Appletons' Cyclopædia of Drawing: Designed as a Text-book for the Mechanic, Architect, Engineer, and Surveyor, Comprisng Geometrical Projection, Mechanical, Architectural, and Topographical Drawing, Perspective, and Isometry

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William Ezra Worthen
Appleton, 1857 - 410 Seiten
 

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Inhalt

Problems on Circles and Rectilinear Figures cycloid 76 methods 77 to describe an 1
85
Projection of a regular Hexagonal Pyramid of the same on an inclined base and of a transverse section of the same by a plane perpendicular to the ve...
86
Projections of a Prism in an upright position inclined to the horizontal and inclined to both planes of projection
86
Construction of the Conic Sections
86
within a polygon 01 to describe a regu plan and elevation a sixsided prism in
89
Penetration of Cylinders at right angles to each other
92
Penetration of Cylinders of unequal diameters meeting at an angle of a Cone by a Sphere of a Cylinder by a Cylindrical Ring
94
Penetrations of cylinders prisms spheres and detrusion 128 torsion 128 examples 129
98
Construction of Helical Curves and of the Spiral
100
Development of Surfaces
101
To develope the surface of a cylinder formed one inch of water 135 table showing
103
Examples of Iron Frames of Tools
105
ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING
120
DRAWING OF MACHINERY
137
Elevations and Sections of a Wooden and of an Iron WaterWheel Shaft
139
Force defined 105 direction of 105 lines the journals of waterwheels and other shafts
140
231
142
Plan and Elevation of a Standard
146
240
146
Plans Elevations and Details of a Hanger and of a Bracket
148
254
153
Elevation and Section of a Spur Geer
176
Projection of a Spur Geer in an oblique position
178
Elevations and Section of a Bevel Geer
180
Elevation of a Rack and Pinion and of a Worm and Endless Screw
182
Projections of Eccentrice 185 Definition Fruming 220 flooring 220 bridging
228
Elevation of an Iron Store Front by D D Badger Co
288
Elerations of Ilouses 280 Examples 280 ing 340 washing or sponging 341 color
291
Perspective Elevation of a Church in the Romanesque style
294
A Perspective View of the Interior of the Crystal Palace at Sew York
297
Usual forms illustrated dle 357 examples of plotting 358 bal
303
SHADING AND SILADOWS
313
Projection of the Shadows of Lines and Surfaces upon Vertical Planes
314
Projection of the Shadows of Solids upon both Planes of Projection
318
Determination of the Line of Shade upon various Solids
325
Determination of the Line of Shade upon Triangular and Square Threaded Screws and Nuts
327
Illustrations of the Process of Shading by Flat Tints
329
Illustrations of the Process of Shading by Softened Tints
330
Examples of Finished Shading and Shadows
336
Triangular and SquareThreaded Screws and Nuts in Finished Shading
338
Colors of Various Materials 310
343
Conventional Signs
349
Designs for Meridians
370
Mechanical Method of Constructing Letters
374
Map of the Harbor and City of New Haven
382
PLATE VIII Plan and Section of a Lead Mine in Color
382
PERSPECTIVE DRAWING
385
Projection of a Square and of a Cube in Parallel Perspective
390
point of view 387 expla the interior of a room 401 to draw in per
393
Projection of a Square and of a Cube in Angular Perspective
396
Projection of an Octagonal and of a Circular Pillar of an Octagonal Pyramid and of a Cone in Angular Perspective
398
Elevation of a Building in Angular Perspective
400

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Seite 3 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.
Seite 78 - The projection of a point upon a plane is the foot of the perpendicular from the point to the plane.
Seite 2 - When several angles are at one point B, any one of them is expressed by three letters, of which the letter that is at...
Seite 20 - ... the beginning of this division, or zero point, a distance equal to one of the subdivisions. Now divide the extent thus set off into ten equal parts, marking the divisions on the opposite side of the divided line to the strokes marking the primary divisions and the subdivisions, and number them 1, 2, 3, &c., backwards from right to left Then, since the extent of eleven subdivisions has been divided into ten equal parts, so that these ten parts exceed by one subdivision the extent of ten subdivisions,...
Seite 2 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a Right Angle; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a Perpendicular to it.
Seite 115 - VIII, leads to the following remarkable conclusion, easily fixing itself in the memory, that with the unguents, hogs* lard and olive oil interposed in a continuous stratum between them, surfaces of wood on metal, wood on wood, metal on wood, and metal on metal, when in motion, have all of them very nearly the same co-efficient of friction, the value of that co-efficient being in all cases included between 0,07 and 0,08, and the limiting angle of resistance therefore between 4° and 4° 35'.
Seite 60 - XXXVIII. length AD, the polygon may be completed. The constructions for inscribing regular polygons in circles are suitable also for dividing the circumference of a circle into a number of equal parts. To supply a means of dividing the circumference into any number of parts, including cases not provided for in the foregoing problems, the annexed table of angles relating to polygons, expressed in degrees, will be found of general utility. In this table the angle at TABLE OF POLYGONAL ANGLES.
Seite 111 - To find the weight that will be supported by a known amount of power, the position of the fulcrum being given : Multiply the distance between the power and the fulcrum by the power, and divide the product by the distance between the fulcrum and the weight.
Seite 382 - Having poured a little of the solution into a flat dish, the pictures are to be introduced into it one by one; daylight will not now injure them ; let them soak for two or three minutes, or even longer if strongly printed, turning and moving them occasionally. The remaining unreduced salts of silver are thus thoroughly dissolved, and may now, with the...
Seite 38 - MOUNTING PAPER AND DRAWINGS, VARNISHING, ETC. In mounting paper upon canvas, the latter should be well stretched upon a smooth flat surface, being damped for that purpose, and its edges glued down as was recommended in stretching drawing paper. Then with a brush spread strong paste upon the canvas, beating it in till the grain of the canvas be all filled up; for this, when dry, will prevent the canvas from shrinking when subsequently removed ; and, having cut the edges of the paper straight, paste...

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