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eleven tons. This block was taken from the French by Admiral Sir George Rooke; and the statue presented by Sir John Jennings, Knt., at that time Master and Governor of the Hospital, as a mark of respect and gratitude to the sovereign who had distinguished him. The pedestal bears a Latin inscription, expressive of these feelings, on each side.
The structure on the west side of the great square is called King CHARLES's. BUILDING, its most eastern part having been the residence of Charles II. This edifice was erected after a design by the celebrated Inigo Jones: it is of Portland stone, and rusticated. In the middle is a tetrastyle portico of the Corinthian order, crowned with its proper entablature, and a pediment; and a pavilion completes each end, sustained by four pilasters of the same order, with their entablature, and surmounted by an attic with a balustrade. The tympanum of the pediment bears two sculptured figures, representing Fortitude and Dominion of the Sea. The north front of this building, which is towards the river, presents the
appearance of two similar pavilions, connected by a portal, each having its proper pediment, supported by a continuation of the range of Corinthian columns, and their entablature.
In the tympanum of the eastern
pediment, which was part of the palace, is a sculptured representation of Mars and Fame; and the frieze has the inscription
CAROLUS II. REX.
A. REG. XVI.
The south front of King Charles's building is an elegant elevation, though in a less elaborate style. The west front was originally of brick, and called the Bass Building: but this was taken down in the last reign, and rebuilt of stone, in a manner corresponding with the east and north fronts, with the exception that it is somewhat less ornamented. Corinthian pilasters, with their entablature, sustain the range of this elevation : and the centre, which is supported by six columns, bears the following inscription :
GEORGIVS. III. REX. A. REGNI. LV. A.D. MDCCCXIV.
QUEEN ANNE's BUILDING, as we have said, stands on the other side of the great square, and has its west, north, and south fronts nearly similar to King Charles's just described; except that sculptures have not yet been placed in the tympana of the pediments. The east or rearfront is of stone, but inferior in its general appearance to the others.
The buildings known by the names of the royal founders, King William and Queen Mary,
are the most striking of the four. They advance on either side from the grand ranges of front presented by the other two, so as to leave but an area of one hundred and fifteen feet wide; but this, instead of detracting from, greatly adds to the general effect. For, owing to this arrangement, the principal fronts of all the buildings are taken in by the eye at a glance; and the entire space included by both areas is comprehended in the same view. The opposite elevations of these two structures are of uni, form appearance; each being faced by a noble colonnade of more than one hundred and fifty Doric columns and pilasters, with an entablature and balustrade at top. The colonnades are three hundred and forty-seven feet in length, and have return pavilions, seventy feet long, at either end. An elegant dome, surmounted by a turret, rises over that projecting angle of each building which is immediately before the spectator; and gives the sort of finish to the whole, that immediately proclaims it the work of Sir Christopher Wren. The tambours of the domes are formed by circles of columns duplicated, of the Composite order, with projecting groups of columns at the quoins.
KING WILLIAM's BUILDING is the westernmost of the two, and contains the Painted Hall, with its vestibule, the great dining-hall of
the pensioners, and many other apartments. The rear-front of this building is of brick, relieved by quoins, window-cases, &c, of stone. Its architect was Sir John Vanburgh, who was Surveyor to the Hospital. In the centre is a tetrastyle frontispiece, of stone, of the Doric order, the columns of which are nearly six feet in diameter, and of proportionate height. At each end of this front is a pavilion crowned with a semicircular pediment; the tympanum of that at the northern extremity containing sculptured groups of marine trophies, with other devices. The north and south fronts are entirely of stone; the windows of the latter decorated with architraves and imposts rusticated, and the walls surmounted with cornices.
Queen Mary's BUILDING, in which is the Chapel of the institution, is so nearly similar in external appearance to King William's, that the description given of the latter will almost equally apply to both. Indeed it has been seen, that both these structures are but parts of a single plan. We must, however, except from this remark the east front, which, though of stone, is in a very plain style as compared with the rest, and totally at variance with the corresponding elevation in the opposite building.
The Entrances to the Hospital are at the north, or river front, by a plain iron gate, but of a handsomer character on the east and west sides. The east gates, with their piers, form a noble breadth of iron-work; and the west, with their piers.of stone, rusticated, and surmounted by stone globes of extraordinary size, are equally ornamental and appropriate. These globes are each six feet in diameter, the one celestial, the other terrestrial. On the former are inlaid with copper the equinoctial, ecliptic, tropics, and polar circles, with twenty-four meridians; and on the latter, the principal circles, with the parallels of latitude to every ten degrees in each hemisphere. They are obliquely placed, to agree with the latitude of the spot where they are elevated, and were delineated by Mr. Richard Oliver, formerly mathematical master of the academy at Greenwich.
The principal objects of interest in the interior of the Hospital, are, the PAINTED Hall, the CHAPEL, and the Council Room; which we shall proceed to describe..
The PAINTED HALL is approached by vestibule, in the cupola of which is represented a compass, with all its points duly bearing; and in the covings, in chiaro-scuro, the four winds, with their attributes. Over the three doors are compartments, in chiaro-scuro, supported by boys, supposed to be sons of poor seamen,-containing the names of the