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THE

L I F E

OF

SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.

COMPREHENDING

AN ACCOUNT OF HIS STUDIES,

AND NUMEROUS WORKS,

IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER;

A SERIES OF HIS EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE

AND CONVERSATIONS WITH MANY EMINENT PERSONS;

AND

VARIOUS ORIGINAL PIECES OF HIS COMPOSITION,

NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED.

THE WHOLE EXHIBITING A VIEW OF LITERATURE AND LITERARY
MEN IN GREAT-BRITAIN, FOR NEAR HALF A CENTURY

DURING WHICH HE FLOURISHED.

BY JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ.

Quò fit ut OMNIS
Votiva pateat veluti descripta tabella
VITA SENIS-

HORAT.

THE EIGHTH EDITION, REVISED AND AUGMENTED.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

VOLUME THE THIRD.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, IN THE STRAND.

M.DCCC.XVI.

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HAVING

AVING left Ashburne in the evening, we 1776. stopped to change horses at Derby, and availed our. Ætat. 67. selves of a moment to enjoy the conversation of

my countryman, Dr. Butter, then physician there. He was in great indignation because Lord Mountstuart's bill for a Scotch militia had been lost. Dr. Johnson was as violent against it.

“ 'I am glad, (said he,) that Parliament has had the spirit to throw it out. You wanted to take advantage of the timidity of our scoundrels ; (meaning, I suppose, the ministry.) It may be observed, that he used the epithet scoundrel, very commonly, not quite in the sense in which it is generally understood, but as a strong term of disapprobation; as when he abruptly answered Mrs. Thrale, who had asked him how he did, “ Ready to become a scoundrel, Madam ; with a little more spoiling you will, I think, make me a complete rascal :"-he meant, easy to become a

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