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unjust inclosures and depopulations"; ingrossing commodities to enhance the price P; unlawful callings q, and all other unjust or sinful ways of taking or withholding from our neighbour what belongs to him, or of enriching ourselves ; covetousness"; inordinate prizing and affecting worldly

goods ‘; distrustful and distracting cares and studies in get

ting, keeping, and using them ";

to shed blood: thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord God. l Psal. xv. 5. He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent.— m Job xv. 34. For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery. n 1 Cor. vi. 6. But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers. Ver. 7. Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another: why do ye not rather take wrong why do ye not rather suffer yourselves ...to be defrauded ? Ver 8 Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren. Prov. iii. 29. Devise not evil against thy neighbour, seeing he dwelleth securely by thee. Ver. 30. Strive not with a man without cause, if he have dome thee no harm. o Isa. v. 3. Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth ! Micah ii. 2. And they cowet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage. p Prov. xi. 26. He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing shall be upon the head of him that selleth it. g Acts xix. 19. Many also of them which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men; and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thou

envying at the prosperity

sand pieces of silver. Ver. 24. For a certain man, named Demetrius, a silver-smith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen; Ver. 25. Whom he called together, with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth. r Job xx. 19. Because he hath oppressed, and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not James v.4, Behold. the hire of the labourers, which have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth ; and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth. Prov. xxi. 6. The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death. s Luke xii. 15. And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness : for a man’s life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth. t 1 Tim. vi. 5. Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself. Col. iii. 2. Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth. Prov. xxiii. 5. Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not for riches certainly make themselves wings, they fly away as an eagle towards heaven. Psal. lxii. 10–If riches increase, set not your heart upon them. u Mat. vi. 25. Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what shall ye eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye

of others ", as likewise idleness *, prodigality, wasteful gaming ; and all other ways, whereby we do unduly prejudice our own outward estate 7, and defrauding ourselves of the due use and comfort of that estate which God hath given us *. Q. 143. Which is the ninth commandment 2 A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour *. Q. 144. What are the duties required in the ninth commandment 2 A. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man", and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our own “: appearing and standing for the truth"; and from the

shall put on : is not the life more than
meat, and the body than raiment
Ver. 31. Therefore take no thought,
saying. What shall we eat 2——Ver.
34. Take therefore no thought for the
morrow ; for the morrow shall take
thought for the things of itself: suffi.
cient unto the day is the evil thereof.
Eccl., v. 12. The sleep of a labouring
man is sweet, whether he eat little or
much : but the abundance of the rich
will not suffer him to sleep.
w Psal lxxiii. 3. For I was envious
at the foolish, when I saw the pros-
perity of the wicked. Psal. xxxvii. 1.
Fret not thyself because of evil-doers,
neither be thou envious against the
workers of iniquity Ver 7. Rest in
the Lord, and wait patiently for him :
fret not thyself because of him who
prospereth in his way, because of the
man who bringeth wicked devices to
ass.
x 2 Thess. iii. 11 For we hear that
there are some which walk among you
disorderly, working not at all, but are
busy-bodies. Prov. xviii. 9. He also
that is slothful in his work is brother
to him that is a great waster.
Prov xxi. 17. He that loveth
pleasure shall be a poor man: he that
loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
Prov. xxiit. 20. Be not among wine-
bibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh.
Ver. 21. For the drunkard and the
glutton shall come to poverty; and
drowsinesss shall clothe a man with

rags. Prov. xxviii. 19. He that till-
eth his land shall have plenty of bread:
but he that followeth after vain per-
sons shall have poverty enough.
2 Eccl. iv. 8. There is one alone,
and there is not a second; yea, he
hath neither child nor brother : yet
is there no end of all his labour, nei-
ther is his eyes satisfied with riches,
neither saith he, For whom do lla-
bour, and bereave my soul of good?
This is also vanity; yea, it is a sore tra-
vail. Eccl. vi. 2. A man to whom God
hath given riches, wealth, and honour,
so that he wanteth nothing for his
soul of all that he desireth, yet God
giveth him not power to eat thereof,
but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity,
and it is an evil disease. 1 Tim. v. 8.
But if any provide not for his own,
and specially for those of his own
house, he hath denied the faith, and is
worse than an infidel.
143. a Exod. xx. 16.
144, b Zech, viii. 16 These are the
things that ye shall do, Speak ye every
man the truth to his neighbour : exe-
cute the judgment of truth and peace
in your gates.
c 3 John, Ver, 12. Demetrius hath
good report of all men, and of the

- truth itself: yea, and we also bear re

cord, and ye know that our record is
true.
d Prov. xxxi. 8. Open thy mouth
for the dumb in the cause of all such
as are appointed to destruction. Ver.

heart", sincerely , freely s, clearly h, and fully", speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice", and in all other things whatsoever"; esteem of our neighbours"; loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name"; sorrowing for ", and covering of their

9. Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy. e Psal. xv.2. He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart. f 2 Chron. xix. 9 And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of the Lord, faithfully, and with a perfect heart. & 1 Sam. xix. 4. And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good. Ver. 5. For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause ! A Josh. vii. 19. And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the Lord God of Israel, and make confession unto him ; and tell me now what thou hast done, hide it not from me. i 2 Sam. xiv. 18. Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak. Ver. 19. And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left, from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid. Ver. 20. To fetch bout this form of speech hath thy

, Ver, 4. I have no greater joy than to

a charitable

servant Joab dome this thing : and my lord is wise,_ A Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty; but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. Prov. xiv. 5. A faith. ful witness will not lie; but a false witness will utter lies. Ver. 25. A true witness delivereth souls: but a deceitful witness speaketh lies. ! 2 Cor. i. 17. When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness! or the things that I purpose, do I pur. pose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea, yea, and may, may Ver. 18. But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and may. Eph. iv. 25. Wherefore, putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. m Heb. vi. 9. But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. 1 Cor. xiii.7. (Charity) beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. n Rom. i. 8. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world, 2 John, Ver. 4. I re. joiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. 3 John, Ver. 3. For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth.

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infirmities P; freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces", defending their innocency *; a ready receiving of a good report", and unwillingness to admit of an evil report', concerning them ; discouraging tale-bearers", flatterers ", and slanderers *; love and care of our own good name, and defending it when need requireth 3 ; keeping of lawful pro

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A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all as well as our own", especially in publick judicature *;

prejudicing the truth, and the

ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you. 2 Cor. xii. 21. And lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness, and formication, and lasciviousness, which they have committed. p Prov. xvii. 9. He that covere h a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth very friends 1 Pet iv. 8. And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins. q. 1 Cor. i. 4. I thank my God always in your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ; Ver. 5. That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge. Ver, 7. So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ 2 Tim. i. 4. Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be filled with joy ; Ver 5. When I call to remem brance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also. r 1 Sam xxii. 14. Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son-in-law, and goeth at thy bidding,

good name of our neighbours,

and is honourable in thine house 2 s 1 Cor. xiii. 6. (Charity) rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth: Ver. 7. Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things, t Psal. xv. 3. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his meighbour. u Prov. xxv. 23. The north wind driveth away rain : so doth an angry countenance a backbiting tongue. w Prov. xxvi. 24. He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him. Ver. 25. When he speaketh fair, believe him not : for there are seven abominations in his heart. x Psal, ci. 5. Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off y Prov. xxii. 1. A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold. John viii.49. Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me. z Psal. xv. 4.—He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not. a Phil. iv. 8. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are homest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.

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ing false evidence ", suborning false witnesses *, wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, out-facing and overbearing the truth"; passing unjust sentence *, calling evil

145, b 1 Sam. xvii. 28. And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindledagainst David, andhe said, Why camest thou down hither 2 and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. 2 Sam. xvi. 3. And the king said, And where is thy master’s son 2 And Ziba said unto the Ring, Behold, he abideth at Jesusalem: for he said, To-day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father. 2 Sam. i. 9. He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me : for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whele in me. Ver. 10. So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen : and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord. Ver. 15. And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. Ver. 16. And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testifieth against thee, saying, I have slain the Lord's anointed. c Lev. xix. 15. Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, mor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. Hab. i. 4. Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment doth never go forth; for the wicked doth compass about the righteous; therefore wrong judgment proceedeth. d Prov. xix. 5. A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape, Prov.

vi. 16. These six things doth the Lord hate, yea, seven are an abomination unto him : Ver 19. A false witness that speaketh lies, and him that soweth discord among brethren. e Acts vi. 13. And set up false wit. messes, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words a. gainst this holy place and the law. f Jer. ix. 3. And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies : but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the Lord. Wer. 5. And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth : they have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves to commit iniquity. Acts xxiv 2. And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse him,-Ver, 5. For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes. Psal. xii. 3. The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things. Ver. 4. Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail, our lips are our own : Who is lord over us? Psal, lii. 1. Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man the goodness of God endureth continually. Ver. 2. Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. Ver.3. Thou lovest evil more than good ; and lying rather than to speak righteousness. Selah, Ver, 4. Thou lovest all-devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue. g Prov, xvii. 15. He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the Lord. , 1 Kings xxi. from Verse 9 to 14. And she (jezebel) wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim

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