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400

200

250

800

116 102 131

400

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Queen, screw (cut down)
Racoon, screw corvette ..
Rattler, screw (broken up)
Renard, screw .. .. ..
Renown do. .. .. ..
Retribution, paddle .. ..
Revenge, screw (being

built) .
Rhadamanthus, paddle ..
Rosamond, paddle.. ..
Royal Albert, screw ..
Royal Frederick, screw

(nearly ready for being

launched) .. .. ..
Royal George, screw ..
Royal Sovereign, screw ..
Russell, screw .. .. ..
St. Jean d'Acre, screw
Salamander, paddle ..
Sampson, do... ...
San Fiorenzo, screw
Sanspareil, screw ..
Satellite, screw corvette ..
Scourge, paddle
Scout, screw corvette
Scylla do.
Seahorse do.
Shannon, screw
Shearwater, paddle ..
Sidon, paddle .. .
Simoom, screw (iron)
Snake, screw .. ..
Sparrowhawk, screw
Sphinx, paddle..
Spiteful do... ..
Spitfire do. .. ..

.. Stromboli, paddle (troop

280 ship. .. .. .. ..

Styx, paddle .. .. .. 200

280 Swallow, screw .. .. ..

60 800

Tartar, screw corvette 400

.. Tartarus, paddle .. .

130 Termagant, screw 800

..

310

..
Terrible, paddle ..
200
280
Topaze, screw ..

150 500

Torch, paddle (iron)
Tribune, screw..

300 Trident, paddle (iron) ..

360 Triton do. dr.

250
Trafalgar (to be converted
800

to a screw) .. .. ..
200
Valorous, paddle

16400 600 Vesuvius" do. .. .

280 220 Victor Emanuel, screw ..

600 467 Victoria, screw (nearly

ready for being launched)| 121 1000 400 | Victoria and Albert, paddle

600 400 Viper, screw ..

160 420 | Virgo, paddle..

300 400 || Vivid do. .. ..

160 400 | Vixen do. .. ..

280 200 | Volcano do. .. ..

140 600 || Vulcan, screw ...

350 160 | Vulture, paddle

470 560 350 | Wasp, screw .. .. ..

14 100 160 Windsor Castle, screw .. 200 Wrangler, screw .. ..

4160 500 280 | Zealous, screw (ordered) 140 || Zephyr do. .. .. ..

100

6 20 20 12

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32

Thus the British steam navy consists of
32 Steamers, of 90 guns and upwards.

50 to 90 guns.
27

20 to 50 guns.

20 and under. There are, besides, 186 steam gun-boats, with engines varying from 20 to 60 horse-power; and 40 steam-vessels consisting of tenders, store-ships, and tugs.

The “Renown' is our best screw-steamer, and should be the model of those to be hereafter constructed. At present we have few like her.

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WAR NAVIES OF THE SEVERAL CONTINENTAL POWERS OF

EUROPE, AND OF THE UNITED STATES. The number of French ships of the line and vessels of war, when the Commission of Inquiry (Enquête Parlementaire) commenced its labours, in 1850, was as in the following table :

Afloat. On the Stocks.
Ships of the line .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 .. 20
Frigates .. ..

.. 18
..
Corvettes .. .. ..
Brigs ..

..
.. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 46
Gun-brigs .. ..
Batimens légers ..
Sailing transports .. ..
Steam-ships of war, from 450 to 650 H. P... 20
Ditto, from 220 to 400 H. P.

Ditto, of 200 H. P. and under .. .
The twenty-seven ships of the line afloat are as follow :-

Ocean.
Montebello. Auxiliary (150 H. P.)

Souverain.
First-rate .. .. *Friedland.

*Valmy,
( * Ville de Paris.
*Hercule.

*Jemappes.
Second-rate .. ..

*Henri Quatre.

Jena.
*Suffrein.
*Inflexible.
*Bayard.

*Duguesclin.
Third-rate .. .. *Breslau.

Charlemagne. Auxiliary (256 H. P.)
Diadème.
Neptune.
Jupiter.
Napoléon. Steamer (960 H. P.)
Marengo.
Trident.

Ville de Marseille.“
Fourth-rate .. .

Alger.
Duperré.

Généreux. * Those marked with an asterisk were to be immediately converted into steam ships.

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The twenty ships said to be then on the stocks are as follow :

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ne of th of that 1000 horses

Eighteen of the above twenty were sailing ships, and these have since been converted into steamers. The twelve old sailing-ships, marked above with an asterisk, have since been lengthened and are to be converted into screw-steamers of 400 to 450 horse-power. All these will, when finished, make thirty-two line-of-battle steamers; but, since that time, twelve new steam-ships have been built, and one of these, the ‘Bretagne,' was launched at Cherbourg, on the opening of that port in the present year: it carries 131 guns, and has engines of 1000 horse-power. The building of new ships in the ports of France continues, and there is no doubt that in 1861 the number will amount to fifty, as recommended by a member of the “Commission of Inquiry,” in 1851. All the new ships of the line are built on the type of the · Napoléon, and are to have engines of nearly equal horse-power.

It may be interesting to know that, according to the evidence given at the Enquête Parlementaire in 1851, the total quantity of oak timber, for the purpose of ship-building, then in store at the five great ports of France-Cherbourg, Brest, L'Orient, Rochfort, and Toulon-amounted to 207,673 stère (7,334,387 cubic feet), and of fir 28,831 stère (1,018,224 cubic feet); also that the whole mean annual consumption of oak for this purpose, at the same ports, was 35,834 stère, or 1,265,549 cubic feet.

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The Russian navy, during the war with Turkey in 1829, consisted of five divisions, each comprehending 9 line-of-battle ships, 6 frigates, and 8 corvettes and brigs, with 8 steamers. This force has since been augmented to 12 line-of-battle ships in each division. The total establishment of the Russian fleet at the commencement of the late war was 60 ships of the line, armed with from 70 to 120 guns; 37 frigates, of from 40 to 60 guns; 70 corvettes and brigs; 40 steamers and 200 gun-boats. The system of manning is by establishments of équipages de ligne, as in France. (See Art. 35, note, Naval Gunnery, 4th edition. Of this vast naval force three-fifths were stationed in the Baltic, and two-fifths in the Black Sea. These last divisions having been destroyed, and treaty obligations having been forced upon Russia not to re-establish a naval arsenal at Sebastopol, she is devoting her naval resources to increase her Baltic fleet, which will, in the course of the next year, amount to 40 steam ships of the line, all the sailing ships being converted into steamers.

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POWERS

The navy of the Netherlands consisted, in 1850, of,

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Six sailing-ships and three steamers-of-war were on the stocks.

The Dutch navy, under the ministry of Admiral Gobins, an experienced and excellent officer, is in a very efficient state. ·

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