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to be; and mercifully at last, where hope had been fondly lingering, gave a strong foreboding of what was immediately impending, when, at an early hour on the morning of the day which was to complete the eighty-second year of his earthly pilgrimage, the desired release was given ; and his honoured head sunk down upon his breast, and, before the Church's commendatory prayer had been said, “the spirit, set free from its earthly prison, had“ returned to God that gave
He had already, some time before, given his last directions to her who was the faithful depositary of his earthly cares, and who, he knew, would fulfil all his designs and wishes as perfectly as if they had been all minutely recorded in testamentary document: he had, towards the close of the preceding week, received with earnest devotion the sacramental pledges of life, of pardon, and peace ; he had given his parting blessing to those who were to receive this last gift at a dying Father's hand; he had lost signt of all the cares and disquietudes of this passing scene, and might no more be disturbed by them; (for, as much as ten days before his death, when his weakness had increased upon him, he had gently, yet decisively, put aside all mention of matters of business ;) but he had still an ear to hear the soothing voices of “ Sion's hill and Siloa's brook :" these could calm his spirit in all its disquietudes, and command his attention amidst the utmost weakness of the earthly tabernacle weighing down the mind which mused upon many things.”
And none who saw that placid countenance, with the calm smile that returned almost instantly, and regained possession of its tranquil features, as soon as the head was laid at rest on its pillow, the last struggle of earthly suffering past for ever-none who looked upon it could wish, even amid the fresh feelings of natural sorrow, or under the keen sense of loneliness and loss, to have recalled that pure and peaceful spirit from the blissful abodes of paradise, to “the miseries of this sinful world."
To his own case may well be applied the words of comfort which, with characteristic kindness of sympathy, he addressed to the domestic chaplain and friend of the late Bishop of Limerick, on the occasion of his removal. To him who had been “ called from a bed of protracted sickness and suffering to his place of rest,'' as the Archbishop gently and tenderly reminded the mourner, " the change” was “truly blessed; and it would be an unkindness in his friends to wish to recall him from the mansions of joy and peace. It is on such occasions,” he went on to say, “ that we are truly sensible of the cheering influence of the Christian's hope; it must be a comfort to you through life to have witnessed in one whom you loved as a friend, and honoured as a father, the peace and serenity which attend the death-bed of the righteous, whose trust is in his REDEEMER.”'
Nor was it only those who stood in near and immediate relations to our lamented Diocesan, who felt thus towards him : it is not too much to say that his loss was mourned by the Church and the nation at large as that of a friend and a father. It was observed by those who mingled in the crowd of men in the streets of the metropolis,
and amidst its scenes of active business, that it was no common feeling that had been awakened by the deep tones of the Cathedral bell tolling its solemn hour on that morning,-a feeling which mani. fested itself expressively on the countenances and in the converse of all. And when his mortal remains were carried to their resting-place in the tomb which he had prepared for himself under the chancel at Addington, and where he desired to be laid with as little pomp and circumstance as might be, it was amidst tokens of reverential respect and affectionate sorrow from all classes of the community, from the sovereign on the throne, with the members of the Royal Family, faithful in their kindness to the last, to the thousands of Lambeth and the village labourers of Addington; and with indications, on every side, of true and genuine feeling, to which they especially of the Clergy would testify who led the funeral procession on its way through the old archiepiscopal town of Croydon, amidst a still and solemn silence of the assembled multitude, which, as they felt and expressed, was indeed deeply eloquent.
And far and wide indeed, -as widely as the dominions on which, as it has been often said, the sun never sets, were manifested the visible signs of inward grief and heartfelt reverence and respect, and of thoughts which lingered affectionately on many an act of fatherly care and fraternal love. When the intelligence was received in Nova Scotia by the mail which communicated its “heavy news," " the Archdeacon" was “authorized to make known the wish and request of the Bishop of the Diocese, that all the Clergy and their Churches (wherever the means might exist) should be in mourning for six weeks. Such tribute of dutiful respect and affectionate gratitude," it was publicly expressed, was “especially due to the revered memory of the Archbishop of Canterbury and Metropolitan, whose ecclesiastical jurisdiction extended over all the colonies of the empire. His Grace was enabled,” it was added, " by Divine Providence, to render essential services to the Church at large, during a long season of extraordinary difficulty and trial; and was eminently a fostering father to the Colonial Church, whose extension His Grace most ably and zealously laboured to promote, and by the blessing of the Divine Head of the Church, with remarkable success ; having found five Colonial Bishops when he was promoted to the See of Canterbury, and having left twenty-two at His Grace's lamented death."
The deep feeling which thus expressed itself, in that and in other dioceses of the Colonial Church, on the part of their chief pastors, had its source in the memory of “ numerous kindnesses," some of which, “connected with the interests of the Church," had “made an impression that could “never be effaced. A morning's walk in the park. of Addington," said the Bishop of Nova Scotia, “is often before me.
A suggestion which I hardly dared to offer, was quickly stripped of every discouragement with a clearness of perception, and a firmness of resolution, which set all difficulty at defiance, and secured the creation of the see of Newfoundland, and prepared for · that of Fredericton. I will name another," the Bishop continues, “ of the many kindnesses which filled my heart with gratitude." It
was a case of discipline which placed him in a position of serious embarrassment. “I had not ventured," he writes, “ to trouble my Metropolitan with it, because I had some knowledge of the overwhelming engagements which daily pressed upon His Grace. But it came to his knowledge ; and in the abundance of paternal kindness he felt for a poor Colonial Bishop, cut off from opportunities of consultation and advice; and, in the midst of the labours of Lambeth, sent ample advice and direction for my safe guidance through much difficulty and trial, in a manner peculiarly his own, which secured a grateful record in my heart.”
Meanwhile from another North American diocese--one of those of which the first origin has just been related-came similar testimony. “I cannot help speaking that which I do know," said the Bishop of Newfoundland, in a letter to the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, on receiving the tidings of the Archbishop's death, " that the Church in the Colonies generally, and that in Newfoundland not the least, will for ever have reason to revere and bless his memory. I cannot of course forget that by his sacred hands I was set apart to this ministry, and that both then and ever since I received from His Grace instruction and encouragement in my arduous work, and personal attentions whenever opportunity offered. I cannot forget that His Grace condescended to write to me on the occasion of that calamitous fire which swept away our church with the greater part of the town, and by a most liberal donation towards the restoration of the church, and much more by words of Christian consolation and encouragement, strengthened my hands and comforted my heart. The same sympathy was manifested to me when I visited England shortly after, to obtain funds for the completion of our church. But why should I repeat facts which must be well known to you, and similar to which, I dare believe, every Colonial Bishop of my standing has some to relate? I may, I trust, be excused for giving expression to feelings which fill my thoughts on the consideration of the removal of such a friend and Father in Christ. And if I may presume to say anything of his glorious episcopate, I would say, honoured in life-happy in his death!"
We have dwelt thus long upon this charge, as there are none who will not peruse these details, given by one who knew him well, with a melancholy interest. May God give us grace to follow his example; and to pray that that peace which in vain the late Archbishop looked for, may in due time be given to the Church.
Look often upon the cross of CARIST, and thou wilt find what a damp it will strike upon all thy sinful pleasures, and how little reason thou hast to hanker after those things, whereof so many good men, after they have become sensible of their er. rors, have been ashamed.-HORNECK.
DANGER OF DELAY. - Remember, though God promises forgiveness to repentant sinners, He does not promise they shall have to-morrow to repent in. Make much of time, espe. cially in the mighty matter of salva. tion.-THOMAS AQUINAS.
S. AUGUSTINE'S, CANTERBURY. The 29th of June, at Canterbury, was a day to be remembered ; remembered not only, we trust, by the Christian thousands then and there assembled, but by thousands, perchance tens of thousands, of heathens yet unborn, who from the solemnities of that day may date their knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus. Glorious and heart-stirring truly it was ! Christian philanthropy and pure liberality have seldom, if ever, shone more brightly; and privileged were they who basked under their beams.
The founding of a missionary college for the instruction of young men destined for the work of evangelizing our colonies, had been long deemed desirable, but the immense sum requisite for such an undertaking stood as a barrier in the way, and deterred even the most sanguine from the attempt. Here, however, Christian love, and an earnest and heaven-inspired desire for God's glory and our Church’s good, interposed to chase the clouds, and point out a way.
Chiefly to the prince-like munificence of Alexander James Beresford Hope, M.P., one who, though comparatively young in years, is matured in wisdom, does the College of S. Augustine's, Canterbury, owe its commencement; and although, in external grandeur, inferior perhaps to its ancient and magnificent predecessor, stil calculated far to exceed that once so far-famed institution in those highest essentials of Christian perfection in its future brotherhood, faith pure and unalloyed, and holiness unto the Lord.
The site of the college is the one on which stood of old the Monastery of S. Augustine, so called from its founder and first Abbot, and is situated at the eastern side of the City of Canterbury.
The history of the ancient monastery was briefly this :-Pope Gregory having determined, (as we are informed by the Venerable Bede,) to send over from Rome missionaries for the evangelizing of that part of Britain which was separated, by distance, from the jurisdiction of our early British Bishops, then residing in Wales, chose S. Augustine for this important work.
He, with his monks, having happily been enabled to convert from heathenism to Christianity Ethelbert, the then king, they were invited by him to make Canterbury, the metropolis of his kingdom, their place of residence. There, A.D. 605, they founded the abbey or monastery known by the name of S. Augustine's. It is by some asserted, that on its site had stood a Pagan Temple. Nor is this improbable; for when the banner of the Prince of Peace was raised of old in lands of heathenism, it was frequently