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altogether lost sight of, in comparison with the sacred and responsible office with which he is invested."
Of his habits of study, and devotion to the word of God, the Archdeacon says:
The mention of “the word of God," connecting itself in the Apostle's words, and in our own thoughts assuredly, my reverend brethren, with the office not of a chief pastor only, but of that also of the shepherds commissioned under him, opens a wide field of memory in regard to him of whom we speak. He realized in a very remarkable manner that which, in our Ordination Service, is described under the various expressions of being “studious in reading and learning the Scriptures," "daily reading and weighing of the Scriptures,'
," " reading of the Holy Scriptures,” with “such studies as help to the knowledge of the same.” With that peculiar conformation of mind which led him to turn over and over again important subjects of thought, looking at them from every point of view, and under all the varying lights which time and full consideration would supply,-if we may adapt and apply to his case the language which Isaac Walton has used of that "learned and judicious divine” to whose memory we just now reverted, he was “ daily assiduous in his studies, still enriching his quiet and capacious soul with precious learning,” oftentimes “such as lay most remote from the track of common studies ;' and “as he was diligent in these, so he seemed restless in searching the scope and intention of God's SPIRIT revealed to mankind in the sacred Scripture."
He brought to these studies no ordinary powers of intellect. He possessed, in remarkable perfection of each quality, and in rare combination, the faculties of imagination, of memory, and judgment. The quickness of his imagination, so well was it controlled, hardly showed itself ordinarily, save in a certain characteristic pointedness, oftentimes, of expression, and in the exquisite feeling with which he entered into the finer beauties of thought and language ; for in regard to him, too, it could be said, and in no low degree, that he was “not a stranger to the more light and airy parts of learning,”–
poetry" in particular—" all of which he had digested and made useful.” The extraordinary retentiveness of his memory continually astonished those who heard him in social hours bring forth with such perfect ease, as the conversation held on its natural flow, the products of all times and ages, the things which commonly, if men have known them familiarly (it may be) in boyhood or youth, they have long since forgotten, and the things which ordinarily in advanced age from their recentness leave but a faint impression. And his judgment could apply itself with equal exactness to greater matters or smaller ; constituting him the kind yet accurate critic, of whose aid his literary friends or learned men no less gratefully and anxiously availed themselves, than those who sought for his counsel to guide them in important affairs of life, and posts of public responsibility; his nice and practised discrimination exercising itself as willingly and condescendingly upon the questioned turn of an expression, in some monumental tribute designed for a departed friend, as upon the weighty concerns which required his best and most intense consideration, as they affected the welfare of the Church, or the spiritual interests of the many millions of the vast empire of Britain.
In the words which Bishop Jeremy Taylor has used in regard to a distinguished prelate of his own time, “the Lord Primate” of Ireland-Bramhall—and which may in no unworthy sense, be applied to the case of our Primate, “it was greatly true of him, that the single perfections which make many men eminent were united in this Primate, and made him illustrious.” There was not a less striking combination in our Archbishop, in regard to intellectual powers and attainments, than in him of whom Bishop Taylor said, "He was an excellent scholar, and rarely well accomplished, first instructed to great excellency by natural parts, and then consummated by study and experience.” In early life he had not only cultivated classical literature in a high degree, with peculiarly refined taste, and more than ordinary critical acumen; he had not only made himself familiar with most of the languages of modern Europe, in particular the German, Italian, and Spanish : but-what was rare at the time when he was a resident at the university, and demands especial notice in its connection with that which was the crown of his varied knowledge, and must be the end of all our studies—he obtained such an acquaintance with Hebrew, as gave him that keen perception of the Divine beauty of the inspired compositions of prophets and psalmists, which contributed to make those sacred strains of holy prayer and praise his resource and his comfort to the last. And in the doctrinal, as well as the strictly prophetical, portions of Scripture, he was not less carefully studious. His Greek Testament was the constant companion of his journeyings ; and in his solitary walks at Addington, divesting himself, as he did with singular happiness, of the disquietudes of daily business, he could turn his mind at once to calm meditations in wider fields of thought; to deeper musings on Scripture and its varied contents, and that vast and comprehensive system of "manifold wisdom,” which it reveals in the economy of the Christian Church. His conversation with those who were privileged
any time to have a share in the results of these his contemplations, revealed how continually and instinctively his mind was reverting to these and such like topics ; to the general argument, perhaps, of some more obscure or recondite portion of Holy Writ, or to some, in particular, of the “ things hard to be understood” in the apostolic writings ; as some new or clearer idea suggested itself to him, for the more satisfactory interpretation, or the more perfect elucidation of them.
The Archbishop was given to hospitality, and was not forgetful to entertain strangers. He possessed a Catholic spirit—a spirit of brotherly love—and shows this especially in the case of the Scottish and American branches of Christ's Church. Nor did he forget the poor and needy; for, says the Archdeacon,
If thus he was enabled to keep himself “unspotted from the
world,” not less carefully did he relieve “the fatherless and widows in their affliction.” He was indeed specially mindful of the Apostle's precept, commending to Christian sympathy and charitable aid those whose temporal sufferings put forth a claim on our suffering humanity, " Remember. them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body." Objects of Christian charity obtained ever our Archbishop's compassionate aid; and—to say nothing of the numerous charitable institutions to which he lent his support and patronage, or of his annual subscriptions to Church societies, in many cases far beyond the accustomed scale,- he led the way, by contributions to a large amount, in the greater undertakings of piety and charity which have happily marked with something (it may be hoped) of a genuine revival of Christian zeal and love, the last ten or twelve years. And, not to overlook the nearer, and apparently, perhaps, humbler claims of Christian charity, I would mention specially that the Clergy of the large and populous parish, whose numerous poor had their dwellings around his palace, warmly expressed, when he was no more, and no “flattery” could “soothe the dull cold ear of death,” “ with what gratitude" they looked back not only
upon his personal kindness to many of” them, but upon—what they had “ valued still more—his benevolence and charitable consi. deration towards the poor among whom” they “ministered;" gratefully acknowledging at the same time the manner in which that bounty had been administered and directed; the ready adoption of “ suggestions for making it more available and useful ;” and the
discriminating but generous attention to all applications for private and personal assistance,” which they felt would “long be remembered in the parish.” Nor they only, but the officers also of the parish, not content to have had these feelings expressed by the Rector and Clergy only, evinced their anxiety that, by a special communication from themselves, the last thoughts connected with the recollections of the many years' residence among them, when the hour of departure was come, might be soothingly associated, in the mind of the mourner and desolate, with the earnest prayers which were their heartfelt acknowledgments of “unceasing and numerous acts of kindness in contributing to their various charitable institutions, and” of “unwearied benevolence to” their “ poorer
brethren.' And not only tender-hearted compassion, but “munificence” also, as has been truly stated, “ was a resplendent feature in the Archbishop's character. His gifts were princely," says the same authority, “but these constituted a small part of his liberality. Probably no Prelate since the Reformation has been so eminent a 're-edificator,' if we may coin such a word.” But to say nothing of London House and Fulham, of Lambeth and Addington, I would on this occasionas more immediately connected with my own especial function in regard to the sacred edifices dedicated to God's worship and service, and the peculiar duty of those who attend here in their office on an occasion like the present-make mention of the restoration, completed only last autumn, of the chapel at Lambeth to its original symmetry of structure, and of its adorning with a simplicity of taste and
chasteness of beauty which make it now the gem of the whole building. And, while I'might refer also to the restoration of the chancel at Addington, which the Archbishop completed soon after his recovery from illness, five years ago, together with the internal re-arrangement of the Church ; I may mention it as one of the things which he gave specially in charge in his last illness, that the restoration of the exterior, which was to have been undertaken during the preceding year, but which it was found necessary then to postpone, the season being too far advanced, should be carried into effect according to the design already approved. And I may also allude to another witness of his taste and munificence alike, in things concerning the sanctuary of God, its due honour and ornament, in the beautiful and costly throne which he gave to his Cathedral Church ; a gift which may be regarded as crowning the work of internal restoration in the choir, and with the removal of that which was inappropriate and unsightly, supplying what to his tasteful eye was wanting to combine the several parts into one harmonious whole. I would the rather speak of these acts of religious zeal and munificence in this special place and order, as connecting with faith some of those its visible works which are not always so esteemed of men as we know they are in His eyes, when they are the expression of true religious faith and piety towards Him Who not only taught us that that is done unto Him which is done to one of the least of His members, in deeds of charity and mercy to His poor, but Who specially commended and rewarded the gift of the precious ointment, poured by dutiful Love in costly measure upon His own sacred head.
The anxiety that prevailed during his illness, renders it unnecessary that we should recapitulate the particulars of it; we therefore hasten to the close of his life, and the deep feeling it excited far and wide.
It was on the evening of that day, Saturday, the 22nd, that, having been sitting for a while in the adjoining room, he desired me to write a few lines to one who was my immediate predecessor in the office of chaplain, and who had, some little time before, sent him a volume which he had recently published; he desired I would tell him that he had delayed to acknowledge the receipt of the volume, in the hope of being able first to read it, but that this he had not been able to do, and, as he added, never should now; but that he was anxious he should know why it was that it had not been acknowledged. And then he went on to express, in his wonted calm and quiet manner, that he felt as if he could almost say, “LORD, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen Thy salvation,” if only he could see things in a more comfortable position in regard to the Church. Thus full of that kind consideration for others, which was so characteristic of him, and with humble aspiration for his own release, subject only to the higher welfare of the Church of God; in the spirit of a meek and patient predecessor, Archbishop Whitgift, when his sovereign, visiting him in his last sickness, expressed his earnest desire for the continuance of his life, and his answer was, with uplifted eyes, “ Pro ecclesiâ Dei, pro ecclesiâ Dei ;' and with the words on his lips of that elder saint who “ was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel,"'
'-our aged Father in CHRIST seemed to take leave, with the close of that week, of the lesser concerns of earth: and, leaning with a tottering weight on the arm which supported him to his room, never left again that which, from being the chamber of sickness, was destined, before three weeks were ended, to become the chamber of death. The poet has said, in well-known words,
“ The chamber where a good man meets his fate
Is privileged beyond the common walk." And privileged beyond the common lot are they who are permitted to stand by the bedside, and minister in any degree to the relief or the comfort of those concerning whom it is written, “ Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of His saints." And doubly privi. leged, my reverend brethren, must any one be accounted, to whom it had been granted a second time to witness, in one and the same instance, such a scene of calm faith and meek resignation, as had been already exhibited then, when, more than five years before, he who hath now been finally taken away from us was brought down to the gates of the grave, seemed almost to have passed, to the utmost verge, through " the valley of the shadow of death,' and thence was restored again by what appeared verily to be scarcely less than a miracle wrought by Him in Whose hand are the issues of life and death, and with whom “ there is no word impossible.” At that time, in the manner of one of the patriarchs of old, our beloved and revered Father had taken leave of those who had the chief place in his earthly affections and tender care, and of those that ministered to him in his sickness; and had given them his solemn blessing. But it was as when once of old, by Divine appointment, the shadow went back on the sun-dial of Ahaz; and five years and more were yet to be added to a life, the prolongation of which, while he himself lay calmly awaiting with equal resignation either event, was, by many a voice of supplication, earnestly besought of Him, if it were His gracious will, Who heareth prayer. And the prayer was heard ; and five years and more were added to his days, already prolonged as they had been, even then, by more than that period, beyond the ordinary term of man's existence; and none who had witnessed that recovery could ever again, in his case, suffer Hope to quench her light while life and breath, and no small degree of strength, yet remained. And at one time in his last illness, it appeared indeed as if the worst were over, and the strength of the attack gone by ; and again even then, when, through a long day and night, it had seemed as if every breath might be the last, or at any moment the apparent sleep might deepen into the sleep of death, there was something like a sudden revival ; and hope might well feel permitted to revive with it. But the continued progress of weakness and emaciation revealed more and more distinctly, as days went on, what the appointed end was too probably