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sleep,) having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them". The souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies"; and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day". Besides these two places for souls separated from their bodies, the scripture acknowledgeth none. II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed “: and all the dead shall be raised up with the self-same bodies, and none other, although with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls for ever". a +
served his own generation, by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption. 6 Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily, I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the earth as its was; And the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. c Heb. xii. 23. To the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are written in heaven, and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect. 2 Cor. v. 1. For we know, that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. Ver. 6. Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord : Ver, 8. We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. Phil. i. 23. For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better. With Acts ii. 21. Whom the heaven must receive, until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began. And Eph. iv. 10. He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.
d Luke xvi. 23. And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. Ver. 24. And he cried, and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. Acts i. 25. That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. Jude, Ver. 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. Ver. 7. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them, in like manner giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. 1 Pet. iii. 19. By which also he went and proached unto the spurits in prison.
II e 1 Thes. iv. 17. Then we which are alive and remain shali be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air; and so shall we ever be with the Lord. 1 Cor. xv. 51 Behold, 1 show you a mystery; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. Ver. 52. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump : for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
III. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just, by his Spirit, unto honour, and be made conformable to his own glorious body s.
CHAP. XXXIII. Of the Last judgment.
G OD hath appointed a day wherein he will judge the - world in righteousness by Jesus Christ", to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father". In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged", but likewise all persons that have lived upon earth shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds, and to receive according to what they
have done in the body, whether good or evil”.
Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another, though my reins be consumed within me. 1 Cor. xv. 42. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption: Ver. 43. It is sown in dishonour, it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power: Ver. 44. It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. III, g Acts xxiv. 15. And have hope towards God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. John v. 28. Marvel not at this ; for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, Ver. 29. And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life, and they that have dome evil, unto the resurrection of dammation. 1 Cor. xv. 43. [See in letter f..] Philip. iii. 21. Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glo
rious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. I. a Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained ; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. b John v. 22. For the Father judgeth no man; but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: Ver. 27. And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. c 1 Cor. vi. 3. Know ye not that we shall, judge angels 2 how much more things that pertain to this life 2 Jude, ver, 6. [See letter d Chapter fore: going.] 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment. d 2 Cor. v. 10. For we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ, that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. Eccl. xii. 14. For God
II. The end of God’s appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy in the eternal salvation of the elect, and of his justice in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing which shall come from the presence of the Lord ; but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power".
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity f; so will he have that day unknown to men, that
shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. Rom. ii. 16. In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. Rom. xiv. 10. But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother 2 for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ. Ver. 12. So then, every one of us shall give account of himself to God. Matt. xii. 36. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Ver. 37. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. II. e Matt. xxv. 31. to the end.] Rom. ii. 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; Ver. 6. Who will render to every man according to his deeds. Rom. ix. 22. What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: Ver. 23. And that he might make known the riclies of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory? Matt. xxv. 21. His lord said unto him, Well dome, thou good and faithful servant; thou hast been
faithful over a few things, I will make
they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come ; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come
quickly. Amen 5.
And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads ; for your redemption draweth nigh. Rom. viii. 23. And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. Ver. 24. For we are saved by hope : but hope that is seen is not hope : for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for Ver. 25. But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it. g. Matt, xxiv. 36, 42,43, 44. [See in the Bible.] Mark xiii. 35. Watch
As A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of CHRIsr, in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland. A N'D
Approved Anno 1648, by the GENERAL Assembly of the Church of Scot LAND, to be a Directory for catechising such as have made some
proficiency in the Knowledge of the Grounds of Religion.
PROOFS FROM THE SCRIPTURE.