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VI. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God as a righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden,” from them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts; * but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; * and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan : * whereby it comes to pass, that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of


VI. w Rom. i. 24. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves. Ver. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature. Ver. 28. And even as they did not like to retain God in their Knowledge, God gave them over toareprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient. Rom. xi. 7. What then Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for, but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. Ver. 8. (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear,) unto this day.

x Deut. xxix. 4. Yet the Lord hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this

y Matth. xiii. 12. For whosever
hath, to him shall be given, and he

shall have more abundance : but who-
soever hath not, from him shall be
taken away even that he hath Matt.
xxv 29. For unto every one that hath
shall be given, and he shall have abun-
dance : but from him that hath not,
shall be taken away even that which
he hath.
z Deut. ii. 30 But Sihon king of
Heshbon would not let us pass by him;
for the Lord thy God hardened his

spirit, and made his heart obstinate,
that he might deliver him into thy
hand, as appeareth this day. 2 Kings
viii. 12. And Hazael said, Why weep-
eth my Lord And he answered, Be-
cause I know the evil that thou wilt
do unto the children of Israel: their
strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and
their young men wilt thou slay with
the sword, and wilt dash their children,
and rip up their women with child.
Ver. 13. And Hazael said, But what
is thy servant a dog, that he should
do this great thing 2 And Elisha an-
swered, The Lord hath shewed me
that thou shalt be king over Syria.
a Psal. lxxxi. 11. But my people
would not hearken to my voice, and
Israel would none of me. Ver 12.
So I gave them up unto their own
hearts' lust; and they walked in their
own counsels. 2 Thess. ii. 10. And
with all deceivableness of unrighteous-
ness in them that perish; because they
received not the love of the truth, that
they might be saved. Ver, 11. And
for this cause God shall send them
strong delusion, that they should be-
lieve a lie ; V. 12. That they all might
be damned who believed not the truth,
but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
b Exod. vii. 3. And I will harden
Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply my
signs and my wonders in the land of
Egypt. With Exod. viii. 15. But
when Pharoah saw that there was re-
spite, he hardened his heart, and hear-
kened not unto them ; as the Lord

VII. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures ; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth, all things to the good

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had said. V. 32. And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, nei. ther would he let the people go. 2. Cor. ii. 15. For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that that are saved, and in them that perish. Ver. 16. To the one we are the savour of death unto death, and to the other the savour of life unto life; and who is sufficient for these things Isa. viii. 14. And he shall be for a sanctuary : but for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence, to both the houses of Israel; for a gin, and for a snare, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 1 Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious : but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner. Ver. 8, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient; whereunto also they were appointed. Isa. vi. 9. And he said, Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not ; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Ver, 10. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. With Acts xxviii. 26. Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand ; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive. V. 27. For the Heart of this people is waxed gross,

and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed ; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. . . . . vii. c 1 Tim, iv. 10. For therefore we both labour, and suffer reprogch, because we trust in the living Go who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. Amos ix. 8. Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord. Ver. 9. For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth, Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. Isa. xliii. 3. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Sai viour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Ver 4, Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee; therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. Ver. 5. Fear not ; for I am with thee: will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west. Ver, 14. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have


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fruit.” This their sin, God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order

it to his own glory".

II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God", and so became dead in sin”, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body". III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed', and the same death in sin and corrupted

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woman said, The serpent beguiled, me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. & Ronn. xi. 32. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. II. c. Gen. iii.6. And when the woman saw that the treet was good for food and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat ; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they

were maked; and they sewed fig-leaves.

together, and made themselves aprons: Ver. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and

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are pure : but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure, but even their mind and conscience is defiled...Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually, Jer. xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it? Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one : Ver. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God: Ver, 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is nowe that doeth good, no, not one. Ver, 13. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit: the poison of: asps is under their lips : Ver. 14. Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness; Ver. 15. Their feet are swift to shed blood : Ver 16. Destruction and misery are in their ways: Ver. 17. And the way of peace have they not known : Ver. 18. There is. no fear of God before their eyes. III, f Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him : male and female created he them. Ver. 28. And God blessed them ; and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply and replenished the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every uree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: Ver. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good. a

nature conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them

by ordinary generation *. .

IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly.

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indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good", and wholly inclined to all evil', do proceed all actual transgressions”.

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g Psal. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sim did my mother conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image, and called his name Seth. Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean not one. Job xv. 14. What is man, that he should be clean 2 and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous 2 IV. b. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. Col. i. 21. And you that were sometime alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled. i Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again. curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth: neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, mo, not one : Ver, 11. There is none that understandeth, there is mone that seeketh after God. Ver, 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there, is none that doeth good, no, not one... ... A James i. 14. But every iman is tempted, when he, is drawn away of

his own lust, and enticed. Ver, 15.


V. This corruption of nature, during this life doth remain in those that are regenerated ': and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin". VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto ", doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner", whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God?, and curse - - I t

Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. Ver. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, formications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. V. l l John i. 8. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Rom vii. 14. For we know that the law is spiritual : but I am carnal, sold under sin Ver 17. Now then, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. Ver. 18. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me i but how to perform that which is good I find not. Ver. 23. But I see another law in my members warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. James iii, 2. For in many things we offend all, lf any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. Prov. xx. 9. Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

m Rom. vii. 5. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. Ver. 7. What shall we say then 2 Is the law sim? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law ; for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. Ver. 8. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead...Ver. 25. I thank God, through Jesus, Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh : and these are contrary, the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would, VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. o Rom. ii. 15. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing, or else excusing one another. Rom. iii. 9, What then are we better than they 2 No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin. Ver. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law : that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. p. Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind;

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