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man male and female *; formed the body of the man of the dust of the ground", and the woman of the rib of the man", endued them with living, reasonable, and immortal souls"; made them after his own image", in knowledge P, righteousness, and holiness"; having the law of God written in their hearts", and power to fulfil it", with dominion over the creatures'; yet subject to fall". Q. 18. What are God’s-works of providence 2 A. God's works of providence are his most holy", wise *,

17. A Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him : male and female created he them. l Gen. ii. 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life. m Gen. ii. 22. And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. n Gen. ii: 7. And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life : and man became a living soul. Compared with Job xxxv. 11. Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven. And with Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was ; and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. And with Matt. x. 28. And fear not them which can kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. And with Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. o Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him : male and female created he them. p Col. iii. 10. And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge, after the image of him that created him. q Eph. iv. 24. And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness,

r Rom. ii. 14. For when the Gen. tiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the law, are a law unto themselves: Ver. 15. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another. s Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. t Gen. i. 28. And God blessed them ; and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it : and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and : over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. u Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. 18. w Psal. cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. x Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how-manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all : the earth is full of thy riches. Isa. xxviii. 29. This also cometh forth from Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

and powerful preserving?, and governing” all his creatures; ordering them, and all their actions", to his own glory ". Q. 19. What is God’s providence towards the angels 2 A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation *, limiting and ordering that, and all their sins, to his own glory"; and established the rest in holiness and happiness";

employing them all', at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice 5.

y Heb. i. 3. Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high. z Psal ciii. 19. The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all. a Matt. x. 29. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. Ver. 30. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Ver. 31. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows. Gen. xlv. 7. And God sent me before you, to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. b Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things; to whom be glory for ever. Amen. Isa. lxiii. 14. As a beast go. eth down into the valley, the Spirit of the Ilord caused him to rest; so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name. 19. c Jude Ver. 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment. Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. John viii. 44.

Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do: he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. d Job i. 12. And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power, only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord. Matt. viii. 31. So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. e 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things, without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels. f Psal. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire. g 2 Kings xix. 35. And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the cam of the Assyrians an hundred four. score and five thousand ; and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created 2 -

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth"; putting the creatures under his dominion', and ordaining marriage for his help *; affording him communion with himself'; instituting the sabbath"; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience ", of which the tree

of life was a pledge";

and forbidding to eat of the tree of

the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death P. Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at

first created him 2

spirits, sent forth to minister for them
who shall be heirs of salvation 2
20. A Gen. ii. 8. And the Lord God
planted a garden eastward in Eden;
and there he put the man whom he
had formed. Ver. 15. And the Lord
God took the man, and put him into
the garden of Eden, to dress it, and to
keep it. Ver. 16. And the Lord God
commanded the man, saying, Of eve-
ry tree of the garden thou may est free-
ly eat.
i Gen. i. 28. And God blessed them:
and God said unto them, Be fruitful,
and multiply, and replenish the earth,
and subdue it ; and have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over the
fowl of the air, and over every living
thing that moveth upon the earth.
k Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God
said, It is not good that the man should
be alone ; I will make him an help
meet for him.
1 Gen. i. 26. And God said, I.et us
make man in our image, after our
likeness; and let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over the
fowl of the air, and over the cattle,
and over all the earth, and over every
creeping thing that creepeth upon the
earth. Ver. 27. So God created man
in his own image, in the image of God
created he him: male and female crea-
ted he them. Ver, 28. And God bless-
ed them: and God said unto them, Be

fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. Ver. 29. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed: to you it shall be for meat. Gen.

iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the

Lord God walking in the garden in
the cool of the day: and Adam and
his wife hid themselves from the pre-
sence of the Lord God amongst the
trees of the garden.
m Gen. ii. 3. And God blessed the
seventh day, and sanctified it: because
that in it he had rested from all his
work, which God created and made.
n Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of
faith: but, The man that doeth them
shall live in them. Rom. x. 5 For Mo-
ses describeth the righteousness which
is of the law, That the man which
doe:h those things shall live by them.
o Gen. ii. 9. And out of the ground
made the Lord God to grow every
tree that is pleasant to the sight, and
gocd for food : the tree of life also in
the midst of the garden, and the tree
of knowledge of good and evil.
p Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the commandment of God in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created 9.

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgression ?

A. The covenant being made with Adam as a publick person, not for himself only, but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation", sinned

in him, and fell with him in that first transgression". Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mank

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ind into an estate of sin and

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of,

not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 21. q Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did

eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them.

both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed figleaves together, and made themselves aprons. Ver. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day : and Adam and his wife hid themselves

from the presence of the Lord God .

amongst the trees of the garden. Ver. 13. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

22. r Acts xvii. 26. And hath made

of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth;

and hath determined the times before
appointed, and the bounds of their
habitation.
s Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God
commanded the man, saying, Of eve-
ry tree of the garden thou mayest free-
ly eat : Ver. 17. But of the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt
not eat of it : for in the day that thou
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
[... with Rom. v. 12—20.]
herefore, as by one man sin enter-
ed into the world, and death by sin;
and so death passed upon all men, for
that all have sinned. Ver. 15. For if
through the offence of one many be
dead; much more—Ver. 16.-For the
judgment was by one to condemna-
tion;—Ver. 17. For if by one man's
offence death reigned by one; much
more—Ver, 18. Therefore, as by the
offence of one judgment came upon
all men to condemnation; even so—
Ver. 19. For as by one man's disobet
dience many were made sinners; so
by the obedience—And with 1 Cor.
xv. 21. For since by man came death,
by man came also the resurrection of
the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all
die, even so in Christ shall all be made
alive.
23. t Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as
by one man sin entered into the world,
and death by sim; and so death pass-

4.

any law of God given as a rule to the reasonable creature ". Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell ? A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consisteth in the guilt of Adam’s first sin ", the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually *; which is commonly called Original Sin, and from which do proceed all

actual transgressions 7.

ed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Rom. iii. 23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. 24. u 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Ver, 12. And the law is not of faith: but, the man that doeth them shall live in them. 25, w Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Ver. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners; so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. x Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is mone righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. Ver. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable ; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Ver, 13. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit: the poison of asps is under their lips : ver, 14. Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: Ver. 15. Their feet are swift to shed blood: Ver. 16. Destruction and misery are in their ways: Ver, 17. And the way of peace have they not known : Ver, 18. There

is no fear of God before their eyes. Ver. 19. Now we know, that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law ; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins: Ver. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. Ver. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by mature the children of wrath, even as others. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Ver. 8. So then they that are in the flesh cannot pleaseGod.Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. y James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 15. Then, when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, for

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