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Than to eat manna in the wilderness.

Friendship of women. well described by an ancient phrase Women are more constant in “ cor suum edens,” eating his own friendship than men, for these rea- heart. Absolute singleness is the sons: the temperament of women character of the Deity only ; but is more cold, and therefore less man is too feeble and dependent likely to change or fly off from an to subsist by himself. object, to which they are once attached. The same coolness of constitution renders them more

Swift was invited by a rich subject to timidity; and so they ad miser with a large party to dine ; here to objects of affection, be. being requested by the host to re

turn thanks at the removal of the cause they are fearful of losing

cloth, uttered the following grace : what they value.

Thanks for this miracle !--this is no less,

Where raging hunger reigu'd we've found relief, Scaliger used to say, that he

And seen that wondrous thing a piece of beef. could not comprehend the causes Here chimneys smoke, that never smok'd before, of three things ; the interval of And we've all ate, where we shall eat no more. an ague, the motion of the sea, and the nature of his own me- Aristippus was very fond of mory.

magnificent entertainments, and Medici.

loved a court life. Dionysius The family of the Medici, most asked him, in a sarcastick manner, probably, took their rise from the reason, why philosophers were some ancestor, who was an emi- seen often at the gates of princes, nent physician, as they still bear in but princes never at the doors of their arins the device of five pills. • philosophers ? « For the same

reason," replied the philosopher, Etymology of Decreptitude. “ that physicians are found at the

The comparison of human life doors of sick men, but sick men to the burning and going out of a never at the doors of physicians." lamp was familiar with Latin authors, as we know by the terms Sonnet on a Sonnet, by Lopez de « senes decrepiti.A lamp, just

Vega. about to expire, was said decrepare, Capricious—a sonnet needs must have ; to cease to crackle. Hence met- I ne'er was put to't before-a sonnet ! aphorically, persons on the verge

Why fourteen verses must be spent upon it,

'Tis good however t'have conquer'd the first of the grave were called decrepit

Yet shall I ne'er find rhymes enough by half, Solitude.

Said I, and found myself i th' midst o'the It is an observation of Seneca,

second, that we should mix company and

If twice four verses were but fairly reckon'd,

I should turn back on th’hardest part, and laugh. retirement, in order to make them both pleasant by change. The

Thus far with good success I think I've scribbled,

And of the twice seven lines clean got o'er ten; wish always to be alone shows the

Courage ! another'll finish the first triplet ; temper of a wild, ferocious ani- Thanks to the Muse, my work begins to shorten. mal, carries with it the dismal See thirteen lines got through, dribblet by

dribblet; darkness of the tomb. The effect

"Tis done, count how you will, I warr'at there's of such a disposition of mind is


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EXTRACT FROM SOUTHEY'S And can we doubt that horrid għosts ascend,

Which on the conscious murderer's steps attend ! MADOC.

Hear then, and let attested truth prevail ;

From faithful lips I learnt the dreadful tale. ...THERE was not, on that day, a speck to stain

Where Arden's forest spreads its limits wide, The azure heaven; the blessed Sun, alone,

Whose branching paths the doubtful road divides in un approachable divinity,

A traveller took his solitary way, Careered, rejoicing in his fields of light.

When low beneath the hills was sunk the day. How beautiful, beneath the bright blue sky, And now the skies with gathering darkness lour, The billows heave ! one glowing green expanse, The branches rustle with the threatened shower ; Save where along the bending line of shore

With sudden blasts the forest murmurs loud, Such hue is thrown, as when the peacockt neck Indented lightnings cleave the sable cloud, Assumes its proudest tint of amethyst,

Thunder on thunder breaks, the tempest roars, Embathed in emerald glory. All the flocks

And heaven discharges all its watery stores.
of Ocean art abroad: like Hoating foam, The wandering traveller shelter secks in vain,
The sea-gulls rise and fall upon the waves ; And shrinks and shivers with the beating rain :
With long protruded neck the cormorants On his steed's neck the slackened bridle lay,
Wing their far flight aloft, and round and round Who chose with cautious step th' uncertain way;
The plovers wheel, and give their note of joy. And now he checks the rein, and halts to hear
It was a day that sent into the heart

If any noise foretold a village ncar.
A summer feeling: even the insect swarms At length from far a stream of light he sees
From their dark nooks and coverts issued forth, Extend its level ray beneath the trees ;
For one day of existence more, and joy ; Thither he speeds, and, as he nearer came,
The solitaty primrose, on the bank,

Joyful he knew the lamp's domestick flame Seemned now as though it had no cause to mourn That trembled thro' the window ; cross the way Its bleak autumnal birth ; the Rocks, and Shores

Darts forth the barking cur, and stands at bay. And everlasting Mountains, bad put on The smile of that glad sunshine, . . thcy partook

It was an ancient lonely house, that stood The universal blessing.

Upon the borders of the spacious wood;
Here towers and anrique battlements arise,
And there in heaps the mouldered ruin lies.
Some lord this mansion held in days of yore,

To ehace the wolf, and pierce the foaming boar ; TRUE STORY OF AN APPARITION.

How changed, alas, from what it once had been !

'Tis now degraded to a publick inn. By Gay.

Straight he dismounts, repeats his loud con

mands : SCEPTICKS (whose strength of argument Swift at the gate the ready landlord stands ; makes out,

With frequent cringe he bows, and begs excuse, That wisdom's deep inquiries end in doubt)

His house was full, and every bed in use. Hold this assertion positive and clear,

What, not a garret, and no straw to spare ? That sprites are pure delusions, rais'd by fear.

Why then the kitchen-tite and elbow-chair Not that fam'd ghost, which in presaging sound

Shall serve for once to nod away the night. Call's Brutus to Philippi's fatal ground,

The kitchen ever is the servants' right, Nor can Tiberius Gracchus' goary shade

Replies the host ; there, all the fire around, These ever-doubting disputants persuade.

The Count's tir'd footmen snore upon the ground, Straight they with smiles reply, Those tales of old By visionary priests were made and told.

The maid, who listey'd to this whole debate, Oh, might some ghost at dead of night appear,

With pity learnt the weary straxger's fate. And make you own conviction by your fear!

Be brave, she cried, you still may be our guest; I know your sneers my easy faith accuse, Our haunted room was ever held the best : Which with such idle legends scares the Muse; if then your valout can the fright sustain But think not that I tell those valgar sprites, of rattling curtains, and the clinking chain ; Which frighted boys relate on winter nights, If your courageous tongue have power to talk, How cleanly milk-maids meet the fairy train, When round your bed the horrid ghost shall walk; How heedless horses drag the clinking chain, If you dare ask it, why it leaves its tomb; Night-roaming ghosts, by saucer eye-balls known, I'll see your shects well air'd, and shew the room. The common spectres of each country-town. Soon as the frighted maid her tale had told, No, I such fables can like you despise,

The stranger enter'd, for his heart was bold. And laugh to hear these nurse-invented lies. Yet, has not oft' the fraudful guardian's fright The damisel led him through a spacious hall, Compellid him to restore an orphao's rights Whers ivy hungle ball-demolished wall;

vôl. III. No. 2. L

She frequent look'd behind, and chang'd her hue,

While fancy tipt the candle's flame with blue.
And now they gaiu'd the winding stairs' ascent,

A fable. By Cowper.
And to the lonesome room of terrours went.
When all was ready, swift retir'd the maid,

I SHALL not ask Jean Jacques Rousseau, The watch-lights burn, tuck'd warm in bed was

If birds confabulate or no ; laid The hardy stranger, and attends the sprite

'Tis clear that they were always able

To kold discourse, at least in fable; Till his accustom'd walk at dead of night. And ev'n the child, who knows no better,

Than to interpret by the letter, At first he hears the wind with hollow roar

A story of a cock and bull, Shake the loose lock, and swing the creaking Must have a most uncommon skull. door ; .

It chanc'd then, on a winter's day, Nearer and nearer draws the dreadful sound Dut warm and bright, and calm as May, of rat:ling chains that dragg'd upon the ground:

The birds, conceiving a design

To forestal sweet St. Valentine, When lo, the spectre came with herrid stride,

In many an orchard, copse, and grove, Approach'd the bed, and drew tlie curtains wide !

Assembled on atlairs of love, In human form the ghastful phantom stood, And with much twitter, and much chatter,

Began to agitate the matter. Expos'd his mangled bosom dy'd with blood.

At length a Bultinch, who could boast Then, silent pointing to his wounded breast,

More years and wisdom than the mosty Turice wav'd his hand. Beneath the frighted Entreated, opening wide his beak, guest

A moment's liberty to speak The bed-cords trembled, and with shuddering And, silence publickly, enjoin'd, fear,

Deliver'd briefly thus liis inind. 8wcat chill'd his limbs, high rose his bristled hair ; My friends ! 'be cautious how ye treat Then muttering hasty prayers, he mana'd his

The subject upon which we meet ;

I fear we shall have winter yet. heart, And cried aloud : Say, whence and who thou art ?

A Finch, whose tongue knew no cortrol,

With golden wing and satin pole, The stalking ghost with hollow voice replies,

A last year's bird, who ne'cr had tried 'Three years are counted since with mortal eyes What marriage means, thus pert replied. I saw the sun, and vital air respird.

Methinks the gentleman, quoth she,

Opposite in the apple-tree, Like thee benighted, and with travel tir'd,

By this good will would keep us single, Within these walls I slept. O thirst of gain ! Till yonder hcav'n and earth shali mingle, See, still the planks the bloody mark retain.

Or (which is likelier to befal)

Till death exterminate us all. Stretch'd on this very bed, from sleep 1 start,

I marry without more ado, And see the steel impending o'er my heart;

My dear Dick Redcap, what say you ! The barbarous hostess held the lifted knife,

Dick heard, and tweedling, ogling, bridling, The fleor ran purple with my gushing life. Turning short round, strutting and stdeling,

Attested, glad, his approbation
My treasure now they sieze, the golden spoil

of an immediate conjugation.
Thcy bury deep beneath the grass-grown soil, Their sentiments so well expressid,
Far in the common field. Be bold, arise, Influenc'd miglitily the rest,
My steps shall lead thee to the secret prize ;

All pair'd, and each pair built a nest.

But though the birds were thus in haste, There dig and find ; let that thy care reward, The leaves came on not quite so fast, Call loud on justice, bid her not retard

And destiny, that soinetimes bears To punish murder ; lay my ghost at rest : An aspect stern on men's affairs,

Noi altogether smil'd on theirs. So shall with peace secure thy nights be blest ;

The wind, of late breath'd gently forth, And, when beneath these boards my bones are Now shifted cast and east by north ; found,

Bare trees and shrubs but ill, you know, Decent inter then in some sacred ground, Could shelter them from rain or snow, Here ceas'd the ghost. The stranger springs

Stepping into their nests, they paddled,

Themselves were chill'd, their eggs were addled; from bed,

Soon ev'ry father bird and mother And boldly follow's where the phantom led : Grew quarrelsome, and peck'd each other, The half-worn stony stairs they now descend,

Parted without the least regret,

Except that they had ever met, Where passages obscure their arches bend.

And learn'd, in future, to be wiser, Silent they walk; and now through groves they Than to neglect a good adviser.

pass, Now through wet meads their steps imprint the

Instruction, grass. At length amidst a spacious field they came :

Misses! the tale that I relate

This lesson seems to carryThere stops the spectre, and ascends in flaine,

Choose not alone a proper mate, Amaz'd he stood, no bush or brier was found,

But proper time to marry. To teach his inorning search to find the ground. What could he do ? the night was hideous dark, Fear shook his joints, and nature dropt the mark: With that he starting wak'd, and rais'd his head, * It was one of the whimsical speculations of But found the golden mark was left in bed. this philosopher, that all fables which ascribe

reason and speech to animals should be withheld What is the statesman's rast ambitious scheme, from children, as being only vchicles of decepBut a short vision and a golden dream ?

tion. But what child was ever deceived by Power, wealth, and title, elevate his hope ; them, or can be, against the cvidcass of ballo He wakes ; but, for a garter, finds a ropc. senses?



Librum tuum legi & quam diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, quæ eximenda, ar

bitrarer. Nam ego diccre verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maximc laudari merentur.Pliny.


us with those of some other genMemoirs of the American Academy tlemen, who accompanied him in of Arts and Sciences.

Vol. 1. attending to these phenomena. 1785.

And having corresponding obser4to. pp. 568.

vations of the first of the said e[Coatinued.)

clipses at Beverly, Chelsea, Pe7. Some select astronomical ob- nobscott-Bay,and Providence in the servations made at Chelsea, latitude state of Rhode Island, he subjoins 42° 25', and 26" in time east of the their differences of longitude,which university at Cambridge. By the he had deduced, and consequently Rev. Phillips Payson, F.A.A. their longitudes from Cambridge,

The astronomical observations, that of Chelsea relatively to Cambere selected, are those of several bridge being known. Hence it emersions of Jupiter's first, sec- appears, that the longitude of Bevond, and third satellites in 1779 ; erly eastward from Cambridge is l' three solar eclipses, namely, in 11" in time; that of PenobscottJune, 1778, October, 1780, and Bay g' 15" ; and that of Provi. April, 1782 ; two lunar eclipses, dence 1' 7" westward. namely, in May, 1979, and Novem

From the times of the contacts ber, 1780 ; and the transit of of Mercury at the said transit, Mercury in November, 1782.

president Willard, using Mayer's VI. Observation of the transit

solar tables, and De La Lande's of Mercury over the sun, Nov. 12,

tables of Mercury, calculates the 1782, at Ipswich. By the Rev. angle of Mercury's apparent way Manasseh Cutler, F.A.A.

with the ecliptick, the time of the The going of the clock was

ecliptick conjunction, the errour carefully examined, and the times of the tables in the latitude of Merof all the contacts, except the first cury at that time, which appears external, were determined.

to be 55.98 in defect. He also de.

duces the place of Mercury's asVII. A memoir, containing ob. cending node, and calculates it servations of a solar eclipse, Octo- from the tables ; whence it apber, 27, 1780, made at Beverly : pears, that the latter differs from Also of a lunar eelipse, March 29, the former 1' 34" in excess. 1782 ; of a solar eclipse, April 12, VIII. Observations of a solar and of the transit of Mercury over eclipse, October 27, 1780, made at the sun's disc, November 12, the St. John's Island, by Messrs. Clarke same year, made at the presidents and Wright. In a letter from Mr. house in Cambridge. By the Rev. Joseph Peters to Caleb Gannett, Joseph Willard, president of the Ho A.M. Rec. Sec, Amer. Acad. niversity.

These observations were made Beside his own observations the at a place called Charlotte-town, author of this memoir furnishes which, according to Mr. Wright's determination, is situated in 46° from the French, and communicate 13' of north latitude, and 62° 50' ed by the Rev. President Willard. of west longitude from Greenwich. By these observations times are In this account it is stated on the determined, when limbs of the authority of a gentleman, belong. sun and moon, and the sun's horns ing to' Yarmouth-Jebouge-Har- passed over the vertical and hori, þour, on the western coast of No. zontal wires of a telescope, and va-Scotia, that this eclipse, which when the eclipse ended, at a staexcited great attention in this part tion on Goat-Island in 41° 304 304 of the country, was total there for of northern latitude. a moment.

M. de Granchain also observed

the lunar eclipse of the 11th of IX. Observations of a solar e.

November, 1780, at the same clipse, October 27, 1780, made at place. And the memoir contains the university in Cambridge. Com; his observed times of the begin, municated by Caleb Gannett, A.M.

The observers of this eclipse at ning, immersion, and emersion of Cambridge were the Rev. Professor Wigglesworth, Mr. Gannett, XII. An account of the obser. and the Rev. John Mellen. They våtions made in Providence, in the did not perceive the beginning of state of Rhode Island, of the eclipse the eclipse, but noted very partic. of the sun, which happened the 23d ularly the disappearance and reap- day of April, 1781. By Benjamin pearance of various spots, which West, Esq. F.A.A. were then visible on the sun, and The quantity of the eclipse and the end of the eclipse. And these the time of its end were determin, may be compared with other cor- ed. And Mr. West calculated the responding observations; some at moon's diameter from the magni, tention having been paid to the tude of the eclipse and the length passage of the moon's limbs over of the chord, joining the cusps at solar spots by most of the astron the time of greatest obscuration. omers, who observed the eclipse. The quantity of the eclipse they Mercury, observed at Cambridge,

XIII. Account of the transit of estimated at 11 digits.

November 12, 1782, By James X. An observation of a solar Winthrop, Esq, . P.A.A. eclipse, October 27, 1780, at Prov. Observations of this transit by idence. By Joseph Browne, Esq. Judge Winthrop are contained in

The beginning of the eclipse Professor Williams' account of was not seen, but the times, when those, which were made by him, the moon's limb first touched cer self and others. But, in the mes țain solar spots, were ascertained, moir before us, the author gives a and that of the end was noted by more particular relation, with some three observers. By measure additional facts and remarks. with a micrometer Mr. Brown de, termined the quantity of the e:

XIV. Observations of an eclipse clipse to be about 11 digits. of the moon, March 29, 1782, and

of an eclipse of the sun, on the 12th XI. Observatians of the solar of April, following, at Ipswich, lat. eclipse of the 27th of October, 1780, 429 38' 30". By the Rev. Manas. made at Newport, Rhode-Island, by seh Cutler, F.Å.A. Mons. de Granchain, Translated Relative to the lunar eclipsez,

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