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“ And David took all his flocks and his herds. They drove before him all that cattle, and they said, This is David's spoil.”
CHAP. xxxi, 7. --" on the other side of the valley on the other side Jordan"- rather, with Houbi- . gant, “ beside the valley—on the banks of Jordan”— The valley meant, I think, must be the val. ley of Jezreel.
CHAP. I, 9. -" for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.” Baruk
this should be rendered -“for I am seized with convulsions, for nothing of life remains in me.” spect to the first clause, “ I am seized with convulsions,” he is right. In the latter, his sense cannot be drawn from the Hebrew words. The passages which he alleges to prove, that 59 is used to signify ' nothing at all,' are not to the
purpose. • nothing at all,' and by my is not any.' But 17, not connected with a negation, is all.' His note, however, is worth reading, p. 64–69.
A translation of David's lamentation over Saul and Jonathan, with notes thereon, will be found in Volume III.
CHAP. ii, 23. —" with the hinder end of the spear;" rather, “ with a back-stroke of the spear.”,
Chap. iii, 6. —“ make himself strong;" rather, « made himself of consequence.”
Verse 7. _“ Ishbosheth,” Read, with LXX, “Ish, bosheth, the son of Saul.” Verse 8. — “ against Judah,'
against Judah," not in LXX. Verse 18. --" I will save." Read, with many of Kennicott's Codd, YVIN,
Verse 22, ** came from pursuing a troop;" ra. ther, “ returned from a pillaging party."
Chap. iv, 6. There can be no doubt that this verse has suffered some great corruption. In the 7th verse the murder of Ishbosheth seems to be related a second time without necessity, and after the mention of the escape of the two assasins. But in the version of the LXX, this 6th verse relates the cir. cumstance by which the two assasins were enabled to make their way unperceived to the king's chamber, namely, that the servant, who kept the gate, was fallen asleep while she was winnowing wheat. Then the 7th verse describes the murder in its
proper place. See LXX, and compare Vulgate.
CHAP. V, 6-8. See these three verses well ren.. dered and explained by Mr Parkhurst in his Hebrew Lexicon, under the word 733.
Verses 14-16. To the eleven names mentioned
;בכל עז ובשירים ,of the frst book of Chronicles
here, the writer of the book of Chronicles adds two more, Elpalet and Nogah; 1 Chron. xiv, 5, 6.
CHAP. vi, 5. -" on all manner of instruments made of fir-wood." Read, as in the parallel place
first , ; “ with all their might, and with songs, and with harps,” &c.
Verse 6. _“for the oxen shook it;" perhaps " for they were loosing the oxen," in order to put in fresh
But the whole distance from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem seems to have been too short to make a change of cattle necessary,
Verse 7. The account which David gives of the cause of this judgment upon Uzzah, 1 Chron. xv, 13, seems to confute Mr Hutchinson's notion of Uzzah's crime, vol. vi, p. 151-155.
Verse 13. “ And it was so," &c. ; rather, “ And it was so, that they marched, bearing the ark of Jehovah, in six divisions, [or rather, as the LXX have it, “ in seven divisions”], and he [i. e. David] sacrificed oxen and fatlings.” Josephus, too, affirms, that the company marched, or probably danced, before the ark in seven divisions.
CHAP. vii, 6. _“ but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle;” rather, “but have been going
about under an outer and an inner covering." See
,משכן and אהל the appropriate senses of the words
Verse 7. -" of the tribes.” 050, “ the sceptered rulers."
Verse 10. _“I will appoint--will plant--that may dwell—and move no more--neither shall”rather, “ I have appointed—have planted—and they dwell—and are disturbed no more-neither do”
Verse 11. -" Israel, and have caused thee to rest" rather, “ Israel : and I have given thee rest”
Verse 14. — “ if he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men : 15. But my mercy shall not de. part away from him," &c.; rather, “ insomuch that when guilt is laid upon him, although I chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men ;
15. Yet my mercy shall not de part from him,” &c.
_" when guilt is laid upon him.” iniyna. nyms is the gerund, in the Niphal form, of the verb ny. Now the verb, in Piel, signifies' to find guilty,' or «to condemn,' in a judicial process. Hence, in
* See Ps. cxix, 78.