« ZurückWeiter »
will, affections, and all other powers of the soul ; as well as
words, works, and gestures P.
3. That one and the same thing, in divers respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments". 4 That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin
is forbidden ;
and, where a sin is forbidden, the contrary
duty is commanded": so, where a promise is annexed, the
contrary threatening is included ‘;
and, where a threaten
ing is annexed, the contrary promise is included ".
p Rom. vii. 14. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. Deut. vi. 5. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. Compared with Matt. xxii. 37. Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. Ver. 38. This is the first and great commandment. Ver. 39. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
q Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth t fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry. Amos viii. 5. Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn ? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? Prov, i. 19. So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain: which taketh away the hife of the owners thereof. 1 Tim. vi. 10. For the love of money is the root of all evil; which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
r Isa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day, and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his
name. Compared wità Mat. iv.9. And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Ver, 10. Then saith Jestus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Mat. xv. 4. For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me ; Ver. 6. And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. s Mat, v. 21, 22. . [See letter o.] Ver. 23. Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; Ver. 24. Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. Eph. iv. 28. Let him that stole, steal no more; but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. t Exod xx. 12. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Compared with Prov. xxx. 17. The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it. u Jer. xviii. 7. At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and
5. That what God forbids is at no time to be done";
what he commands is always our duty";
and yet every
particular duty is not to be done at all times 7. 6. That under one sin or duty, all of the same kind are
forbidden or commanded ; together with all the causes,
means, occasions, and appearances thereof, and provocations
there unto *. 7. That what is forbidden
or commanded to ourselves,
we are bound, according to our places, to endeavour that it may be avoided or performed by others, according to the duty of their places *. 8. That in what is commanded to others, we are bound, according to our places and callings, to be helpful to them *; and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbidden them *. Q. 100. What special ten commandments. A. We are to consider, in the ten commandments, the preface, the substance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to some of them, the more to enforce them. Q. 101. What is the preface to the ten commandments 2 A. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage". Wherein God manifesteth his sovereigntv, as being JEHOWAH, the eternal, immutable, and almighty God *; having his being in and of himself', and giving being to all his words 5 and works”; and that he is a God in covenant, as
concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it: Ver. 8. If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain ; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Compared with Psal. xv. 1. Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill Ver. 4. In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the Lord ; he that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. Ver. 5. He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved. And with Psal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean, hands, and a pure heart : who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. Ver. 5. He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. w Job xiii. 7. Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him Ver. 8. Willye accept his person 2 will ye contend for God? Rom. iii. 8. And not rather, (as we be slamderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come 3 whose damnation is just. job xxxvi, 21. Take heed, regard not iniquity; for this hast thou chosen rather than affliction. Heb. xi. 25. Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season. * Deut. iv. 8. And what nation is
there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous, as all this law, which I set before you this day Ver. 9. Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons. y Mat. xii. 7. But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. z Mat. v. 21, 22,27, 28. [See in lettero before.] Mat. xv. 4. For God.commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother; and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; Ver. 6. And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. Heb. x. 24. And let us consider one another, to provoke unto love and to good works; Ver. 25. Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is ; but exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. 1 Thess. v. 22, Abstain from all appearance of evil. Jude, Ver. 23. And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. Gal. v. 26. Let us not be desirous of vain-glory, provoking one another, envying one another. Col. iii. 21. Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged.
things are we to consider in the
a Exod. xx. 10. But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, northy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, northy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. Lev. xix. 17. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Gen. xviii. 19. For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment: that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him. Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve ; whether the gods which your fathers served, that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell ; but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord. Deut vi. 6. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: Ver.
7. And thou shalt teach them diligent-
& Exod. vi. 3. And I appeared un
with Israel of old, so with all his people *; who, as he brought them out of their bondage in Egypt, so he delivereth us from our spiritual thraldom *; and that therefore we are bound to take him for our God alone, and to keep all
Q. 102. What is the sum of the four commandments which
contain our duty to God?
A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and
with all our mind ".
Q. 103. Which is the first commandment 2
gods before me".
Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first com
A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true
God, and our God “ ,
to Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. b Acts xvii. 24. God, that made the world, and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands : Ver. 28. For in him we live, and move, and have our being ; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. i Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. Compared with Rom. iii. 29. Is he the God of the Jews only 2 is he not also of the Gentiles Yes, of the Gentiles also. A Luke i. 74. That he would grant unto us, that we, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, might serve him without fear, Ver 75. In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life. A 1 Pe. i. 15. But as he which hatb called you is holy, so be ye holy,
worship and glorify him ac
in all manner of conversation ; Ver. 16. Because it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy. Ver, 17. And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man’s work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear Ver. 18. Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers. Lev. xviii. 30. Therefore shall ye keep mine ordinance, that ye commit not any one of these abominable customs, which were committed before you, and that ye defile not yourselves therein: I am the Lord your God. Lev. xix. 37. Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them : I am the Lord 102 m Luke x. 2, . And he answering, said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neigh
103. n Exod. xx. 3. 104, o 1 Chron. xxviii. 9. And thou,
cordingly P, by thinking", highly esteeming", honouring
", adoring ", choosing”, lov
ing 7, desiring”, fearing of him *; believing him”; trusting",
Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Ilord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. Deut. xxvi. 17. Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice. Isa. xliii. 10. Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen ; that , ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he before me there was no god formed, neither shall there be after me. Jer. xiv. 22. Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers ? Art not thou he, O Lord our God therefore we will wait upon thee; for thou hast made all these things. p Psal.xcv. 6. O come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker. Ver, 7. For he is our God, and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. Matt. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt shou serve. unto the Lord the glory due unto his name; worship the Lord in the beau. ty of holiness. q Mal. iii. 16. Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another, and the Lord hearkened and heard it; and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name. . . r Psal. lxiii. 6. When I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate on thee in the night-watches. s Eccl. xii. 1. Remember now thy
Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them. t Psal. lxxi. 19. Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high, who hast dome great things: O God, who is like unto thee u Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if
, then I be a father, where is mine ho
nour 2 and if I be a master, where is my fear 2 saith the Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. w Isa. xlv. 23. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. x Josh. xxiv. 15. And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served, that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord. Ver. 22. And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against yourselves, that ye have chosen you the Lord, to serve him. And they said, We are witnesses. y Deut. vi. 5. And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might. 2. Psal. lxxiii. 25. Whom have I . in heaven but thee! and there is none upon earth that I desire besides thee. a Isa. viii. 13. Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself, and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. b Exod. xiv. 31. And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did upon the Egyptians; and the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses c Isa. xxvi 4. Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for in the Lord JEHOVAH is everlasting strength.