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difficulty of it, 'they' have desired me to send you this enclosed. I rest,

Sir, your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.* Here is this enclosed :'

For the Right Honourable the Governor of Edinburgh

Castle: These.

" Edinburgh, 14th December, 1650. “Right HONOURABLE,—We now hearing that you was “ desirous to speak with us for your information of the pos“ture of affairs, we would be glad, and we think you make “ no doubt of it, to be refreshing or useful to you in anything; “ but the matter is of so high concernment, especially since “ it may be you will lean somewhat upon our information in “ managing that important trust put upon you, that we dare “ not take upon us to meddle: ye may therefore do as ye find “ yourselves clear and in capacity; and the Lord be with you. “We are, Sir, your honour's humble servants, wellwishers in “ the Lord,

“ Jo. Carstairs.”

So that, for this Saturday, nothing can be done. On Sunday, we suppose, Mr. Stapylton, in black, teaches in St. Giles's; and other qualified persons, some of them in red with belts, teach in other Kirks; the Scots, much taken with the doctrine, "answering in their usual way of groans,' Hum-m-mrrh!-- and on Monday, it is like, the cannons and mortarpieces begin to teach again, or indicate that they can at once begin. Wherefore, on Wednesday, here is a new Note from

• Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 98).

Governor Dundas ; which we shall call Reply No. 4, from that much-straitened Gentleman :

“ Edinburgh Castle, 18th December, 1650. “My Lord, I expected that conscience, which you pre“ tended to be your motive that did induce you to summon “ this house before you did attempt anything against it, should “ also have moved you to have expected my Answer to your “ Demand of the house; which I could not, out of conscience, “ suddenly give without mature deliberation ; it being a busi“ness of such high importance. You having refused that “ little time, which I did demand to the effect I might receive “ the commands of them that did intrust me with this place; " and” I “ yet not daring to fulfil your desire, I do demand “ such a competent time as may be condescended upon betwixt “ us, within which if no relief come, I shall surrender this “place upon such honourable conditions as can be agreed “ upon by capitulation ; and during which time all acts of “ hostility and prosecution of attempts on both sides may be “ forborne. I am, my Lord, your humble servant,

“ W. Dundas.”

The Lord General's Reply, No. 5:


For the Governor of Edinburgh Castle: These.

Sir, .

Edinburgh, 18th December, 1650. . All that I have to say is shortly this: That if you will send out Commissioners by eleven o'clock this night, thoroughly instructed and authorised to treat and conclude, you may have terms, honourable and safe to you, and to those whose interests are concerned in the things that are with you. I shall give a safe-conduct to such whose names you shall send within the time limited, and order to forbear shooting at their coming forth and going in.

To this I expect your answer within one hour, and rest,

Sir, your servant,


The Governor's Reply, No. 5 :

“ Edinburgh Castle, 18th December, 1650. “ My Lord, I have thought upon these two Gentlemen “ whose names are here mentioned ; to wit, Major Andrew “ Abernethy and Captain Robert Henderson ; whom I pur“pose to send out instructed, in order to the carrying-on “ the Capitulation. Therefore expecting a safe-conduct for “ them with this bearer,-) rest, my Lord, your humble ser

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Edinburgh, 18th December, 1650.

I have, here enclosed, sent you a safeconduct for the coming forth and return of the Gentle

* Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 98).

men you desire ; and have appointed and authorised Colonel Monk and Lieutenant-Colonel White to meet with your Commissioners, at the house in the safe-conduct mentioned: there to treat and conclude of the Capitulation on my part. I rest,

Sir, your servant,


Here is his Excellency's Pass or safe-conduct for them:


To all Officers and Soldiers under my Command.

You are on sight hereof to suffer Major Andrew Aber. nethy and Captain Robert Henderson to come forth of Edinburgh Castle, to the house of Mr. Wallace in Edinburgh, and to return back into the said Castle, without any trouble or molestation. Given under my hand, this 18th December, 1650.


By tomorrow morning, in Mr. Wallace's House, Colonel Monk and the other Three have agreed upon handsome terms; of which, except what indicates itself in the following Proclamation, published by beat of drum the same day, we need say nothing. All was handsome, just and honourable, as the case permitted; my Lord General being extremely anxious to gain this place, and conciliate the Godly People of the Nation. By one of the conditions, the Public Registers, now deposited in the Castle, are to be accurately bundled up by authorised

* Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 98). + Ibid. p. 99.

persons, and carried to Stirling, or whither the Authorities please ; concerning which some question afterwards accidentally rises.


To be proclaimed by the Marshal-general, by beat of

drum, in Edinburgh and Leith.

WHEREAS there is an agreement of articles by treaty concluded betwixt myself and Colonel Walter Dundas, Governor of the Castle of Edinburgh, which doth give free liberty to all Inhabitants adjacent, and all other persons who have any goods in the said Castle, to fetch forth the same from thence:

These are therefore to declare, That all such people before mentioned who have any goods in the Castle, as is before expressed, shall have free liberty between this present Thursday the 19th instant and Tuesday the 24th, To repair to the Castle, and to fetch away their goods, without let or molestation. And I do hereby further declare and require all Officers and Soldiers of this Army, That they take strict care, that no violation be done to any person or persons fetching away their goods, and carrying them to such place or places as to them seemeth fit. And if it shall so fall out that any Soldier shall be found willingly or wilfully to do anything contrary hereunto, he shall suffer death for the same. And if it shall appear that any Officer shall, either through connivance or otherwise, do or suffer to be done' anything contrary to and against the said Pro

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