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defence ", and maintenance of their persons and authority, according to their several ranks, and the nature of their places"; bearing with their infirmities, and covering them in love ", that so they may be an honour to them and to their
xviii. 19. Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee. Ver. 24. So Moses - hearkened to the voice of his fatherin-law, and did all that he had said. r Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live 2 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. Ver. 19. For this is thank-worthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. Ver. 20. For what glory is it, if when ye be buffeted for your fanlts ye shall take it patiently but if when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently ; this is acceptable with God. * Tit. ii. 1. Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again. Ver. 10. Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things. t 1 Sam.xxvi. 15. And David said. to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man and who is like to thee in Israel 2 wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king 2 for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord. Ver. 16. This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the Lord liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the Lord's anointed. 2 Sam. xviii. 3. But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth; for if we flee away,they will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us : but now thou art worth ten thousand of us : therefore now it is, better that thou succour us out of the city. Esther vi.
2. And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king AhaSuterus. u Matt. xxii. 21. They say unto him, Cesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which are Cesar’s ; and unto God the things that are God's. Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause pay you tribute also: for they are God’s ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. Wer. 7. Render therefore to all their dues : tribute to whom tribute is due, custom to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to: whom honour. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let the elders that rule well be counted
worthy of double honour, especially
they who labour in the word and doctrine. Ver. 18. For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn: and, The labourer is worthy of his reward. Gal. vi. 6 Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things. Gen. xlv. 11. And there will I nourish thee, (for yet there are five years of famine,) lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty. Gen. xlvii. 12. And Joseph mourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families. w 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is
old. Gen. ix. 23. And Shem and Ja-r
pheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness
Q. 128. What are the sins of inferiors against their su
4. The sins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward them 3 ; envying at , contempt of * and rebellion * against “, their persons and places", in their lawful counsels “, commands, and correc
of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness. x Psal. cxxvii. 3. Lo, children are an heritage of the Lord; and the fruit of the womb is his reward. Ver, 4. As arrows are in the hand of a mighty man ; so are children of the youth. Ver. 5. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them : they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate. Prov. xxxi. 23. Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the eld. ers of the land. 128. y Matt. xv. 4. For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth fa. ther or mother, let him die the death. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift. by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; Ver. 6. And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your traditition. z Numb. xi. 28. And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them. Ver. 29. And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake Would God that all the Lord’s people were prophets, and that the Lord would put his Spirit upon them. a 1 Sam. viii. 7. And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee; for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. Isa. iii. 5. And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall be
cursing, mocking 8, and all such refractory and scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to
have himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable. b 2 Sam. xv. from Verse 1. to 12. And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots, and horses, Č5’c. c Exod. xxi. 15. And he that smiteth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. d 1 Sam x. 27. But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents: but he held his peace. e 1 Sam. ii. 25.-Notwithstanding they (viz. the sons of Ell) hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the Lord would slay them. f Deut xxi. 18. If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them ; Ver. 19. Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place : Ver. 20. And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice ; he is a glutton and a drunkard. Ver. 21. And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die : so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear, g Prov. xxx. 11. There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother Ver. 17. The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
them and their government".
Q .129. What is required of superiors towards their infe
A. It is required of superiors, according to that power they receive from God, and that relation wherein they stand, to
love", pray for *, and bless their inferiors";
to instruct ",
counsel and admonish them "; countenancing *, commendingo, and rewarding such as do well"; and discountenancing",
b Prov. xix. 26. He that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach. 129, i Col. iii. 19. Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them. Tit. ii. 4. That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children. A 1 Sam. xii. 23. Moreover, as for me, God 'forbid that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way. Job. i. 5. And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt-offerings, according to the number of them all ; for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts Thus did Job continually. l 1 Kings viii. 55. And he stood, and blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice, saying, Ver. 56. Blessed be the Lord, that hath given rest unto his people Israel, according to all that he promised : there hath not failed—Heb. vii. 7. And, without all contradiction, the less is blessed of the better. Gen. xlix. 28. All these are the twelve tribes of israel ; and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them ; every one according to his blessing he blessed them. m Deut vi. 6. And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart; Ver, 7. And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy
children ; and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine pouse, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. P. Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. o 1 Pet. iii. 7. Likewise, ye hus
bands, dwell with them according to
knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life that your prayers be not hindered.
p 1 Pet. ii. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil-doers, and for the praise of them that do well. Rom. xiii. 3. For rulers are not a terror to good-works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same.
q Esth. vi. 3. And the king said,
What honour and dignity hath been .
dome to Mordecai for this Then said
the king’s servants that ministered un- "
to him, There is nothing done for him.
r Rom. xiii. 3. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: Ver 4. For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain : for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
reproving, and chastising such as do ill “; protecting", and providing for them all things necessary for soul" and body": and by grave, wise, holy, and exemplary carriage, to procure glory to God *, honour to themselves Y, and so to preserve that authority which God hath put upon them *. Q. 130. What are the sins of superiors 2 A. The sins of superiors are, besides the neglect of the duties required of them", an inordinate seeking of them
selves", their own glory ", ease, profit, or pleasure";
s Prov. xxix. 15. The rod and reproof give wisdom ; but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame. 1 Pet. ii. 14. [See above in letter p.] t Job. xxix. 12. Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him. Ver, 13. The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me; and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy. Ver. 14. I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem. Ver. 15. I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame. Ver. 16. I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not. I searched out. Ver. 17. And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth. Isa. i. 10. Hear the word of the Lord, ye rulers of Sodom ; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. Ver. 17. Learn to do well, seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. u Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. w 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. x 1 Tim. iv. 12. Let no man despise thy youth ; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity. Tit. ii. 3. The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; Ver 4. That they may teach the young women
to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, Ver. 5. To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. y 1 Kings iii. 28. And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged, and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to do judgment. z Tit. ii. 15. These things speak and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise, thee. 130. a Ezek. xxxiv. 2. Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds, Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks 2 Ver. 3, Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are fed : but ye feed not the flock. Ver. 4 The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them. b Phil. ii. 21. For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's. c John v. 44. How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that cometh from God only 2 John vii. 18. He that speaketh of himself, seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him. d Isa. lvi. 10. His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. Ver. 11. Yea, they are greedy dogs, which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain from his Quarter. Deut. xvii. 17. Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away; neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. e Dan. iii. 4. Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages, Ver. 5. That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up. Ver. 6. And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth, shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace. Acts iv. 17. But that it spread no further among the people, let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name. Ver. 18. And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all, nor teach, in the name of Jesus. j Exod. v. from Verse 10. to 18. And the task-masters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw, &c. Matt. xxiii. 2. Saying, The scribes and Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. Ver. 4. For they bind heavy burdens, and grievous to be borne.— & Matt. xiv. 8. And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's head in a charger. Compared with Mark vi. 24. And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And
manding things unlawful", or not in the power of inferiors to perform"; counsellings, encouraging", or favouring them in that which is evil"; dissuading, discouraging, or discountenancing them in that which is good *; correcting them unduly'; careless exposing, or leaving them to wrong, temp
she said, The head of John the Baptist. b 2 Sam. xiii. 28. Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Ammon's heart is merry with wine; and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon, them kill him, fear not ; have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. i 1 Sam. iii. 13. For I have told him, that I will judge his house for ever, for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. & John vii. 46. The officers answered, Never man spake like this man. Ver. 47. Then answered them the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived Ver. 48. Have any of the rulers, or of the Pharisees, believed on him Ver 49. But this people who knoweth not the law are cursed. Col. iii. 21. Fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged. Exod. v. 17. But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle; therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the Lord. l 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward, Ver. 19. For this is thank-worthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. Ver. 20. For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently; this is acceptable with God. Heb xii. 10. For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness. Deut. xxv. 3. Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed; lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee,