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CHARLEs I. Parl. 3. Sess. 1. Act 5. . . . .

Aet anent the Ratification of the calling of the Convention, Ratification of the League and Covenant, Articles of:

Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, l.

and remanent Acts of the Convention of Estates, and Committee thereof. * . . "

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Th; Estates of Parliament, presently convened by vir. tue of the last act of the last Parliament, holden by his Majesty, and the three Estates, in anno 1641, considering,

that the Lord’s of his Majesty’s privy council, and Com

missioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having, according to their interests and trust committed to them by his Majesty and Estates of Parliament, used all means, by supplications, remonstrances, and sending of Commissioners, for securing the peace of this kingdom, and removing the unhappy distractions betwixt his Majesty and his subjects in England, in such a way as might serve most for his Majesty’s honour, and good of both kingdoms ; and their humble and dutiful endeavours for so good ends having proven ines. fectual, and their offer of mediation and intercession being refused by his Majesty; and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs, and the charge lying on them to be greater than they could bear; did therefore, in the month of May 1643, meet together with the Commissioners for the common burdens, that, by joint advice, some resolution might be taken therein ; and in respect of the danger imminent to the true Protestant religion, his Majesty’s honour, and peace of their kingdoms, by the multitude of Papists and their adherents in arms in England and Ireland, and of many other publick and important affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the advice of the representative body of the kingdom ; appointed and caused indict a meeting of the Convention of Estates (his Majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a Parliament) to be on the 22d of June following; which diet being frequently kept by the Noblemen, Commissioners of shires and burghs, and they finding these dangers against this kirk and state

still increasing, resolved, after serious deliberation and advice of the General Assembly, and joint concurrence of the Commissioners, authorised by the Parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies for preventing of these and the like dangers, for preservation of religion, and both kingdoms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kingdoms should, for these ends, enter into Covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and cheerfully embraced and allowed.—And at last a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, concerning the said Covenant, and assistance craved from this kingdom by the kingdom of England, in pursuance of the ends expressed therein –And the Estates being still desirous to use all good means, that, without the effusion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pacification betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his Majesty's true honour and safety, and happiness of his people, did therefore give commission to John Earl of Loudon, Lord Chancellor, Lord Maitland, Lord Waristoun, and Mr. Robert Barclay, to repair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these cnds contained in the covenant of treaties, conform to their instructions.— And the said Estates, having taken the proceedings above written to their consideration, do find and declare, That the Lords of council, and conservers of peace, did behave themselves as faithful counsellors, loyal subjects, and good patriots, in tendering their humble endeavours for removing the distractions betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, and in calling the Commissioners for the common burdens, and, by joint advice, appointing the late meeting of Convention, wherein they have approven themselves answerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them ; and therefore ratifies and approves their whole proceedings therein, and declares the said Convention was lawfully called, and also full and free in itself, consisting of all the members thereof, as any Convention hath been at any time bygone ; and ratifies and approves the several acts made by them, or their committee, for enjoining the Covenant.— And also, the said Estates of Parliament (but prejudice of the premises; and of the general ratification above mentioned) ratify, approve, and confirm the foresaid mutual League and Covenant, concerning the reformation and defence of M m w

religion, the honour and happiness of the King, and the peace and safety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland ; together with the acts of the Kirk and Estate authorising the same League and Covenant ; together also with the foresaid articles of treaty agreed upon, betwixt the said Commissioners of the Convention of Estates of Scotland and the Commissioners of both the Houses of Parliament of England, concerning the said Solemn League and Covenant.—And the said Estates ordain the same acts, with the League and Covenant above specified, acts authorising the same, and the articles of treaty foresaid, to have the full force and strength of perfect laws and acts of Parliament, and to be observed by all his Majesty’s lieges, conform to the tenors thereof respective. Of the which League and Covenant, the tenor follows.

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Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and Safety of the Three - Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland; agreed upon by Commissioners from the Parliament and Assembly of Divines in England, with Commissioners of the Convention of Estates, and General Assembly in Scotland ; approved by the general Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and by both Houses of Parliament and Assembly of Divines in England, and taken and subscribed by them, Anno 1643; and thereafter, by the said authority, taken and subscribed by all Ranks in Scotland and England the same 2 ear ; and ratifted by Act of the Parliament of Scotland, Anno 1644: And again renewed in Scotland, with an AcÅnowledgment of Sins, and Engagement to Duties, by all Ranks, Anno 1648, and by Parliament 1649; and taken and subscribed by King Charles II. at Spey, June 23, 1650; and at Scoon, January 1, 1651.

E, Noblemen, Barons, Knights, Gentlemen, Citizens, Burgesses, Ministers of the Gospel, and Commons of all sorts, in the kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland, * by the providence of GOD, living under one King, and being of one reformed religion, having before our eyes the glory of God, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus CHRIST, the honour and happiness of the King's Majesty and his posterity, and the true publick liberty, safety, and peace of the kingdoms, wherein every one’s private condition is included: And calling to mind the treacherous and bloody plots, conspiracies, at

tempts, and practices of the enemies of GOD, against the

true religion and professors thereof in all places, especially in these three kingdoms, ever since the reformation of religion; and how much their rage, power, and presumption

are of late, and at this time, increased and exercised, where

* Testimony of the Assoc. Church. Act on Covenanting p. 14%.

of the deplorable state of the church and kingdom of Ireland, the distressed estate of the church and kingdom of England, and the dangerous estate of the church and kingdom of Scotland, are present and public testimonies; we have now at last, (after other means of supplication, remonstrance, protestation, and sufferings,) for the preservation of ourselves and our religion from utter ruin and destruction, according to the commendable practice of these kingdoms in former times, and the example of GOD's people in other nations,

after mature deliberation, resolved and determined to enter

into a mutual and Solenza League and Covenant, wherein we all subscribe, and each one of us for himself, with our hands lifted up to the most High GOD, do swear,

1 HAT we shall sincerely, really, and constantly,

through the grace of GOD, endeavour, in our several places and callings, the preservation of the reformed religion in the Church of Scotland, in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government, against our common enemies; the reformation of religion in the kingdoms of England and Ire1and, in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government, according to the word of GOD, and the example of the best reformed Churches ; and shall endeavour to bring the Churches of GOD in the three kingdoms to the nearest conjunction and uniformity in religion, confession of faith, form of church-government, directory for worship and catechising;

that we, and our posterity after us, may, as brethren, live

in faith and love, and the Lord may delight to dwell in the midst of us. II. That we shall in like manner, without respect of persons, endeavour the *extirpation of Popery, Prelacy, (that is, church-government by Archbishops, Bishops, their Chancellors, and Commissaries, Deans, Deans and, Chapters, Archdeacons, and all other ecclesiastical Officers depending on that hierarchy.) superstition, heresy, schism,

profanehess, and whatsoever shall be found to be contrary to

sound doctrine and the power of godliness ; lest we partake in other men's sins, and thereby be in danger to receive of their plagues; and that the Lord may be one, and his name one, in the three kingdoms. , o

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a * On the use of the term extirpation, See Testimony of the Assoc. church. p. 14s. ... *

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