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G Ꭱ Ꭼ Ꭺ Ꭲ Ꭲ Ꭼ Ꭺ Ꮯ Ꮋ Ꭼ Ꭱ :







President of Amherst College.

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Entered, according to the act of Congress, in the year

1835, by J. S. & C. Adams, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.

J. S. & C. Adams, Printers.

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A Divine Teacher needed-Desired-Might have been

expected--Was predicted-His advent in the person of Christ-His lowly condition-Herald-Installation to office-Subject proposed-A very small portion of his discourses recorded-Scope of his teaching-First characteristic, authority. I. Authority of goodness-Invitations- Beatitudes. II. Authority of greatnessClaims universal audience-Superiority to Jonah, Solomon, and all the great na.nes of the Jewish ChurchSupremacy--Central object of the judgment dayImpress his name on every thing-Speaks of all things awful and sublime, calmly, like one familiar with them-Teaching, declarative and dogmatic. III. Authority of solemnity –His peculiar formulaHis denunciations of woe. IV. Legislative authority -Revises the Mosaic code-Asserts his superiority to law - Repeals existing economy-Controls laws of nature himself, and confers the power on others—' I say unto you,'-His new commandment-Not only enacts laws, but ensures obedience-Forgives sin-Reposed on his own personal authority-Conclusion-His teaching exempt from all supposable circumstances unfavorable to `authoritative teaching--Taught with the perfect conviction of the truth of his doctrineHis example enforced it-Cordial sympathy with it Knew the ultimate principles on which his doctrines rested-And the supreme value of the truth he taught - And the purity of his own motives—And the ulti

imph of his doctrine-All this must have clothed his teaching, especially when contrasted with the prevailing mode of Jewish instruction, with com, manding power-His disciples should be distinguished by reverence and docility- These dispositions to be sought and found at the throne of grace.


49-87 ESSAY II.


SECTION I.Of God the Father.

Never man spake like this man.'

"No man knoweth the Father save the Son, and he to whomsoever the

Son will reveal him.'

Originality not valuable for its own sake-His praise

consists, partly, in not being more original-Deigned to adopt familiar illustrations and sayings in order to engage attention and affection-His highest claim to originality consists in new disclosures of truth-To have merely interpreted the book of nature, unavailing-Is itself brought under the curse--The great truth it attests is the existence of its Maker. I. Christ taught his character-Prevailing ignorance on the subject-Even in Judea-- Among the heathens, the Epicurean system general. II. Christ taught the universal providence and paternal character of God. III. His love to man, exemplified in the mission of Christ. IV. This, only the means of merey. V. The endFree gift of eternal life. VI. Offered to all. VII. Characier of Christ is the character of the Father. VIII. Taught us to call him our Father-Summary of our Lord's teaching on this subject-Life eternal to know God through Christ.


Section II. —Concerning himself.

No man knoweth the Son but the Father.'

His person unique-Not understood by his disciples till after his ascension. I. The complexity of his person. II. Object of his advent--Evinced the divine existence -Embodied the Divine spirituality-But, chiefly, represented the Divine character. III. Mode of manifestation-By sensible representation-Affirming that all he did was only in fulfillment of the Father's commission-Ascending the cross-Saving the outcast-Identifying his interest with ours-Sending salvation to Jerusalem--Giving his own Spirit to his disciplesInterceding Personally-Allowing us to plead his name-Engaging himself to answer prayer-Object of the whole to demonstrate that "God is love;' and to make us the heirs of that love.


SECTION IIL.-Of the Holy Spirit.

“This spake he of the Spirit.'

Difficult to discriminate between originality and mere

novelty-New theological opinions sprung up between the times of Malachi and of Christ, Though much is taught of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, the doctrine of his agency is one of the most original that came from the lips of Christ. I. Mission of the Spirit dependent on his own return to heaven-The reasons why. II. Object of the Spirit's advent-To convince of sin. III. Means of his operation. IV. Necessity of regeneration. V. Effects of it. VI. Glorifies Christ. VII. To enhance our views and desires of the Spirit, our Lord taught that to reject him is unpardonable, That his presence would compensate for his own departure--Be a remedy for all the miseries of earth-God's all-comprehending gift-Free for all.


Section IV.-Of the Doctrine of the Trinity; and of

a Spiritual Church.

The doctrine of the Trinity imperfectly known under the

Jewish economy-Taught by our Lord practicallyIn the formula of christian baptism. I. The existence of a spiritual church. II. Had been pre-figuredThe world contains nothing like it. III. Its simplicity, IV. Its purpose. V. Its spirituality-Preached repentance as a requisite for membership-Armed his church with power to expel offenders--Denounced the Pharisees for teaching as doctrine the commandments of men.'--The church his earthly kingdom.


SECTION V.-On Satanic Agency.

“The devil and his angels.'

Satan the prince of devils Number of his agents--His

apostacy, and ruin of man--His power on earth, a kingdom-Organized-Long almost_undisputedChrist came to dispute his authority-Took an affecting view of human vassalage-Satan, aware of his advent-Undertook to conduct his templation-Made his life an incessant conflict-Compassed his death

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