Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Drama, modern. Every thing except comedy and tragedy, such as melodrama, hippodrama, &c.

Dream.-All those invisible visions to which we are awake in our sleep.

Dress.-External gentility, frequently used to disguise internal vulgarity.

Drum.-An instrument which Death commands to be played at all his great feasts.

Duty.--Financially, a tax which we pay to the public excise and customs ; morally, that which we are very apt to excise in our private customs.

Dynasty.-Sovereignty, by which a particular family claim a whole people as their property; of which the beneficial effects may be seen in France, Spain, and Naples—the patrimony of the Bourbons.

Eccentricity, of appearance. The pleasure of being personally known to those who do not know you by name.

Echo.—The shadow of a sound.
Edition, third or fourth.--See Title pages of the first.
Education, dangers of:-See Humbug.
Egotism.-Suffering the private I to be too much in the public eye.
Elbow. That part of the body which it is most dangerous to sbake.

Elopement.-- Beginning in disobedience that which commonly ends in misery.

Embalming.- Perpetuating the perishable with more pains than we take to save that which is immortal.

Enthusiasm.-Spiritual intoxication.

Envy.-The way in which we punish ourselves for being inferior to others.

Ephemeral.—The whole of modern literature.
Epicure.-One who lives to eat instead of eating to live.

Episcopacy.—The power, pomp, and vanity of those who have forsworn all three.

Equal.That which a man of talent will seldom find among superiors.

Errata.-Deathbed confessions of a book.
Etymology.-Sending vagrant words back to their own parish.
Exquisite. — A dandy taken at his own valuation.
Extempore.--A premeditated impromptu.
Eyeglass.-A toy which enables a coxcomb not to see.
Esquire.-A title much in use among the lower orders.

Fables, Æsop's.—Giving human intellects to brutes, in imitation of Nature, who sometimes gives brute intellects to men.

Face. The silent echo of the heart.

Facetiousness.-According to Lord Norbury, cutting jokes upon the death of a fellow-creature, and quoting Joe Miller instead of Blackstone from the seat of justice.

Faction.Any party out of power.

Fame.—Being known by name to those who do not know you personally.

Fan.- A plaything, from whose motion a flirt derives her name, and which serves to hide her face when she ought to blush and cannot.

his

Fancy, gentlemen of the.-See Blackguard.

Fashion.—The voluntary slavery which leads us to think, act, and dress according to the judgment of fools and the caprice of coxcombs.

Fee, Doctor's.-An attempt to purchase health from one who cannot secure his own. See Fee-simple.

Felicity. The horizon of the heart, which is always receding as we advance towards it.

Finance.—Legerdemain performed by figures.

Finger.-An appendage worn in a ring, and of great use in taking snuff.

Fishery. The agriculture of the sea.

Flattery.--Throwing dust in people's eyes, generally for the purpose of picking their pockets.

Fool.- What a fop sees in the looking-glass.

Fortune, a man of.-One who is so unfortunate as to be released from the necessity of employment for the mind and exercise for the body, the two great constituents of happiness and health ; who has every thing to fear and nothing to hope ; and who consequently pays in anxiety and ennui more than the value of his money.

Forty.—The ne plus ultra of a lady's age.
Foxhunting.--Tossing up for lives with a fox.

Friend, fashionable.One who will dine with you, game with you, walk or ride out with you, borrow money of you, escort your wife to public places if she be handsome, stand by and see you fairly shot if you happen to be engaged in a duel, and slink away and see you quietly clapped in a prison if you experience a reverse of fortune.

Friend, real.-One who will tell you of your faults and follies in prosperity, and assist you with his hand and heart in adversity. See Black Swan.

Frown.-Writing the confession of a bad passion with an eyebrow.

Funding System.-Saddling posterity, that when the present age is a beggar it may get on horseback and ride to the devil.

Funeral.Posthumous vanity. The pride, pomp, and circumstance of" ashes to ashes and dust to dust."

Future.—In this world, the unexecuted copy of the past; in the next, what we are to be, determined by what we have been.

Gain.Losing life to win money,
Gallipot.--An Apothecary's bank.

Gallows.—The remedy which society has provided for roguery; a cure without being a prevention.

Gaming.-See Beggar and Suicide.
Gastronomy. The religion of those who make a god of their bellies.

Genealogy, the boast of.-Generally, the poor expedient of those who, having nothing to be proud of in their own persons, are obliged to be proud of others.

Gentleman.--A name often bestowed upon a well-dressed blackguard, and withheld from the right owner, who only wears its qualifications in his heart.

Gewgan.-See the Pagoda at Brighton.
Gin.—The worm of the still ; the spirituous enemy of mankind.
Glory.—Sharing with plague, pestilence, and famine the honour of

destroying your species; and participating with Alexander's horse the pleasure of iransmitting your name to posterity,

Gold.- Dead earth, for which many men sacrifice life and lose heaven.

Goosequill.-A little tube which, in the hands of modern dramatists, seems to have the power of reproducing its parental hisses.

Grandmother's Review.--See the British.

Grape.-Nature's bottle, which the perverse ingenuity of man not unfrequently converts into Pandora's box.

Grave.—The gate through which we pass from the visible into the inrisible world.

Grub-street garret.— The poetical Parnassus before authors wrote books by the acre, bought land by the mile, and resided upon their own estates.

H.

THE MAID OF ORKNEY,

“My lost, lost love!"-the frantic cry

Died in the thunders of the wave;
The rock was near, the storm was high-

The gallant ship has found her grave!
One flash lit up the reeling bark

O'er the black breakers hurrying on;
A moment's pause, and all was dark-

Another flash-the bark is gone!
-“Look on yon cliff-the awful light

Shows one who kneels all lonely there:
How looks she, etranger, on that sight?"-

“Oh, beautiful amid despair !"-
“She cannot feel the piercing blast,

She cannot fear the maddening surge ;
That moment was her lover's last,

That wild wind howls his passing dirge.”
“But who the rest one, kneeling there

At this bleak inidnight's stormy hour?”. “The fairest of the island fair,

Dark Orkney's pride, and Ocean's flower.
- Morn-evening-came; the sunset smiled,

The calm sea sought in gold the shore,
As though it ne'er had man beguiled,

Or never would beguile him niore.
For his lost child, bower, haunt and home,

The stern sire search'd that mournful day,
While, by the lone deep's golden foam,

The Power of Ocean fading lay.
Oh, there her young and fond heart broke,

Beside her native islet's wave;
And, dying there, her latest look
Was on

her lorer's bright-blue grave.
-Sweet be her rest within the tomb,

And dear her memory in the bower,
And the tear that mourns the doom
Of Orkney's pride and Ocean's Hower!

J.

pure

THE PHYSICIAN.-NO, XV.

Of the Diseases occasioned by dry Heat. AGREEABLY to the intimation given in my last paper, I shall devote the present to the consideration of the dangers incident to health from great heat and drought, and the precautions necessary to be observed in order to avoid them.

Boerhaave caused a sparrow in a cage to be put into a room in which sugar-bakers dry their sugar-loaves, and where the thermometer indicated a temperature of 146 degrees. In one minute the bird began to breathe with difficulty and opened its bill. Its respiration became quicker every moment, and its strength decreased in the same ratio, so that it soon dropped from the perch to the bottom of the cage, where it expired in seven minutes. A dog was doomed to undergo the same experiment with the sparrow. When he had been exposed to the heat for seven minutes, he began to pant, lolled out his tongue, drew breath very quickly, but continued to lie quietly in his kennel. In about an hour his respiration was accompanied with a loud rattling, and he made all possible efforts to escape from his prison; but it was not long before his strength forsook him, and he began to draw breath so slowly and softly that, at length, it was scarcely perceptible. During the whole time, the animal discharged from the mouth a great quan. tity of foam, which was of a reddish colour, and had so fetid a smell that the bystanders could not endure it: at the same time it was of so deleterious a nature, though so recently produced in the animal, that a person who approached him for a moment became insensible, and it was necessary to employ spirits of wine and myrrh to bring him again to himself. In this intense heat the dog did not perspire a single drop, and after he was dead, the thermometer being put into his mouth, stood. at 110 degrees. A cat, which died in a quarter of an hour in this heat under nearly the same circumstances as the dog, was as wet with perspiration as if she had been dipped in water. These cruel experiments were repeated on various animals by M. Dunze, and the results in every instance were nearly the same.

This rapid putrefaction and speedy death are occasioned by the overheating of the blood; and though our atmosphere never contracts so intolerable a degree of heat, still these experiments enable us to infer from its effects the operation of an inferior degree. In the year 1665 the hot wind, called Samiel, caused the death of 4000 persons within twenty days, at Bassora in Persia; and, according to Thevenot, the heat there is always so intense from July to September, that, in order not to sink under it, people are obliged to keep fresh water constantly in their mouths.

How can it be otherwise than that very great heat in summer should decompose the blood and dispose it to putrefaction, since we see that it has the same effect on all fluid bodies which are compounded of particles of totally different kinds? Heat possesses the property of expanding all bodies, and consequently of separating their constituent parts from one another. Hence it is obvious why the blood, expanded by heat in summer, swells the veins, and is liable to an increased action, which soon degenerates into inflammatory and putrid fevers.

But no part of the juices is subject to be so speedily impaired by heat as the fat or oily portion, to which it communicates a corrosive acrimony that attacks the solids themselves. Of such matters the gall is composed, and it is therefore obvious why intense heat in summer should be so liable to generate putrid gall-fevers, which are a cruel scourge of mankind. The gall, in this acrid and putrescent state, not only communicates its putridity to the nutritious juices secreted from our food, and thus infects all our humours, but also corrodes the coats of the intestines, and operates upon them at first like a violent cathartic, which causes a vomiting of gall, or a painful evacuation downward. Afterwards it eats away the coats of the intestines, so that the putrescent blood pours itself into them, and occasions a discharge of putrid blood and gall, which is called the dysentery, and terminates in mortification of the intestines and death.

Such are the fatal effects to be apprehended from intense heat; and hence summer has in all ages been considered as the parent of pestilential diseases. Historians relate, that in ancient times the heat of the dog-days had rendered the Cycladian Islands barren, and generated in them a destructive pestilence, which Aristæus was solicited to exert his skill to check. He accordingly went over to the island of Cea, had an altar erected there to Jupiter, to whom and to the Dog-star he offered sacrifice, and instituted a yearly festival in honour of the latter. Since that time arose the winds of the dog-days, which lasted forty days and tempered the heat of summer; and Diodorus Siculus seems to intimate, that after this sacrifice the pestilence ceased during the period that the winds of the dog-days blew. It is easy to imagine that cooling winds would have the effect of checking an evil which originated solely in immoderate heat.

An accidental cause why heat is generally so pernicious, are the colds which are more frequently caught in summer than in the severest winter. In cold weather we muffle ourselves up well and prevent the raw air from coming in contact with our persons. In summer, on the contrary, we are not upon our guard against them; and yet, a cool evening, a sudden shower that wets our thin summer dress, or a draught of any cold drink, may give a fatal chill. Hence arise the most dangerous inflammatory fevers,—especially pleurisy, which sweeps away so many in summer, sore throats, and, as Hippocrates observed, inflammations of the eyes, ear-ache, relaxation of the bowels, cholic, flux, and inflammatory fever, which are easily caused by obstructed transpiration.

When in hot weather the atmosphere is at the same time dry, as is more particularly the case during the prevalence of certain winds, the air extracts much the more bumidity from all evaporating bodies, the less it has of its own; just in the same manner as a dry cloth which is in contact with a damp body draws the moisture to itself better than one which is wet. As then the heat affects the blood and renders it more disposed to evaporation, so the dry air promotes the latter to such a degree that the body becomes dry, and the blood loses the greater portion of its watery particles: of course the thickest and most viscous part only is left in the circulation; and in this state the blood is liable to be obstructed in the minute vessels, and this obstruction occasions inflamatory diseases, which extend the more readily to

« ZurückWeiter »