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The same Society ordains a Prize of a gold medal of the value of 200 francs for a composition of at least 200 verses on the following subject: “The right of Nature and of Nations violated, to the disgrace of Christian Nations, by the Barbary States !"

The Academy of Marseilles, in its Public Meeting of the 29th of August last, crowned the memory of M. Moreau de Jonnès, on the questions which it had proposed, viz. “ Ist. Determine the true cause of the losses of which Commerce, in these days, complains. 2d. Determine the most efficacious means to procure to Commerce its necessary advantages.” Other prizes have been appointed on subjects of inferior importance.

Histoire de la Télégraphie; by M. Chappe, Senior, Ex-administrator of Telegraphic Lines. Paris. 1824. 8vo. 270 pages and 34 plates. 12 francs.

Voyage autour du Monde, by order of the King (of France), by the cutters L'Uranie and La Physicienne, during the years 1817-1820, by M. Louis de Freycinet. 1st Division, Zoology. 4th Number, or delivery, 7 folio leaves in 4to, and 6 plates in folio. Paris. 1824.

Mémoires sur la Vie de l'Abbé Barthelemy, written by himself; preceded by a Notice by Lalande, and Opinions on the Voyage of Anacharsis. Paris. 1824. 8vo. with a portrait of Barthelemy.

La Morale et la Politique d’Aristote; translated from the Greek by M. Thurot, Professor at the College de France, &c. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. The first appeared in 1823, the 2d in Sept. 1824. The price of both volumes is 10 francs.

Observations sur la Peinture sur Verre, et sur ses différens procédés; by Alex. Lenoir. Paris. 1824. 8vo.

Germany. Hebraisches und Chaldaisches Handwörterbuch; a PocketDictionary, Hebrew and Chaldaic, of the Old Testament; by W. Gesenius. 2d edition. 8vo. 933 pages. Leipzig. 1823.

Gesenius, one of the most learned Hebraists of Germany, published in 1815 the first edition of this Dictionary, which is but an extract from the great one, of which he is also preparing a new edition, under the title of Thesaurus Lingua Hebraicæ. The 2d edition of the little Dictionary is preceded by a dissertaVOL. XXX. CI. JI.

NO. LX. 2 E

tion on the Sources of Hebrew Etymology, after which the author treats on the Philological knowlege, which has been preserved by tradition, among the Jews: he then compares the various Dialects. The Vocabulary has received many Additions, extracted from unpublished Hebrew Manuscripts at the Bodleian Library at Oxford. An ample Index completes the work.

Le Sage Heycar, conte Arabe, translated from the Arabic by M. Agoub, Member of the Council of the Société Asiatique of Paris. 8vo.

This pretty piece of Oriental Literature bas already been added by M. Caussin de Percival to The thousand and one Nights of the late M. Galland. We regret that he has not accompanied the French version with the Arabic text.

Principes Fondamentaux et Historiques de Géographie et de Chronologie. (Steyerm. Zeitsch. Gratz, 1824. No. 5. pp. 44.)

After a summary observation on the Earth, full of elevated thoughts, but expressed in a style somewhat affected, the author passes on to Chronology. He does not wish to investigate how many thousand years were necessary to our planet to consolidate and receive inhabitants, nor that we should endeavor to make the enormous numbers of the Hindoos and the Egyptians agree with those of Moses; neither does he think it indispensable to found Chronology on the commencement of the Genesis of Moses, because even that has its difficulties; for, according to the Septuagint version, we must reckon 5872 years, according to the Samaritan 4700, on the calculation of Usher 4004, and according to the commentary of Petau 3984 years, before the birth of Christ. It is the year of this birth that appears to the author the true point of Chronology; and if all events are calculated from the period of the birth of Christ, before as well as after that birth, it will not be a vague calculation.

It is, then, according to this method that the author classes events; and he makes some calculations tending to assist the memory. The following is one of these singular calculations, which we have selected as an example of the mnemonical art of the author :

Ante Christ. Anno Post Christ. Joseph in Egypt, 1798 Bonaparte in Egypt. Sidon, a commercial state, 1701 Prussia erected into a king

dom. Moses,

1517 Luther.

The Oracle of Delphos, 1446 Printing discovered.

1308 William Tell. Argonauts,

1282 Sicilian Vespers. Theseus,

. 1273 Rodolph of Hapsbourg. Heraclides,

1096 Crusades. Solomon,

987 Hugh Capet. Lycurgus,

880 Alfred, Solon,

594 Gregory 1st. Mithridates,

161 Marcus Aurelius. Drusus on the Elbe, Elbe,

9 Hermann (Arminius) in the

forest of Teutobourg. The following example will probably appear still more ingenious: Ante Christ.

Anno Post Christ.

555 Justinian.

444 Attila. Alexander,

333 Constantine. Hannibal,

222 Heliogabalus. Marcius,

111 Trajan. Augustus (Cæsar), 11. Augustus (Cæsar). P.C. Anno 666 Moawiah, first khalif of a dynasty different

from that of Muhammed (Mahomet). 777 Charlemagne, restorer of the empire of the

West. 888 Charles le Gros, under whose dominion this

empire falls to decay. 999 or 1000 Otho, emperor of Germany. 1100 Henry IV th; emperor does penance before

the Pope. 1200 Baudoin of Flanders, emperor of Constanti

nople. 1300 Dante, the restorer of classical taste. 1500 Christopher Columbus 1600 Elizabeth, founder of the English domination

by sea. 1700 The Czar Peter, founder of the Russian power.

1800 Napoleon Bonaparte. Abrégé de l'Histoire Universelle, Ancienne et Moderne; for the use of young persons; by the Count de Ségur, 2d edition. 9 vols. 18mo, with plates. 18 francs. Paris.

Annali Musulmavi; Annals of Islamism; by Giambatista Rampoldi. vols. 1, 2, and 3. 1822; 4, 5, and 6. 1823. Milan.

The record of events worthy to be remembered, and of which the Arabs have been the authors, after the introduction of the creed of Muhammed, is the subject treated of by Rampoldi. The hours that he has consecrated to a work of this extent, his knowlege of the Arabic language, &c. ought to secure to him the confidence of readers, particularly as he has been enabled to divest himself of the partiality which the zeal for Christianity in the West, and that of Islamism in the East, may have mingled in the judgment of the actions of Mohammed (Mahomet). This bistory will be completed in 12 volumes; the 6 already published reach to the year 1099, the epoch of the taking of Jerusalem by the Crusades.

If we consider this work in a literary and scientific view, it is undoubtedly an honorable enterprise for the author. It discovers in the numerous notes, as well as in the text, an abundance of useful and important knowlege, relating to various branches of science, and particularly to commerce, navigation, geography, and diplomacy.

Annuaire Historique Universel pour 1823; with an Appendix, containing the public acts, treaties, diplomatic notes, state papers; statistical, financial, administrative, and necrologic tables; a chronicle of the most remarkable events; the most celebrated causes; and a review of the most remarkable productions of the year in the Sciences, Letters, and Arts. By M. Lesur. Paris. 8vo.

Histoire Civile, Physique et Morale de Malte, from the earliest ages down to the present time; with Literary and Critical Notes. By F. A. Christophoro D'Avalos. 3d edition. With considerable additions, and embellished with engravings and plans. Paris. 2 vols. Svo. 12 francs.

Euvres de Fontenelle; preceded by an Historical Notice on his Life and Works.' 1st vol. 8vo. Paris. This edition will be completed in 5 volumes.

Mémoire sur les Bateaux à Vapeur des Etats-Unis d'Amérique; with an Appendix on various machines relative to the Navy. By M. Marestier, Engineer of the Royal Navy. 4to. in 37 sheets. Printed by order of His Excellency the Colonial Minister.

Viakarannam zastra vakshou sha, Grammatica Sanskrita, &c.; a Sanscrit Grammar (in Latin); by M. Othmar Frank, Pro

fessor of Hindoo and Persian Philology at the Academy of Wurzbourg. 4to. 220 pages.

Commentatio de Motenabbio, poëta Arabum celeberrimo ejusque carminibus, auctore Petro à Bohlen. Bonnæ, typis regiis, 1824. 8vo.

The work of M. Cappadose against Vaccination has been refuted by two Dutch doctors, Messrs. Jorritsma and Vondorp. The first has published at Amsterdam a volume in 8vo., intitled De Bestryding, &c.; and the second has published one at Utrecht, intitled De Vaccine verdedigd tegen; Vaccination defended, &c. 169 pages. 8vo.


It is our intention in each succeeding No. to devote two sheets on an average to the Purposes of Education. We shall hope not only to introduce matter useful to Students, but convenient to Teachers.

Adversaria Literaria in our next.
Mr. W's third and concluding Part is received.
Notice of Bosworth's Saxon Grammar in our next.

The Notice of Clinton's Fasti Hellenici in our next ; also The Wonders of Elora.

Importance of the Greek and Latin Languages is accepted.
Mr. Si's Observations on the Phædo are received.

Notices of Cousin's Proclus, Morier's Journies in Persia, Homer's Hymn to Mercury, Agamemnon of Æschylus, are destined for our next.

We hope to conclude several valuable articles in No. 61.

Philelphi Epistola, Observations on Hades, Poems of Calphurnius &c., Value of Roman Tragedy, and Observations on Greek Hexameter Verse, will appear in the next No.

We are much obliged to Monitor. The repetition of Mr. T.'s Poem had escaped us.

Review of Tilloch's Apocalypse came too late for this No.
Mr. G.'s Latin Inscription is accepted.

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