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The Shorter Catechism.
Q. 73. Which is the eighth commandment 2. A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal". Q. 74. What is required in the eighth commandment 2 4. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves
and others *.
Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment 2 A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may unjustly hinder our own or our neighbour's wealth
or outward estate'.
v. 28. But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart, Eph. v. 3. But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints: Ver. 4. Neither
filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor .
jesting, which are not convenient; but rather giving of thanks. 73. i Exod. xx. 15. 74. A Gen. xxx. 30. For it was little which thou hadst before I came, and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the Lord hath blessed thee since my coming ; and now when shall I provide for mine own bouse also 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. Lev. xxv. 35. And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieve him; yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee. Deut. xxii. 1. Thou shalt not see thy brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them again unto thy brother. Ver. 2. And if thy brother be not nigh unto thee, or if thou know him not, then thou shalt bring it unto thine own house, and it shall be with thee until thy brother seek after it, and thou shalt restore it to him again. Ver. 3. In like manner ‘shalt thou do with his ass, and so
shalt thou de with his raiment; and with all lost things of thy brother’s, which he hath lost, and thou hast found, shalt thou do likewise : thou mayest not hide thyself. Ver. 4. Thou shalt not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them : thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again. Ver. 5. The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abo. mination unto the Lord thy. God. Exod. xxiii. 4. If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. Ver. 5. If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden,and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him. Gen. xlvii. 14, And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. Ver. 20. And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh 5 for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them : so the land became Pharaoh’s. 75. 1 Prov, xxi. 17. He that lov. eth pleasure shall be a poor man; he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich. Prov. xxiii. 20. Be not among wine-bibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh. Ver. 21. For the drunkard and the glutton shall come
Q. 76. Which is the ninth commandment 2 A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour". Q. 77. What is required in the ninth commandment 2 A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man", and of our own andourneighbour's good name", especially in witness-bearing”. Q. 78. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment 2 A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth or injurious to our own or our neighbour's
Q. 79. Which is the tenth commandment 2 A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's ". Q. 80. What is required in the tenth commandment 2 A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition *, with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbour, and all that is his ".
to poverty; and drowsiness shall
Q. 81. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment 2
A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate ", envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour", and all inordinate motions and affections to any
thing that is his *.
Q. 82. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments
A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the commandments of God y, but doth daily break them in thought, word, and deed .
lifted up myself when evil found him. Rom xii. 15. Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weap with them that weep. 1 Tim. i. 5. Now the end of the commandment is charity, out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned. 1 Cor. xiii. 4. Charity suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Ver. 5. Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Ver, 6. Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Ver. 7... Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. 81, u 1 Kings xxi. 4. And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased, because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him : for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers; and he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread. Esther v. 13. Yet all this, availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew, sitting at the king’s gate. 1 Cor. x. 10. Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed
. . of the destroyer.
w Gal. v. 26.Let us not be desirous -of vain-glory, provoking one another, envying one another. James iii. 14. But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. Ver. 16. For where envying and strife
is, there is confusion, and every evil work. oc Rom. vii. 7. What shall we say then Is the law sin God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin but by the law; for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. Ver. 8. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. Rom. xiii. 9. For this, thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet ; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Deut. v. 21. Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour’s wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his man-servant, or his maid servant, his ox, or his ass, or anything that is thy neighbour's. 82. y Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. 1 John i. 8. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh : and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. z Gen. vi. 5, And God saw that others a.
Q. 83. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous 2 A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than
Q. 84. What doth every sin deserve 2
this life, and that which is to come *.
Q. 85. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin 2
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life “, with the diligent use of all the outward means
the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake ; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth : neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 9. What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise : for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin.-And so on to serse 21. James iii. 2. For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.—And so on to Verse 13. 83. a Ezek viii. 6. He said furthermore unto me, Son of man, seest thou what they do even the great abominations that the house of Israel committeth here, that I should go far off from my sanctuary? But turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations. Ver. 13. He said also unto me, Turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations that they do. Ver. 15. Then said he unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations than these.
1 John v. 16. If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death : I do not say that he shall pray for it. Psal. lxxviii. 17. And they sinned yet more against him, by provoking the Most High in the wilderness. Ver. 32. For all this they sinned still, and believed not for his wondrous works. Ver, 56. Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies. 84, b Eph. v. 6. Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Lam. iii. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins 2 Matt, xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart, from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. 85. c Acts xx. 21. Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
- - r whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of re
Q. 86. What is faith in jesus Christ 2 A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace", whereby we receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered
Q. 87. What is repentance unto life 2 A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace & whereby a sinner out of a true sense of his sin”, and apprehension of
d Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my conmandments with thee; Ver. 2. So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding; Ver. 3. Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding; Ver. 4. If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures; Ver. 5. Then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and find the knowledge of God. Prov. viii. 33. Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not. Ver. 34. Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. Ver. 35. For whoso findeth me, findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the Lord. Ver. 36. But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death. Isa. lv. 3. Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of I)avid.
86, e Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition ; but of them that believe, to the saving of the soul. *
f John. i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Isa. xxvi. 3. Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee. Ver. 4 Trust ye in the Lord for
the mercy of God in Christ', doth, with grief and hatred of
ever; for in the Lörd JEHOVAH is everlasting strength. Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law : for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. ` 87.g. Acts xi. 18. When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. h Acts i. 37. Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do Ver. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. i Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith the Lord, turn ye even to me with all your heart,and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. Jer. iii. 22. Return, ye backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee, for thou art the Lord our God. -- !