« ZurückWeiter »
Paradise Regained, iv. 325. 1. The following is a copy of the epitaph inscribed on the tomb of Joshua Barnes :
&c. &c. &c.
Kind Barnes, adorn'd by every Muse,
That ever trod on English ground. We must not be over-severe in criticising these tributes of posthumous admiration. 'IoTópwy for historians may pass muster in a modern Greek; but the epithet Bábiotos, applied to a writer, contains an unfortunate ambiguity. There is a very elegant and recondite compliment couched in the title, “ Black Prince of history;" as, besides bis Latin epic of which the Black Prince was the hero, the Doctor, if we mistake not, wrote a history, in English, of the wars of the same Prince.
9. Herod. ix. 120. Και τέω των φυλασσόντων ('Αθηναίων) λέγεται -ταρίχους οπτώντι τέρας γενέσθαι τοιόνδε, οι ταρίχοι επί τω πυρί κεί
μένοι επάλλoυτό τε και ήσπαιρον, όπως περ ιχθύες νεοάλωτοι. και οι μεν, περιχυθέντες, εθαύμαζον. ο δε 'Αρταύκτης ως είδε το τέρας, κ. τ.λ. We know not whether it is worth while to produce an instance of a similar superstition in the modern Greeks, as related by a writer in the New Monthly Magazine, for Feb. 1824, p. 143, article on Constantinople. We are sorry for the destruction of the sacred fish there mentioned, as it might be interesting to know what degree of vivacity these mute prophets would exhibit on the recovery of the city by its ancient possessors, should so desirable an event take place. “ At the storming of the city by Mahmoud, the wall near which this church stood was considered impregnable. One of the Greek priests was frying some fish, secure in his situation. On a messenger entering with the news, that the Turks were forcing their way in, 'I would as soon believe,' exclaimed the priest,
priest, that these fish would leap out of the pan, and swim about the room.' Strange to say, the thing actually happened; and these sacred fish (a breed belonging to the church above mentioned) were preserved till lately inviolable, but they too have fallen, with their masters, before the sacrilegious Turks.”
3. In Clas, Journ. xliv. p. 367, was published a Fragment of a Greek Ritual, (a Litany in honor of the Virgin,) communicated by a correspondent from a Ms. belonging to a late scholar. We extract part of his description of it. “ The system, on which it has been framed, evidently for the purpose of being chanted, is obvious on examination. A sentence, which we may imagine to have been a recitative, introduces a hymn consisting of 13 lines, that is, 6 couplets, and a single line, which is invariably the same, and which was probably sung in full chorus. The lines in each couplet are of equal length, measured by the number of syllables. The number in the first couplet is 10; in the second, 16, &c. This holds throughout the whole Fragment, with only one exception in the third couplet of the first part, in which oeds, or the termination vos in étoupávios, is to be considered as a monosyllable. The hymu is succeeded by another sentence, &c.”
There is also another correspondence worth noticing in the above composition, and which has escaped your correspondent; viz, that of accent. Each line consists of two parts, and in each part there are a certain number of accented syllables (in the first part one or more, besides the Xaipe, in the second two or more), each of which answers to another accented syllable in the same place of the corresponding line. Were the words of which the
first line consists uniformly of the same length with those in the second, and formed in a similar manner, this coincidence would not be remarkable; and this is indeed the case in a great number of instances, as,
Χαίρε, ά-ρουρα βλαστά-νουσα | ευφορί-αν οικτιρμών
φιλοσόφους ασό-φους δεικνύ-: Χαίρε, τεχνολόγους | αλό-γους ελέγχουσα. But in many other couplets this is not the case, where nevertheless the place of the accents in both the lines is uniformly the same.
We ought to premise, that an accent belonging to an article, pronoun, or other unimportant word, is considered as none at all.
Χαίρε, θάλασσα ποντί-σασα | Φαραω | τον νοητόν».
Χαίρε, σκέ-πη του κόσμου | πλατυτέ-ρα νεφέλης. From the above account it would appear that the contraction of which your correspondent speaks, takes place neither in émouράνιος nor Θεός, but rather in δι' ής ; after all, however, there appears to be some irregularity. Perhaps Bporous should be substituted for tous in the second line.
Χαίρε, κλίμαξ επουρά-νιος, 1 δι' ής | κατέ-βη ο Θεός
Χαίρε, γέφυρα μετά-ίγουσα βρoτους | εκ γής | προς ουρανόν. We have only noticed one exception to the above rules :
Χαίρε, η γή ή της επαγγελίας
Χαίρε, εξ ης | Ι ρέει μέλι και γάλα. Observations like the above, though of no value in themselves, may frequently be made useful in application to other subjects. 4. Claudian, Carm. 1, 18-22.
Nec quisquam procerum tentet, licet ære vetusto
Aucheniis, de jure licet certare secundo.
quæ te cunque domat Venus Non erubescendis adurit
Ignibus; ingenuoque semper
The following from Virgil, Æn. vi. 282, comes nearer to the passage of Claudian, the abrupt change of the subject or noniirative case being in both instances the same :
In medio ramos annosaque brachia pandit
Vana tenere ferunt, foliisque sub omnibus hærent. We are here supposing floreat and cingatur to refer to two different subjects, which appears to be the most probable construction.
5. Observations on the ACCIDENCE AND SYNTAX of
ZumPT's Latin GRAMMAR, lately translated by the Rev. J. KENRICK.
P.5, 1. Except.-Duria (Dŭrius in Silius Italicus" Du-' riusque Tagusque”- ) is made masculine by the poets, contrary to the practice of the prose writers, which is the more remarkable: “ roseis formosus Duria ripis," Claudian.
P.6, last exception. In a similar way the names of ships, though derived from masculine objects, are feminine, from navis; as Centaurus, &c.
P. 31, 1. 6. Didûs, we believe, never occurs in poetry.
P. 41, 1. 13. In a hymn of St. Ambrose's we have meli as the genitive of melos.
P. 47, penult. For the names of sciences in ce, derived from the Greek, as grammatice, musice, &c. we have also other forms in the neuter plural, grammatica, musica, &c. See Cicero passim.
P. 48, 1. 6, Epulum we believe is chiefly, if not exclusively, used in a religious sense.
Ib. 1. 7. “ Balneum, balneæ (plur.] rarely balnea." This is surely a mistake.
P. 58, art. 4. Ovid sometimes substitutes e for i in the ablatives of trisyllable adjectives in is; as, fatale, cæleste. P. 63, Sect. xxviii. 1, note. Does the author mean to say
that divitia is in common use as the neuter plural of dives?
P. 93. (of the imaginary participle ens.) The Æolians had the form sis, švtos. Matthiæ Granım. §. 212. ad fin.
P. 112. The form ere for erunt in the third person plural of the preterite active is rather poetical than prosaic; which accounts for its comparative frequency in Tacitus and such other of the later prose authors as affect poetical modes of writing, See Quintilian i. 5.
P. 166. Pigitum est, puditum est occur in very few authors.
P. 167. “Curritur, &c. (impers.) they, or men run." French on court might have been added here, as expressing the force of the impersonal better than any form in our language.
P. 185, note 1. “ Ac never stands before vowels." It were to be wished that modern writers of Latin would observe this rule.
P. 198. ' Poets, according to the necessity of the verse, place the prepositive conjunctions also after one or more words, and make ve and que enclitic to other words (provided they are verbs) than those to which they properly belong.” The words in Italics are too sweeping.
Moribus hic meliorque famą
Hor. Carm, iii. 1. v. 12,
iv. 2. v. 21. Instances of this licence occur chiefly in Horace and Ovid. In the latter the enclitic is generally, we believe uniformly, attached to a verb.
Et sæpe extimui, ne vir meus illa videret,
Helena Par. 83.
Medea Jasoni, 13.
Prosody. P. 382, art. 5. “ Dædaleus has the e common." It would be more correct to say that the quantity of the e in Dædaleus varies according to its meaning and derivation. Dadaleus from AQ!sánsios (relating to Dædalus) is long : Jam Dadaleo ocior Icaro
Hor. Carm. ii. ult. v. 13.