Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

connection of its parts, they are quests into the Roman empire. calculated to aid us in our juridical But as they begun to depend for researches. The lectures of Dr. subsistence on the tillage of the Sullivan are a production of se- land, and became sensible of the condary importance, but admirable comforts of a fixed habitation, they in their kind, and most worthy of likewise became anxious to enlarge being read. 'They are addressed their estates in the soil, and from to young gentlemen, yet strangers holding them at the will of the to the study. He varies from the lord and by sufferance, the cusplan of Blackstone in commencing tom arose of obtaining grants for his lectures with the law relative life, and afterward, of estates transto things, and justifies himself in missible by descent and by devise. in this respect by the opinion of The principal part of the seSir Matthew Hale, that the young cond volume is less interesting to student must begin his study with us than it must be to Englishmen, this branch of the law. We do as it contains a minute but learned not think it of essential impor- 'account of the various orders of tance, whether he commences with their nobility and citizens, the conthe law of persons or with that of stitution of their Parliament, the things. It is certain however, that state of justice among them at neither can be thoroughly under- different periods of their history, stood without some acquaintance the institution and jurisdiction of with both.

their various domestick tribunals, As the law of real property in and the gradual progress of civil England had its origin in the feu- and political liberty, till it became dal system, the lecturer gives an settled and fortified under their historical account of its origin and present constitution. progress, till it became the com- The seven concluding lectures mon law of Europe. He des contain a valuable commentary on cribes the various species of feuds, magna charta, which has for its their gradual revolutions, and the end, as expressed in the preamble, rise of what are denominated the 1. the honour of Almighty God; modern English tenures. Estates 2d. the safety of the King's soule ; in land among the Germans, who 3d. the advancement of holy undoubtedly were the authors of church ; and 4th, the amendment the feudal system, were anciently of the realm. This statute, which temporary, annually granted at the was passed 9 Hen. III. is " declarawill of the prince to his compan- tory of the principall grounds of ions, and generally on condition, the fundamentall laws of England”. that the tenant should perform It is an amusing and useful exercertain military services. As that cise for the student to compare people led a wandering life, living many of its principles with the principally by hunting and pastur- declaration of rights prefixed to age, they were in the practice of the constitution of Massachusetts. removing from place to place, and, The best commentary on magna having no local attachments, they charta is contained in the second had no desire to possess a permanent institute. interest in the soil. Their manners Should we be asked, why we and principles on the subject of recommend to the American stu. property continued for some time dent a book on the feudal system, after they had extended their con- we answer, that it is impossible to understand the English writers, be possible to preserve the present through the medium of whose * form of our government, the soliproductions we must seek for the tary representative of republican law and practice of our own coun- institutions, which remains for the try, without a knowledge of this contemplation of mankind. system. The originals of many of the laws, customs, and modes

When we speak of preserving the

mean not the paper on of administring justice, which constitution, we

which it is written, but the spirit which prevail at the present day, are to dwells in it. Government may lose all be traced to very remote times, its real character, its genius, its temper, when the feudal system was re

without losing its appearance. Repub. garded from the extent of its sway, licanism, unless you guard it, will as the law of nations. Though creep out of its case of parchment, like

a snake out of its skin. You may have now encrusted with antiquity, it is a Despotism, under the name of a Re. yet a venerable subject of contem- publick. You may look on a govern. plation. If it is true, as Littleton ment, and see it possess all the externál and Coke assert, that no man can

modes of Freedom, and yet find nothing inerit the bonourable appellation in it; just as you may contemplate an

of the essence, the vitality, of Freedom of a lawyer, who is not perfectly embalmed body, where art hath preacquainted with the grounds and served proportion and form, amidst reasons of the law, it is surely our nerves without motion, and veins void duty to recommend a work, which

of blood. is well calculated to aid us in the acquisition of so valuable a portion Among the most númerous and of professional education,

the most dangerous enemies of The origin, progress, and fate

our government, he mentions the of systems, which bave had an in- passions and vices of the people. fluence on the happiness of mil. But considering that evil commulions of human beings, surely is nications corrupt systems, as well no common subject of curiosity. as individuals, he enlarges on the Who is content to be ignorant of dangers which threaten its well the cause of light and darkness, being from its foreign relations. of heat and cold, and of the grate- Intimately connected as is our ful revolutions of the seasons ? country with foreign nations by And who will content himself, commerce, which, from its nature, like the stupid Egyptians, to enjoy cannot exist without rivalship, he a soil, enriched by the waters of infers the necessity and good polthe Nile, and will not, in gratitude icy of granting it a protection, sufto the God of the river, trace him ficient to defend it from the interthrough its windings, and worship ruptions and aggressions, which him at its fountain ?

the spirit of rivalship and the iti

justice of other nations, may disART. 42.

pose them to offer. The want of An anniversary address delivered protection to commerce will be

before the Federal gentlemen of more fatal to our agriculture, than Concord and its vicinity, July 4, either the drought or the mildew : 1806. By Daniel Webster. for, in this instance, were it left to Concord, N. H. Hough. fin. 21. our choice, we should certainly

imitate the conduct of David, by The interesting subject of this chuosing “ to fall into the hands of address is the question, whether it the Lord (for his mercies are great)

Vol. III. No. 8. 3H

[ocr errors]

and not to fall into the hands of questioned, or their excesses censured, men.”

with just severity. But the RevolutionWe have seldom read any pro- hath fallen on those tremendous scenes;

ary Drama is now closed-the curtain duction of this kind, which has con- which for fourteen years held the eyes tained more correct sentiment, ex, of the universethat meteor, which pressed with so much felicity of "from its horrid hair shook pestilence fancy and purity of style. It is and war,” hath now passed oft into the free from the rancorous colourings speculate coolly on the causes of its

distant regions of space, and left us to of party spirit, which are wholly wonderful appearance. inconsistent with true, eloquence. If there is any fault in the style, it

ART. 43. is that the sentences, though not An address, delivered at Salem, July colloquial, are in general too sen

4, 1806, on a military celebration tentious, and expressed with too

of the day, by the brigade and remuch brevity for the flow of a pub

gimental officers, late commissiondick harangue. We must notice

ed officers, and three independent likewise, that the printer has been

companies, at the request of the scandalously inattentive to correct

officers. By Maj. Samuel Swett. ing the press:

We add one ex- Boston : Printed by Oliver & tract froin which our readers may Munroe, for Joshua Cushing judge of the author's manner. Salem. 1806. When we turn from Great-Britain to

We have been frequently reFrance, we are led to contemplate a nation of very different situation, pow.

minded by the continual appear ter, and character. We seem to be ance and disappearance of the ad carried back to the Roman age. The dresses and orations of our coundays of Cæsar are come again. Even trymen, of the visionary progeny a greater than Cæsar is here. The of Banquo, as represented in the throne of the Bourbons is filled by a new character, of the most astonishing for play ; and have often been dispostunes. A new Dynasty hath taken ed, like the irritated Macbeth, to place in Europe. A new era hath com- exclaim, we'll “ see no more : s. menced. An Empire is founded, more what ! will the line stretch out to Populous,more energetic, more warlike, the crack of doom?"... Why do you more powerful, than ancient Rome, at any moment of her existence.

shew us “this?” But as there is

The base of this mighty fabric covers France,

no plea to excuse us from derogaHolland, Spain, Prussia, Italy, and Ger- tory duties, which actually belong many embracing, perhaps, an eighth to the department we fill, we bend part of the population of the globe. to the drudgery of the present re

Though this Empire is commercial in some degree, and in some of its view, with as tolerable a grace as parts, its ruling passion is not com

we can cleverly assume, persuaded merce, but war. Its genius is con- that our readers, let them withlold quest ; its ambition is fame. With all what they can, will hardly deprive the immorality, the licentiousness, the prodigality, the corruption, of declining confess that we are disappointed in

us of the merit of patience. . We Rome, it has the enterprize, the cou. rage, the ferocity, of Rome, in the being obliged to express an unfadays of the Consuls. While the French vourable opinion of the lucụbraRevolution was acting, it was difficult tions of the gentleman of Salem, to speak of France, without exciting and frankly acknowledge that we the 'rancour of political party. cause, in which her leaders professed expected something better from a to be engaged, was too dear to Ameri- scholar, who regards his country can hearts to suffer their motives to be as a superiour in seminaries, sci

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

« a

SHAK

ences and arts,” than the common. Rhetoricians, we believe, require place declamation of a street poli- that something like analogy should tician. We think that he might be preserved between two objects at least, have preserved his moth- that are brought together for the er tongue from uncouth combina- purpose of illustration, and that no tions, impure phraseology, and attribute should be assigned to one, monstrous metaphor ; that he that is incongruous with the other. might have discovered the distinc- How far this requisition has been tion between coarseness and sim- regarded by the Major, Bonaparte plicity, fustian and sublimity. We and his comet sufficiently show; looked to have beheld excellence the latter possessing, along with its where opportunities were enjoyed, prototype, “ magnificent vices,with and imagined that one who resided which we are in love, instruinents in Academus would be gifted with of hell, assassination, and poison," inspiration. But we have been and very naturally beginning. wretchedly disappointed ; and cannibal progress."* should any one judge of our ora- * Parallels as like, as Vulcan and his wife. tor by the complexion of his performance, he would conceive that From their complimental notices he was inspired by no muse but of of the ladies, one would imagine, the denomination of Draggle-tail, that our orators combined the and that he had taken up his abode knight with the scholar. No anonly in the purlieus of literature. niversary is now a days observed It may be conjectured by many, without offering incense to the fair, from the chaotick character of the and strangers might conceive, Major's matter and ornament, that should they credit their worshiphe was 'required to compose at a pers, that the country was incomshort notification ; that his similes modious from the number of its were driven into service too pre- goddesses ; lilies and roses, corals cipitately to be disciplined, and that and pearls, are so extravagantly his ideas were drafted, before they offered to the divinity of their

beaucould be dressed. Whether or ty, that the spring is deprived of not this was the case, we pretend her complexion and perfume, and pot to say; but we confidently af- the sea nymphs are in want of a firm, that there is a surprising re

necklace and comb. But, in the semblance between his figures and whole division of female idolaters, sentiments, and the deplorable de- it will be difficult to discover many, scription which he gives of our who can come abreast with the militia, which, we humbly.conceive, Major in the extract that follows. while we contend for the resem We quote it as a pattern for inam. blance, to be but a few removes in

oratos in general. discipline above the recruits of Sir John. But let us hear the Major the enemy in that country, see them

Go next to defenceless Suabia. See speak for himself.

make the rich poor, the poor, beasts of

burthen ; see them guilty of pillage, Already Bonaparte, the fiery meteor, rape, and blood ; see them murder the splendid comet, whose magnificent mothers and the new born babe ; and vices we grow in love with, who has usurp- return again to your own country, and ed the thunderbolt of Heaven, and is arm. behold your own fair daughters, surpassed with poison and assassination, instru- ing those of Carthage, who twisted their ments of Hell, has begun his cannibal long and golden locks to bowstrings : progress in our country; he has one foot the mild lustre of their eyes beaming in Louisiana.

love and intellect; chaste as Diana,

[ocr errors]

beauteous as the Goddess of love, un though the rest of the oration will
tainted as the perfumed gale of Arabia ; have cause to complain of this pre-
whom the devil in the wily serpent ference of its twin brethren :
could not tempt; but they would tempt
the devil.

All the merciless engines of aristocra. In conclusion, to speak more cy were leagued in opposition to the emphatically than elegantly, we philanthropick struggles of aspiring ge

nius, whilst the insatiable seythe of perthink that the Major has made a

secution swung its keen set edge flash in the pan.

through the rich and luxuriant scions of
germinating freedom. P. 8.

Encouraged by our national policy,
ART. 44.

the regenerated spirit of enquiring geAn oration, fronounced at the Branch nius has thrown open the massy portals meeting-house in Salem, July 4, beams of day the engulphed Hercula

of science, and exposed to the effulgent 1806,in commemoration of Ameri

neum of literature, which was long encan Independence. By H. J. S. tombed by the lava of persecution, piled Dearborn. From the Register- incumbent during the dark ages of suoffice. p. 14.

perstitious barbarity. P. 12. This is indeed a most pleasant

If Mr. D. will permit us for a and delectable speech.

The au

moment to assume his gaudy garthor is not enthralled by the rulesments and tinsel array, we should of rhetorick and logick'; and, dis- observe, that he has enlarged the daining to creep in humble prose, boundaries of infinite space, and he mounts Pegasus, and leaves dis- strolled extra fiammantia menia consolate mortals below :

mundi,...given existence to nonenti"His horse, the dear creature, he prances and rears,

ty,...added potency to omnipotence, With ribbons in knots at his tail and his ears.'

...soared above the empyrean, tin

his wings were melted in the blaze The turbid stream of his elo

of his own eloquence, and then quence is choaked by the disjoint- tumbled and descended below the ed fragments of images and me

bottom of the abyss of bathos,...and, taphors :

by an oration of only fourteen pa*Banks, trees, and skies in thick disorder run.'

ges, has irrefragably and confoundAs specimens we select the fol- ingly demonstrated that no sense lowing humorous paragraphs, is nonsense.

MONTHLY CATALOGUE
OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES FOR AUGUST, 1806.

Sunt bona, funt quædam mediocria, funt mala plura.-MART.

[ocr errors]

con

NEW WORKS.

whole adapted to the practice of MediThe American Dispensatory ; cine and Pharmacy in the United States. taining the operations of pharmacy; to. With several copperplates, exhibiting gether with the natural, chemical, the new system of chemical characters, pharmaceutical, and medical history and representing the most useful appaof the different substances employed in ratus. By John Redman Coxe, M. D, medicine : illustrated and explained one of the Physicians of the Philadel, according to the principles of modern phia Hospital, &c. 8vo. Pr. bound $4, cheinistry, comprehending the improve- Philadelphia, Tlios. Dobson. ments in Mr. Duncan's second edition The Philadelphia Medical Museum, of the Edinburgh New Dispensatory. for March, April

, and May, 1806. Vol. The arrangemeni simplified, and the III. No. 1. Conducted by John Rçdi

« ZurückWeiter »