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sight of the need they have of Christ?, and of the perfection of his obedience a.

Q. 96. What particular use is there of the moral law to. unregenerate men ?

A. The moral law is of use to unregenerate men, to awaken their consciences to flee from wrath to come, and to drive them to Christo; or, upon their continuance in the estate and way of sin, to leave them inexcusable 4, and under -the curse thereof e.

Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate ?

A. Although they that are regenerate and believe in Christ be delivered from the moral law as a f

covenant of works, so as thereby they are neither justified & nor conVer. 23. For all have sinned, and come they are without excuse. Compared short of the glory of God.

with Rom. ii. 15. Which shew the x Gal. iii 21. Is the law then a. work of the law written in their hearts, gainst the promises of God? God for their conscience also bearing witness, bid : for if there had been a law given and their thoughts the mean while which could have given life, verily accusing or else excusing one another. righteousness should have been by the e Gal. iii 10. For as many as are of law. Ver. 22. But the scripture hath the works of the law are under the concluded all under sin, that the pro curse : for it is written, Cursed is eve. mise by faith of Jesus Christ might ry one that continueth not in all things. be given to them that believe.

which are written in the book of the a Rom. X. 4. For Christ is the end law to do them of the law for righteousness to every 97. f Rom vi. 14. For sin shall not one that believeth.

have dominion over you: for ye are 96. b 1 Tim. i. 9. Knowing this, not under the law, but under grace! that the law is not made' for a righ- Rom vii 4. Wherefore, my brethren, teous man, but for the lawless and dis- ye also are become dead to the law by obedient, for the ungodly and for sin. the body of Christ; that ye should be ners, for unholy and profane, for mur. married to another, even to him who derers of fathers, and murderers of is raised from the dead, tha twe should mothers, for man-slayers, Ver. 10. bring forth fruit unto God. Ver. 6. For whoremongers, for them that de. But now we are delivered from the file themselves with mankind. for men- law, that being dead wherein we were stealers, forliars, for perjured persons, held ; that we should serve in newness and if there be any other thing that is of spirit, and not in the oldness of the contrary to sound doctrine.

letter. Gal. iy. 4. But when the fulc Gal. iji 24. Wherefore the law ness of the time was come, God sent was our schoolmaster to bring us unto forth his Son, made of a woman, made Christ, that we might be justified by under the law, Ver. 5. To redeem faith.

them that were under the law, that we d Rom.i. 20. Forthe invisible things might receive the adoption of sons. of him from the creation of the world g Rom iii. 20. Therefore by the are clearly seen, being understood by deeds of the law there shall no flesh be the things that are 'made, even bis justified in his sight; for by the law is eternal power and Godhead; so that the knowledge of sin.

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demned " yet, besides the general uses thereof, common to them with all men, it is of special use, to shew them how much they are bound to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead, and for their good i; and thereby to provoke them to more thankfulness k, and to express

in their greater care to conform themselves Ethereunto as the rule of their obedience'.

Q. 48. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended ?

A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stonem; and are recorded in the twentieth chapter of

b Gal. v. 23. Meekness, tempe. ness and righteousness before him, all rance: against such there is no law. the days of our life. Col. i. 12. GivRom. viii. 1. There is therefore now ing thanks unto the Father, which no condemnation to them which are hath made us meet to be partakers of in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the inheritance of the saints in light: the flesh, but after the Spirit.

Ver. 13. Who hath delivered us from i Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man the power of darkness, and hath trans. that I am! who shall deliver me from lated us into the kingdom of his dear the body of this death ? Ver. 25. I Son: Ver. 14. In whom we have rethank God, through Jesus Christ our demption through his blood, even the Lord. So then with the mind I my. forgiveness of sins. self serve the law of God, but with i Rom. vii. 22. For I delight in the the fiesh the law of sin. Gal. iii. 13. law of God after the inward man. Christ hash. redeemed us from the Rom. xii. 2. And be not conformed curse of the law, being made a curse to this world: but be ye transformed for us: for it is wristen, Cursed is by the renewing of your mind, that ye every one that hangeth on a tree : Ver. may prove what is that good, and ac14 That the blessing of Abraham ceptable, and perfect will of God. Tit. might come on the Gentiles through ii. 11. For the grace of God that bring Jesus Christ; that we might receive eth salvation hath appeared to all men, the promise of the Spirit through Ver. 12. Teaching us, that, denying faith. Rom. viii. 3. For what the law ungodliness and worldly lusts, we could not do, in that it was weak should live soberly, righteously, and through the flesh, God sending his godly, in this present world; Ver. 13. own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, Looking for that blessed hope, and the and for sin condemned sin in the flesh: glorious appearing of the great God Ver. 4 That the righteousness of the and our Saviour Jesus Christ; Ver. law might be fulfilled in us, who walk 14. Who gave himself for us, that he not after the desh, but after the Spirit. might redeem us from all iniquity, and

& Luke i. 68. Blessed be the i.ord purify unto himself a peculiar people, God of Israel; for he hath visited and zealous of good works. redeemed his people, Ver. 69 Add 98. m Deut. X. 4. And he wrote hath raised up an horn of salvation for on the tables, according to the first us in the house of his servant David. writing, the ten commandments, Ver. 74. That he would grant unto which the Lord spake unto you in the us, that we, being delivered out of the mount, out of the midst of ihe fire, in hands of our enemies, might serve the day of the assembly; and the him without fear, Ver. 75. In holi. Lord gave them unto me, Exod.

Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other six our duty to man".

Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the ten commandments ?

A. For the right understanding of the ten command. ments, these rules are be observed :

1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the nito most perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every sin

2. That it is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, xxxiv. 1. And the Lord said unto Mo- ger of the judgment: Ver. 22. But I ses, Hew thee two tables of stone, like say unto you, That whosoever is an. unto the first: and I will write upon gry with his brother without a cause these tables the words that were in shall be in danger of the judgment : the first tables, which thou brakest. and whosoever shall say to his brother, Ver. 2. And be ready in the morning, Raca, shall be in danger of the couna and come up in the morning unto cil: but whosoever shall say, Thou mount Sinai, and present thyself there fool, shall be in danger of me in the top of the mount. Ver. Ver. 27. Ye have heard that it was 3. And no man shall come up with said by them of old time, Thou shalt thee, &c. Ver. 4. And he hewed two not commit adultery : Ver. 28. But I tables of stone, like unto the first; say unto you, That whosoever look. and Moses rose up early in the morn. eth on a woman to lust after her, ing, and went up unto mount Sinai, as hath committed adultery with her The Lord had commanded him, and already in his heart.- Ver. 33. A. cook in his hand the two tables of gain, ye have heard that it hath

been said by them of old time, * Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy shalt perform unto the Lord thine God with all thy heart, and with all oaths : Ver. 34. But I say unto you, thy soul, and with all thy mind. Ver. Swear not at all: neither by heaven; 58. This is the first and great com. for it is God's throne :-Ver. 37. But anandment. Ver. 39. And the second let your communication be, Yea, yea; 19 like unto it, Thou shalt love thy Nay, nay: for whatsoever is' more neighbour as thyself. Ver. 40. On than these cometh of evil. Ver. 38. these two commandments hang all the Ye have heard that it hath been said, law and the prophets.

An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a 99. o Psal. xix. 7. The law of the tooth: Ver. 39. But I say unto you, Lord is perfect, converting the soul; That ye resist not evil.-Ver. 43. Yé the testimony of the Lord is sure, mak. have heard that it hath been said, ing wise the simple. James ii. 10. For Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and whospever shall keep the whole law, hate thine enemy: Ver. 44. But I say and yet offend in one point, he is guil- unto you, Love your enemies, bless ty of all. Mat. v. 21. [to the end. ] Ye them that curse you, do good to them have heard that it was said by them that hate you, and pray for them of old time, thou shalt not kill; and which despitefully use you, and parwhosoever shall kill shall be in dan- secute you, &c.


is re.

will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures P.

3. That one and the same thing, in divers respects, quired or forbidden in several commandments 4.

4 That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbidden"; and, where a sin is forbidden, the contrary duty is commanded: so, where a promise is annexed, the contrary threatening is included; and, where a threatening is annexed, the contrary promise is included ".

p Rom. vii. 14. For we know that name. Compared with Mat. iv.9. And the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, saith unto him, All these things will sold under sin. Deut. vi. 5. Thou shalt I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and love the Lord thy God with all thine worship me. Ver. 10. Then saith Je. heart, and with all thy soul, and with sus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : all thy might. Compared with Matt. for it is written, Thou shalt worship xxii. 37. Jesus said unto him, Thou the Lord thy God, and him only shalt shalt love the Lord thy God with all thou serve. Mat. xv. 4 For God comthy heart, and with all thy soul, and manded, saying, Honour thy father with all thy mind. Ver. 38. This is and mother; and, He that curseth fa. the first and great commandment. ther or mother, let him die the death. Ver. 39. And the second is like unto Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as say to his father or his mother, It is a thyself.

gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be q Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your profited by me; Ver. 6. And honmembers which are upon the earth : our not his father or his mother, he fornication, uncleanness, inordinate shall be free. Thus have ye made the affection, evil concupiscence, and commandment God of none effect covetousness, which is idolatry. Amoś by your tradition. viii. 5. Saying, When will the new s Mat. v. 21, 22. [See letter o.] moon be gone, that we may sell corn? Ver. 23. Therefore, if thou bring thy and the sabbath, that we may set forth gift to the altar, and there remember. wheat, making the ephah small, and est that thy brother hath ought against the shekel great, and falsifying the thee; Ver. 24. Leave there thy gift balances by deceit? Prov, i. 19. So before the altar, and go thy way; first are the ways of every one that is gree. be reconciled to thy brother, and then dy of gain: which taketh away the come and offer thy gift. Eph. iv. 28. life of the owners thereof. 1 Tim. Let him that stole, steal no more ; vi. 10. For the love of money is the but rather let him labour, working root of all evil : which while some co. with his hands the thing which is veted after, they have erred from the good, that he may have to give to faith, and pierced themselves through him that needeth. with many sorrows.

t Exod xx. 12. Honour thy father Isa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away and thy mother: that thy days may thy foot from the sabbath, from doing be long upon the land which the Lord thy pleasure on my holy day, and call thy God giveth thee. Compared witb the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Prov. xxx. 17. The eye that mocketh Lord, honourable, and shalt honour at his father, and despiseth to obey him, not doing thine own ways, nor his mother, the ravens of the valley finding thine own pleasure, nor speak. shall pick it out, and the young ea. ing thine own words. Deut. vi. 13. gles shall eat it. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, u. Jer. xviii. 7. At what instant I and serve him, and shalt swear by his shall speak concerning a nation, and

5. That what God forbids is at no time to be done ; what he commands is always our duty; and yet every particular duty is not to be done at all times y.

6. That under one sin or duty, all of the same kind are forbidden or commanded; together with all the causes, means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations thereunto z

7. That what is forbidden or commanded to ourselves, we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, there so great, that hath statutes and and to pull down, and to destroy it: judgments so righteous, as all this law, Ver. 8. If that nation, against whom which I set before you this day? Ver. I have pronounced, turn from their 9. Only take heed to thyself, and keep evil, I will repent of the evil that I thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the thought to do unto them. Exod. xx. things which thine eyes have seen, and 7. Thou shalt not take the name of lest they depart from thy heart all the the Lord thy God in vain ; for the days of thy life: but teach them thy Lord will not hold him guiltless that sons, and thy sons' sons. taketh his name in vain. Compared y Mat. xii. 7. But if ye had known witb Psal. xv. 1. Lord, who shall a what this meaneth, I will have mercy bide in thy tabernacle? who shall and not sacrifice, ye would not have dwell in thy holy hill ? Ver. 4. In condemned the guiltless. whose eyes a vile person is contemned; 2 Mat. v. 21, 22, 27, 28. [See in let. but he honoureth them that fear the ter o before.) Mat. xv. 4. For God com. Lord: he that sweareth to his own manded, saying, Honour thy father burt, and changeth not. Ver. 5. He and mother; and, He that cursesh fa. that putteth not out his money to usu- ther or mother, let him die the death. ry, nor taketh reward against the in- Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall

He that doeth these things say to his father or his mother, It is a shall never be moved. And with Psal. gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be xxiv. 4. He that hath clean, hands, profited by me; Ver. 6. And honour and a pure heart : who hath not lifted not his father or his mother, he shall up his soul unto vanity: nor sworn de. be free. Thus have ye made the comceitfully. Ver. 5. He shall receive the mandment of God of none effect by blessing from the Lord, and righteous- your tradition Heb. x. 24. And let ness from the God of his salvation. us consider one another, to provoke

9 Job xiii. 7. Will ye speak wick. unto love and to good works; Ver. edly for God? and talk deceitfully for 25. Not forsaking the assembling of him ? Ver. 8. Will ye accept his per ourselves together, as the manner of son? will ye contend for God? Rom. some is; but exhorting one another ; iii 8. And not rather, (as we be slan- and so much the more, as ye see the derously reported, and as some affirm day approaching 1 Thess. v. 22, that we say,) Let us do evil, that good Abstain from all appearance of evil. may come whose damnation is just. Jude, Ver. 23. And others save with Job xxxvi, 21. Take heed, regard not fear, pulling them out of the fire; hat. iniquity; for this hast thou chosen ing even tlie garment spotted by the rather than affliction. Heb. xi. 25. flesh. Gal v. 26. Let us not be desi. Choosing rather to suffer a fiction with rous of vain-glory, provoking one anothe people of God, than to enjoy the ther, envying one another. Col. iii. 21. pleasures of sin for a season.

Fathers, provoke not your children to * Deut. 17. 8. And what nation is anger, lest they be discouraged.


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