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COMMISSIONERS FROM THE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, . AS A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the Churches of

CHRIST, in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Approved by the General Assembly, 1647, and ratified and established by Acts of Parliament, 1649 and 1690, as the publick and avowed




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LTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of cre-
ation and providence, do so far manifest the goodness,
wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable *;

I. a. Rom. ii. 14. For, when the
Gentiles, which have not the law, do
by nature the things contained in the
law, these having not the law, are a
law unto themselves: V. 15. Which
shew the work of the law written in
their hearts, their conscience also
bearing witness, and their thoughts
the mean while accusing or else excu-

sing one another, Rom. i. 19. Be-
cause that which may be known of
God is manifest in them; for God
hath shewed it unto them. Ver. 20.
For the invisible things of him from
the creation of the world are clearly
seen, being understood by the things
that are made, even his etermal power
and Godhead; so that they are with-

yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto salvation *; therefore, it pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto his church “; and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing *; which maketh the

holy scripture to be most necessary *;

out excuse. Psal. xix. 1. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handy-work. Ver. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and might unto night sheweth knowledge. Ver. 3. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Rom. i. 32. Who knowing the judgment of God, (that they which commit such things are worthy of death,) not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them. With Rom. ii. 1. Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art, that judgest : for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. b 1 Cor. i. 21. For after that, in the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. 1 Cor. ii. 13. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. Ver 14. But the natural man receiveth mot the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him : neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. c Heb. i. 1. God, who at sundry times, and in divers manners, spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets. di Prov. xxii. 19. That thy trust may be in the Lord, I have made known to thee this day, even to thee. Ver. 20. Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and know

those former ways

ledge; Ver. 21. That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee Luke i. 3. It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus; Ver, 4. That thou mightest know the certainty of those things wherein thou hast been instructed. Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our learning; that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. Matth. iv. 4. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Ver. 7. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Ver. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Isa. viii. 19. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep and that mutter ; should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead? Ver. 20. To the law, and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in


e 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus, 2 Pet, i. 19.

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