisdiction

priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar. Acts xxv. 9. But Festus, willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these things before me? Ver. 10. Then said Paul, I stand at Cesar's judgment-seat, where I ought to be judged; to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest. Ver. 11. For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die : but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Cesar. 2 Pet. ii. 1. But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon

room, over the host; and Zadok the themselves swift destruction. Ver.

- oi mind of the Associate or Secession Church, on this article, is declared in her standards, as follows. ‘. It is the duty of Christians, plainly and frequently enjoined on them in the word of God, and acknowledged in the Confession of all the Reformed Churches, to submit to the governinent of that country in which Providence has ordered their iot. The civil imagistrate being an infidel, or of what we judge a false religion, does not, as our Confession most justly de<lares, free us from an obligation to acknowledge his authority, and to obey him in ail lawful commands. Civil societies may, and ought to preserve their rights and liberties; and to them it belongs to set up these forms of government, and those magistrates, whom they judge most proper. It is a sad truth, that, in doing so, nations frequently neglect to acknowlodge God, and give things injurious to religion a place in their civil constitutions. Against these evils Christians ought to testify, as the Lord gives them opportunity. But they ought by no means, on account of such blemishes in any government established by the consent of a nation, to refuse submission to it in all lawful commands, especially while it grants the same protection to them as to the other inembers of the community.” Testimony of the American Associate Church, Part, I. Sect. 19. “The state is under obligations by the divine law, to the performance of such duties, as through the blessing of §. be signally useful to the Church. It is the duty of all its members, on the supposition of their being favoured with divine revelation, to embrace the truth with all their hearts, to make a scriptural profession of it, to annex themselves to the Church of Christ, and to join with her in the celebration of all divine ordinances. It is their duty, in their collective capacity, to withdraw any positive countenance and support, whether by legal establishments or otherwise, which they may have formerly given ióa false reli; gion; to a olish any laws that may be standing in the way of the progress of the true; and so to regulate the whole of their civil constitution and administration, that they may prove subservient to the interests of evangelical truth, and the advancement of pure and undefiled religion. In a word, it is their duty, in the choice of their civil rulers, to have such a regard for the interests of religion, as to set none over them, but such as they have ground to this k wil: pot improve their power for the injury of the church; but be themselves good examples to others in the ways of godliness, . But though they should not only neglect, but plainly contradict, their duty in this matter, this can never warrant a minority to refuse subjection to any whom the general body set up, in all their lawful commands.” “We condemn and testify against the doctrine of those who maintain that in a nation, which has fallen from reformation once attained, the minority adhering to this reformation may lawfully refuse subjection to the powers that be, and obedience to their just commands. We reject this, as not only contrary to the general tenor of scripture, but as directly tending to introduce endless anarchy.” Testimony of the Associate Church of Scotland Chap. XXIV. Sect. 5, &c.


over them in their dominions, or over any of their people; and least of all to deprive them of their dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be hereticks, or upon any other

pretence whatsoever".

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CHAP. XXIV. of Marriage and Divorce.

ARRIAGE is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more

than one wife, nor for any husband at the same time *.

woman to have more than one w

w II. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife"; for the increase of mankind with a legiti

10. But chiefly them that walk after the flesh, in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government: presumptuous are they, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. Ver. 11. Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. Jude, ver. 8. Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. Ver. 9. Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil, (he disputed about the body of Moses,) durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. Ver, 10. But these speak evil of those things which they know not : but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. Ver. 11. Woe unto them for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Baalam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. o 2 Thess. ii. 4. Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped;’so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is

God. Rev. xiii. 15. And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. Ver. 16. And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: Ver, 17. And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.

I. a Gen. ii. 24. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Matth. xix. 5. And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mouher, and shall cleave to his wife; and they twain shall be one flesh. Ver. 6. Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. Prov. ii. 17. Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God.

II. b Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone: I will make him an help meet for him.

mate issue, and of the church with an holy seed “; and for preventing of uncleanness". III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry, who are able with judgment to give their consent * : yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord *. And therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters : neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable

heresies 5.

c Mal. ii. 15. And did not he make one 2 Yet had he the residue of the Spirit. And wherefore one That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let mome deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.

d 1 Cor. vii. 2. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. Ver. 9. But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.

III. e Heb. xiii. 4. Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. 1 Tim. iv. 3. Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. 1 Cor. vii. 36. But if any man * think that he behaveth himself uncomely towards his virgin, if she pass the flower of her age, and need so require, let him do what he will, he sinneth not : let them marry. Ver. 37. Nevertheless, he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power over his own will, and hath so decreed in his heart that he will keep his virgin, doeth well. Ver. 38. So them, he that giveth her in marriage doeth well ; but he that giveth her not in marriage doeth better. Gen. xxiv. 57. And they said, we will call the damsel, and enquire at her mouth. Ver. 58. And they called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man 2 And she said, Iwiligo.

f 1 Cor. vii. 39. The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will ; only in the Lord.

g Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us. Exod. xxxiv. 16. And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods. Deut. vii. 3. Neither shalt thou make marriages with them ; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. Ver. 4. For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly. 1 Kings xi. 4. For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods; and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God, as was the heart of David his father. Neh. xiii. 25. And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, saying, Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves. Ver. 26. Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things 2 yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and than of her own “.

IV. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees, of consanguinity or affinity forbidden in the word”; nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife'. The man may not marry any of his wife's kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor the woman of her husband’s kindred nearer in blood

V. Adultery or fornication committed after a contract, being detected before marriage, giveth just occasion to the innocent party to dissolve that contract'. In the case of

God made him king over all Israel : nevertheless, even him did outlandish women cause to sin. Ver. 27. Shall we them hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress against our God, in marrying strange wives? Mal. ii. 11. Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel, and in Jerusalem : for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the Lord which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god. Ver. 12. The Lord will cut off the man that doeth this; the master and the scholar out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the Lord of hosts. 2 Cor. vi. 14. Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers : for what fellowship hath, righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness 2 IV. b. [Leviticus Chapter xviii.] 1 Cor. v. 1. It is reported commonly that there is formication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father’s wife. Amos. ii. 7. That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek; and a man and his father will go in unto the same maid, to profane my holy name. i Mark wi. 18. For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. Lev. xviii. 24. Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the na

tions are defiled which I cast out before you : Ver. 25. And the land is defiled : therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants. Ver. 26. Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourneth among you : Ver. 27. (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled :) Ver. 28. That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you. - * Lev. xx. 19. And thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother’s sister, nor of thy father's sister: for he uncovereth his near kin: they shall bear their iniquity. Ver. 20. Andif a man shall lie with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle’s nakedmess: they shall bear their sin ; they shall die childless. Ver. 21. And if a man shall take his brother's wife, it is an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother’s makedness; they shall be childless. V. l Matt. i. 18. Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 19. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not. willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away Pri

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