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* FRIEND! were an author privileged to name his own judge, in addition to moral and intellectual competence I should look round for some man, whose knowledge and opinions had for the greater part been acquired experimentally; and the practical habits of whose life had put him on his guard with respect to all speculative reasoning, without rendering him insensible to the desirableness of principles more secure than the shifting rules and theories generalized from observations merely empirical, or unconscious in how many departments of knowledge, and with how large a portion even of professional men, such principles are still a desideratum.. I would select, too, one who felt kindly, nay, even partially, toward me; but one whose partiality had its strongest foundations in hope, and more prospective than retrospective would make him quick-sighted in the detection, and unreserved in the exposure, of the deficiencies and defects of each present work, in the anticipation of a more developed future. In you, honoured friend! I have found all these requisites combined and realized : and the improvement, which these essays have derived from your judgment and judicious suggestions, would, of itself, have justified me in accompanying them with a

* Dedication to the second edition.-Ed.

vi

public acknowledgment of the same. But knowing, as you cannot but know, that I owe in great measure the power of having written at all to your medical skill, and to the characteristic good sense which directed its exertion in my behalf; and whatever I may have written in happier vein to the influence of your society and to the daily proofs of your disinterested attachment ;-knowing, too, in how entire a sympathy with your feelings in this respect the partner of your name has blended the affectionate regards of a sister or daughter with almost a mother's watchful and unwearied solicitudes alike for my health, interest, and tranquillity ;---you will not, I trust, be pained, -you ought not, I am sure, to be surprised — that

TO

MR. AND MRS. GILLMAN,

OF HIGHGATE,

These Volumes are Dedicated,

IN TESTIMONY OF HIGH RESPECT AND GRATEFUL AFFECTION,

BY THEIR FRIEND,

S. T. COLERIDGE.

HIGHGATE,

October 7, 1818.

NOTICE.

“ THE FRIEND,” since it was remodelled by the Author, has hitherto appeared in three volumes. It is now offered to the public in two volumes, with a corresponding reduction of price. It has thus become necessary to change the numbering of the Essays, which is now carried on uninterruptedly from first to last. The old numbers are however retained [in the Index] for convenience of reference. The present Editor is indebted to a friend for a careful examination of the text, which has been compared, in all cases of doubt, with a copy in the possession of the Editor revised by the Author's own hand. A few typographical errors of some importance have been corrected, but no other alterations have been made.

The lessons contained in this work will be found, it is believed, not less applicable to the present than to any preceding time.

DERWENT COLERIDGE.

St. Mark's COLLEGE, CHELSEA.

October, 1863.

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