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emotions of pity ; and he, who has which, though often beyond nature, once beheld the Apollo and Venus, is always inagnificent. can never look again, for grace of, The Lombard school has united form and loveliness of limb, on the all the qualities, which form the human figure. The Madonas of perfection of the art. To the Ripaael and Guido, Correggio and study of the antique, on which it Sassaferetto, fill and purify the 'has formed itself for design, as soul with divine love, and the Last well as the Roman and Florentine Judgment of Michael Angelo schools, it has joined all the most brightens the conscience with more lively, beautiful, and sensible parts heavenly ligit, or overspreads it of nature ; it has also assembled with a thicker gloom, than all that a:l the science and graces of the theoio zical rhetorick has effected. art. Corregio is considered as the
Some account of the orders of first painter and master of this printing, and of those, who are school. Amongst his scholars ranked as classical painters, may were Parmegiano, Schedoni, the be useful, if not interesting ; but Carracci, Guido, &c. to those, to whom it is useful, it The Venetian school is remarkought to be interesting. For able for the perfection, with which wier information the reader is re- its painters have imitated nature. ferred to the Abbé Richard. Their colouring is exquisite. You
The Roman school ranks the observe a discrimination of light first, and dates its institution at the and shade, and touches of the pentime of Raphael, who has always cil, most gracious and lovely, in all buen acknowledged as its chief. the pictures of Titian and Paul This school is particularly distin- Veronese. These great artists, guished for peculiar beauty, cor- lowever, seem to have neglected rectness of design, and elegance of that design, so essential to percomposition ; the truth of expres- fection. sion, and intelligence of atitudes. These are the four great schools, The able misters of this school which have produced works, which have principliy formed themselves seem destined to remain forever on the study of the antique. The superiour to human art and imimost of the Roman school have tation. attended less to colour, than to the The French school has studied sublime expression and solemn the Italian, and Poussin has aitostyle of their figures, awakening gether followed the Roman. in the mind of those, who behoid The Flemish school has done them, all the gran cmotions, with much by the works of Rubens and which they themselves were struck. Vandyke. In Italy they are even By this style they acquired a su- esteemed artists of an illustrious premacy, and their pictures hold order. Vandyke for portrait disthe highest rank amongst the putes the first rank, and Rubens Painters,
in history and allegory yields to The Florence school has for none. Their colouring is so pure its founders Leonardo de Vinci, and bright, that a constant freshand Michael Angelo Bounarotti. ness and glow is ever on their These great artists have transmit- figures. The Flemish school is ted to their students a manner, remarkable for labour and nicety, strong and bold, and a sublimity of and the closest imitation of nastyle and vigantick expression, ture. Delicacy and patience of the pencil are peculiariy observed ed, that many of his pictures pass in all their pictures.
for those of his master. Having now given these short Innocentio de Imola, pupil of sketches of the illustrious and Raphael ; he designed much like ancient academies of painting, we his great master. His pictures proceed to the drudgery of births, ale rare and valuable. dates, and deaths.
Frederico Barroci, born 1523,
died 1612 ; his pictures are very OF THE ROMAN SCHOOL, striking ; he resembled Corregio
much in the beauty of his colourRaphael Sanzio, torn at Urbin ing; his heads are particularly A, D. 1483, died 1520. He is es- graceful. teemed the most perfect of the Dominichino, born at Rome, painters. His genius was of the 1589, died 1624. He copied the highest intelligence. Grace and Antique, and Julio Romano. His love make all his female figures imagination was full of spirit and angels, and refined dignity and genius. His pictures striking, and majesty elevate his men into the remarkabie for the sombre tone of nature and form of the gods. As their colouring. you behold the “ SCHOOL OF A- Claude Lorrain, born 1600, died THENS,” you are at once in the 1682, at Rome. He is considered midst of the awful solemnity of the the first of the landscape painters. Academia of Plato. The heads of His beauty is in the aërial perspechis philosophers are full of vener- tive and distance of his painting, able wisslom; their visage solemn, and in his power of displaying naand fixed in the holiness of medi- ture. But he failed in the figures tation. His Parnassus partakes in his landscapes. Those, that are much of the air of the heavens, and good, are by his scholar Bourgigthe gods, who have lit on it, have brought, from the other world, Andrea Sacchi, born at Rome, forms that cannot be described. - 1599, died 1661 ; a painter worthy But was ever a spot so pleasant for of the finest period of the art. His Apollo to rest upon, in bis aërial pictures are of admirable design, course, and divert himself with the and full of grace and tenderness, sound of his lyre! His great works and glowing with the colouring of are at Rome, in the Vatican, with his master Albano. the exception of the Transfigura- Salvator Rosa, born 1614, died tion, Sa. Gecilia, and the Virgine del 1673. His pictures are full of Sedia.
truth and nature strongly expresJulio Romano, born 1492, died sed; he seemed to have studied 1546 ; the favourite pupil of Ra- nature only. He excelled in batphael. His colouring is faint and tles, ferocious animals, and wild feeble, but his figures tender and landscapes. delicate.
Michael Angelo de Carravagio, Polidore, born 1495, died 1543. born 1569, died 1609.
His picHis colouring is fine, his design tures are remarkable for depth of correct, and his heads remarkable shade, and style of nature. for strength.
Perino de Bonacorri, born 1500, OF THE FLORENTINE SCHOOL. died 1547 ; he painted at the Vatican under the instruction of Ra- Cimabue, born 1230, died 1300. phacl, whom he so closely imitat. He is regarded as the father of
modern painting. He learnt the Florence, sprung also from his inart from some Grecian painters at finite genius. His picture of the Florence, and he imitated them LAST JUDGMENT is the work of with much spirit.
an age, and the great sketch of all Leonardo da Vinci, born 1445, that is mighty and majestick in the died. 1520 ; also sculptor and ar-i art. The imagination is forever chitect; the greatest genius, which falling in the abyss of hell, drawn has graced the fine arts. His fa- by his demons, or rising into the mous picture of the Last Supper highest heavens on the rustling was painted in fresco in the refec- motion of his angels. tory of the Convent of Dominicans, Andrea del Sarto, born 1478, in Milan. The modern Gauls, on died 1530, is among the first pain. their first inroad into Italy, at- ters of this school. His manner tempted to cut out the wall to is large and his pencil soft and make this one of their spoils of delicate, and his pictures have yet painting ; but failing in their pur- a wonderful freshness. He is espose, with their wonted barbarity teemed the greatest colourist of his they reduced its beauty and mag- school. His pictures are chiefly nificence into a state of ruin and in Florence, particularly in the decay, and the Last Supper of church deľ Annunziazione, belongo Leonardo is now extant only by its ing to the convent of the Domini. masterly preservation in the en- cans. They are in fresco, and graving of Morghens. He was wonderfully fresh. Michael Anthe first painter of his age, and gelo is said to have sat for hours died in the arms of Francis I. to study his picture of the Virgin
Pietro Perrugino, born 1446, on the sack. died 1524. The heads of his figo ures are full of grace and beauty ; OF THE LOMBARD SCHOOL. his colouring is faint.
Bartolameo della Porto, born Antonio Allegro, called Il Cor. 1465, died 1517. He taught regio, born 1494, died 1534. NaRaphael colouring.
ture and genius made Corregio a Michael Angelo Bounarotti, painter, he having seen nothing of born in Florence 1475, died 1564 ; the masters. He painted much so well known as the greatest before he knew his own perfection, painter, sculptor, and architect of and discovered it by comparing modern times. His principal pic- his powers with a picture of Ratures are in fresco, in the Vatican. phael... No one has been able to His statue of Moses is ranked with imitate the enchanting tints and the antique. There is about it a mellow softness of the pencil of supernatural majesty and gran- Corregio. deur, which constitute as much Francisco Massuotti, called IV original character, as force and Parmegiano ; his manner is gracestrength do in the Farnese Her- ful, his colouring fresh and natucules. Had Michael Angelo have ral, and the drapery of his figures done no more than his Moses, graceful and flowing. his fame would remain forever Pelegrine Tibaldi, a good painamong the sculptors of antiquity ; ter and fine architect, born 1522, but the figures of Moråing and died 1592. Evening Twilight, and of Day and Luca Cambiagi. His pictures Night, in the Medici Chapel at ate bold. He painted with great
facility and expedition, being able 1477, died 1511 ; his colouring is to paint with both hands at once. beautiful, and his pictures full of
i Carracci, Loudovico ; Augus nature. His portraits admirable. tino and Annibale ;... born at Bologna Titiano, born 1477. The death about 1560. Annibale is consid of Georgione, at so early a period, ered the greatest, his designs be gave fuil scope to his genius, and ing grand, his colouring strong and he became the head of the school composition admirable. Their of Venice. The expression and pictures are chiefly at Bologna. colouring of his figures and landThey there had a school of paint- scapes are in the fulness of nature, ing, where Guido, Albano, and and his portraits teem with fresh Schedoni formed themselves. and perpetual life. in this last
Bartholomeo Schedoni,born 1560, branch of the art he excels all died 1616, he closely imitated Cor- others. regio.
Sebastiano del Piombo : he was Guido Rheni, born at Bologna, a successful scholar of Georgione. 1575, died 1640. All that is ten- He was considered by Michael der, beautiful, and lovely in nature Angelo the first painter of his age, is in his pictures. The visage and superiour even to Raphael. The form of his women are full of famous Descent of the Cross, in beauty and love. His most fa- fresco, at Rome, was sketched by mous picture is that of Peter and this great master, and finished by Paul in the Palace Zampierri, at Sebastiano. Bologna. He is said to have stud- Gio Antonio Gegillo, born 1508, ied much the theatre of Niobe, and died 1580. He was a powerful thereby attained that enchanting rival of Titian. beauty, which remains unequalled. Paolo Veronese, born 1552, died
Albano, born 1578, died 1660. 1588. His pictures will forever His pictures show much attention, delight by their fulness of componicety, and fine colouring ; his in- sition, beauty of colouring, and fants are remarkable for beauty and gracefulness of design. nature.
Benedetto Castigliane, born at The churches of Rome, as well Genoa, 1616, died 1870. He imi- as of the other principal cities of tated all the painters with suc- Italy, have for ages been the halcess, and excelled ail in pasto- lowed sanctuaries of the magnifiral scenes and landscapes. The cent works of these great masters. touches of his pencil delicate, and Some of them have been violated his light pure.
by the sacrilegious hands of French
soldiers ; and the Holy. Virgin, OF THE VENETIAN SCHOOL. who was drawn to shed a benign
look on the devotee at the altar, is I Bellini, brothers, are consid- now smiling on the prinking Parered as the founders of this school, isian petit maitre, in the Louvre. born between 1440 and 1445, and The French haye, in some mealived to a great age; their pictures sure, been to the modern Ro. remarkable for clear and bright mans what the ancient were to colouring. They were the mas- Greece, with this difference, the ters of Georgione and Titian. Romans took from Greece all that
Il Georgione deserves a rank was minutely beautiful and ex. amongst the first painters, born quisite in the arts; the French
have despoiled Rome only of what chael Angelo ; the Transfiguration, was most striking and celebrated. of Raphael ; the Last Judgmeni, Their hands were first laid, on the of Michael Angelo ; and the Last Laocoon, the Apollo, the, Venus, Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci. and the Venus of the Capitol, and The first and second of these, toon the six pictures, which, by dis-gether with the Transfiguration, tinction of pre-eminence, were they succeeded in transporting to called the Six pictures of Rome, the Louvre ; the others, being in viz. The Communion of St. Jerome, fresco, they could not remove. by Dominichino ; the Slaughter But, in the barbarous attempt, the of the Innocents, by Guido ; the Last Supper, and the Descent of Descent of the Cross, by Sebastiano the Cross were ruined. M. del Piomboy, as sketched by Mi
LIFE OF RICHARD BENTLEY, D. D.
[Continued from page 414.)
PLATO, de Legib. 11. TO return to Johnson. · While acquired their author some repuhe was censuring another writer tation. He had already introduced for egotisms, he should have ex- himself to the learned world, by chuded them more carefully from his “Grammatical Commentaries,” his preface, in which the de se which were notes on Lilly's Gramdicta are infinitely too numerous. mar, published in 1706, in English.
At the end of the first part of He was a very accurate grammarthese remarks, for he afterwards ian, and investigated authorities continued them, though in a less with uncommon perseverance. As elaborate manner, through the rest a critick, he was able to judge with of Horace's works, he published a accuracy of the Latinity of a phrase, stanza of an old English ballad, but he was very deficient of taste, with English annotations, in the that rare qualification, which is so style of Bentley. There is some essential in the formation of a sound drollery in these remarks, but they critick. The style of his commennever can diminish the value of his taries is beneath criticism, at once criticisms. Mr. Addison's tragedy vulgar and pedantiek. Those who of Cato was once burlesqued,* and have read his book, without any Gray's Elegy in a country church- knowledge of the time in which he yard has been frequently parodied. lived, will scarcely believe that lie Homer and Virgil have been tra- was contemporary with Addison, vestied; yet surely no reader ever and lived in the Augustan age-of perused these authors with less English literature. pleasure on this account. The
In 1716 or 1717, Bentley was rest of truth † will never be found elected Regius Professor of Diviniin ridicule.
ty at Cambridge, and soon after These remarks were highly ex
preached before his Majesty. The tolled by Bentley's enemies, and
sermon was published. The at• See Wilkes' History of the Stage.
tack on it, and the answer, we have + See Johnson's lives.
already raentioned. But this and